Thursday, 15 February 2018

February 16, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Veronica Jones!

180 years ago
1838


Born on this date
Henry Adams
. U.S. writer. Mr. Adams, the great-grandson of U.S. President John Adams and grandson of President John Quincy Adams, was best known for his autobiography The Education of Henry Adams (1907). He died on March 27, 1918 at the age of 80.

150 years ago
1868


Americana
The Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks was organized in New York City.

130 years ago
1888


Hockey
The Granite Curling Club beat the Caledonians 4-1 in Toronto's first organized hockey game, involving proper sticks, two set teams, coded rules, an indoor venue and most notably, newspaper verification.

100 years ago
1918


Europeana
The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopted the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Eddie Foy, Sr., 71
. U.S. entertainer. Mr. Foy, born Edwin Fitzgerald, was a vaudevillian for more than 50 years. He formed a family act with his children in 1910, and "Eddie Foy and The Seven Little Foys" became an American sensation. Mr. Foy was headlining a show in Kansas City when he died of a heart attack, 22 days before his 72nd birthday.

Diplomacy
Egypt signed the Geneva convention for the abolition of slavery.

Crime
Two coal diggers were shot to death in fights between coal miners' unions at Pittston and Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet Red Army troops commanded by Lieutenant General Filip I. Golikov recaptured the Ukrainian city of Kharkov after 16 months of Nazi occupation. Allied forces led by Brigadier O.C. Wingate crossed into Burma and advanced eastward in columns, penetrating as far as 200 miles.

Abominations
German SS chief Heinrich Himmler ordered the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto.

Boxing
Fritzie Zivic (127-34-7) won a 10-round decision over Myron Padlo (53-11-3) in a welterweight bout at Duquesne Gardens in Pittsburgh.

70 years ago
1948


On television tonight
NBC Television Newsreel, on NBC

This was the first broadcast of the first nightly newscast, consisting of 10 minutes of Fox Movietone newsreels.

Died on this date
Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte, 96
. Italian clergyman. Cardinal Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte was dean of the Roman Catholic Sacred College of Cardinals from 1930 until his death.

Music
U.S.S.R. composers Sergei Prokofiev and Aram Khachaturian, recently attacked for their music, thanked the Communist Party for its criticism and promised to correct their mistakes.

Space
Gerard Kuiper at McDonald Observatory in Texas discovered Miranda, the fifth satellite of Uranus to be discovered, and the first in 96 years.

World events
The North Korean People's Council in Pyongyang announced plans to establish a 200,000-man army and draw up a People's Republic constitution.

Diplomacy
The United Kingdom warned Chile against "acts of trespass" in parts of the Palmer Peninsula in Antarctica claimed by both countries.

Defense
The United Natons Palestine Commission, in a report to the Security Council, urged the creation of a special UN military force to save the Palestine partition plan from "catastrophic" failure after the end of the British mandate.

Law
U.S. federal agents in New York arrested National Maritime Union secretary Ferdinand Smith, a Communist, on charges of being an illegal alien.

Academia
The U.S. Supreme Court rejected an appeal of Mrs. Ada Fisher for admission to the all-white University of Oklahoma law school.

Journalism
Quebec police closed the leftist weekly newspapers Le Combat and Le Progess de Villeray, charging them with serving as centres of Communist activity.

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear a case brought by the Foremen's Association of America challenging the constitutionality of the Taft-Hartley Act, while the National Labor Relations Board ruled that employers could require foremen to leave unions of rank-and-file workers.

60 years ago
1958


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: On the Nose, starring Jan Sterling, David Opatoshu, Karl Swenson, and Carl Betz

Died on this date
John Moody, 89
. U.S. financial analyst. Mr. Moody founded Moody's Investors Service in 1900.

Space
U.S. airman Donald Farrell completed a seven-day simulated flight to the Moon and back in a three-foot-by-five-foot steel chamber at the School of Aviation Medicine at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas.

World events
Indonesian Army Headquarters in Jakarta ordered the arrest of Muslim Party leader Sjafruddin Prawiranegara and five members of his cabinet on charges of intent to overthrow the government by force.

Politics and government
French Cameroons Prime Minister Andre Marie M'Bida resigned in protest against the policies of Jean Ramadier, French High Commissioner for the territory.

Education
The Canadian Conference on Education began in Ottawa under the chairmanship of neurosurgeon Dr. Wilder Penfield.

Disasters
Severe blizzards in the northeastern United States resulted in 171 deaths.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Daydream Believer--The Monkees (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
2 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
3 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
4 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
5 I Can Take or Leave Your Loving--Herman's Hermits
6 I Wonder What She's Doing Tonite--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart
7 Spooky--The Classics IV
8 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
9 Zabadak!--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
10 Skip a Rope--Henson Cargill
Pick of the Week: Brown-Eyed Handsome Man--Jerry Jaye
New this week: The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
By the Time I Get to Phoenix--Joann Moore
The Lovin' Things--Bobby Rydell
Heaven is in Your Mind--Traffic
Walk Away Renee--Four Tops

Died on this date
Healey Willan, 87
. U.K.-born Canadian composer. Dr. Willan taught music at the University of Toronto for many years, beginning in 1914. He's best-known for his sacred music and his compositions for organ, and his music is regularly heard on CBC 2 radio.

War
Three weeks of clashes between Israeli and Jordanian forces along the Jordan River concluded with Israeli planes hitting military targets up to 10 miles inside Jordan.

The U.S. National Security Council eliminated all occupational draft deferments and deferments for most graduate students. Deferments would be granted to graduate students only in critical areas in medicine, optometry, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and those students who would have completed two or more years of graduate work by June 1968.

Americana
The U.S.A.'s first 911 emergency telephone system was inaugurated in Haleyville, Alabama.

Politics and government
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson nominated American Airlines Chairman Cyrus R. Smith, 68, to succeed Alexander Trowbridge as Secretary of Commerce. Mr. Trowbridge, 37, resigned for health reasons.

Disasters
21 people were killed when a Boeing 727 Chinese Nationalist Civil Air Transport crashed at Taipei International Airport.

19 people were killed when an earthquake struck the Greek Islands in the Aegean Sea.

An arson fire at a tavern in Moberly, Missouri killed 12 people.

Boxing
Oscar Bonavena (32-4) scored a technical knockout of Felipe Marich (2-3) in the 6th round of a heavyweight bout in Cordoba, Argentina.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
James at 16, starring Lance Kerwin, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Blowout

Technology
The first computer bulletin board system (CBBS in Chicago) was created by Ward Christensen.

Economics and finance
Representatives of Japan and China meeting in Peking signed an eight-year, $20-billion trade agreement. Provisions included $7.8 billion worth of Japanese plants and technology to be purchased by China and 47.1 million tons of oil, up to 5.3 million tons of coking coal, and up to 3.9 million tons of other coal to be sold by China to Japan.

Business
The Canadian Football League governors, meeting in Toronto, approved the sale of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats from Michael DeGroote to Harold Ballard, owner of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
Canada's top 5 (The Record)
1 Pop Goes the World--Men Without Hats
2 Got My Mind Set on You--George Harrison
3 Could've Been--Tiffany
4 Faith--George Michael
5 The Way You Make Me Feel--Michael Jackson

Olympics
Canada defeated Switzerland 4-2 in men's hockey at Olympic Saddledome in Calgary.

20 years ago
1998


Politics and government
The Supreme Court of Canada began hearing arguments on whether Quebec had the right to declare her unilateral independence from Canada.

Disasters
China Airlines Flight 676, an Airbus A300 jet liner, crashed into a road and residential area near Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan, killing all 196 people aboard and seven more on the ground.

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