Wednesday, 20 January 2016

January 18, 2016

175 years ago
1841


Born on this date
Emmanuel Chabrier
. French composer. Mr. Chabrier was known mainly for his orchestral works España and Joyeuse marche. He died on September 13, 1894 at the age of 53 after a long battle with syphilis.

130 years ago
1886


Sport
Modern field hockey was born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.

120 years ago
1896


Technology
An X-ray generating machine was exhibited for the first time by H. L. Smith.

100 years ago
1916


Space
A 611-gram chondrite type meteorite struck a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.

80 years ago
1936

Died on this date
Rudyard Kipling, 70
. U.K. author and poet. A native of Bombay, Mr. Kipling's best-known works included the collection of stories in The Jungle Book (1894) the novel Kim (1901); the short story The Man Who Would Be King (1888); the poems Mandalay (1890); Gunga Din (1890); White Man's Burden (1899); and If (1910); and the hymn Recessional (1897). He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907, becoming the first English-language writer to win the prize. He remains the prize's youngest winner.

75 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Frenesi--Artie Shaw and His Orchestra (5th week at #1)

War
British troops launched a general counter-offensive against Italian East Africa.

Defense
Mexican Foreign Minister Ezequiel Padilla said that the Mexican government would not lease any property to any foreign country in connection with any bases built on Mexican soil with U.S. aid. Retiring U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy declared that Britain was not fighting America's battle in Eurpope, and opposed the U.S. Lend-Lease bill. U.S. Office of Production Management Director William Knudsen testified in favour of Lend-Lease even if money was never repaid, for by helping the U.K. the U.S. was helping herself.

Aviation
Russian balloonists claimed a world record for their ascent in an open gondola to 36,300 feet.

Politics and government
French Prime Minister Marshal Philippe Petain and former Prime Minister Pierre Laval met and reportedly resolved their differences on the Vichy regime's policies.

Two former Spanish Republican Premiers, Francisco Largo Caballero and Diego Martinez Barrio, were stripped of their Spanish citizenship.

Labour
The U.S. National Labor Relations Board charged Ford Motor Company with discrimination against 1,021 union workers, and ordered their reinstatement at Ford's plant in Kansas City.

Football
NFL
The Professional Football Writers Association of America named Brooklyn Dodgers' quarterback Ace Parker as the National Football League's Most Valuable Player for 1940. Mr. Parker completed 49 of 111 passes for 817 yards and 10 touchdowns; rushed 89 times for 306 yards and 3 touchdowns; caught 3 passes for 139 yards and 2 touchdowns; punted 49 times for a 38-yard average; and was successful on 19 of 22 extra point attempts in leading the Dodgers to a record of 8-3, second in the East Division behind the Washington Redskins.

70 years ago
1946


Radio
Hooper U.S. network ratings listed the most popular programs as The Bob Hope Show; Fibber McGee and Molly; Radio Theater; and Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy.

War
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur ordered the arrest of 100 Japanese, including seven generals, as war criminals. The United States Senate committee on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii rejected demands that former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill be called as a witness on U.K. policy toward Japan in 1941.

Politics and government
The Mexican Revolutionary Party (PRM) voted its own dissolution and reorganized under the name Party of Revolutionary Institutions (PRI).

The U.S. military government in Munich provisionally licensed the Communist Party of Bavaria in a step toward the destruction of German National Socialism.

Scandal
Boston Mayor James Curley, Donald Smith, and James Fuller were convicted by a district court in Washington, D.C. of using the mails to defraud.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Civilian Production Administration ordered distributors to set aside 60-70% of their bathtubs, cast iron radiators, and cast iron soil pipes to maintain adequate stocks for the government's reconversion program.

Labour
U.S. President Harry Truman announced United Steel Workers' acceptance--and the steel industry's rejection--of his 18.5c per hour wage increase proposal.

Southern Democrats in the United States Senate started a filibuster to delay Fair Employment Practices Commission action.

Disasters
All 17 people aboard an Eastern Airl Lines plane were killed when it caught fire in midair and crashed near Cheshire, Connecticut.

60 years ago
1956


Died on this date
Konstantin Päts, 81
. 1st President of Estonia, 1938-1940. Mr. Päts, who wasa member of several different parties during his career, was State Elder of Estonia five times between 1921-1934 and Prime Minister from 1934-1937. After the Soviet takeover of Estonia in 1940, Mr. Päts was deported to Russia, and died there.

50 years ago
1966


On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: This'll Kill You, with guest stars Mickey Rooney, Nita Talbot, and Philip Pine

Economics and finance
Canadian Agriculture Minister Joe Greene was appointed chairman of the pledging committee of the United Nations World Food Program; Canada contributed $27,500,000.

40 years ago
1976


War
Lebanese Christian militias overran the predominantly Muslim slum area of Karantina in East Beirut, killing at least 1,000.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl X @ Orange Bowl, Miami
Pittsburgh 21 Dallas 17

Lynn Swann caught 4 passes for 161 yards, including a 64-yard touchdown reception from Terry Bradshaw in the 4th quarter, as the Steelers held off a late rally to defeat the Cowboys before 80,187 fans to win their second straight Super Bowl championship. Mr. Bradshaw also completed a 7-yard touchdown pass to Randy Grossman in the 1st quarter, after Dallas had opened the scoring on a 29-yard touchdown pass from Roger Staubach to Drew Pearson. Roy Gerela converted Mr. Grossman's touchdown and added 2 field goals in the 4th quarter, while the Steelers added a safety touch in the 4th quarter when Reggie Harrison blocked Mitch Hoopes' punt through the Dallas end zone. Mr. Staubach connected with Percy Howard for a 34-yard touchdown late in the game; for Mr. Howard, it was the only reception of his NFL career. Toni Fritsch converted both Dallas touchdowns and added a 36-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter that gave the Cowboys a 10-7 lead heading into the 4th quarter. The Pittsburgh defense sacked Mr. Staubach 7 times and made 3 interceptions, the last coming from Glenn Edwards on the last play of the game. There were only 2 penalties, both against Dallas.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Take on Me--A-Ha (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Nikita--Elton John (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nikita--Elton John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Sun Always Shines on T.V.--A-Ha

#1 single in the U.K.: West End Girls--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie (4th week at #1)
2 That’s What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
3 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
4 Party All the Time--Eddie Murphy
5 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
6 Talk to Me--Stevie Nicks
7 Small Town--John Cougar Mellencamp
8 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
9 Burning Heart--Survivor
10 Tonight She Comes--The Cars

Singles entering the chart were King for a Day by Thompson Twins (#46); These Dreams by Heart (#50); Stages by ZZ Top (#58); Russians by Sting (#61); Nikita by Elton John (#67); Another Night by Aretha Franklin (#75); Night Moves by Marilyn Martin (#79); (How to Be A) Millionaire by ABC (#82); This Could Be the Night by Loverboy (#83); Let's Go All the Way by Sly Fox (#87); What You Need by INXS (#89); and Strength by the Alarm (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Everything in My Heart--Corey Hart
2 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
3 That's What Friends are For--Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight & Stevie Wonder)
4 Rock Me Amadeus--Falco
5 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
6 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
7 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
8 Live is Life--Opus
9 We Built This City--Starship
10 Sun City--Artists United Against Apartheid

Singles entering the chart were Sara by Starship (#72); King for a Day by Thompson Twins (#78); Now and Forever (You and Me) by Anne Murray (#81); Russians by Sting (#85); A Love Bizarre by Sheila E. (#89); Silent Running by Mike + the Mechanics (#91); Sidewalk Talk by Jellybean (#92); and Footsteps by Nick Gilder (#95).

Music
The first 10 members of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame were inducted in a ceremony at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. The inductees were Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Jerry Lee Lewis, Sam Cooke, James Brown, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Ray Charles, and Fats Domino. Billy Joel introduced Mr. Domino, thanking him for making the piano a rock and roll instrument.

Space
The U.S. space shuttle Columbia returned to Earth at the conclusion of the successful six-day mission STS-61-C. The landing was postponed twice because of bad weather and finally shifted from Cape Canaveral, Florida to Edwards Air Force Base in California.

Disasters
A jetliner carrying tourists to Mayan ruins crashed in a jungle in northern Guatemala, killing all 93 people aboard.

Hockey
NHL
New York Rangers 5 @ Edmonton 4

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (11th week at #1)

War
A second front in the Gulf War opened when the first air strikes from Turkish territory were launched at Iraq. Iraq struck Tel Aviv and Haifa with Scud missiles in an attempt to draw Israel into the war, but Israel refrained.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/18/newsid_4588000/4588486.stm

World events
Harald V became King of Norway, the day after the death of King Olav V.

Business
Eastern Airlines stopped flying and gave up a two-year effort to escape bankruptcy. An increase in jet fuel prices during the Persian Gulf crisis was the final blow for the airline.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Jesus to a Child--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (11th week at #1)

Politics and government
Lucien Bouchard officially resigned as leader of the Bloc Québecois (BQ) to become leader of the Parti Québecois and take office as Premier of Québec.

Protest
Six major environmental organizations added their support to the growing traffic anti-bypass campaign in Newbury, Berkshire, England.

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