Monday, 18 February 2019

February 18, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Paul Jelley and Ezra Levant!

1,020 years ago

Died on this date
Gregory V, 26-27 (?)
. Roman Catholic Pope, 996-999. Gregory V, born Bruno of Carinthia, was a grandson of Holy Roman Emperor Otto I, and succeeded Pope John XV after being a chaplain in the court of his cousin Emperor Otto III. Pope Gregory V crowned Otto III, but was opposed by Roman leader Crescentius II and antipope John XVI. The latter were defeated by Emperor Otto, but Pope Gregory died suddenly--perhaps the victim of foul play--and was succeeded by Sylvester II.

790 years ago

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II signed a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy.

725 years ago

Died on this date
Kublai Khan, 78
. Mongol Emperor, 1260-1294. Kublai Khan, a grandson of Genghis Khan, succeeded his brother Möngke on the throne, and established the Yuan dynasty in 1271. He was succeeded by his grandson Temür Khan, Emperor Chengzong.

410 years ago

Born on this date
Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon
. English historian and politician. Lord Clarendon was Lord Chancellor to King Charles II from 1658-1667 and Chief Minister from 1660-1667. He made enemies and fell out of favour with the king; this, combined with military defeats and poor health, led to his impeachment by the House of Commons and legal banishment to France, where he died on December 9, 1674 at the age of 65. Lord Clarendon was the father-in-law of the future King James II and the maternal grandfather of Queens Mary II and Anne. His six-volume The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England was the most influential contemporary work on the subject, and was published posthumously from 1702-1704.

260 years ago

New England Rangers destroyed the Acadian settlement of Pointe Sainte-Anne, New Brunswick, burning 147 buildings and killing all the livestock. Several settlers were taken prisoner, and some were cruelly scalped for bounty.

170 years ago

Born on this date
Alexander Kielland
. Norwegian author. Mr. Kielland was a realistic writer who is regarded, with Henrik Ibsen, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson and Jonas Lie, as one of the "Four Greats" of Norwegian literature. His novels included the trilogy Gift (1883), Fortuna (1884), and St. Hans Fest (1887). Mr. Kielland died on April 6, 1906 at the age of 57 after a series of heart attacks, likely because of obesity.

130 years ago

Born on this date
George Mogridge
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Mogridge played with the Chicago White Sox (1911-1912); New York Yankees (1915-1920); Washington Nationals (1921-1925); St. Louis Browns (1925); and Boston Braves (1926-1927), compiling a record of 133-130 with an earned run average of 3.20 and 20 saves in 398 games. On April 24, 1917, he pitched the first no-hitter in Yankees' history, and the first at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Mogridge led the American League in 1918 in games pitched (45); relief losses (7); and saves (7). He was 16-11 with the Nationals when they won the 1924 World Series, starting and winning the fourth game and pitching 4 2/3 innings of relief in the seventh game. Mr. Mogridge died on March 4, 1962, two weeks after his 73rd birthday.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Arthur Bryant
. U.K. historian. Sir Arthur wrote 40 books, mainly military history and biographies of prominent English figures. He was unpopular with academic historians, but was a favourite of several British Prime Ministers, including Winston Churchill. Sir Arthur died on January 22, 1985, 27 days before his 86th birthday.

Stanley Cup @ Montreal Arena
Winnipeg Victorias 2 @ Montreal Victorias 3 (Montreal won 2-game, total goals series 5-3)

Bob MacDougall scored 2 goals and Russell Bowie score the other for the defending champion Montreal Victorias as they edged their Winnipeg counterparts to retain the cup. Jack Armytage and Atty Howard scored for Winnipeg. With about 12 minutes remaining in the game, Mr. MacDougall slashed Winnipeg forward Tony Gingras so severely that Mr. Gingras had to be carried off the ice. When referee Bill Findlay handed out just a minor penalty to Mr. MacDougall, the Winnipeg players left the ice in protest. Mr. Findlay then went home, but returned after being persuaded by officials. Mr. Findlay gave the Winnipeg team 15 minutes to return to the ice, but they refused, and Mr. Findlay awarded the game to Montreal.

Quebec (0-7) @ Montreal Victorias (5-1) (Montreal won by forfeit)
Montreal (3-4) 4 @ Ottawa (3-3) 5

The Quebec Hockey Club had dropped out of the league after losing their first six games, and forfeited their last two scheduled games.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Wallace Stegner
. U.S. writer. Mr. Stegner won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1972 for his novel Angle of Repose and the National Book Award for Fiction in 1977 for his novel The Spectator Bird. He died at the age of 84 on April 13, 1993, 16 days after being injured in a car accident.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Jack Palance
. U.S. actor. Mr. Palance, born Volodymyr Palahniuk, had a short professional boxing career and served in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II before becoming an actor in the late 1940s. He became known for his supporting roles as menacing characters in movies such as Sudden Fear (1952) and Shane (1953), but won an Emmy Award for his memorable starring role in the television drama Requiem for a Heavyweight (1956). Mr. Palance hosted the television documentary series Ripley's Believe it or Not! (1982-1986), which led to more roles in films such as Bagdad Café (1987) and Batman (1989). He won the Academy Award for his supporting performance in City Slickers (1991). Mr. Palance died on November 10, 2006 at the age of 87.

Ottawa 4 Toronto 3

Cy Dennehy scored his 52nd career goal to help the Senators defeat the Arenas, becoming the National Hockey League's career scoring leader to date.

80 years ago

The Golden Gate International Exposition, the first of two World's Fairs to be held in the United States in 1939-1940, opened at Treasure Island in San Francisco.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Charles Bedaux, 57
. French-born U.S. management consultant and explorer. Mr. Bedaux moved to the United States in 1906, and became an American citizen. He was a pioneer in the field of work measurement, and became a millionaire by persuading industrial firms to use his Bedaux System of Human Power Measurement, to the displeasure of labour unions. Mr. Bedaux financed the Bedaux Canadian Sub-Arctic Expedition in 1934, which departed Edmonton, heading westward through northern British Columbia. The expedition was intended to test the new Citroën half-track cars, but failed to reach its destination. Mr. Bedaux hosted the 1937 wedding of the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, and was on friendly terms with the Nazis and the Vichy French regime during World War II. On January 13, 1943, Mr. Bedaux and his son were arrested by American authorities in Algeria, where he was reportedly supervising the construction of a German pipeline. Mr. Bedaux was kept in custody for a year without charge, but was sent to the United States in early 1944, where, as an American citizen, he was charged with treason and trading with the enemy. Mr. Bedaux committed suicide with an overdose of barbiturates while in Federal Bureau of Investigation custody in Miami.

Soviet units captured Staraya Russa, 10 miles south of Lake Ilmen and the easternmost point held by the Germans in northern Russia.

One person was killed and several injured in an attack upon a truck delivering the pro-Axis newspaper Federal in Buenos Aires.

Hungarian scientist Albert Szent-Gyorgi discovered a hitherto unknown element in the blood that causes hemophilia.

Economics and finance
U.S. adviser Bernard Baruch presented his report on postwar reconversion, emphasizing the coordination of existing agencies through the Office of War Mobilization. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt vetoed the bill extending the life of the Civilian Conservation Corps, and his veto was sustained by the House of Representatives. Rep. Brent Spence (Democrat--Kentucky) introduced a bill extending the life of the CCC to June 1945, without the rider ending food subsidies.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Substitute, starring Robert Alda and Suzanne Dalbert

Died on this date
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, 71
. Prime Minister of Spain, 1931; President of Spain, 1931-1936. Mr. Alcalá-Zamora was a member of the Liberal Party from 1899-1923, serving as Minister of Public Works (1917-1918) and Minister of War (1922-1923). He refused to cooperate with the revolutionary regime that took power in 1923, and was independent until declaring himself a republican in 1930. The Second Spanish Republic was declared in April 1931, and Mr. Alcalá-Zamora served as Prime Minister until October, when he resigned in protest against constitutional provisions regarding separation of church and state. He received almost 90% of votes cast by the Chamber of Deputies, and took office as President on December 10, 1931. Mr. Alcalá-Zamora was disliked by rightist and some leftist politicians, and was forced to resign the presidency on April 7, 1936, shortly before the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. He was in Scandinavia when the war broke out and elected not to return to Spain, living in France and then Argentina.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration ordered lithium chloride, a salt substitute, withdrawn from the market, after four deaths had been traced to its use.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Jesús Sosa Blanco, 50-52
. Cuban military officer. Colonel Sosa Blanco was executed by a firing squad in Havana after being convicted, in a televised show trial before 17,000 spectators at the Havana Sports Palace, of murdering 108 people on behalf of deposed President Fulgencio Batista.

World events
French troops entered the newly-independent Republic of Congo to restore order and enforce a curfew in the African sections of Brazzaville in the wake of fighting there between backers of the majority Democratic Union for the Defense of African Interests and the socialist opposition.

Politics and government
Nepalese men and women over 21 began voting for the first Nepalese parliament to be elected by universal suffrage. The Nepalese Congress won the election, taking 74 of 109 seats, with Nepal Rashtrabadi Gorkha Parishad next with 19.

Sonny Liston (23-1) scored a technical knockout of Mike DeJohn (36-6-1) at 2:43 of the 6th round of a heavyweight bout at Exhibition Hall in Miami Beach, Florida.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Dragiša Cvetković, 76
. Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, 1939-1941. Mr. Cvetković developed the federalization of Yugoslavia through an agreement in 1939 with Croat leader Vladko Maček to create the Banovina of Croatia. Mr. Cvetković signed the Yugoslav accession to the Tripartite Pact on March 25, 1941 ad was overthrown two days later by a military coup. He was arrested by Geman authorities and imprisoned in a concentration camp, but escaped to Bulgaria in 1944, ane eventually settled in Paris, spending the rest of his life there.

Married on this date
U.K. pop singers Maurice Gibb of the Bee Gees and Lulu were married at St. James' Church, Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire, England.

Four Arab terrorists attacked an El Al airliner as it was about to take off from the Zurich airport. Three passengers and three crewmen were wounded. An Israeli security officer killed one of the terrorists, and Swiss police seized the others. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) claimed credit for the attack, asserting that the commandos, including one woman, were all Palestinians.

Politics and government
In the United States, Ray C. Bliss resigned as chairman of the Republican National Committee.

The House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities had its name changed to the Internal Security Committee.

Law students at Howard University seized the law school building.

Mando Ramos (25-3) scored a technical knockout of Carlos Teo Cruz (38-13-2) at 2:41 of the 11th round at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum to win the world lightweight title. Mr. Ramos, 20, became the youngest man to win the world lightweight title when the fight was stopped because of a cut over one of Mr. Cruz's eyes.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Le Freak--Chic (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Y.M.C.A.--Village People (5th week at #1)

The U.S.S.R. demanded that China withdraw immediately from Vietnam "before it is too late," and pledged to come to Vietnam's aid.

Politics and government
President Ziaur Rahman's new Bangladesh Nationalist Party won 207 of 300 seats in the Jatiya Sangsad in the first parliamentary election in Bangladesh since the declaration of martial law in 1975. The Bangladesh Awami League, led by Asaduzzaman Khan, was second with 39 seats, a decrease of 254 seats from the most recent election in 1973.

Auto racing
The NASCAR season opened with the Daytona 500, with Richard Petty taking the lead on the last lap and finishing a car length ahead of Darrell Waltrip to win the race for the sixth time. Mr. Petty took the lead when Donnie Allison and Cale Yarborough crashed into each other while jousting for the lead on the final lap.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): 051/222525--Fabio Concato (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): You Got It--Roy Orbison

#1 single in France (SNEP): Pour toi Arménie--Charles Aznavour and various artists (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart--Marc Almond featuring Gene Pitney (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Tonight - Live--Tina Turner (Duet with David Bowie) (4th week at #1)
2 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
3 You Got It--Roy Orbison
4 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
5 Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss
6 We Cheer You Up (Join the Pin-Up Club)--Barbarella
7 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
8 Can't Stay Away from You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
9 Especially for You--Kylie and Jason
10 Four Letter Word--Kim Wilde

Singles entering the chart were Belfast Child (EP track) by Simple Minds (#17); Love Always Finds a Reason by Glenn Medeiros & Ria (#23); Anything for You by Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine (#28); Downtown by One 2 Many (#30); Soulmate by the Wee Papa Girl Rappers (#33); and Hold Me in Your Arms by Rick Astley (#35).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Straight Up--Paula Abdul (2nd week at #1)
2 Wild Thing--Tone Loc
3 Born to Be My Baby--Bon Jovi
4 Lost in Your Eyes--Debbie Gibson
5 The Lover in Me--Sheena Easton
6 When I'm with You--Sheriff
7 She Wants to Dance with Me--Rick Astley
8 What I Am--Edie Brickell & New Bohemians
9 Walking Away--Information Society
10 You Got It (The Right Stuff)--New Kids on the Block

Singles entering the chart were Your Mama Don't Dance by Poison (#56); One by Metallica (#76); Room to Move by Animotion (#88); Never Had a Lot to Lose by Cheap Trick (#92); Hallelujah Man by Love and Money (#93); Heaven Knows by When in Rome (#95); and I Wanna Be the One by Stevie B (#96).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Straight Up--Paula Abdul (2nd week at #1)
2 Born to Be My Baby--Bon Jovi
3 Wild Thing--Tone Loc
4 When I'm with You--Sheriff
5 When the Children Cry--White Lion
6 The Lover in Me--Sheena Easton
7 Lost in Your Eyes--Debbie Gibson
8 She Wants to Dance with Me--Rick Astley
9 What I Am--Edie Brickell & New Bohemians
10 You Got It (The Right Stuff)--New Kids on the Block

Singles entering the chart were Never Had a Lot to Lose by Cheap Trick (#76); 24/7 by Dino (#79); It's Only Love by Simply Red (#81); Can You Stand the Rain by New Edition (#83); Birthday Suit by Johnny Kemp (#86); A Shoulder to Cry On by Tommy Page (#89); Driven Out by the Fixx (#91); and Imagine by Tracie Spencer (#93). Birthday Suit was from the movie Sing (1989).

New Jersey 3 @ Toronto 5
Boston 4 @ Calgary 3

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Without You--Mariah Carey

Myriam Bédard of Canada won the gold medal in the 15-kilometre individual biathlon at the Winter Olympic Games in Lillehammer, Norway; it was Canada's first Olympic medal in Nordic competitions, and the first Olympic biathlon gold won by a non-European. Dan Jansen of the United States won the gold medal in the men's 1,000-metre speed skating event. Four-time world men's figure skating champion Kurt Browning of Canada failed in his third and final attempt to win an Olympic medal, finishing 12th in the free skate and 5th overall in the men's competition.

20 years ago

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister Costas Simitis removed three cabinet members, including the foreign and interior ministers, as there was a possibility of Greek involvement in the Turkish seizure in Nairobi four days earlier of Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers' Party.

U.S. Senator Bob Smith (New Hampshire), known for his opposition to abortion and gun control, formally announced his candidacy for the Republican Party U.S. presidential nomination in 2000.

The New York Yankees traded pitcher David Wells and two other players to the Toronto Blue Jays for pitcher Roger Clemens. Mr. Wells had posted a record of 18-4 with an earned run average of 3.49 in 1998, leading the American League in winning percentage (.818) and shutouts (5), including a perfect game. He was 4-0 in the post-season with a shutout, helping the Yankees win the World Series. Mr. Clemens, in his second and last season with Toronto, had posted a 20-6 record with an ERA of 2.65, tying for the AL lead in wins, and leading in ERA and strikeouts (271), while being a unanimous selection for the 1998 American League Cy Young Award.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Tayeb Salih, 79
. Sudanese writer. Mr. Salih was a broadcast and print journalist, but was perhaps best known for his novels, which examined the effects of colonialism on rural African societies, especially in Sudan. His best-known novel was Mawsim al-Hijrah ilâ al-Shamâl (Season of Migration to the North) (1966).

The Montreal Canadiens played their 6,000th game since the team's founding on December 4, 1909. They played their first 150 games in the National Hockey Association (NHA) 1909-17, before joining the National Hockey League.

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