Friday, 26 May 2017

May 26, 2017

380 years ago

A combined English and Mohegan force under John Mason attacked a village in Connecticut, massacring 400-700 Pequots, including old people, women, and children.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Mary of Teck
. Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, 1910-1936. Queen Mary was the wife of King George V; they were married from 1893 until his death on January 20, 1936. She died on March 31, 1953 at the age of 85.

120 years ago

The novel Dracula by Bram Stoker was published in London by Archibald Constable and Company.

110 years ago

Ed Walsh pitched a no-hitter for the Chicago White Sox as they beat the New York Highlanders 8-1 at South Side Park in Chicago in a game that was called after 5 innings.

100 years ago

Several powerful tornadoes ripped through Illinois, including the city of Mattoon, killing 101 people and injuring 689.

75 years ago

German and Italian forces commanded by Generaloberst Erwin Rommel defeated Allied forces in the Battle of Gazala in Libya. Chinese forces claimed to have killed 3,000 Japanese soldiers in their attack on Kinwha, Chekiang Province, claiming that three of the five Japanese drives on the provincial capital had been stemmed.

British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov signed a 20-year U.K.-U.S.S.R. mutual assistance pact reaffirming the principles of the Atlantic Charter and replacing the agreement signed on July 12, 1941.

Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull presented U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the United States Maxim Litvinov with terms for a new Lend-Lease agreement, which would require the Soviet Union to liberalize postwar economic relations.

The British Labour Party convention in London adopted Harold Laski's resolution demanding "socialization of the basic industries and services of the country and the planning of production for community consumption."

The U.S. Fair Employment Practices Commission ordered eight New York and New Jersey comapnies holding war contracts to cease discrimination against Negroes, Jews, and aliens.

70 years ago

Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mam'selle--Art Lund (3rd week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Dennis Day
--Pied Pipers
--Frank Sinatra
2 Linda--Ray Noble and his Orchestra with Buddy Clark
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
3 Heartaches--Ted Weems and his Orchestra
--Harry James and his Orchestra
4 My Adobe Hacienda--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
5 Anniversary Song--Al Jolson
--Dinah Shore
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Andy Russell
6 Across the Alley from the Alamo--The Mills Brothers
7 Managua, Nicaragua--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
8 Guilty--Margaret Whiting
--Johnny Desmond
9 That's My Desire--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Frankie Laine and Mannie Klein's All-Stars
10 I Believe--Frank Sinatra

Singles entering the chart were After Graduation Day by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (#19) and Ivy, with versions by Jo Stafford; and Woody Herman with the Four Chips (#22).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway and Nigel Bruce, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Submerged Baronet

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight`s episode: The Crown of Drasalines

This was the last episode of the season.

Died on this date
Nellie Neilson, 74
. U.S. historian. Dr. Neilson was the first female president of the American Historical Association. She specialized in the development of rural medieval England.

World events
Units of the Nicaraguan National Guard under former President Anastasio Somoza took over the government and ousted President Leonardo Arguello in a bloodless coup.

U.S. President Harry Truman presented the United States Congress with a plan to standardize the armed forces of all Western Hemisphere nations, including Canada, with American training and equipment.

U.S. War Secretary Robert Patterson and General Dwight Eisenhower announced plans to organize 2,500 specialized reserve units to provide medical and scientific skills in a national emergency.

Politics and government
The British Labour Party opened its annual convention in London with resolutions supporting government conscription and colonialism policies.

U.S. National Federation of Telephone Workers President Joseph Beirne rejected an invitation to affiliate with the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The West Warlock Time Capsule , starring Henry Jones and Mildred Dunnock

Politics and government
Labour leader Pierre Eustache Daniel Fignole was inaugurated as provisional President of Haiti, the third in the previous five months.

Abdel Majid Kubar assumed the office of Prime Minister of Libya, following the resignation of Mustafa ben Halim for health reasons.

The Hungarian government ordered 13 members of the U.S. legation staff in Budapest to leave the country within six weeks, in retaliation for the legation's six-month boycott of official contact with Hungarian authorities.

Nationalist Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek apologized for the May 24 anti-American riots in Taipei, and ousted the local garrison commander and military police commander for failing to curb the demonstrations.

A United Nations Demographic Yearbook published on this date estimated world population at 2.691 billion and predicted a growth to 2.778 billion within the next year.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Spicks and Specks--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Groovin'--The Young Rascals
2 On a Carousel--The Hollies
3 For What it's Worth--Buffalo Springfield
4 Him or Me - What's it Gonna Be?--Paul Revere and the Raiders
5 I was Kaiser Bill's Batman--Whistling Jack Smith
6 Creeque Alley--The Mamas and the Papas
7 Here Comes My Baby--The Tremeloes
8 Somebody to Love--Jefferson Airplane
9 Don't Blame the Children--Sammy Davis, Jr.
10 Hip Hug-Her--Booker T. and the M.G.'s
Pick hit of the week: Mirage--Tommy James and the Shondells
New this week: Walkin' Mary Home--The Nomads
Can't Take My Eyes Off You--Frankie Valli
Long Legged Girl (With the Short Dress On)--Elvis Presley with the Jordanaires
Volare--The Lettermen
Coney Island Parade--Dennis Gaines

On the radio
Sherlock Holmes, starring Robert Langford and Kenneth Baker, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: The Illustrious Client

The album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by the Beatles was released in the United Kingdom on Parlophone Records, six days ahead of schedule.

Boone Kirkman (11-0) recorded a technical knockout of Eddie Machen (50-11-3) at 1:09 of the 3rd round of a heavyweight bout at Seattle Center Coliseum. It was Mr. Machen's last professional fight.

40 years ago

George Willig, "the human fly," scaled the World Trade Center in New York City by attaching himself to the window washer mechanism and walking straight up until falling into police custody when he reached the top. It took Mr. Willig three and a half hours to make the climb, and he was fined $1.10—a penny per floor.

Avco World Trophy
Winnipeg 2 @ Quebec 8 (Quebec won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Nordiques scored 6 goals in the 2nd period as they routed the defending champion Jets at Le Colisee to win their only Avco World Trophy Championship.

Portland 89 @ Philadelphia 107 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Doug Collins scored 27 points and Julius Erving added 20 as the 76ers beat the Trail Blazers at the Spectrum. Bill Walton led Portland with 17 points and 16 rebounds.

30 years ago

Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, addressing 5,000 Communist Party officials in Bucharest, drew no applause when he referred to complaints from Hungary about mistreatment of ethnic Hungarians in Romania, or when he criticized nepotism without mentioning the Romanian regime of President Nicolae Ceaucescu, which practiced it. His explanation of his reform program also drew no applause.

Stanley Cup
Philadelphia 4 @ Edmonton 3 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Rick Tocchet scored in the 3rd period to give the Flyers a comeback win over the Oilers at Northlands Coliseum. The Oilers led 2-0 in the 1st period and 3-1 in the 2nd.

25 years ago

Died on this date
Danny Biasone, 83
. U.S. basketball executive. Mr. Biasone, owner of a bowling alley, was the owner of the Syracuse Nationals of the National Basketball Association in the 1950s. Alarmed at the prospect of dwindling attendance because of teams’ tendency to “freeze” the ball to protect a lead, Mr. Biasone persuaded the other franchise owners in the NBA to adopt a time limit for the team in possession of the ball to take a shot; the 24-second clock took effect in 1955.

Stanley Cup
Chicago 4 @ Pittsburgh 5 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Penguins came back from a 4-1 deficit to defeat the Blackhawks at Pittsburgh Civic Arena.

20 years ago

Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Elegantly Wasted--INXS (2nd week at #1)
2 Staring at the Sun--U2
3 I Want You--Savage Garden
4 Your Woman--White Town
5 MMMBop--Hanson
6 Say You'll Be There--Spice Girls
7 Lie to Me--Jonny Lang
8 Clumsy--Our Lady Peace
9 One Headlight--The Wallflowers
10 You were Meant for Me--Jewel

Singles entering the chart were All for You by Sister Hazel (#91); Midnight in Chelsea by Jon Bon Jovi (#92); I Wanna Be There by Blessid Union of Souls (#93); Open Your Eyes by Ivan (#95); Peace by Joe Brooks (#96); and I Don't Mind by the Age of Electric (#99).

Died on this date
Ralph Horween, 100
. U.S. football player. Mr. Horween, born Ralph Horwitz, was a fullback and punter with the Harvard Crimson in 1916, 1919, and 1920, making the All-American team his first two years and playing on the team that won the 1920 Rose Bowl. Under the name Ralph McMahon, Mr. Horween played in the National Football League with the Racine and Chicago Cardinals from 1921-1923, serving as an assistant coach in 1923. He had a successful career as a lawyer and businessman; he and his brother Arnold, who also played football, ran the family business, the Horween Leather Company, which made the NFL's footballs for many years. Ralph Horween was the first NFL player to reach the age of 100, and he and Arnold were the only Jewish brothers to play in the NFL until Geoff and Mitchell Schwartz in the 2000s.

Auto racing
The Indianapolis 500, postponed from the previous day because of rain, was suspended because of rain after 15 laps, with Tony Stewart leading; the race was completed the following day.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Howard Porter, 58
. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Porter was a forward and center with Villanova University from 1968-1971, leading the Wildcats to the NCAA championship game in 1971, which they lost 68-62 to the University of California at Los Angeles. Mr. Porter was named the tournament's most valuable player, but the awarded was vacated when it was revealed that he had signed a contract with the Pittsburgh Condors of the American Basketball Association during his senior year. Instead of joining the Condors, Mr. Porter joined the Chicago Bulls of the National Basketball Association, playing with them from 1971-74, and then with the New York Knickerbockers (1974); Detroit Pistons (1974-77); and New Jersey Nets (1977-78). He scored 4,215 points (9.2 per game), with 1,872 rebounds and 212 blocks in 457 regular season games, and 335 points (9.3 per game) in 36 playoff games. Mr. Porter died in Minneapolis a week after being severely beaten.

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