Monday, 19 February 2018

February 20, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Maza Sellars!

125 years ago
1893


Died on this date
P.G.T. Beauregard, 74
. U.S. and C.S. military officer. Mr. Beauregard achieved the rank of Brevet Major in the United States Army, and was named a Brigadier General in the army of the Confederate States of America in 1861. He led the C.S.A. to victory in the First Battle of Bull Run in Virginia in 1861, saved Charleston, South Carolina from Union attacks in 1863, and did the same for Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia in 1864.

Labour
The Canadian Parliament passed the Fair Wages Act and Eight Hour Day Act, covering workers in federal jurisdictions.

90 years ago
1928

Died on this date

Margaret Brown. U.S. crime victim. Miss Brown, a governess in New York City, was robbed of $9,000 and set afire, and burned to death in a wood near Bernardsville, New Jersey.

Politics and government
Joseph-Oscar Auger was elected Mayor of Quebec City, receiving 7,046 votes to 4,752 for incumbent Mayor Télesphore Simard.

80 years ago
1938


Politics and government
Anthony Eden resigned as British Foreign Secretary in protest over Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's decision to negotiate with Italian Duce Benito Mussolini.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Had the Craziest Dream--Harry James and his Music Makers with Helen Forrest (2nd week at #1)

War
Soviet troops took Krasnograd, 60 miles southwest of Kharkov, and Pavlograd, 100 miles south of Kharkov. U.S. troops abandoned the Ousselat Valley in central Tunisia in order to straighten their defense lines. Japanese troops in China made advances in Hupeh Province, Kiangsu Province, and the Luchow Peninsula.

Movies
Hollywood studio executives agreed to allow the U.S. Office of War Information to censor movies.

Journalism
The Saturday Evening Post published the first of Norman Rockwell's paintings of Four Freedoms, in support of the theme of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1941 State of the Union address.

Protest
In appeals to U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. representative in India William Phillips, 200 Indian political leaders asked for the immediate release from prison of Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi.

Business
New York businessman Bill Cox and a syndicate of 10 unidentified associates purchased the Philadelphia Phillies of major league baseball's National League.

70 years ago
1948


Politics and government
11 non-Communist ministers resigned from the Czechoslovakian cabinet in protest against the recent assignment of important police offices to Communists.

52 Southern Democratic U.S. Congressmen, meeting in Washington, adopted a resolution warning national party leaders against incorporating a civil rights plank in the 1948 party platform.

Economics and finance
The U.K. and U.S.A. formally approved France's efforts to integrate the Saar into the French economy.

Labour
Congress of Industrial Organizations leaders ordered International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union Presidnt Harry Bridges to stop supporting the third-party U.S. presidential campaign of former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace and opposing the Marshall Plan, threatening otherwise to suspend Mr. Bridges from his post as regional CIO director in northern California.

Oil
The U.S. Commerce Department imposed licensing requirements on all crude exports in an effort to ease the domestic oil shortage.

Boxing
Terry Young (61-14-5) won a 10-round split decision over former world lightweight champion Beau Jack (71-12-4) in a welterweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York.

60 years ago
1958


Diplomacy
Sudan complained to the United Nations Security Council that "a huge infiltration of Egyptians" had taken place "into the area of northern Sudan claimed by Egypt, backed by a concentration of Egyptian troops on the border."

Defense
The British government of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan announced the closure of Sheerness Docks on the Isle of Sheppey in Kent; it was one of the oldest naval dockyards in the United Kingdom.

Politics and government
Soviet foreign aid chief Mikhail Pervukhin, downgraded in the 1957 purge of Vyacheslav Molotov's "anti-party" group, replaced Georgi Pushkin as U.S.S.R. Ambassador to East Germany.

Crime
The Illinois Parole and Prison Board, in a split decision, granted parole to Nathan Leopold, who at the age of 19, had, with Richard Loeb, kidnapped and murdered 14-year-old Bobby Franks in Chicago in 1924.

Scandal
Former Teamsters union President Dave Beck was sentenced in Seattle by Washington Superior Court to up to 15 years in prison for stealing $1,900 from his union. Mr. Beck's son was fined $2,000 for keeping $4,650 from the sale of two union-owned automobiles.

Horse racing
In Santa Anita, California, jockey Eddie Arcaro rode his 4,000th career winner.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Vise



Wojeck, starring John Vernon, on CBC
Tonight's episode: Fair Egypt



Prescription: Murder, starring Peter Falk, Gene Barry, and Nina Foch, on CBS

This made-for-television movie was the first of two that served as pilots for the subsequent series Columbo.



Died on this date
Anthony Asquith, 65
. U.K. film director. Mr. Asquith, the son of Prime Minister H.H. Asquith, directed such movies as Pygmalion (1938); The Winslow Boy (1948); The Browning Version (1951); and The Yellow Rolls-Royce (1964).

War
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee began a week of hearings into facts concerning the August 1964 incident in the Gulf of Tonkin, in which North Vietnamese forces allegedly attacked two U.S. destroyers. The incident prompted the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, leading to active U.S. military involvement in Vietnam. Former Defense Secretary Robert McNamara testified behind closed doors, and issued a public statement after his appearance, declaring that intelligence reports of a "highly classified and unimpeachable nature" had established that the second Gulf of Tonkin attack on August 4, 1964 had taken place.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson gave his first televised address to the nation, telling Canadians that he would table a confidence motion the next day to prove his Liberal Party still had control of Parliament.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mull of Kintyre--Wings (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): UFO--Pink Lady (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Unlimited Citations--Café Crème

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Sì, la vita è tutta un quiz--Renzo Arbore (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Boys (Summertime Love)--Sabrina (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Get Outta My Dreams, Get into My Car--Billy Ocean

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Should Be So Lucky--Kylie Minogue

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Should Be So Lucky--Kylie Minogue

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Seasons Change--Exposé

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 What Have I Done to Deserve This?--Pet Shop Boys (with Dusty Springfield)
2 Could've Been--Tiffany
3 Hungry Eyes--Eric Carmen
4 Seasons Change--Exposé
5 Father Figure--George Michael
6 Need You Tonight--INXS
7 She's Like the Wind--Patrick Swayze (featuring Wendy Fraser)
8 Say You Will--Foreigner
9 Don't Shed a Tear--Paul Carrack
10 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley

Singles entering the chart were What a Wonderful World by Louis Armstrong (#73); Give Me All Your Love by Whitesnake (#81); I Want You so Bad by Heart (#82); Winter Games by David Foster (#83); Magic Carpet Ride by Bardeux (#84); Prove Your Love by Taylor Dayne (#85); Pamela by Toto (#86); Fishnet by Morris Day (#87); Going Back to Cali by LL Cool J (#88); Ever Since the World Began by Tommy Shaw (#89); and All Right Now by Pepsi and Shirlie (#90). It's a Wonderful World had originally been released in 1967; it hadn't charted in the U.S.A., but had spent 4 weeks at #1 in the U.K. in the spring of 1968. It was re-released as a single after being featured in the movie Good Morning, Vietnam (1987). Winter Games was the theme of the 1988 Winter Olympic Games in Calgary.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Could've Been--Tiffany (3rd week at #1)
2 Need You Tonight--INXS
3 Hazy Shade of Winter--Bangles
4 Crying--Roy Orbison and k.d. lang
5 Candle in the Wind--Elton John
6 Pump Up the Volume--M/A/R/R/S
7 The Way You Make Me Feel--Michael Jackson
8 Pop Goes the World--Men Without Hats
9 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
10 When a Man Loves a Woman--Luba

Singles entering the chart were Devil Inside by INXS (#94); Check it Out by John Cougar Mellencamp (#97); Never Give Up by Blvd. (#99); and Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car by Billy Ocean (#100).

Europeana
Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, an administrative unit within Azerbaijan, voted to secede from Azerbaijan and join Armenia, triggering the Nagorno-Karabakh War.

Olympics
Brian Boitano of the United States edged Brian Orser of Canada to win the gold medal in men's figure skating at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary. In men's hockey, Canada defeated France 9-5 at the Olympic Saddledome in Calgary. The French team was so bad that they were popularly known as "Les Miserables."

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Gli Spari Sopra--Vasco Rossi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Mockin' Bird Hill--Roots Syndicate

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): No Limit--2 Unlimited (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (13th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (12th week at #1)
2 A Whole New World (Aladdin's Theme)--Peabo Bryson and Regina Belle
3 Saving Forever for You--Shanice
4 If I Ever Fall in Love--Shai
5 Ordinary World--Duran Duran
6 In the Still of the Nite--Boyz II Men
7 7--Prince and the New Power Generation
8 Mr. Wendal--Arrested Development
9 Rump Shaker--Wreckx-N-Effect
10 I'm Every Woman--Whitney Houston

Singles entering the chart were Sweet Thing by Mary J. Blige (#50); Cat's in the Cradle by Ugly Kid Joe (#72); Passionate Kisses by Mary Chapin Carpenter (#87); Supermodel (You Better Work) by RuPaul (#89); and Toss-Up by N2Deep (#91).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (10th week at #1)
2 Deeper and Deeper--Madonna
3 Steam--Peter Gabriel
4 No Mistakes--Patty Smyth
5 Harvest Moon--Neil Young
6 A Whole New World (Aladdin's Theme)--Peabo Bryson and Regina Belle
7 Ordinary World--Duran Duran
8 Little Bird--Annie Lennox
9 Love Can Move Mountains--Celine Dion
10 Faithful--Go West

Singles entering the chart were Simple Life by Elton John (#64); If This is Love by Barney Bentall (#66); Cigarette Dangles by The Pursuit of Happiness (#81); Sleeping Satellite by Tasmin Archer (#87); I See Your Smile by Gloria Estefan (#88); Love Is by Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight (#91); Gypsy Honeymoon by Kim Carnes (#93); Heartland by Rockhead (#94); Supernatural by John James (#96); and Love U More by Sunscreem (#97).

Died on this date
Ferruccio Lamborghini, 76
. Italian industrialist. Mr. Lamborghini was a prominent manufacturer of agricultural equipment, but was best known for founding, in 1963, the automobile company bearing his name.

Radio
U.S. President Bill Clinton announced plans to shut down Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty and merge them into the United States Information Agency, which would result in a saving of millions of dollars.

Crime
Robert Thompson and Jon Venables, both 10 years of age, were charged with the kidnapping and murder of 2-year-old James Bulger, who had been abducted on February 12 from a shopping centre in Bootle, near Liverpool.

Politics and government
Former Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark, who had represented the Alberta riding of Yellowhead in the House of Commons since 1972, announced that he would not seek re-election.

20 years ago
1998


Olympics
Tara Lipinski of the United States became, at age 15, the youngest gold medalist in Winter Olympics history when she won the ladies' figure skating competition at Nagano, Japan.

10 years ago
2008


Space
A lunar eclipse was visible in western North America, and was seen by this blogger.

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