Saturday, 29 December 2018

December 30, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gladys Lucy Pomazongo Levano!

180 years ago
1838


Born on this date
Émile Loubet
. 7th President of France, 1899-1906; Prime Minister of France, 1892. Mr. Loubet, a member of the Democratic Republican Alliance, was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1876, and was elected to the Senate in 1885. He served as Minister of Public Works (1887-1888), and was Minister of the Interior while serving as Prime Minister from February-December 1892. Mr. Loubet became President of the Senate in 1896 and President of the Republic in 1899. As President, Mr. Loubet dealt with the relations between the Roman Catholic church and the state, saw the forging of the Entente Cordiale with the United Kingdom, and inaugurated the Paris Exhibition of 1900. He died on December 20, 1929, 10 days before his 91st birthday.

110 years ago
1908


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Edmonton Thistles 7 @ Montreal Wanderers 6 (Montreal won 2-game total goals challenge series 13-10)

The defending champion Wanderers retained the Cup as they won the series against the Thistles, champions of the Alberta Amateur Hockey Association, at Montreal Arena. All but one of the Edmonton players were ringers, joining the team just for the Stanley Cup challenge.

100 years ago
1918


War
The 68th Canadian Battery joined Allied forces in attacking Bolshevik forces at Kadish, Siberia.

75 years ago
1943


War
After a week-long counterattack by Soviet forces west of Kiev, German divisions fled along a 186-mile front. Yugoslavian partisans reported driving German forces from the Croatian provinces of Banija and Kordun. Allied forces proceeded across the Garigliano River at the Tyrrhenian end of the Italian front. U.K. troops pushed a mile beyond Ortona along the Adriatic coast on the route to Pescara. U.S. Marines seized control of the Cape Gloucester air strips as surviving Japanese troops fled to the surrounding hills on New Britain Island.

World events
Indian independence activist Subhas Chandra Bose raised the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair.

Americana
Dr. George Fisher was named National Scout Commissioner of the Boy Scouts of America, succeeding the late Daniel Beard.

Journalism
After a long series of hearings in Washington in which U.S. Post Office lawyers sought to prove that Esquire magazine was "lewd and lascivious," U.S. Postmaster General Frank Walker ordered second class mailing privileges withdrawn effective February 28, 1944.

Transportation
The U.S. War Department announced that it would retain control of the nation's railroads because the threatened strike had been "postponed" and not "cancelled."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Treasury reported expenditures for 1943 at $87.932 billion, of which $82.142 billion was for war costs. The U.S. Office of Price Administration took a number of canned vegetables and fruits off the ration list.

70 years ago
1948


Theatre
The musical Kiss Me, Kate, with music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Samuel and Bella Spewack, and starring Alfred Drake, Patricia Morison, and Lisa Kirk, opened at the New Century Theatre on Broadway in New York, after a 3 1/2-week tryout in Philadelphia.

Literature
Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits by Bertrand Russell was published in New York by Simon and Schuster.

War
Chinese Communist forces reached the Yangtze River east of Nanking.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities issued the pamphlet 100 Things You Should Know About Communism and Government, charging that Communist spy operations continued in the State Department and other agencies despite President Harry Truman's loyalty check program. The report urged restrictions on Communist activity and increased penalties for contempt of Congress.

The Spanish government established a 14-member Council of the Kingdom as an advisory board representing all administrative and legislative agencies.

Religion
The Vatican announced the excommunication of all Roman Catholics who had a hand in the December 27 arrest of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty by Hungarian authorities on charges of treason, espionage, and black market dealings.

Health
The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization and the World Health Organization announced plans for joint campaigns in 1949 against malaria, tuberculosis, venereal disease, and malnutrition.

60 years ago
1958


Movies
The New York Film Critics Circle announced their awards for the best achievements of 1958: Picture--The Defiant Ones; Director--Stanley Kramer (The Defiant Ones); Actor--David Niven (Separate Tables); Actress--Susan Hayward (I Want to Live!).

War
Thousands died in the bloodiest fighting in Cuba's history as rebels led by Fidel Castro threatened to overthrow the military regime of President Fulgencio Batista.

The Guatemalan Air Force sank several Mexican fishing boats alleged to have breached maritime borders, killing three and sparking international tension.

Society
Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion pledged action to ease restrictions on Israel's 213,000 Muslims and to return properties formerly held by Muslim religious and charitable institutions.

Politics and government
Liberal Republicans in the U.S. Senate nominated Sen. John Sherman Cooper (Kentucky) as their candidate for Senate Republican Party leader and Sen. Thomas Kuchel (California) as party whip.

Law
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed a nine-member Commission on International Rules of Judicial Procedure, which included former U.S. Attorney General Herbert Brownell, Jr.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi no Kisetsu--Pinky and the Killers (14th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Trygve Lie, 72
. Norwegian politician and diplomat. Mr. Lie, a member of the Labour Party, sat in the Norwegian Parliament from 1937-1949 and held several cabinet posts, including Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1940-1946, with the period of 1940-1945 being when the government was in exile in London while Norway was under German occupation. Mr. Lie was the first Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1946-1952, but was criticized as ineffective in the position, and resigned in November 1952, during his second term in office. Mr. Lie returned to local politics in Norway, and died of a heart attack.

Disasters
40-70 people were reported missing in a slum landslide in Rio de Janeiro.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Una donna per amico--Lucio Battisti (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Mary's Boy Child/Oh My Lord--Boney M. (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Mary's Boy Child/Oh My Lord--Boney M. (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Le Freak--Chic (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Le Freak--Chic (3rd week at #1)
2 Too Much Heaven--Bee Gees
3 You Don't Bring Me Flowers--Barbra & Neil
4 My Life--Billy Joel
5 Sharing the Night Together--Dr. Hook
6 Y.M.C.A.--Village People
7 Hold the Line--Toto
8 (Our Love) Don't Throw it All Away--Andy Gibb
9 Ooh Baby Baby--Linda Ronstadt
10 September--Earth, Wind & Fire

Singles entering the chart were Every Time I Think of You by the Babys (#84); Sing for the Day by Styx (#86); You Make Me Feel (Mighty Real) by Sylvester (#87); I Don't Know if it's Right by Evelyn "Champagne" King (#88); Silver Lining by Player (#89); and The Football Card by Glenn Sutton (#95).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Just Wanna Stop--Gino Vannelli
2 You Don't Bring Me Flowers--Barbra & Neil
3 I Love the Night Life (Disco 'round)--Alicia Bridges
4 Y.M.C.A.--Village People
5 Le Freak--Chic
6 Too Much Heaven--Bee Gees
7 Sharing the Night Together--Dr. Hook
8 (Our Love) Don't Throw it All Away--Andy Gibb
9 My Life--Billy Joel
10 Strange Way--Firefall

Singles entering the chart were Do Ya Think I'm Sexy? by Rod Stewart (#74); Somewhere in the Night by Barry Manilow (#88); Shattered by the Rolling Stones (#90); The Moment that it Takes by Trooper (#92); Got to Be Real by Cheryl Lynn (#96); Radioactive by Gene Simmons (#97); Lost in Your Love by John Paul Young (#98); Pretty Girls by Lisa Dal Bello (#99); and I Don't Wanna Lose You by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#100).

Crime
After a $5.8-million, two-year inquiry into the assassinations of U.S. President John F. Kennedy in 1963 and civil rights leader Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. in 1968, the U.S. House of Representatives Select Committee on Assassinations declared that the two men were probably assassinated as the result of conspiracies, though it was not able to pinpoint the conspirators in either instance. The committee urged the Justice Department to review the findings to determine further action.

Hockey
NHL
The National Hockey League agreed to expand from 17 to 21 teams by absorbing the Edmonton Oilers, Hartford Whalers, Quebec Nordiques and Winnipeg Jets from the disbanding World Hockey Association for the 1979-80 season.

Boston 1 @ Montreal 6

Football
NFL
AFC Divisional Playoff
Denver 10 @ Pittsburgh 33

Franco Harris rushed for 105 yards and 2 touchdowns, and Terry Bradshaw completed touchdown passes to Lynn Swann and John Stallworth in the 4th quarter as the Steelers eliminated the defending American Football Conference Broncos before 48,923 fans at Three Rivers Stadium.

NFC Divisional Playoff
Atlanta 20 @ Dallas 27

Backup quarterback Danny White passed 2 yards for a touchdown to Jackie Smith in the 3rd quarter and handed off to Scott Laidlaw for a 1-yard TD in the 4th quarter as the Cowboys outscored the Falcons 14-0 in the 2nd half before 60,338 fans at Texas Stadium. Mr. White replaced starter Roger Staubach, who was knocked out with a concussion. Mr. Laidlaw's 4th-quarter TD was his second of the game; he rushed 13 yards for the game's first touchdown in the 1st quarter.

NCAA
Woody Hayes was fired after 28 seasons as head coach of the Ohio State University Buckeyes, the day after he had punched Clemson University middle guard on the Ohio State sidelines after Mr. Bauman had returned an interception in the last 2 minutes of the Gator Bowl in Jacksonville, Florida, preserving the Tigers' 17-15 win over the Buckeyes. Mr. Hayes led Ohio State to national championships in 1954, 1957, 1958, and 1968 and produced four undefeated seasons.



30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin (9th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The Canadian Senate passed the bill approving the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement.

The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had declined 0.2% in November.

On the last trading day of 1988, the Dow Jones industrial average closed at 2,168.57, an increase of 11.8% from its 1987 close. The year's gain of 229.74 points still left it far below the figure of 2,722.42 before the collapse of October 19, 1987.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): The Sign--Ace of Base (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Israel and the Vatican signed an agreement of mutual recognition to put an end to Jewish-Roman Catholic hostilities.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Sam Muchnick, 93
. Ukrainian-born U.S. wrestling promoter. Mr. Muchnick, who moved to the United States with his parents in 1911, co-founded the National Wrestling Alliance in 1948 and served as its president from 1950-1960 and 1963-1975.

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