Saturday, 20 May 2017

May 20, 2017

800 years ago

The Second Battle of Lincoln was fought at Lincoln Castle, England, resulting in a victory for English forces commanded by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke over French forces led by Thomas, Comte du Perche, 22 (?), who was killed in the battle.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Guy Favreau
. Canadian politician. Mr. Favreau, a Liberal, was a lawyer and law professor before representing the Quebec riding of Papineu in the House of Commons from 1963-1967. He served in the cabinet of Prime Minister Lester Pearson as Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (1963-1964); Leader of the Government in the House of Commons (1964); Minister of Justice and Attorney General (1964-1965); President of the Privy Council (1965-1967); and Registrar General of Canada (1966-1967). Mr. Favreau was appointed a Justice of the Quebec Superior Court on April 17, 1967, but died on July 11, 1967 at the age of 50.

Died on this date
Valentine Fleming, 35 (?)
. U.K. politician. Mr. Fleming, a native of Scotland and a Conservative, represented the Oxfordshire riding of Henley from 1910 until his death in a German bombing attack in France during World War I. He was the father of Ian Fleming, the creator of James Bond.

90 years ago

Charles Lindbergh took off for Paris from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, New York aboard the Spirit of St. Louis in an attempt to make the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean.

Representatives of the United Kingdom and Ibn Saud signed the Treaty of Jeddah, whereby the U. K. recognized the sovereignty of King Ibn Saud in the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd, which later merged to become the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

75 years ago

The U.S.S.R. reported halting the German counter-offensive in the Izyum-Barvenkova sector, southeast of Kharkov. Several hundred British Royal Air Force planes dropped more than 40,000 incendiary bombs on chemical, armament, and other works in Mannheim. The U.S. Navy Department announced that on June 1 it would begin recruiting 1,000 Negroes per month for high seas duty and that in June and July the Marine Corps would form a Negro battalion of 900 men.

Politics and government
Former U.S. President Herbert Hoover said in New York that current President Franklin D. Roosevelt must have dictattorial powers in order to win the war: "The economic measures necessary to win total war are just plain Fascist economics."

U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that the Justice Department would group all of its war activities under a new War Division, temporarily headed by Charles Fahy.

Economics and finance
In a move to curb activities of Axis propaganda in Brazil, the Bank of Brazil called in all U.S. dollars, which would not be legal tender in Brazil after May 22, 1942.

The U.S. House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee tentatively approved an income surtax ranging from 6%-81%, which was expected to yield an additional $2.75 trillion in revenues.

U.S. Senator Alben W. Barkley (Democrat--Kentucky) declared in the Senate that the Federal Bureau of investigation had reported that there was no "foundation" for stories published in the New York Post recently that Sen. David Walsh (Democrat--Massachusetts), Senate Naval Affairs Committee chairman, had visited a "house of degradation" in Brooklyn where Nazi agents congregated.

The United Steel Workers of America approved a resolution at their meeting in Cleveland urging closer cooperation among trade unions of the United Nations.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Philipp Lenard, 84
. Slovak-born German physicist. Dr. Lenard was awarded the 1905 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his work on cathode rays." He was a Nazi and an early adviser to German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, and was known for his advocacy of "Deutsche Physik," as opposed to "Jewish physics," as exemplified by Albert Einstein.

In the aftermath of the "automatism" movement among the marginal artists of Quebec after World War II, two new theatrical creations were presented in what was considered the first "show-provocation:" Bien-être by Claude Gauvreau and Une pièce sans titre by Jean Mercier. These one-night plays were part of the Surrealist play, i.e., the exploratory dimension occupied an essential place in the process of creation. Most often, these productions were the subject of scandal, and only marginal artists participated in their creation.

A total eclipse of the sun lasting 3 minutes 48 seconds was observed in Brazil by scientists from 20 nations.

The Allied Far Eastern Commission announced that Japanese reparations would be taken from the country's current industrial production, reversing a principle of the 1945 Potsdam declaration opposing such practices in the case of Germany.

Greek Prime Minister Demetrios Maximos accepted U.S. suggestions of an amnesty for Communist guerrillas to help end the country's civil strife.

An Anglo-French-Belgian conference began in Paris to coordinate medical, agricultural, reoforestation, and irrigation activities in the three countries' African colonies.

Politics and government
Hindu priests and holy men gathered in New Delhi to protest plans for the partition of India, the ban on untouchability, and other legislation against Hindu religious practices.

The U.S. Senate approved the creation of a National Science Foundation and sent the measure to the House of Representatives.

The last major strike of American telephone workers ended as Western Electric employees accepted an 11 1/2c hourly pay increase as part of a two-year, no-strike contract.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--7th week at #1; Disc Jockey--5th week at #1; Jukebox--5th week at #1; Top 100--6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Roy Hutson, 55
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hutson was an outfielder with the Brooklyn Robins in 1925, batting .500 (4 for 8) with no home runs and 1 run batted in in 7 games. He played in various minor leagues as late as 1938. Mr. Hutson had a full beard, unusual for a player of that era.

U.S.S.R. Premier Nikolai Bulganin proposed in a note to French Prime Minister Guy Mollet that their countries begin bilateral disarmament talks in a step toward a world arms pact.

The government of Saudi Arabia, in a note to the government of Egypt, reaffirmed its intention to bar Israeli shipping from the Gulf of Aqaba, charging Israeli naval units with conducting maneuvers there.

The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations Executive Council voted unanimously to expel Teamsters union President Dave Beck as an Executive Council member and AFL-CIO vice president for misuse of union funds.

The Cleveland Indians signed first baseman Eddie Robinson and sold pitcher Art Houtteman to the Baltimore Orioles. Mr. Robinson, who had previously played with the Indians in 1942 and 1946-1948, was batting 0 for 9 in 13 games with the Detroit Tigers in 1957 before being released by Detroit. Mr. Houtteman, who had joined the Indians in 1953, was 0-0 with an earned run average of 6.75 in 3 games with Cleveland in 1957.

Pinch hitter Ed Fitz Gerald singled home Pete Runnels with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Washington Senators a 2-1 win over the Detroit Tigers before 2,429 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): 29 settembre--Equipe 84

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ha! Ha! Said the Clown--Manfred Mann

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Silence is Golden--The Tremeloes

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Groovin'--The Young Rascals

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
2 I Got Rhythm--The Happenings
3 Respect--Aretha Franklin
4 The Happening--The Supremes
5 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
6 Don't You Care--The Buckinghams
7 On a Carousel--The Hollies
8 You Got What it Takes--The Dave Clark Five
9 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
10 Girl, You'll Be a Woman Soon--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were She'd Rather Be with Me by the Turtles (#35); 7 Rooms of Gloom by the Four Tops (#61); Ain't No Mountain High Enough by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#66); Shake by Otis Redding (#67); Sound of Love by the Five Americans (#74); Funny Familiar Forgotten Feelings by Tom Jones (#75); Let's Live for Today by the Grass Roots (#84); Am I Grooving You by Freddie Scott (#85); Beat the Clock by the McCoys (#86); Holiday for Clowns by Brian Hyland (#89); Red Roses for Mom by Bobby Vinton (#94); My Old Car by Lee Dorsey (#96); It's Cold Outside by the Choir (#97); Stop! And Think it Over by Perry Como (#98); Society's Child (Baby I've Been Thinking) by Janis Ian (#99); and Double Yellow Line by the Music Machine (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Happy Jack--The Who
2 The Happening--The Supremes
3 I'm a Man--The Spencer Davis Group
4 Don't You Care--The Buckinghams
5 Canada--The Young Canada Singers
6 Close Your Eyes--Peaches and Herb
7 On a Carousel--The Hollies
8 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
9 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
10 I Got Rhythm--The Happenings

Singles entering the chart were Let's Live for Today by the Grass Roots (#75); Girls in Love by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#82); Long Legged Girl (With the Short Dress On) by Elvis Presley with the Jordanaires (#84); My Love for You by Little Caesar and the Consuls (#88); Ding! Dong! The Witch is Dead by the Fifth Estate (#91); I Want You to Be My Baby by Ellie Greenwich (#92); We Had a Good Thing Goin' by the Cyrkle (#93); Funny Familiar Forgotten Feelings by Tom Jones (#94); Little Bit o' Soul by the Music Explosion (#95); Love Me Forever by Roger Williams (#96); Am I Grooving You by Freddie Scott (#97); Stand Up Straight and Tall by Jackie Shane (#98); Ain't No Mountain High Enough by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#99); and Jump Back by King Curtis (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
2 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
3 The Happening--The Supremes
4 I Could Be So Good to You--Don and the Goodtimes
5 Yellow Balloon--The Yellow Balloon
6 Six O'Clock--The Lovin' Spoonful
7 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
8 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
9 You Got What it Takes--The Dave Clark Five
10 Live--The Merry-Go-Round

Singles entering the chart were Respect by Aretha Franklin (#33); When You're Young and in Love by the Marvelettes (#38); Round Round by Jonathan King (#40); Ain't No Mountain High Enough by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#45); Terry's Theme (Do it to 'Em) by the B.T.B. 4 (#47); She'd Rather Be with Me by the Turtles (#48); Girls in Love by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#49); and Long Legged Girl (With the Short Dress On) by Elvis Presley with the Jordanaires (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
2 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
3 Live--The Merry-Go-Round
4 Six O'Clock--The Lovin' Spoonful
5 Round Round--Jonathan King
6 Sunshine Girl--The Parade
7 I was Kaiser Bill's Batman--Whistling Jack Smith
8 Respect--Aretha Franklin
9 Can't Seem to Make You Mine--The Seeds
10 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas

Singles entering the chart were Windy by the Association (#20); 7 Rooms of Gloom by the Four Tops (#26); Cream Puff War by the Grateful Dead (#27); The Way I Feel by Gordon Lightfoot (#28); Jump Back by King Curtis (#29); and I Love Everything About You by Bobby Hebb (#30).

Politics and government
The Mouvement Populaire de la Révolution (Popular Movement of the Revolution) was founded in the Democratic Republic of the Congo by Joseph-Désiré Mobutu; it remained the country's only legally permitted party until 1990.

Horse racing
Damascus, with Bill Shoemaker up, won the 92nd running of the Preakness Stakes before 38,371 fans at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:55 1/5, 2 1/4 lengths ahead of In Reality, with Kentucky Derby winner Proud Clarion third, 6 1/4 lengths behind the winner.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ain't that Just the Way--Barbi Benton (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Lay Back in the Arms of Someone--Smokie (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: L'oiseau et l'enfant--Marie Myriam (2nd week at #1)

Economics and Finance
Pearce Bunting replaced Jack Kimber as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Toronto Stock Exchange.

Avco World Trophy
Quebec 4 @ Winnipeg 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

The New York Mets traded infielder Rick Auerbach to the Texas Rangers to complete the April 26 trade in which the Rangers had traded infielder Lenny Randle to the Mets. Mr. Auerbach was batting .235 with no home runs and 7 runs batted in in 22 games with the Tidewater Tides of the AAA International League in 1977.

The Chicago Cubs scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning and 3 in the 3rd as they beat the Atlanta Braves 13-4 before 11,451 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Winning pitcher Ray Burris allowed 8 hits and 4 earned runs in 6+ innings, but singled in 2 runs in the 2nd and hit a solo home run--his only major league homer--in the 3rd.

Merv Rettenmund batted 2 for 2 with a home run, double, 2 bases on balls, a sacrifice fly, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in to help the San Diego Padres beat the Montreal Expos 12-4 before 13,122 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

The Milwaukee Brewers and Boston Red Sox each hit 4 home runs as the Brewers won 15-7 before 25,991 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jim Rice homered twice for Boston.

Ken Singleton batted 3 for 5 with a double and 2 runs batted in, and Mark Belanger hit his first home run of the season to help the Baltimore Orioles edge the New York Yankees 6-5 before 25,872 fans at Yankee Stadium. New York catcher Thurman Munson was 4 for 4 with 2 doubles and a run.

Roy Howell led off the top of the 9th inning with a home run against his former team to break a 3-3 tie and give the Toronto Blue Jays a 4-3 win over the Texas Rangers before 21,965 fans at Arlington Stadium in a game that the Rangers led 3-0 after 3 innings. Mr. Howell had been traded from Texas to Toronto 11 days earlier. Jerry Garvin allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Bert Blyleven, who allowed 6 hits and 4 earned runs in also pitching a complete game.

The Oakland Athletics scored 5 runs in the 1st inning and 4 in the 2nd as they beat the Seattle Mariners 14-5 before 2,660 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Third baseman Wayne Gross led the Oakland attack with a home run, double, and single, 3 runs, and 5 runs batted in. Mark Williams made his major league debut for the Athletics, grounding out as a pinch hitter in the 7th and playing the last 2 innings in right field, making the last putout of the game.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the Voice--John Farnham (7th week at #1)

Edmonton made the national news when a freak snowstorm hit the city.

Stanley Cup
Philadelphia 2 @ Edmonton 3 (OT) (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Jari Kurri scored in the 1st overtime period to give the Oilers their win over the Flyers at Northlands Coliseum.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Stay--Shakespears Sister (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Roger Coleman, 43
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Coleman was executed in Virginia’s electric chair after being convicted of the 1981 rape and murder of his sister-in-law. His supporters complained about the unfairness of one appeal being denied because it had been filed one day after the deadline, and sought to raise doubts about whether Mr. Coleman had been at the scene of the crime. Virginia Governor Douglas Wilder allowed Mr. Coleman to take a polygraph test on May 20, 1992, but he failed, and was executed that night.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the nation’s trade deficit had expanded in March to $5.82 billion.

Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Chicago 4 @ Edmonton 3 (OT) (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-0)

20 years ago

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Philadelphia 6 @ New York Rangers 3 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago

Megan McGrath, 29, became the first Canadian female and the first member of the Canadian Armed Forces to climb the highest peak on each of the world's seven continents, after reaching the top of Mount Everest.

Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Anaheim 2 @ Detroit 1 (OT) (Anaheim led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Teemu Selanne scored at 11:57 of the 1st overtime period to give the Ducks their win over the Red Wings at Joe Louis Arena.

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