Sunday, 10 January 2021

January 11, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Kristi!

230 years ago

Died on this date
William Williams Pantycelyn, 73
. U.K. composer and poet. Mr. Pantycelyn, aka William Williams, was an Anglican deacon who became a Calvinist Methodist pastor, and a leader of the Methodist revival in Wales. He wrote poetry and prose, but was best known as Wales' premier hymnist. Some of Mr. Pantycelyn's lyrics were in English, but most were in his native Welsh. He died about a month before his 74th birthday.

175 years ago

The Battle of Ruapekapeka in New Zealand concluded with Ruapekapeka pā occupied by British and Māori forces, ending the Northern War.

160 years ago


Alabama became the fourth state, and the third in as many days, to vote to secede from the Union, as delegates to a state convention voted 61-39 in favour of secession.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Tommy Duncan
. U.S. musician. Mr. Duncan was a Western swing singer and songwriter who was best known as a founding member of the Texas Playboys for most of the 1930s and '40s and again from 1959-1961. He led his own band from 1949-1951. Mr. Duncan suffered from heart, problems, and died of heart failure in his motel room in San Diego at the age of 56 on July 25, 1967, the day after performing in nearby Imperial Beach.

Zenkō Suzuki. Prime Minister of Japan, 1980-1982. Mr. Suzuki succeeded Masayoshi Ōhira as leader of the Liberal Democratic Party and Prime Minister upon Mr. Ōhira's death during the 1980 national election campaign. Mr. Suzuki elected not to run for re-election as president of the LDP, and was succeeded by Yasuhiro Nakasone. Mr. Suzuki died on July 19, 2004 at the age of 93.

The Canadian government mandated high schools to begin programs for cadet training, backed by the Strathcona Trust to help promote a strong militia.

Western Canadian farmers occupied the House of Commons in Ottawa; one sat in Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier's seat and demanded free trade with the United States.

A record low Alberta temperature of -78 F. (-61.1 C.) was recorded at Fort Vermilion.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Juanita Kreps
. U.S. economist and politician. Dr. Kreps taught at several colleges and universities before becoming the first female president of the New York Stock Exchange in 1972. She became the first woman and first economist to hold the office of United States Secretary of Commerce, serving in the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter (1977-1979). Dr. Kreps served on various corporate boards after her political career, and died on July 5, 2010 at the age of 89.

80 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Frenesi--Artie Shaw and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Emanuel Lasker, 72
. German chess player. Mr. Lasker was world champion from 1894-1921, and is regarded as one of the greatest players ever. He fled Gemany after Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933; Mr. Lasker and his wife lived in the U.S.S.R. before moving to the U.S.A. Mr. Lasker died in New York City.

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull announced that a final agreement had been reached with Great Britain on sites for eight American naval and air bases in the Atlantic and Caribbean areas under the destroyers-for-bases trade. U.S. Senator Warren Austin (Republican--Vermont) said that he favoured the Lend-Lease bill, but urged a two-year limit on presidential authority under the bill.

The U.S. State Department announced that the American legation in Uruguay had been raised to embassy status, with Minister Edwin C. Wilson named Ambassador.

Politics and government
Swedish newspapers reported that Vidkun Quisling, leader of Norway's pro-Nazi puppet regime, had appealed for German help to quell opposition.

U.S. Senator Guy Gillette (Democrat--Iowa) said that both the Democratic and Republican parties had evaded the $3-million limit on campaign expenditures in the 1940 elections.

The Brazilian government of President Getúlio Vargas said that newspaper attacks agaist the United States would not be tolerated.

75 years ago

The Motion Picture Commission for the city of Milwaukee banned Scarlet Street (1945) as part of a new policy encouraged by police for "stricter regulation of undesirable films."

Vietnamese nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh claimed in Hanoi that un undisclosed source had offered him $285,000 to give up his fight for Indochinese independence. French officials denied any bribe attempt.

At the hearings of the United States Senate committee on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, evidence was presented of a charge made by Admiral Husband Kimmel in 1944 that he and General Walter Short, the officers in charge of American defenses at Pearl Harbor, were targets of a "deliberate smear campaign."

World events
The Albanian Constituent Assembly, led by Enver Hoxha, Secretary General of the Communist Party of Albania, declared the People's Republic of Albania, with Mr. Hoxha as Prime Minister. King Zog I, currently in exile in London, wasn't mentioned.

Haitian President Elie Lescot was ousted by a military coup led by Army Chief of Staff Colonel Frank Levaud, Major Antoine Levelt, and Major Paul Magloire.

Professor Albert Einstein told the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Palestine that he preferred United Nations trusteeship to British colonial policy and saw no need for a Jewish commonwealth advocated by Zionist organizations.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Export-Import Bank granted a $25-million loan to Greece to buy essential supplies.

The Allied Control Council fixed German steel production at 5.8 million tons per year.

General Motors rejected the U.S. government fact-finding board's recommendation of a 19½c hourly wage increase for United Auto Workers employees.

Elmer Layden resigned as Commissioner of the National Football League two months before his five-year contract was set to expire; he was replaced by Pittsburgh Steelers' co-owner Bert Bell, who was given a three-year contract. The league offices were moved from Chicago to New York. The NFL also instituted two rule changes: substitutions were limited to no more than three players at one time; and forward passes were ruled to be automatically incomplete upon striking either team's goal post. The latter change resulted from a play in the 1945 championship game, when a pass by Washington Redskins' quarterback Sammy Baugh from his own end zone was blown by the wind and hit the post; under the rules then in place, a safety touch was awarded to the Cleveland Rams, and that turned out to be the difference in the game as the Rams won 15-14.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Charles Goddard, 71
. U.S. playwright and screenwriter. Mr. Goddard was best known for writing the silent film serials The Perils of Pauline (1914) and The Exploits of Elaine (1914).

Liberia signed an agreement with the United States providing for an American military mission to help train the country's army.

Yale University Professor John Fulton, speaking before the New York Academy of Medicine, described brain operations for the relief of otherwise hopeless psychoses without impairment of intellectual functions.

The Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano published a decree forbidding Roman Catholic clergy to be members of Rotary Clubs, which were charged with having Masonic connections and anti-Catholic tendencies.

60 years ago

43 Moroccan Jews en route to Israel drowned when the motor yacht Price sank in a storm of Spanish Morocco.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): As the Years Go By (Kiri no Naka no Futari) (霧の中の二人)--Mashmakhan

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Te Quiero, Te Quiero--Nino Bravo (4th week at #1)

World events
Bolivian President Juan Jose Torres announced that a coup had been crushed.

The trial of 11 FLQ terrorists began in Montreal.

Canadian diplomat John MacLeod Fraser arrived in China to set up Canada's embassy there.

Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts, founded by the Society of Jesus in 1843, announced that it would admit female students in September 1972, thereby becoming the last of the 28 Jesuit colleges in the United States to go coeducational.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Angel of Mine--Frank Duval & Orchestra (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Beulah Bondi, 91
. U.S. actress. Miss Bondi was a character actress in plays, films, and television programs. She was nominated for Academy Awards for her supporting performances in The Gorgeous Hussy (1936) and Of Human Hearts (1938), and won an Emmy Award for a guest appearance in The Waltons (1976). Miss Bondi died from pulmonary complications following broken ribs after tripping over her cat.

The civilian-military junta that controlled the government of El Salvador imposed a nationwide curfew in the light of leftist guerrillas’ claims that they had begun a "final offensive." President Jose Napoleon Duarte announced that government troops were in control of the situation, although 300 people had died in the previous 24 hours.

NFC Championship
Dallas 7 @ Philadelphia 20

AFC Championship
Oakland 34 @ San Diego 27

The Eagles advanced to the Super Bowl for the first time with their win over the Cowboys at Veterans Stadium, while the Raiders became the first wild card team to advance to the Super Bowl with their win over the Chargers at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium.

30 years ago

Died on this date
Carl David Anderson, 85
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Anderson was awarded a share of the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discovery of the positron" in 1932. He also discovered the muon in 1936.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices paid to producers for finished goods had declined 0.6% in December 1990 but that the index for the entire year of 1990 had risen 5.6%.

Track and field
A drug-free Ben Johnson, running his first race in two years, finished a close second in a 50-metre race in Hamilton, Ontario. His time was 5.77 seconds; Daron Council of the United States won in a time of 5.75 seconds. It was Mr. Johnson’s first race after a two-year suspension after being stripped of an Olympic gold medal after testing positive for an illegal anabolic steroid after the men’s 100-metre run at Seoul in 1988.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Jesus to a Child--George Michael

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Roger Crozier, 53
. Canadian-born U.S. hockey goaltender. Mr. Crozier played with the Detroit Red Wings (1963-70); Buffalo Sabres (1970-76); and Washington Capitals (1976-77), posting a record of 206-197-70 with 30 shutouts and a goals-against average of 3.04 in 518 regular season games, and 14-16 in 32 Stanley Cup games with 1 shutout and a 2.75 GAA. He won the Calder Memorial Trophy as the National Hockey League's outstanding rookie in 1964-65, becoming the last goalie to start all his team's games in a season, and posting a 40-22-7 record with 6 shutouts and a 2.42 GAA. Mr. Crozier won the Conn Smythe Trophy as the most valuable player of the Stanley Cup playoffs in 1966, posting a 6-5 record with 1 shutout and a 2.34 GAA in 12 games as the Red Wings lost to the Montreal Canadiens in the finals. Mr. Crozier's career was frequently interrupted by pancreatitis and ulcers, and he died after a battle with cancer.

Politics and government
Tomiichi Murayama, who had been Prime Minister of Japan since June 30, 1994, resigned and was succeeded by Ryutaro Hashimoto. Mr. Murayama's Socialist Party had lost seats in the 1995 parliamentary elections.

Bloc Québecois Leader Lucien Bouchard was chosen as leader of the Parti Québecois, and Premier-designate of Québec.

A leader of the Cali, Colombia drug cartel escaped from a maximum security prison in Bogota, prompting more charges of lax security and corruption.

20 years ago

After a year-long inquiry, the U.S. Army found that American soldiers had shot and killed unarmed South Korean civilians in July 1950, early in the Korean War. The incident, which had recently come to general attention, occurred near the village of No Gun Ri. South Korea claimed that 400 civilians had been killed or wounded, or were missing as a result of the shootings, while the U.S. Army disputed whether any reliable estimate was possible. The Army said that there had been no order to kill civilians, and that the incident was the result of confusion and was not deliberate.

James Riady, a wealthy Indonesian businessman, agreed to plead guilty to involvement in a scheme to funnel illegal donations to U.S. politicians and influence U.S. international trade policies. He had reimbursed bank employees for their donations, most of which went to Democrats. The bank pleaded guilty to 86 counts of transmitting illegal contributions from outside the United States. Mr. Riady agreed to pay a fine of $8.6 million and to cooperate in an ongoing investigation into contributions to the Democratic Party.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Lucien Bouchard announced his resignation as Premier and his desire to leave public life, opening the way for a change in the province’s leadership in the spring.

U.S. President-elect George W. Bush named Elaine Chao to replace Linda Chavez as his choice for Secretary of Labor. Ms. Chavez, named on January 2, had withdrawn on January 9 after it was revealed that she had sheltered an illegal alien from Guatemala.

The U.S. Federal Communications Commission voted 5-0 to approve the merger of America Online and Time Warner, Inc., creating the world’s largest media conglomerate. The European Union and U.S. Federal Trade Commission had already approved the deal. The FCC required that AOL Time Warner’s instant messaging system be made compatible with that of at least one rival and that compatibility be provided to two other competitors within six months.

10 years ago

Died on this date
David Nelson, 74
. U.S. actor. Mr. Nelson, the son of entertainers Ozzie and Harriet Nelson and the older brother of actor and musician Rick Nelson, appeared with his family in the radio (1949-1954) and televison (1952-1966) comedy series The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet. His movie appearances included Here Come the Nelsons (1952) and The Big Circus (1959). David Nelson directed and produced several forgettable movies, television programs, and television commercials. He died from complications of colon cancer.

The Arab Spring movement began in Tunisia when demonstrators took to the streets to protest chronic unemployment and police brutality.

No comments: