Thursday, 14 January 2021

January 14, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sybil Wilson!

890 years ago

Born on this date
Valdemar I
. King of Denmark, 1154-1182. Valdemar I "the Great" joined forces with Knut V and they became joint kings in 1154; Valdemar became sole King after the deaths of Knud and rival Sweyn III in 1157. King Valdemar reorganized and rebuilt Denmark after more than a decade of civil war; he died on May 12, 1182 at the age of 51 and was succeeded by his son Valdemar II.

720 years ago

Died on this date
Andrew III, 35 (?)
. King of Hungary and Croatia, 1290-1301. Andrew III "the Venetian" was the son of Stephen, the posthumous son of King Andrew II of Hungary and Croatia, although Stephen's brothers regarded him as a bastard. Andrew III grew up in Venice, visited Hungary for the first time in 1278, and returned to Hungary to take the throne after the assassination of King Laduslaus IV. He successfully fended off several challenges by pretenders to the throne, but died after a period of illness--there were suggestions that he was poisoned--and was succeeded by his son-in-law Wenceslaus III.

280 years ago

Born on this date
Benedict Arnold
. American-born military officer. Major General Arnold served with distinction in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War from 1775-1780, earning the admiration of George Washington. Maj. Gen. Arnold resented that he was passed over for promotion by the Continental Congress; he married Peggy Shippen, who had Loyalist sympathies, in 1779, and began secretly communicating with British representatives. Gen. Washington placed Maj. Gen. Arnold in command of West Point, New York on August 3, 1780, and began preparations to hand the fort over to British forces. The plot was foiled on September 23 when British spy Major John André was captured by American militiamen. Maj. Gen. Arnold found out the next day and managed to escape to the British side, where he was commissioned as a brigadier general, serving in the war until the British surrendered in 1781. He went to England after the war, but was unsuccessful in advancing his career, and moved to Saint John, New Brunswick in 1785. Brig. Gen. Arnold specualted in land and established a business trading with the West Indies, but was involved in legal disputes with his neighbours in New Brunswick, and returned to London in December 1791. He suffered from gout and the lingering effects of wounds suffered in the Revolutionary War, and died in London on June 14, 1801 at the age of 60.

260 years ago

The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and Maratha Empire forces led by Sadashiv Rao Bhau, resulting in the Marathas losing suzerainty over Punjab above north of the Sutlej River to the Durranis.

160 years ago

Born on this date
Mehmed VI
. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1918-1922. Mehmed VI, the son of Sultan Abdülmecid I, succeeded to the throne two years after the apparent suicide of Crown Prince Yusuf Izzettin Efendi, heir to the throne. Mehmed VI's reign ended on November 1, 1922, when the Ottoman sultanate was abolished; he went into exile in Malta, and later in Italy, where he died on May 16, 1926 at the age of 65.

The community of St. Albert was founded.

130 years ago

Bob Fitzsimmons (24-6-12-4) won the world middleweight title when defending champion Nonpareil Jack Dempsey (50-2-10-3) retired after the 13th round at the Olympic Club in New Orleans.

125 years ago

Born on this date
John Dos Passos
. U.S. author. Mr. Dos Passos was best known for his U.S.A. trilogy of novels: The 42nd Parallel (1930); 1919 (1932); and The Big Money (1936). Socialism and pacifism influenced his early work, but his political views moved rightward after the late 1930s. He was also an artist, providing the cover paintings for his books. Mr. Dos Passos died on September 28, 1970 at the age of 74.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Bebe Daniels
. U.S. actress. Phyllis Virginia Daniels began appearing in silent films at the age of 9, and co-starred with Harold Lloyd in numerous comedies from 1915-1919. She appeared in movies such as Monsieur Beaucaire (1924) and Rio Rita (1929), making the transition to sound film. Miss Daniels was romantically involved with Mr. Lloyed during their time making movies together, but she married actor Ben Lyon in 1930 and retired from movies when they moved to London in 1935. The two made several radio and television programs together from the early 1940s through the early '60s. Miss Daniels suffered a severe stroke in 1963 and died at the age of 70 from a cerebral hemorrhage on March 16, 1971, eight days after the death of Mr. Lloyd.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Anatoly Rybakov
. U.S.S.R. author. Mr. Rybakov, a native of Ukraine, wrte the anti-Stalinist tetralogy Children of the Arbat (1987-1994) and many popular children's books. He died in New York City on December 23, 1998 at the age of 87.

Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition made landfall on the eastern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf.

100 years ago

Born on this date
James Hagerstrom
. U.S. military aviator. Colonel Hagerstrom was a fighter ace with the U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II and U.S. Air Force in the Korean War, recording 14.5 combat victories, becoming one of seven American pilots to achieve ace status in both wars. He also flew 30 missions in the Vietnam War, and died of stomach cancer on June 25, 1994 at the age of 73.

Kenneth Bulmer. U.K. author. Mr. Bulmer wrote more than 160 novels and numerous short stories under his own name and various pseudonyms, mainly in the genre of science fiction; his books were particularly popular in Germany. He died on December 16, 2005 at the age of 84.

Murray Bookchin. U.S. philosopher. Mr. Bookchin was an anarchist who later described himself as a communalist, seeking to reconcile Marxist and anarchist thought. He was a pioneer in the environmental movement, and developed the theory of social ecology and urban planning. Mr. Bookchin's books included Our Synthetic Environment (1962); Post-Scarcity Anarchism (1971); The Ecology of Freedom (1982); and Urbanization Without Cities (1987). He died of congestive heart failure on July 30, 2006 at the age of 85.

80 years ago

Politics and government
A two-day conference began in Ottawa between federal and provincial government leaders in Canada to discuss the proposals in the Rowell-Sirois Commission report, which recommedned centralizing certain functions under provincial jurisdiction.

Dr. Federico Pinedo resigned as Argentina's Finance Minister when the government rejected his plan for mobilizing the nation against the depression.

The United States Senate refused to seat new West Virginia Senators Joseph Rosier (Democrat)--appointed the previous day by new West Virginia Governor Matthew Neely to fill Mr. Neely's unexpired term--and Clarence E. Martin, appointed by retiring Governor Homer Holt. Mr. Rosier took his seat four months later after surviving a challenge to his nomination.

Adam Reiss, leader of the German Volksbund--the official German minority organization in Hungary--was ousted from the party on charges of working against the interest of the German minority.

General Mordant arrived in Saigon from France to take command of the Indochinese army.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounced Senator Burton K. Wheeler's (Democrat--Montana) statement that the Lend-Lease policy would "plow under every fourth American boy."

U.S. federal mediator James Dewey warned Eaton Manufacturing Company and Congress of Industrial Orgnizations-United Auto Workers to settle their dispute as "an urgent matter of national defense."

75 years ago

Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It Might as Well Be Spring--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with Margaret Whiting (2nd week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 Chickery Chick--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra with Nancy Norman, Billy Williams and the Kaye Choir
--Evelyn Knight and the Jesters
3 Symphony--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra with Clyde Rogers
--Bing Crosby
--Jo Stafford
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
4 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
5 I Can't Begin to Tell You--Bing Crosby with Carmen Cavallaro
--Andy Russell
--Harry James and his Orchestra
6 Waitin' for the Train to Come In--Peggy Lee
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Johnny Long and his Orchestra and Dick Robertson
7 That's for Me--Dick Haymes
--Jo Stafford
8 Dig You Later (A Hubba-Hubba-Hubba)--Perry Como and the Satisfyers
9 Let it Snow! Let it Snow! Let it Snow!--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra with Vaughn Monroe and the Norton Sisters
10 Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief--Betty Hutton with Paul Weston and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Artistry Jumps by Stan Kenton and his Orchestra (#18); As Long as I Live, with versions by Frankie Carle and his Orchestra and Johnnie Johnston with the Satisfiers (#28); Pass That Peace Pipe by Dinah Shore (#29); Dream Dust by Les Paul and his Trio (#34); The Moment I Met You by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#35); You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart), with versions by Les Brown and his Orchestra and Perry Como (#36); The Blue Danube by Spike Jones and his City Slickers (#37); It's a Grand Night for Singing by Dick Haymes (#38); The Bells of St. Mary's by Bing Crosby (#44); and Chloe (Song of the Swamp) by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#45). The Bells of St. Mary's was the title song of the movie. Chloe (Song of the Swamp) was the other side of At the Fat Man's, charting at #48.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Murder Beyond the Mountains

British prosecutors at the Nazi war crimes trial in Nuremberg charged that German Admiral Karl Doenitz had instructed German submarines to kill Allied crews as well as sink their ships.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes told the United Nations General Assembly that the UN should move "immediately" to give the Security Council the military force it needs to maintain peace," and urged the creation of an international commission to control the atomic bomb.

The Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry on Palestine ended its Washington hearings and prepared to move to London.

Politics and government
Tokyo Mayor Histada Hirose resigned as a result of the January 4 order from Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur, directing the Japanese government to remove from office all "active exponents" of military nationalism.

Romanian Justice Minister Lucretiu Patrescanu, a Communist, said that no foreign observers of proposed elections in Romania would be permitted.

U.S. President Harry Truman asked Congress to repeal $5.75 billion in appropriations for the War Shipping Administration; Federal Works Administration; Maritime Commission; Lend-Lease; and the Agriculture, Interior, Labor, War, and Navy Departments.

U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes announced the publication of the first book on the native Aleutian tongue--The Aleut Language--compiled over 12 years.

Economics and finance
A joint Anglo-American policy statement on the Caribbean promised financial aid to expand food and industrial production and trade in territorial and colonial possessions.

The U.S. Supreme Court rejected the New York State claim for immunity from U.S. excise taxes on bottled water sold from Saratoga Springs.

The nationwide three-day lockout ordered by Argentine industry went into effect, paralyzing all economic activities. The lockout was a protest against a wage-bounus decree from teh government of President Juan Peron.

70 years ago

General Clark Ruffner replaced Gen. Robert McClure as commander of the U.S. Army's 2nd Division in central Korea.

Economics and finance
Negotiations for settlement of the U.S.S.R.'s $10.8-billion Lend-Lease debt to the U.S.A. were resumed in Washington after a lapse of nearly three years.

Byron Nelson won the Bing Crosby Open in Pebble Beach, California, earning $2,000.

Pro Bowl @ Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
American Conference 28 National Conference 27

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Are You Lonesome To-night?/I Gotta Know--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Il cielo in una stanza--Mina (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ramona--Blue Diamonds (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Exodus--Ferrante and Teicher
--[Mantovani & his Orchestra]
2 Wonderland by Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
--[Louis Prima]
--[Anita Bryant]
3 Will You Love Me Tomorrow--The Shirelles
4 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
5 Calcutta--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
6 Rubber Ball--Bobby Vee
7 Corinna, Corinna--Ray Peterson
8 Angel Baby--Rosie and the Originals
9 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
10 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton

Singles entering the chart were The Tear of the Year by Jackie Wilson (#64); Jimmy's Girl by Johnny Tillotson (#67); Yes, I'm Lonesome Tonight by Thelma Carpenter (#77, charting with the version by Dodie Stevens); (I Wanna) Love My Life Away by Gene Pitney (#91); Angel on My Shoulder by Shelby Flint (#92); Spanish Harlem by Ben E. King (#95); Trouble in Mind by Nina Simone (#96); (Let’s Do) The Hully Gully Twist by Bill Doggett (#98); The Story of My Love by Paul Anka (#100); and Muskrat Ramble by Freddy Cannon (also #100). The Tear of the Year was the other side of My Empty Arms, charting at #50.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Corinna, Corinna--Ray Peterson
2 Calendar Girl--Neil Sedaka
3 Pepe--Duane Eddy and the Rebels
4 Wonderland by Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
5 Cool Operator--Sandy Nelson
6 (I Wanna) Love My Life Away--Gene Pitney
7 Calcutta--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
8 Lonely Teenager--Dion
9 Angel Baby--Rosie and the Originals
10 (Ghost) Riders in the Sky--Ramrods

Singles entering the chart were You've Been Torturing Me by Gary Paxton (#34); Valley of Love by Johnny Ferguson (#37); Salvation Rock by Marv Meredith (#39); Don't Cha Know by the Crickets (#41); Oh Lonesome Me by Johnny Cash with the Gene Lowery Singers (#43); He Had Pretty Eyes by Libby and Sue (#44); Cherry Berry Wine by Charlie McCoy (#47); C'est Si Bon (It's So Good) by Conway Twitty (#48); Did You Ever See a Dream Walking by Randy Lee (#49); and You Can Have Her by Roy Hamilton (#50).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Calendar Girl--Neil Sedaka (2nd week at #1)
2 Corinna, Corinna--Ray Peterson
3 Wings of a Dove--Paul Clayton
4 Wonderland by Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
5 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
6 Angel Baby--Rosie and the Originals
7 Calcutta--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
8 Lonely Teenager--Dion
9 Emotions--Brenda Lee
10 Rubber Ball/Everyday--Bobby Vee

Singles entering the chart were (I Wanna) Love My Life Away by Gene Pitney (#28); Try Me by Margie Rayburn (#32); Tell the World/Wheels by the String-A-Longs (#33); Valley of Love by Johnny Ferguson (#34); What a Price by Fats Domino (#37); Girl in Saskatoon by Johnny Cash (#38); Oh Joan by the Beau-Marks (#39); Where the Boys Are by Connie Francis (#40); and Dance by the Light of the Moon by the Olympics (also #40). Where the Boys Are was the title song of the movie.

On television tonight
The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Dance Marathon

Died on this date
Barry Fitzgerald, 72
. Irish-born U.S. actor. Mr. Fitzgerald, born William Joseph Shields, appeared in many plays, films, and television programs, and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Going My Way (1944).

Politics and government
Gertrude Guerin became the first woman to be elected chief of the Musqueam Indian Band, residing on the north shore of the Fraser River near the University of British Columbia.

Paul Pender (38-5-2), recognized as world middleweight champion by the state athletic commissions of New York and Massachusetts, retained his share of the title with a technical knockout of Terry Downes (25-7) 57 seconds into the 7th round at Boston Arena. Referee Billy Connelly stopped the fight because Mr. Downes was bleeding profusely from the nose.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): My Sweet Lord--George Harrison

A court-martial cleared U.S. Army Sergeant Charles Hutto of charges of assault with intent to kill at least six civilians in the March 16, 1968 attack on the South Vietnamese hamlet of My Lai.

A week-long conference of Commonwealth heads of government began in Singapore.

A U.S. Navy transport started removing mustard gas shells, part of the 13,000 tons of chemical weaponry, from Okinawa, where it had been the cause of public protests.

The 99th session of the Paris peace talks ended in stalemate between the U.S. and South Vietnam on one side and North Vietnam and the Viet Cong on the other.

40 years ago

Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon (6th week at #1)
2 The Tide is High--Blondie
3 Looking for Clues--Robert Palmer
4 De Do Do Do, De Da Da Da--The Police
5 I Got You--Split Enz
6 Passion--Rod Stewart
7 Hungry Heart--Bruce Springsteen
8 Every Woman in the World--Air Supply
9 Turn Me Loose--Loverboy
10 Teacher Teacher--Rockpile

Singles entering the chart were The Winner Takes it All by ABBA (#16); and Celebration by Kool & The Gang (#20).

Died on this date
G. Lloyd Spencer, 87
. U.S. politician. Mr. Spencer, a Democrat, was an officer in the U.S. Naval Reserve and a banker when he was appointed to fill the remainder of the term of U.S. Senator John E. Miller, who had resigned to take a judicial appointment. Mr. Spencer represented Arkansas in the Senate from 1941-1943; he declined to run for election in 1942, choosing instead to return to the Navy for service in World War II.

Politics and government
Jimmy Carter delivered his farewell address as the 39th President of the United States of America.

Edmonton 7 @ Toronto 4

The Maple Leafs were leading the Oilers 4-1 at Maple Leaf Gardens before collapsing. Toronto goalie Jim Rutherford allowed 6 goals on 7 shots in the 3rd period, thus indicating that his career was about over.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ai wa Katsu--(愛は勝つ)--Kan (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Raptori--Debi Gibson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sadeness Part I--Enigma (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Gordon Bryant, 76. Australian politician. Mr. Bryant, a member of the Australain Labour Party, represented Wills in the Australian Parliament (1955-1980), serving as Minister for Aboriginal Affairs (1972-1973) and Minister for the Capital Territory (1973-1975) in the cabinet of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam.

David Arkin, 49. U.S. actor. Mr. Arkin was known for his supporting roles in movies directed by Robert Altman, including MASH (1970); The Long Goodbye (1973); and Nashville (1975). Mr. Arkin committed suicide.

Salah Khalaf, aka Abu Iyad, and Hayel Abdel-Hamin. Palestinian leaders. The two high-ranking members of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, along with an aide to Mr. Khalaf, were shot to death in Tunis by a bodyguard linked to Abu Nidal’s terrorist organization.

Russian President Boris Yeltsin denounced the previous day’s killings of civilians in Vilnius, Lithuania, and called on Russian troops to refuse to shoot civilians. Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev said that he had not given the order to attack the demonstrators.

Politics and government
The Supreme Soviet confirmed Finance Minister Valentin Pavlov as the U.S.S.R.’s new Premier, replacing the ailing Nikolai Ryzhkov.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Earth Song--Michael Jackson (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Scotland (OCC): Jesus to a Child--George Michael

The Genie Awards, honouring the best Canadian films of 1995, were presented at Société Radio-Canada's Studio 42 in Montreal. Le Confessionnal was named Best Picture, with its director, Robert Lepage, also winning. Other awards included: Actor--David La Haye (L'Enfant d'eau); Actess--Helena Bonham Carter (Margaret's Museum); Supporting actor--Kenneth Welsh (Margaret's Museum); and Supporting actress--Kate Nelligan (Margaret's Museum).

Economics and finance
Canada signed a free trade agreement with Israel.

AFC Championship
Indianapolis 16 @ Pittsburgh 20

Bam Morris rushed 1 yard for a touchdown with 1:34 remaining in regulation time to give the Steelers the lead over the Colts before 61,062 fans at Three Rivers Stadium, but the Colts almost won the game on the last play when Jim Harbaugh's pass from the Pittsburgh 29-yard line was almost caught by wide receiver Aaron Bailey in the end zone.

NFC Championship
Green Bay 27 @ Dallas 38

Emmitt Smith rushed for 150 yards and 3 touchdowns, and the Cowboys scored 2 touchdowns in the 4th quarter to erase a 27-24 deficit, as they beat the Packers before 65,135 fans at Texas Stadium in Irving.

20 years ago

NFC Championship
Minnesota 0 @ New York Giants 41

Kerry Collins passed for 381 yards and 5 touchdowns as the Giants shut out the Vikings before 79,310 fans at Giants Stadium.

AFC Championship
Baltimore 16 @ Oakland 3

The Ravens defeated the Raiders before 62,784 fans at Network Associates Coliseum to earn their first trip to a Super Bowl and their first trip to a National Football League championship game since 1969, when the team was known as the Cleveland Browns.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Georgia Carroll, 91
. U.S. singer and actress. Miss Carroll appeared in minor roles in movies in the early 1940s, including Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942), in which she played Betsy Ross. She joined Kay Kyser's band in 1943 as a featured vocalist, married him in 1945, and retired from show business.

World events
Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali sought refuge in Saudi Arabia after a series of demonstrations against his regime, considered to be the birth of the Arab Spring.

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