Friday, 9 February 2018

February 10, 2018

180 years ago
1838


Politics and government
In the wake of the Lower Canada Rebellion of 1837, the British Parliament passed an act to suspend the Constitution of 1791 in Lower Canada, with the Governor empowered to appoint a Special Council to make laws. The act went into effect as of March 27; the Special Council was proclaimed on March 29.

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
William Allen White
. U.S. journalist and author. Mr. White bought the Emporia Gazette in Emporia, Kansas in 1895, and edited the paper until his death on January 29, 1944, 12 days before his 76th birthday. He became nationally known as a representative of the views of small-town middle America, and won a Pulitzer Prize in 1923 for an editorial in defense of free speech.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Bill Tilden
. U.S. American tennis player. "Big Bill" was the most dominant player of the 1920s, and one of the greatest players in history. He won 15 Major singles titles, including 10 Grand Slam events, and was the number one-ranked player in the world from 1920-1925. He began playing professionally in 1931, and remained competitive well into the 1940s, winning the U.S. professional doubles championship with Vinnie Richards in 1945, when Mr. Tilden was 52. Mr. Tilden was convicted twice in the late 1940s for homosexual activities with teenage boys, which led to him being shunned by other players and tennis clubs. He died of a heart attack at the age of 60 on June 5, 1953 in his Los Angeles apartment, while preparing to go to Cleveland to play in the U.S. Professional Championship. Mr. Tilden was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1959.

Jimmy Durante. U.S. entertainer. Mr. Durante, nicknamed "The Great Scnozzola" because of his large nose, was one of the most popular stars in the United States from the 1920s through the 1960s as a singer, pianist, comedian, and actor. His distinctive New York-accented gravelly voice is still widely imitated. Mr. Durante retired in 1972 after an incapacitating stroke, and died on January 29, 1980, 12 days before his 87th birthday.

110 years ago
1908


Boxing
Tommy Burns (37-3-8) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of Jack Palmer (23-9-2-5) in the 4th round at Wonderland in London. Mr. Palmer was knocked down 9 times before being knocked out.

100 years ago
1918


Died on this date
Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, 84
. Italian journalist and peace activist. Mr. Moneta, a soldier who later became a peace activist, edited the Milan newspaper Il Secolo from 1867-1896. He founded the Lombard Association for Peace and Arbitration (Unione Lombarda per la Pace e l'Arbitrato) in 1887 and was awarded a share of the 1907 Nobel Peace Prize "[For his work as a] key leader of the Italian peace movement."

Abdul Hamid II, 75. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1876-1909. Abdul Hamid II, the son of Sultan Abdülmecid, took the throne after his brother Murad V was deposed. Sultan Abdul Hamid promulgated the Constitution of 1876, but later suspended the constitution and Parliament, and became the last sultan to hold absolute power. He was deposed on April 27, 1909, shortly after the Young Turk Revolution. Abdul Hamid II spent his last years in captivity at Beylerbeyi Palace in Istanbul.

90 years ago
1928

Politics and government

The U.S. Senate, by a vote of 56-26, adopted the resolution of Bob LaFollette of Wisconsin, dedlaring that any departure from the anti-third-term precedent for U.S. presidents would be "unwise, unpatriotic and fraught with peril to our free institutions." Franklin Roosevelt became the first President to win election to a third term in 1940.

Communications
Conversations between officials in Berlin and Washington marked the extension of radio-telephone service from the United States to Germany.

Aviation
French aviators Dieudonne Costes and Joseph Lebrix, who had flown their Breguet biplane Nungesser-Coli from Montgomery, Alabama to Washington, D.C. two days earlier, lunched at the White House and were received by Congress.

Disasters
At Everett, Massachusetts, stills of the Beacon Oil Company burned and exploded, killing 12 and injuring 40.

Fire in gold mines at Timmins, Ontario killed 39; only 12 were rescued.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
Variety reported the most popular songs in the United States as:
1. There are Such Things
2. I Had the Craziest Dream
3. I've Heard that Song Before
4. Why Don't You Fall in Love with Me?

War
Attempting to completely lift the Siege of Leningrad, the Soviet Red Army engaged German troops and Spanish volunteers in the Battle of Krasny Bor. Soviet troops occupied Volchansk, 36 miles northeast of Kharkov, and Chuguyev, 22 miles southeast of Kharkov. British forces advanced into Libya toward the Mareth line.

World events
The Brazilian government revealed that a Nazi plot to overthrow the government had been crushed four months earlier.

Politics and government
Argentine President Ramon Castillo announced that he would not be a candidate for re-election when his term expired in February 1944.

The Puerto Rican House of Representatives and Senate passed joint resolutions petitioning the U.S. Congress to permit an election on the island to determine her own fate.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted to continue the Committee on Un-American Activities for two years.

Protest
Indian Hindu nationalist leder Mohandas Gandhi commenced a 21-day fast, his ninth in 25 years, to protest his confinement in the Aga Khan's palace in Poona.

Economics and finance
U.S. Senator Harry Byrd (Democrat--Virginia) announced that the Joint Committee on Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures would investigate Victory, the Office of War Information foreign circulation magazine.

Labour
U.S. Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray urged the creation of a world federation of labour organizations.

Business
U.S. Federal Judge Philip Forman adjourned the antitrust trial against General Electric, Corning Glass Works, and nine other producers of electric light bulbs to avoid impairment of their current war production.

Health
Dr. William Holla reported that mice were probably carriers of poliomyelitis, and spread it by contaminating food.

70 years ago
1948


Movies
A Gallup Poll reported The Jolson Story as the most popular film in the United States in 1947, and Ingrid Bergman and Bing Crosby as the most popular female and male performers, respectively.

Literature
The Soviet Information Bureau issued Falsifiers of History--A Historical Note, attacking the U.S. State Department publication of German Foreign Office documents as an attempt to undermine the U.S.S.R.'s international standing by portraying pre-World War II events from the standpoint of German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler.

War
Greek Army units conducted their first operation planned by U.S. field advisers, defeating guerrilla bands on the Albanian border.

Terrorism
Jewish terrorists executed 10 Arabs near a U.K. Royal Air Force base in central Palestine, while British authorities reported that they had prevented Arabs from smuggling firebombs into Jerusalem's Old City in an effort to destroy the Jewish quarter.

Defense
The U.S. Navy battleship USS Pennsylvania, which had survived the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the Bikini Atoll nuclear tests, was scuttled near Kwajalein in the Marshall Islands.

Politics and government
The Japanese cabinet of Prime Minister Tetsu Katayama resigned because of dissension between left-wing and right-wing socialists over cooperation with the Communists.

U.S. federal agents arrested Communist Party USA labour secretary John Williams in New York on a deportation warrant.

Labour
U.S. Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray ordered CIO regional directors and industrial union council officials to follow national union policy in opposing former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace's U.S. presidential candidacy, and supporting the Marshall Plan.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Don't/I Beg of You--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--1st week at #1); At the Hop--Danny and the Juniors (Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1)

Music
The Ink Spots, along with Joyce King, performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton.

Diplomacy
The Tunisian government ordered the evacuation of all French civilians from the area near the Tunisian-Algerian frontier.

Politics and government
Central Sumatra military commander Colonel Ahmad Husein issued an ultimatum to the Indonesian government giving Prime Minister Djuanda five days to dissolve his cabinet and oust Communist sympathizers from government posts.

The U.S. House of Representatives Special Committee on Legislative Oversight voted to dismiss its chief counsel, Bernard Schwartz, after Mr. Schwartz accused most subcommittee members of seeking to "whitewash" his investigation of regulatory agencies.

Energy
Scientists testifying before the U.S. Joint Congressional Atomic Energy Committee revealed that the Atomic Energy Commission planned to test a new type of controlled thermonuclear reaction using a device now under construction at Princeton University.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Riquita--Georgette Plana

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'ora dell'amore--I Camaleonti (9th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Hello Goodbye--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Am I that Easy to Forget--Engelbert Humperdinck (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Everlasting Love--The Love Affair

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Mien Waar Is M'n Feestneus?--Toon (2nd week at #1)
2 Nights in White Satin--The Moody Blues
3 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
4 World--The Bee Gees
5 Tin Soldier--Small Faces
6 2000 Light Years from Home/She's a Rainbow--The Rolling Stones
7 Baby, Come Back--The Equals
8 Hello Goodbye--The Beatles
9 Little Bird--Tielman Brothers
10 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame

Singles entering the chart were Mama Vertel Me/Mijn Vriendinnetje by Heintje (#32); Everlasting Love by the Love Affair (#35); The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo) by Manfred Mann (#37); I'm So Proud by Rudy Bennett (#39); and It's the End by the Buffoons (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
2 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
3 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
4 Spooky--The Classics IV
5 I Wish it Would Rain--The Temptations
6 Nobody But Me--The Human Beinz
7 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed
8 Goin' Out of My Head/Can't Take My Eyes Off You--The Lettermen
9 Baby, Now that I've Found You--The Foundations
10 My Baby Must Be a Magician--The Marvelettes

Singles entering the chart were The End of Our Road by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#55); Men are Gettin' Scarce by Joe Tex (#60); The Click Song Number One by Cher (#78); Got What You Need by Fantastic Johnny C (#82); In the Midnight Hour by the Mirettes (#84); La-La Means I Love You by the Delfonics (#85); The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde by Georgie Fame (#87); Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu) by Al Martino (#88); Burning Spear by the Soulful Strings (#91); You Don't Have to Say You Love Me by the Four Sonics (#93); People World by Jim and Jean (#94); I'm Gonna Make You Love Me by Madeline Bell (#96); Music Music Music by the Happenings (#97); and Summertime Blues by Blue Cheer (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Baby, Now that I've Found You--The Foundations
2 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
3 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
4 Nobody But Me--The Human Beinz
5 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
6 Zabadak!--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
7 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed
8 Goin' Out of My Head/Can't Take My Eyes Off You--The Lettermen
9 She's a Rainbow--The Rolling Stones
10 Spooky--The Classics IV

Singles entering the chart were Walk Away Renee by the Four Tops (#56); Just Dropped In (To See What Condition My Condition was In) by the First Edition (#58); Back Up Train by Al Green (#72); Oh How it Hurts by Barbara Mason (#82); Everything I Am by Plastic Penny (#85); Too Much Talk by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#87); A Million to One by the Five Stairsteps (#89); A Man Needs a Woman by James Carr (#90); Where is My Mind by Vanilla Fudge (#92); Here Comes the Rain, Baby by Eddy Arnold (#93); Look, Here Comes the Sun by the Sunshine Company (#94); Stop by Howard Tate (#95); Try It by the Ohio Express (#96); Toyland by Alan Bown (#97); It's Not Easy by the Will-O-Bees (#98); We Can Make It by the Collectors (#99); and Cold Feet by Albert King (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
2 Spooky--The Classics IV
3 Goin' Out of My Head/Can't Take My Eyes Off You--The Lettermen
4 I Can Take or Leave Your Loving--Herman's Hermits
5 Nobody But Me--The Human Beinz
6 Some Velvet Morning--Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood
7 1941--Tom Northcott
8 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
9 We Can Fly--The Cowsills
10 Everything that Touches You--The Association

Singles entering the chart were Walk Away Renee by the Four Tops (#27); (Theme From) Valley of the Dolls by Dionne Warwick (#28); (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay by Otis Redding (#29); and Dear Delilah by Grapefruit (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
2 Bend Me, Shape Me--The American Breed
3 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
4 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
5 Skip a Rope--Henson Cargill
6 Nobody But Me--The Human Beinz
7 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
8 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
9 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
10 I Can Take or Leave Your Loving--Herman's Hermits
Pick hit of the week: Itchycoo Park--Small Faces

Politics and government
The national board of Americans for Democratic Action (ADA) voted 65-47 to endorse the candidacy of U.S. Senator Eugene McCarthy (Democrat--Minnesota) for the 1968 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States. It was the first time in 20 years that the ADA did not support an incumbent Democratic president, and within three days of the vote, several prominent labour leaders and supporters of the administration of U.S. President Lyndon Johnson had resigned from the ADA board.

Protest
The Governor's Select Committee on Civil Disorder in New Jersey issued a 478-page report on the July 1967 riot in Newark. The report found "excessive and unjustified force" by the National Guard and police, and asked for a grand jury probe of charges of corruption in Newark. The report contained 100 specific recommendations for change covering the areas of city government, housing, olice, municipal courts, welfare, employment, riot procedures, and anti-poverty programs.

Olympics
Peggy Fleming of the United States won the gold medal in the women's figure skating competition in Grenoble, France.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): 2-4-6-8 Motorway--Tom Robinson Band (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Ti amo--Umberto Tozzi

War
Three days of clashes in Beirut between Syrian-dominated Arab peacekeeping forces and a combination of Lebanese army regulars and Christian militiamen concluded with an estimated 100 Syrians and 50 Lebanese killed.

Disasters
The worst storm in nine years hit drought-stricken southern California, killing nearly 20 people and leaving 700 homeless.

Hockey
CHL
Dallas 6 @ Fort Worth 4
Tulsa 6 @ Kansas City 5

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle (2nd week at #1)

Crime
Concluding two days of testimony before a U.S. Senate subcommittee, Jose Blandon, a former adviser to Panamanian dictator General Manuel Noriega, gave details about Gen. Noriega's alleged drug activities. Mr. Blandon said that Gen. Noriega got Central Intelligence Agency-prepared intelligence reports on the personal lives of U.S. senators, and that a CIA official had helped to cover up the murder of a political opponent of Gen. Noriega.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (5th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Hulk Arnold

20 years ago
1998


Business
Canadian National President Paul Tellier announced that CN was acquiring U.S. company Illinois Central Corporation for $2.4 billion, making CN the fifth-largest railway company in North America with 30,000 kilometres of track.

Soccer
In one of its biggest soccer upsets, the United States defeated the world champion Brazilians 1-0, advancing to the final of the Concacef Gold Cup tournament for the first time. Kasey Keller had the shutout, making four key saves on Romario, the 1994 World Cup hero. The United States had been 0-8 against Brazil and had been outscored 19-0 by the Brazilians since an exhibition match in 1930.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Roy Scheider, 75
. U.S. actor. Mr. Scheider was nominated for Academy Awards for his supporting performance in The French Connection (1971) and his starring performance in All That Jazz (1979), but was perhaps best known for his supporting role in Jaws (1975). He died of cancer.

Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Aloha Stadium, Honolulu
NFC 42 AFC 30

Jeff Garcia of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers completed a 6-yard touchdown pass to Terrell Owens of the Dallas Cowboys early in the 4th quarter and Adrian Peterson of the Minnesota Vikings rushed 6 yards for a touchdown with 2:43 remaining in the game as the National Football Conference came back from a 24-7 2nd-quarter deficit to defeat the American Football Conference before 50,044 fans. Mr. Peterson rushed 16 times for 129 yards and 2 touchdowns, and was named the game's Most Valuable Player.

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