Thursday, 11 May 2017

May 11, 2017

225 years ago
1792


Exploration
Captain Robert Gray became the first documented white person to sail into the Columbia River.

160 years ago
1857


War
Indian rebels seized Delhi from the British East India Company.

150 years ago
1867


Diplomacy
Representatives of nine nations signed the Second Treaty of London, which reaffirmed the personal union between the Netherlands and Luxembourg under the House of Orange-Nassau, and reaffirmed Luxembourg's neutrality.

Communications
The Russian telegraph was completed to the mouth of the Amoor River in Siberia.

130 years ago
1887


Horse racing
Montrose, with Isaac Lewis up, won the 13th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:39 1/4, 2 lengths ahead of Jim Gore, with Jacobin third.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Margaret Rutherford. U.K. actress. Dame Margaret portrayed Agatha Christie’s detective Miss Marple in four movies in the 1960s, and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for 1963 for her performance in The V.I.P.’s. She died of Alzheimer's disease on May 22, 1972, 11 days after her 80th birthday.

Horse racing
Azra, with Alonzo Clayton up, won the 18th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:41 1/2, a nose ahead of Huron. Phil Dwyer, the only other horse in the race, finished third, 6 lengths behind Azra.

75 years ago
1942


Literature
William Faulkner's collection Go Down, Moses and Other Stories was published by Random House.

War
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King introduced a bill to amend the mobilization act and remove the ban on conscription for overseas service. Malta announced that reinforced British fighter planes, together with anti-aircraft batteries, had shot down 31 Axis planes, probably destroyed 20 others, and damaged 41 in three days of intense fighting over Malta. German forces launched an offensive attack on Kerch Peninsula at the eastern end of Crimea. Japanese troops landed several ships on Nan-jisu Island off Fukien Province, China.

Diplomacy
Peruvian President Manuel Prado addressed the United States Senate and reaffirmed his country's "adherence to the international policy of [U.S.] President [Franklin D.] Roosevelt."

Politics and government
Canadian Public Works Minister P.J.A. Cardin resigned from the cabinet of Prime Minister Mackenzie King because he was unable to support the Liberal government's policy of conscription.

Abominations
The U.S. Senate Justice Committee approved a proposed constitutional amendment granting equal rights to women.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the holder of a patent could not control the resale price of patented articles by stipulating price arrangements of licenses without violating the Sherman Antitrust Act.

70 years ago
1947


World events
The Iraqi government declared martial law on the Iranian frontier, where Kurdish guerrilla chief Mulla Mustafa Barazani was being hunted.

Economics and finance
In a move to increase the country's population, the Venezuelan government announced that 740,000 acres of public land would be distributed to landless people and European immigrants.

Agriculture
The French government introduced a series of breadless Sundays in order to cope with the country's critical wheat shortage.

Technology
The B.F. Goodrich Company announced the development of a tubeless tire.

Golf
Bobby Locke won the Houston Open.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Young Love--Tab Hunter; Sonny James (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Cindy, Oh Cindy--Margot Eskens (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Butterfly--Andy Williams

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (5th week at #1)
2 Little Darlin'--The Diamonds
3 Come Go with Me--The Dell-Vikings
4 Round and Round--Perry Como
5 School Day--Chuck Berry
6 Gone--Ferlin Husky
7 Party Doll--Buddy Knox with the Rhythm Orchids
--Steve Lawrence
8 So Rare-Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
9 I'm Walkin'--Fats Domino
10 Why Baby Why--Pat Boone

Singles entering the chart were Love Letters in the Sand by Pat Boone (#42); Fabulous by Charlie Gracie (#46); Young Blood by the Coasters (#47); I Just Don't Know by the Four Lads (#49); I Trusted You by Jimmy Bowen with the Rhythm Orchids (#56); Mama Guitar, with versions by Don Cornell, and Julius LaRosa (#57); Over the Mountain, Across the Sea by Johnnie and Joe (#58); and One for My Baby (And One More for the Road) by Tony Bennett (#60).

Defense
Presidents of the Polish, Czechoslovakian, and East German parliaments signed a declaration in Potsdam affirming that "everything must be done to strengthen further the defense power of the Warsaw Treaty Organization."

Politics and government
The newly-installed military junta in Colombia abolished press censorship; promised free presidential elections early in 1959; and appointed a new cabinet, which included Liberals for the first time since 1949.

Labour
Chrysler Corporation and the United Auto Workers of America announced an agreement in Detroit to end wildcat strikes and avert a major strike against the company over the transfer of plants from the Detroit area. Chrysler promised Detroit workers an opportunity to transfer to the new plants.

Disasters
50 passengers drowned when four river boats were capsized by tornadoes in East Pakistan.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Dragnet 1967, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Bullet



Economics and finance
The United Kingdom applied for the second time for membership in the European Economic Community.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Free--Deniece Williams (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Oscar Horstmann, 85
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Horstmann compiled a record of 9-7 with an earned run average of 3.67 and 1 save in 50 games with the St. Louis Cardinals from 1917-1919, and batted .192 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in. He was 37-51 in a seven-year minor league career from 1915-1921.

Johnnie Chambers, 65. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Chambers compiled a record of 0-0 with an earned run average of 18.00 in 2 games with the St. Louis Cardinals in 1937. In 10 years in the minor leagues from 1933-1945, he was 95-93; his best year was his first, when he was 23-8 in 38 games with the Greensboro Patriots of the Class B Piedmont League in 1933. Mr. Chambers drowned in a lake near Palatka, Florida.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance met in London with Israeli Foreign Minister Yigal Allon to renew the U.S. commitment to a "special relationship" with Israel. Mr. Vance assured Mr. Allon that the United States would not impose a solution in the Middle East and that any American suggestions for a settlement would be made to the "parties involved." He also promised that Israel would continue to receive the arms she needed as well as "advanced technology."

Defense
A meeting of North Atlantic Treaty Organization foreign ministers endorsed U.S. President Jimmy Carter's call for better coordination of national defense programs in order to counter a buildup of Soviet forces.

Politics and government
The non-Socialist minority government of Finnish Prime Minister Martti Miettunen resigned.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Winnipeg 2 @ Quebec 1 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Baseball
The California Angels traded first baseman-outfielder Bruce Bochte, pitcher Sid Monge, and $250,000 to the Cleveland Indians for pitchers Dave LaRoche and Dave Schuler. Mr. Bochte was batting .290 with 2 home runs and 8 runs batted in in 25 games with California in 1977, while Mr. Monge was 0-1 with an earned run average of 2.92 and 1 save in 4 games with the Angels. Mr. LaRoche was 2-2 with a 5.30 ERA and 4 saves in 13 games with Cleveland in 1977, while Mr. Schuler was 1-2 with a 6.00 ERA and 2 saves in 8 games with Waterloo of the Class A Midwest League.

The St. Louis Cardinals released infielder Jerry DaVanon, ending his eight-year major league career. He was batting 0 for 8 in 9 games with the Cardinals in 1977. Mr. DaVanon batted .234 with 3 home runs and 73 runs batted in in 262 major league games.

Atlanta Braves' owner Ted Turner took over from Dave Bristol as manager and sat in the dugout in uniform as coach Vern Benson made the managerial moves, but the Braves lost their 17th straight game, 2-1 to the Pittsburgh Pirates before 6,816 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. John Candelaria allowed 8 hits and no earned runs in 8 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Phil Niekro, who allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game while falling to 0-7 for the season. The next day, National League president Chub Feeney ruled that Mr. Turner had violated a rule against managers having a financial stake in their team, and reinstated Mr. Bristol as the manager.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored all their runs in the 7th inning as they defeated the Montreal Expos 5-1 before 20,156 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal in the Wednesday night Expos Baseball telecast on CBC. 4 of the Los Angeles runs were unearned as a result of an error by Montreal third baseman Larry Parrish.

Dave Winfield hit a home run and drove in 3 runs in the first game and added an RBI in the second game to help the San Diego Padres sweep a doubleheader from the New York Mets 6-3 and 4-3 before 7,518 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Chet Lemon singled home Richie Zisk with 1 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Chicago White Sox edged the Texas Rangers 4-3 before 8,113 fans at Arlington Stadium. Mr. Lemon's single immediately followed an intentional walk to pinch hitter Lamar Johnson. Chris Knapp pitched a 6-hit complete game victory, walking just 1 batter.

Mitchell Page hit a solo home run in the 1st inning, and Wayne Gross and Earl Williams hit consecutive solo homers with 2 out in the 4th inning as the Oakland Athletics beat the Boston Red Sox 3-1 before 3,183 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. George Medich pitched an 8-hit complete game, allowing no earned runs, to win the pitchers' duel over Ferguson Jenkins, who allowed just 5 hits in pitching a complete game.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Boom Boom (Let's Go Back to My Room)--Paul Lekakis (5th week at #1)

War
Klaus Barbie went on trial in Lyon for war crimes committed during World War II.

Politics and government
Candidates supported by President Corazon Aquino swept to victory in legislative elections in the Philippines.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Edmonton 3 @ Detroit 2 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-1)

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): 9700-Irma--DJ Konnat

Politics and government
Former Defense Secretary Fidel Ramos emerged with a slim lead in voting in the Philippine presidential election; he had the support of outgoing President Corazon Aquino. Former judge and runner-up Miriam Defensor Santiago had made corruption a major issue and had said, “Many, if not all, of my presidential opponents are certifiable idiots.” Former first lady Imelda Marcos was among the unsuccessful candidates, receiving about 10% of the vote.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Pittsburgh 3 @ New York Rangers 2 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Truly Madly Deeply--Savage Garden (6th week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Don't Leave Me--Blackstreet

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Blond--Rainhard Fendrich (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Believe I Can Fly--R. Kelly (3rd week at #1)

Chess
The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeated world champion Garry Kasparov in a six game chess match (2 for blue, 1 for Kasparov, and 3 draws).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 2 @ New Jersey 1 (OT) (New York won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Philadelphia 6 @ Buffalo 3 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Edmonton 3 @ Colorado 4 (Colorado won best-of-seven series 4-1)

IIHF
Men's World Championships
Finals @ Helsinki
Sweden 3 Canada 2 (Sweden led best-of-three series 1-0)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Malietoa Tanumafili II, 94
. O le Ao o le Malo (Head of State) of Samoa, 1962-2007. Malietoa Tanumafili II carried the title Malietoa as one of Samooa's four paramount chiefs, from 1940 until his death. He shared the title of O le Ao o le Malo from 1962-1963, becoming sole head of state after the death of Tupua Tamasese Mea'ole in 1963. Malietoa Tanumafili II was the oldest national ruler in the world at the time of his death; he was succeeded as O le Ao o le Malo by Tupua Tamasese Tupuola Tufuga Efi.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Anaheim 1 @ Detroit 2 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Detroit goalie Dominik Hasek made 31 saves as the Red Wings edged the Ducks at Joe Louis Arena.

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