Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gifty Boateng!
150 years ago
Born on this date
Władysław Reymont. Polish author. Mr. Reymont, born Władysław Rejment, was awarded the 1924 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his great national epic, The Peasants." Chłopi (The Peasants) was published in four volumes from 1904-1909. Mr. Reymont died on December 5, 1925 at the age of 58.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Archibald MacLeish. U.S. poet. Mr. MacLeish won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1933 for Conquistador, and won the 1959 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for J.B.: A Play in Verse. He was the Librarian of Congress from 1939-1944. Mr. MacLeish died on April 20, 1982, 17 days before his 90th birthday.
100 years ago
Died on this date
Albert Ball, 20. U.K. military aviator. Captain Ball had 44 combat victories, and was Britain's leading air ace when he was killed in a crash as the result of his plane's engine stopping during an inverted dive.
80 years ago
The German Condor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrived in Spain to assist Francisco Franco's forces in the Spanish Civil War.
The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) ended its Montréal dressmakers’ strike, winning union certification, a 44 hour work week, the chance to file complaints, and indirectly, an increase in their weekly salary to $16; the strike had begun at midnight on April 14.
75 years ago
During the Battle of the Coral Sea, United States Navy aircraft carrier aircraft attack and sank the Imperial Japanese Navy light aircraft carrier Shōhō; the battle marked the first time in the naval history that two enemy fleets fought without visual contact between warring ships. Chinese officials reported halting the Japanese advance into southern China over the Burma Road at Chefang, about 25 miles inside China. French forces in Madagascar surrendered to British forces after two days of fighting.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt greeted Peruvian President Manuel Prado y Ugarteche at Bolling Field in Washington, when the first President of a South American country to visit the United States arrived from Miami by plane.
The Swedish-American liner Drottningholm sailed from Jersey City, New Jersey with 948 Axis officials, including ambassadors and ministers of Germany, Italy, Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary, for Lisbon, where they were to be exchanged for American officials, newspapermen, and others from Axis countries.
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Roosevelt a bill authorizing construction of 200,000 tons of new submarines.
Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Peruvian Minister David Dasso signed a reciprocal trade agreement in Washington calling for lower tariffs on specified goods.
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau proposed raising an additional $1.1 billion in war revenues by lowering personal exemptions under individual income tax to $600 for single people, $1,200 for married couples, and $300 for each dependent.
70 years ago
Politics and government
Brazil's Supreme Electoral Tribunal outlawed the Communist Party, charging it with unconstitutional aims against democracy.
The Austrian parliament passed a resolution urging the Allies to end their occupation of the country before the signing of the peace treaty and to give up control over the civil administration.
After the previous day's meeting with Moslem League leader Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Indian Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi denounced proposals for the partition of India into Hindu and Muslim sections.
Brazilian President Eurico Gaspar Dutra suspended the Brazilian Confederation of Workers for six months for spreading "friction and agitation" in the labour force.
The Missouri legislature passed a state law forbidding public utility strikes.
60 years ago
In the Court of Public Opinion by U.S. accused Communist and convicted perjurer Alger Hiss was published in New York by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
The U.S.A. and Republic of China jointly announced that a Matador guided missile unit of the 13th United States 13th Air Force would be stationed in Taiwan.
Colombian troops and police killed 50 anti-government demonstrators in Cali.
2,000 Hungarian refugees at Camp Siezenheim in Austria rioted and began a hunger strike to protest restrictions on emigration to the United States and other Western countries.
Politics and government
U.S.S.R. Communist Party First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev introduced a plan in the Supreme Soviet to drasticall alter the Soviet Union's system for planning and controlling production. The proposal provided for the abolition of 25 ministries in the central government.
The Cleveland Indians scored unearned runs in the 7th and 8th innings to edge the New York Yankees 2-1 before 18,386 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland, but lost pitching ace Herb Score when he was hit in the right eye by a line drive off the bat of Gil McDougald, the second batter in the 1st inning. Bob Lemon relieved Mr. Score and allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 8 1/3 innings to get the win over Tom Sturdivant, who allowed just 5 hits in pitching a complete game. Mr. Score eventually returned to the Indians, but was never as effective as he was before the injury.
With 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning, Vic Power hit his second solo home run of the game to give the Kansas City Athletics a 3-2 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 13,159 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City.
The Chicago Cubs scored 4 runs in the 14th inning and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the inning to defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 10-8 before 9,957 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Pirates scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th to tie the game 5-5. Each team used 6 pitchers, a rarity in 1957.
Doug Harvey of the Montreal Canadiens was named the winner of the James Norris Memorial Trophy as the best defenceman in the National Hockey League for the 1956-57 season.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amarsi un po'--Lucio Battisti
#1 single in Switzerland: Swiss Lady--Pepe Lienhard Band (6th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Non Stop Dance--Gibson Brothers
#1 single in Ireland: Knowing Me, Knowing You--ABBA (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Free--Deniece Williams
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hotel California--Eagles
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
2 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
3 Hotel California--Eagles
4 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
5 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
6 Lido Shuffle--Boz Scaggs
7 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
8 Tryin' to Love Two--William Bell
9 Sir Duke--Stevie Wonder
10 I Wanna Get Next to You--Rose Royce
Singles entering the chart were Back Together Again by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#72); It's Sad to Belong by England Dan & John Ford Coley (#73); Looks Like We Made It by Barry Manilow (#77); Solsbury Hill by Peter Gabriel (#89); (Your Love Has Lifted Me) Higher and Higher by Rita Coolidge (#91); This Girl (Has Turned Into a Woman) by Mary MacGregor (#92); Slowdown by John Miles (#95); You're Movin' Out Today by Bette Midler (#97); Capture Your Heart by Blue (#99); and Do What You Wanna Do by T-Connection (#100).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Hotel California--Eagles (2nd week at #1)
2 So In to You--Atlanta Rhythm Section
3 Southern Nights--Glen Campbell
4 Right Time of the Night--Jennifer Warnes
5 When I Need You--Leo Sayer
6 I've Got Love on My Mind--Natalie Cole
7 Don't Give Up on Us--David Soul
8 Lido Shuffle--Boz Scaggs
9 Angel in Your Arms--Hot
10 I'm Your Boogie Man--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
Singles entering the chart were Jet Airliner by the Steve Miller Band (#93); On the Border by Al Stewart (#94); I Just Want to Be Your Everything by Andy Gibb (#95); Do You Wanna Make Love by Peter McCann (#96); Going in with My Eyes Open by David Soul (#97); Hollywood by Rufus featuring Chaka Khan (#98); You're My World by Helen Reddy (#99); and Everybody Be Dancin' by Starbuck (#100).
Seattle Slew, with Jean Cruguet up, won the 103rd running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:02 1/5 seconds, 2 lengths ahead of Run Dusty Run, with Sanhedrin third.
Boston 3 @ Montreal 7 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Yvon Lambert scored 2 goals and 2 assists and Jacques Lemaire's goal at 5:08 of the 2nd period proved to be the winner as the Canadiens beat the Bruins at the Montreal Forum. Doug Risebrough, Rick Chartraw, and Mario Tremblay scored the other Montreal goals, while Brad Park scored the first Boston goal and assisted on the others by Terry O'Reilly and Bobby Schmautz. The Canadiens scored 7 goals on just 24 shots against Boston goalie Gerry Cheevers.
30 years ago
On television tonight
Our World, hosted by Linda Ellerbee and Ray Gandolf, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Duels in the Sun: Summer 1952
Died on this date
Colin Blakely, 56. U.K. actor. Mr. Blakely was a character actor in various plays, television programs, and movies. He played Dr. Watson in The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970) and was nominated for a BAFTA Award for his supporting performance in Equus (1977). Mr. Blakely died of leukemia.
Stewart McKinney, 56. U.S. politician. A member of the United States House of Representatives from Connecticut from 1971 until his death, Mr. McKinney, a Republican, apparently led a private homosexual life, which came to light when he died of AIDS.
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Detroit 1 @ Edmonton 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
25 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Deeply Dippy--Right Said Fred (2nd week at #1)
The U.S. space shuttle Endeavour, with a crew of seven commanded by Daniel Brandenstein, launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin the nine-day mission STS-49, the first mission for Endeavour.
100,000 people in Thailand demonstrated and demanded the resignation of General Suchinda Kraprayoon, who had seized power in a coup in 1991 and had become Premier in April 1992.
A gunman murdered three employees and left one permanently disabled during a robbery at a McDonald's restaurant in Sydney River, Nova Scotia.
Michigan became the 38th state to approve the 27th Amendment to the United States Constitution, reading:
No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
The approval of the Michigan legislature fulfilled the condition for ratification requiring approval by ¾ of the states, and the amendment was deemed to have taken effect from that point.
Parti Québecois insider Claude Morin admitted to Radio Canada that he had been a paid Royal Canadian Mounted Police informant from 1974-1977; he was Intergovernmental Affairs Minister in the PQ government of Premier Rene Levesque.
Cal Best issued the report of the Task Force on Amateur Sport in Canada, calling for more support for amateurs; a focus on developing top athletes; and more professional coaching.
Montreal 2 @ Boston 3 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-0)
New York Rangers 6 @ Pittsburgh 5 (OT) (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)
20 years ago
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Blood on the Dance Floor--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)
Buffalo 1 @ Philadelphia 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Colorado 3 @ Edmonton 4 (Colorado led best-of-seven series 2-1)
The Montreal Expos scored 5 runs in the 5th inning and 13 in the 6th as they routed the San Francisco Giants 19-3 before 9,598 fans at 3Com Park in San Francisco.
The St. Louis Cardinals scored 9 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning as they beat the Philadelphia Phillies 14-7 before 23,388 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Tom McGraw made his major league debut on the mound for St. Louis, pitching a scoreless 9th inning.
Jeromy Burnitz drew a base on balls with 2 out in the top of the 7th inning, stole second base, and scored on a single by Jeff Cirillo for the only run of the game as the Milwaukee Brewers edged the Oakland Athletics 1-0 before 10,044 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. The game took 3 hours 20 minutes to play.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Yahweh ben Yahweh, 71. U.S. cult leader. Mr. Yahweh, born Hulon Mitchell, Jr., founded the Black Hebrew Israelite cult Nation of Yahweh, based in Liberty City, Florida, in 1979. He was in prison from 1990-2001 after being convicted under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) of conspiracy in more than a dozen murders. Mr. Yahweh was paroled after serving 11 years of an 18-year sentence; restrictions imposed on his activities as conditions of his parole were lifted a few months before his death from prostate cancer.
Diego Corrales, 29. U.S. boxer. Mr. Corrales held various organizations' versions of the world super featherweight title (1999-2000, 2004) and world lightweight title (2004-2006), compiling a professional record of 40-5 with 33 wins by knockout. He was driving drunk when he was killed in a motorcycle crash in Las Vegas.
Detroit 2 @ San Jose 2 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Mikael Samuelsson scored 2 goals and Dominik Hasek posted the shutout in goal as the Red Wings eliminated the Sharks at HP Pavilion.
Canada and the German mercenaries of the American Revolution - By Anik Laflèche If your last name is Schneider, Sigman, Henry, or André, or it has “von” in it, you may be of German descent. In 1776, the Thirteen Coloni...
10 hours ago