Wednesday, 20 January 2016

January 19, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Inese!

110 years ago
1906


Died on this date
Bartolomé Mitre, 84
. 6th President of Argentina, 1862-1868. Mr. Mitre, a Liberal, opposed Buenos Aires Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas, and spent years in exile in various countries. Mr. Mitre returned to Argentina after Mr. Rosas' defeat in battle in 1852; he took office as President 10 years later, and helped to achieve national unity after years of civil war. Mr. Mitre was a historian in later years, but his writing has been criticized for being selective in the use of sources.

75 years ago
1941


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 2

War
Malta reported the second German air attack on Valetta in as many days. The Greek Triton (Y-5) sank the Italian submarine Neghelli in Otranto.

Diplomacy
Italian Duce Benito Mussolini visited German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler at Berghof; Mr. Hitler outlined his secret plans to invade Greece.

Politics and government
Wendell Willkie, Republican Party candidate for President of the United States in 1940, conferred in Washington with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Treasury Department was reported to have drafted an executive order ready for President Franklin D. Roosevelt's signature to freeze all foreign assets in the United States.

Labour
United Mine Workers of America Secretary-Treasurer Thomas Kennedy said that the UMW was for labour and Americanism, and condemned Communism, Nazism, and Fascism.

Baseball
Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians signed a contract for $30,000 for 1941, reportedly becoming the highest-paid pitcher in baseball history. In 1940 Mr. Feller led the American League in wins (27); earned run average (2.62); games (43); starts (37); complete games (31); innings pitched (320); strikeouts (261); and tied for the AL lead in shutouts (4).

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Symphony--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

Literature
Marching Blacks by U.S. Rep. Rev. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (Democrat--New York) was published. The book was a manual for Negro political action.

War
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur established the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminal suspects.

Defense
Syria and Lebanon repeated their demand that British and French troops leave the Levant.

Diplomacy
Iran charged the U.S.S.R. with interference in its internal affairs, and asked the United Nations Security Council to intervene.

Terrorism
Zionist terrorists blew up a power sub-station and a wall of the central prison in Jerusalem.

World events
Austrian Archdukes Karl Ludwig and Rudolf Habsburg were expelled from Innsbruck after the banning of the Austrian monarchist party.

Transportation
The Anglo-American Civil Aviation Congress in Bermuda agreed upon mutual commercial use of nine military airfields built during World War II in British Caribbean and North Atlantic possessions.

Economics and finance
The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration and Italy signed a 1946 contract for $375 million in vital imports.

Labour
Kaiser Steel and United Steel Workers signed an agreement providing for an 18 1/2c hourly wage increase, the figure proposed by U.S. President Harry Truman.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations Federation of Glass, Ceramic & Silica Glass Workers and Pittsburgh Plate Glass and Libbey-Owens-Ford companies settled a three-month strike with a 10.7c hourly wage increase.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): L'Homme et l'Enfant--Eddie & Tania Constantine (7th week at #1)

Diplomacy
United Nations Security Council Resolution 111 was unanimously adopted, accusing Israel of violating the General Armistice Agreement signed in 1949.

50 years ago
1966


Politics and government
Indira Gandhi, the only daughter of former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, became India's first female Prime Minister-designate, winning the leadership of the All-India Congress Party in a contest against former Finance Minister Morarji Desai. The contest wwas necessitated by the death on January 11 of Prime Minister Lal Shastri.

40 years ago
1976


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Jump in My Car--Ted Mulry Gang

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oyoge! Taiyaki-kun--Masato Shimon (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Amor, amor--Lolita (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'm on Fire--5000 Volts

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Room That Echoes--Peking Man (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Jeanny--Falco

Technology
The first IBM personal computer virus was released into the wild. A boot sector virus dubbed (c)Brain, it was created by the Farooq Alvi Brothers in Lahore, Pakistan, reportedly to deter piracy of the software they had written.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Aihakatsu--KAN (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Attenti al Lupo--Lucio Dalla (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Il faut laisser le temps au temps--Félix Gray & Didier Barbelivien

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Will Never Do (Without You)--Janet Jackson

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Justify My Love--Madonna (4th week at #1)
2 High Enough--Damn Yankees
3 Love Will Never Do (Without You)--Janet Jackson
4 Tom’s Diner--D.N.A. featuring Suzanne Vega
5 The First Time--Surface
6 Sensitivity--Ralph Tresvant
7 Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B
8 Impulsive--Wilson Phillips
9 From a Distance--Bette Midler
10 I’m Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston

Singles entering the chart were Someday by Mariah Carey (#52); All This Time by Sting (#55); Waiting for Love by Alias (#62); Waiting for that Day by George Michael (#75); Chasin' the Wind by Chicago (#76); Rescue Me by Madonna (#81); Night and Day by Bette Midler (#85); Sure Lookin' by Donny Osmond (#88); and Hold You Tight by Tara Kemp (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Freedom--George Michael
2 You Gotta Love Someone--Elton John
3 Justify My Love--Madonna
4 Love Will Never Do (Without You)--Janet Jackson
5 I'm Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston
6 One and Only Man-Steve Winwood
7 Til I Am Myself Again--Blue Rodeo
8 Disappear--INXS
9 Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B
10 Hang in Long Enough--Phil Collins

Singles entering the chart were All This Time by Sting (#46); Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now) by C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams (#50); Sensitivity by Ralph Tresvant (#57); Secret by Heart (#80); I Don't Know Anybody Else by Black Box (#87); and Smooth as Silk by NCJ & Cool G (#88).

War
Canadian CF-18 fighters flew an offensive mission in the Persian Gulf, the first Canadian forces battle action since the Korean War. Iraq fired a second Scud missile into Israel, causing 15 injuries.

Hockey
NHL
All-Star Game @ Chicago Stadium
Clarence S. Campbell Conference 11 Prince of Wales Conference 5

Vincent Damphousse of the Toronto Maple Leafs scored 4 goals and was named the most valuable player before 18,472 fans in another dismal excuse for an All-Star Game.

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (13th week at #1)

Died on this date
Don Simpson, 52
. U.S. movie producer. Mr. Simpson and his partner Jerry Bruckheimer produced some of the most popular films of the 1980s and '90s, including Flashdance (1983); Beverly Hills Cop (1984); Top Gun (1986); and The Rock (1996). Mr. Simpson died of a heart attack brought on by heavy use of drugs.

Environment
The barge North Cape oil spill occurred as an engine fire forced the tugboat Scandia ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island.

Hockey
NHL
Commissioner Gary Bettman announced in Miami that the National Hockey League had approved the sale of the Winnipeg Jets to investors in Phoenix.

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Tony Franciosa, 77
. U.S. actor. Mr. Franciosa, born Anthony Papaleo, was best known for starring in the television series The Name of the Game (1968-1971); Search (1972-1973); and Matt Helm (1975).

Wilson Pickett, 64. U.S. singer. Mr. Pickett was a soul singer who had a string of hit singles from 1965-1974, most notably In the Midnight Hour (1965); Land of 1000 Dances (1966); Mustang Sally (1966); and Funky Broadway (1967). He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1991. Mr. Pickett died of a heart attack.

Space
The New Horizons probe was launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto, a distance of three billion miles, taking 9 1/2 years.

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