Saturday, 13 May 2017

May 13, 2017

225 years ago

Born on this date
Pius IX
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1846-1878. Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, succeeded Gregory XVI and reigned longer than any other pope in history, almost 32 years. He convened the First Vatican Council (1869-1870), which decreed the doctrine of papal infallibility. Pope Pius IX defined the dogma of the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary, and was the last pontiff to rule as sovereign of the Papal States. He died on February 7, 1878 at the age of 85, and was succeeded by Leo XIII.

175 years ago

Born on this date
Arthur Sullivan
. Mr. Sullivan was best known for the 14 comic operas that he composed with librettist W.S. Gilbert, including H.M.S. Pinafore (1878); The Pirates of Penzance (1879); and The Mikado (1885). He also wrote orchestral, choral works, and hymns, including Onward Christian Soldiers. Mr. Sullivan suffered from kidney disease for years, and finally died of heart failure after an attack of bronchitis on November 22, 1900 at the age of 58.

100 years ago

Visiting French Marshal Joseph Joffre opened the new Montreal Public Library on Sherbrooke Street, in front of Parc LaFontaine. The building cost $550,000 to build and held 23,000 volumes.

Three shepherd children--Lúcia Santos and her cousins Jacinta and Francisco Marto--reported the first apparition of Our Lady of Fátima (the Virgin Mary) in Fátima, Portugal.

75 years ago

Two more Canadian ships were lost to German U-boats in the St. Lawrence River. On the sixth day of fighting on the Kerch Peninsula in eastern Crimea, German forces reported broke through Russian lines around Parpach. The Chinese government reported that Japanese forces were using Lunglin, 50 miles inside China, as their base in a northeastward advance along the Burma Road toward Yungchang.

A two-minute earthquake rocked Guayaquil, Portoviejo, and nearby towns in Ecuador, killing an estimated 53 people.

70 years ago

The United Nations General Assembly's Political and Social Committee voted to create an 11-nation Palestine inquiry commission, barring Big Five membership over Soviet objections.

Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Alcide de Gaspari resigned along with his coalition cabinet after failing to replace left-wing ministers with conservatives.

U.S. Undersecretary of State Dean Acheson resigned to enter a private law practice; President Harry Truman nominated former Assistant Secretary of War Robert Lovett to succeed him.

World events
Former German Reichsbank President Hjalmar Schacht was convicted by a denazification court in Stuttgart as a major Nazi offender, and was sentenced to eight years in prison. He had been acquitted in Nuremberg of crimes against peace.

The United States Senate passed the Taft labor bill, which contained a number of restrictions on unions, including bans on union shops and Communists in leadership positions. The measure also provided for 80-day government injunctions against "public interest" strikes.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): All Shook Up--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--6th week at #1; Disc Jockey--4th week at #1; Jukebox--4th week at #1; Top 100--5th week at #1)

The United States protested in a note to the Soviet Union that U.S. diplomats had been prevented by harassment and unjustified restrictions from travelling in legally "open" areas of the U.S.S.R.

The Israeli Foreign Ministry announced that Israel planned to send a ship through the Suez Canal, and would consider it an a"act of war" if Egypt attempted to stop the vessel.

Politics and government
The newly-installed military junta in Colombia released political prisoners and ordered the reopening of schools.

Lord Ismay of the United Kingdom resigned as Secretary-General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

The United States rejected Japan's appeal for cessation of all nuclear weapons tests.

U.S. and Japanese nuclear specialists met in Tokyo in the first U.S.-Japan Atomic Industrial Forum.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: J'aime les filles--Jacques Dutronc (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un mondo d'amore--Gianni Morandi (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Penny Lane--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Seven Drunken Nights--The Dubliners

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Puppet on a String--Sandie Shaw (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Happening--The Supremes

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Happening--The Supremes
2 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
3 A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You--The Monkees
4 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
5 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
6 Don't You Care--The Buckinghams
7 On a Carousel--The Hollies
8 You Got What it Takes--The Dave Clark Five
9 I Got Rhythm--The Happenings
10 I'm a Man--The Spencer Davis Group

Singles entering the chart were Long Legged Girl (With the Short Dress On) by Elvis Presley with the Jordanaires (#61); Girls in Love by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#63); Can't Take My Eyes Off You by Frankie Valli (#72); We Had a Good Thing Goin' by the Cyrkle (#85); I've Lost You by Jackie Wilson (#86); Come on Down to My Boat by Every Mother's Son (#88); Sunday Will Never Be the Same by Spanky and Our Gang (#89); Ding Dong! The Witch is Dead by the Fifth Estate (#93); I Want You to Be My Baby by Ellie Greenwich (#95); No Good to Cry by the Wildweeds (#96); and Bowling Green by the Everly Brothers (#100). Long Legged Girl (With the Short Dress On) was from the movie Double Trouble (1967).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'm a Man--The Spencer Davis Group
2 Happy Jack--The Who
3 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
4 Canada--The Young Canada Singers
5 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
6 Don't You Care--The Buckinghams
7 You Got What it Takes--The Dave Clark Five
8 On a Carousel--The Hollies
9 The Happening--The Supremes
10 Half Past Midnight--The Staccatos

Singles entering the chart were A Beautiful Story by Sonny and Cher (#84); Come on Down to My Boat by Every Mother's Son (#85); I Could Be So Good to You by Don and the Goodtimes (#86); Bowling Green by the Everly Brothers (#88); Tramp by Otis and Carla (#89); Do it Again a Little Bit Slower by Jon & Robin and the In Crowd (#91); Time, Time by Ed Ames (#92); It's All Over by the Casinos (#93); The Way I Feel by Gordon Lightfoot (#94); One Hurt Deserves Another by the Raelets (#95); Misty Blue by Eddy Arnold (#96); If You're Thinkin' by Dino, Desi and Billy (#97); I've Been a Bad, Bad Boy by Paul Jones (#98); Got to Have You Back by the Isley Brothers (#99); and Let Yourself Go by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CFUN)
1 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
2 You Got What it Takes--The Dave Clark Five
3 Release Me (And Let Me Love Again)--Engelbert Humperdinck
4 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
5 The Happening--The Supremes
6 I Could Be So Good to You--Don and the Goodtimes
7 The Love I Saw in You was Just a Mirage--Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
8 Somethin' Stupid-- Nancy Sinatra and Frank Sinatra
9 Yellow Balloon--The Yellow Balloon
10 Can't Seem to Make You Mine--The Seeds

Singles entering the chart were Come on Down to My Boat by Every Mother's Son (#30); All I Need by the Temptations (#40); Portrait of My Love by the Tokens (#45); These are the Words/You and Me by the Unforescene (#47); Another Day, Another Heartache by the 5th Dimension (#48): Hip Hug-Her by Booker T. and the M.G.'s (#49); and 100 or Two by the Springfield Rifles (#50).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Live--The Merry-Go-Round (2nd week at #1)
2 Can't Seem to Make You Mine--The Seeds
3 Sunshine Girl--The Parade
4 I was Kaiser Bill's Batman--Whistling Jack Smith
5 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
6 You Got What it Takes--The Dave Clark Five
7 Sweet Soul Music--Arthur Conley
8 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
9 Yellow Balloon--The Yellow Balloon
10 Six O'Clock--The Lovin' Spoonful

Singles entering the chart were She'd Rather Be with Me by the Turtles (#24); Release Me (And Let Me Love Again) by Engelbert Humperdinck (#26); Shake a Tail Feather by James and Bobby Purify (#27); Here Comes My Baby by the Tremeloes (#29); and Ain't No Mountain High Enough by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#30).

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Ain't that Just the Way--Barbi Benton (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Lay Back in the Arms of Someone--Smokie (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: L'oiseau et l'enfant--Marie Myriam

At the movies
The Car, starring James Brolin, opened in theatres.

Politics and government
Following two months of rioting against his victory in the national election in March, Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announced a referendum on whether he should retain power.

34 days after the Spanish government of Prime Minister Adolfo Suarez had legalized the Communist Party, Dolores Ibarruri, better known as La Pasionaria, 81, returned to the country after 38 years of exile. She was a legendary Communist orator in the 1930s, but had fled the country after the Falangist forces of Francisco Franco defeated the Communists in the Spanish Civil War.

500 demonstrators who had been arrested on May 1-2 for occupying the construction site of a nuclear power plant in Seabrook, New Hampshire were released on their own recognizance from National Guard Armory prisons pending automatic appeals to county superior court.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed two bills--one for $4 billion for public works projects and the other for $20 billion to pay for the program and other public service employment--that were intended to create more than one million jobs, chiefly for construction workers and young people.

England cricket captain Tony Greig was sacked for signing up players to Australian media tycoon Kerry Packer's World Series Cricket.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the Voice--John Farnham (6th week at #1)

At the movies
Good morning Babilonia (Good Morning, Babylon), written and directed by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani and starring Vincent Spano, Joaquim de Almeida, Greta Scacchi, and Charles Dance, received its premiere screening at the Cannes Film Festival.

Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Detroit 3 @ Edmonton 6 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-1)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Stay--Shakespears Sister

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Broken Hearts and Burgers

This was the last episode of the season.

U.S. space shuttle mission STS-49 astronauts Pierre Thuot, Thomas Akers, and Richard Hieb succeeded on their third attempt at capturing the communications satellite Intelsat-6, which had failed to reach a proper orbit and was not functioning. The three astronauts brought the satellite into the shuttle’s cargo bay and attached an 11.5-ton solid-fuel rocket, and springs pushed the satellite back into space. The astronauts worked 8 hours and 29 minutes outside the shuttle, a U.S. record for a spacewalk.

A brief cease-fire took effect between the Serb-dominated army of Yugoslavia and the secessionist republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Politics and government
A three-day meeting of Canadian federal and provincial politicians concluded without agreement on Senate reform or federal-provincial power-sharing.

Li Hongzhi delivered the first public lecture on Falun Gong in Changchun, People's Republic of China.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department that consumer prices had increased 0.2% in April.

Stanley Cup
Division Finals
New York Rangers 1 @ Pittsburgh 5 (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-2)

20 years ago

Men's World Championships
Finals @ Helsinki
Canada 3 Sweden 1 (Best-of-three series tied 1-1)

10 years ago

Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Anaheim 4 @ Detroit 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Scott Niedermayer scored at 14:17 of the 1st overtime period to give the Ducks their win over the Red Wings at Joe Louis Arena.

Men's World Championships @ Khodynka Arena, Moscow
Bronze Medal Game
Russia 3 Sweden 1

Gold Medal Game
Canada 4 Finland 2

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