Wednesday, 6 January 2016

January 6, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherlock Holmes, Sheila Hellevang, and Johanna Wegner!

950 years ago

Harold II was crowned King of England, the day after the death of Edward the Confessor.

230 years ago

Politics and government
The first sitting of the New Brunswick legislature took place in Saint John.

80 years ago

Politics and government
Barbara Hanley defeated Robert Streich by 13 votes to win her first of eight terms as Mayor of the northern Ontario town of Webbwood, becoming Canada's first female mayor.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Charley O'Leary, 65
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. O'Leary was a shortstop with the Detroit Tigers (1904-1912); St. Louis Cardinals (1913); and St. Louis Browns (1934), batting .226 with 3 home runs and 213 runs batted in in 955 games. When he came out of retirement to pinch hit for the Browns on September 30, 1934, he singled and scored, becoming the oldest major league player to both hit safely and score; only Satchel Paige, who pitched in 1 game with the Kansas City Athletics in 1965 at the age of 59, played in a major league game at an older age.

Politics and government
In his State of the Union address, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered his Four Freedoms speech--freedom of speech and worship, and freedom from want and fear. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) denounced the speech as an attempt to frighten Americans into a "war-time dictatorship."

Chile and Argentina agreed to confer on territorial rights in Antarctic regions.

Economics and finance
The Japanese-controlled Chinese government in Nanking opened the Central Reserve Bank and declared that its notes must be used for customs duties in central China.

Charles E. Wilson was elected president of General Motors.

70 years ago

Turkish Prime Minister Sukru Saracoglu declared that the U.S.S.R. had no right to the Turkish border provinces of Kars and Ardahan because they had voted to return to Turkey in a plebiscite after World War I.

Ecuador proposed a permanent conciliation commission to handle dsiputes in the Western Hemisphere.

The combined Chiefs of Staff announced the end of U.S. participation in the Allied Southeast Asia Command.

Politics and government
The Indochinese Communist Party-Vietnam Workers' Party captured 182 of 302 seats in the National Assembly in the first Vietnamese general election.

World events
Nationalist activity was reported near the Iranian cities of Marageh, Mianeh, and Malik Kandi against the autonomous Azerbaijani regime.

Economics and finance
The European Coal Organization annunced that the U.S.A.; U.K.; France; Belgium; Netherlands; Luxembourg; Norway; Denmark; Greece; and Turkey had agreed to make it a permanent body.

Students in Cairo demonstrated against the Egyptian government of Prime Minister Mahmoud an-Nokrashy Pasha during the funeral of assassinated Wafdist Amin Osman Pasha.

The Federation of American Scientists, a 2,500-member merger of individual atomic scientist organizations, held its first meeting in New York City.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock--Bill Haley and his Comets (4th week at #1)

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Day Tripper/We Can Work It Out--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
Former Calgary Mayor Grant MacEwan was installed as Lieutenant Governor of Alberta, replacing the retiring J. Percy Page.

The Ontario government of Premier John Robarts let the federal government take responsibility for Native education, housing, and employment.

The first issue of The Drum was published in Inuvik, Northwest Territories. The paper was published in English, Inuit, and Loucheux dialect, and was the first newspaper of its kind in the Arctic.

40 years ago

The album Frampton Comes Alive! by Peter Frampton was released in the United States and Canada on A&M Records.

Television executive and yachtsman Ted Turner bought the Atlanta Braves from Bill Bartholomay for a reported $12 million.

The Pittsburgh Pirates assigned third baseman Art Howe to the Houston Astros as the player to be named later in the December 12, 1975 deal in which the Astros traded second baseman Tommy Helms to the Pirates. Mr. Howe batted .171 with 1 home run and 10 runs batted in in 63 games with Pittsburgh in 1975 and .357 with no homers and 3 RBIs in 11 games with the Charleston Charlies of the AAA International League.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Species Deceases (EP)--Midnight Oil (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder (10th week at #1)

This blogger began a four-month job as an assistant at the University of Alberta Archives.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (4th week at #1)

World events
Roger Lafontant, a former leader of the Tonton Macoutes--the private militia of Haitian Presidents "Papa Doc" and "Baby Doc" Duvalier--and armed supporters seized the presidential palace in Port-au-Prince in a bloodless coup and forced the resignation of provisional President Ertha Pascal Trouillot. Mr. Lafontant was seeking to prevent President-elect Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who had won a landslide win in the presidential election in December 1990, from taking office in February.

Politics and government
The Citizens' Forum on Canada's Future, chaired by Keith Spicer, opened its first public hearing in Saint John, New Brunswick. The panel heard from a select group of high school seniors, most of whom voiced support for a strong federal government and a single national identity.

Economics and finance
U.S. federal regulators took control of the Bank of New England Corporation and declared three subsidiaries insolvent. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation said it would insure deposits in full--not just those up to $100,000. The cost of the bailout was put at $2.3 billion.

NHL-USSR exhibition
Central Red Army 2 @ Edmonton 4

AFC Wild Card Playoff
Houston 14 @ Cincinnati 41

NFC Wild Card Playoff
New Orleans 6 @ Chicago 16

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Knockin'--Double Vision

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Jesus to a Child--George Michael

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Earth Song--Michael Jackson (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Cash Box): One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men (5th week at #1)

Pierre Turgeon of the Montreal Canadiens scored his 300th career NHL goal in a game at the Montreal Forum.

AFC Divisional Playoff
Buffalo 21 @ Pittsburgh 40

NFC Divisional Playoff
Green Bay 27 @ San Francisco 17

10 years ago

Died on this date
Lou Rawls, 72
. U.S. singer. Mr. Rawls was known for his smooth voice, which resulted in three Grammy Awards for rhythm and blues vocal performance. In a career that spanned over 50 years, Mr. Rawls had his biggest hit single in 1976, when You'll Never Find Another Love Like Mine reached #1 on the Billboard Rhythm and Blues singles chart and #2 on the Hot 100 chart.

World Junior Championships @ Vancouver, British Columbia
Canada won its 12th Gold Medal in the World Junior Hockey Championship.

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