Wednesday, 7 March 2018

March 7, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Carolyn Jagger!

1,780 years ago
238


World events
Roman subjects in Africa revolted against Maximinus Thrax and elected Gordian I as Emperor.

325 years ago
1693


Born on this date
Clement XIII
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1758-1769. Clement XIII, born Carlo della Torre di Rezzonico, succeeded Benedict XIV. Clement XIII received a Jesuit education and defended the Jesuits against pressure to suppress them. He also favoured dialogue with Old Catholic Protestants in an attempt to mend the schism between them, but met with little success. Pope Clement died of apoplexy on February 2, 1769 at the age of 75; he died the night before the scheduled meeting of a consistory to consider suppression of the Jesuits, which led to suspicions that he had been poisoned. Clement XIII was succeeded as Pope by Clement XIV.

240 years ago
1778


Exploration
U.K. Royal Navy Captain James Cook reached the shore of present-day Oregon at latitude 44 degrees north, in HMS Resolution and HMS Discovery. A gale pushed him northwest toward Nootka Bay on Vancouver Island, which he believed to be the mainland; he passed Juan de Fuca Strait without realizing it led inland. A midshipman on the Discovery, George Vancouver, sailed into the strait 15 years later and showed that the land Capt. Cook was now approaching was, in fact, an island.

140 years ago
1878


Economics and finance
The Toronto Stock Exchange incorporated; the rate scale was 1/2% for stocks and debentures, 1/4% if over $2,000.

Academia
Université de Montréal was chartered as a branch of Université Laval. The University of Western Ontario was chartered.

130 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Alidius Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer
. Dutch diplomat and politician. Jhr. van Starkenborgh was Queen's Commissioner in Groningen (1925–33) and envoy to Brussels (1933–36). He served as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1936-1942. Jhr. van Starkenborgh surrendered to invading Japanese forces in February 1942; he declined the offer of special treatment under house arrest, and was interned in a prison camp with other residents until liberation in August 1945. Jhr. von Starkenburgh officially resigned as Governor-General in October 1945; he served as Dutch Ambassador to France (1945-48) and Representative to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1950-1956). Jhr. von Starkenburgh died on August 16, 1978 at the age of 90.

110 years ago
1908

At the movies

The first horror movie, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, starring Hobart Bosworth and Betty Harte, opened in theatres.

Born on this date
Anna Magnani
. Italian actress. Miss Magnani won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in The Rose Tattoo (1955). Her other notable films included Roma, città aperta (Rome, Open City) (1945); Wild is the Wind (1957); and The Fugitive Kind (1959). She died on September 26, 1973 at the age of 65.

Academia
The British Columbia Legislative Assembly chartered the University of British Columbia (UBC), initially as a branch of McGill University, then denominational colleges affiliated with the University of Toronto and McMaster University.

100 years ago
1918

War

Germany and Finland signed a peace treaty, ending their Great War hostilities.

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Andreas Michalakopoulos, 61
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1924-1925. Mr. Michalakopoulos was a senior member of the Liberal Party and held posts in numerous cabinets from 1912-1936, but was sent into exile in 1936 for opposing the military dictatorship of Ioannis Metaxas.

75 years ago
1943


War
Russian forces claimed the capture of 94 localities in drives on Vyazma. Chinese forces repulsed a Japanese force striking north from Tachupa on the Yunan-Burma border.

Law
French North African Civil and Military Commander General H.H. Giraud abolished Vichy laws affecting Jews.

Labour
About 1,000 American Federation of Labor Consolidated Aircraft Corporation workers met in San Diego to protest a National War Labor Board decision granting them a 71/2c-per-hour wage increase, and urged that the Army and Navy take over the plant.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Six Napoleons

Died on this date
James McConaughy, 60
. U.S. politician. Mr. McConaughy, a Republican, was Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut from 1939-1941 and Governor from January 8, 1947 until his death from a heart attack. He was succeeded in office by Lieutenant Governor James Shannon.

War
Chinese Communists claimed victory over Nationalist forces in a three-day battle near Yenan in Shensi Province.

Politics and government
Congressional elections in Argentina resulted in a victory for President Juan Perón's Peronist Party, which increased its share of the popular vote by 10% over the 1946 election, to 64.1%. The Peronists captured 109 of 158 seats in Congress, with the centrist Radical Civic Union (CRU) taking the remaining 49 seats.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Magic Moments--Perry Como (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Four to Die

War
Indonesian government troops landed on an island off the east coast of central Sumatra, 300 miles from the rebel centres of Padang and Bukittiniggi.

Defense
French Prime Minister Felix Gaillard proposed an alliance of western Mediterranean powers, including France, Spain, Italy, Tunisia, Morocco, and Libya, as a necessary "north-south" complement to the Atlantic Pact.

Politics and government
The French National Assembly approved Prime Minister Gaillard's Algerian policy.

Disasters
A rail accident in Santa Cruz, Brazil killed 67 passengers.

A U.S. Marine Corps transport and a Marine jet fighter plane collided over Okinawa, causing 26 deaths.

50 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1968, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Big Departure



War
The United States and South Vietnamese military began Operation Truong Cong Dinh to root out Viet Cong forces from the area surrounding Mỹ Tho.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Truong_Cong_Dinh

Defense
Canadian External Affairs Minister Paul Martin said that Canada would participate with the U.S.A. in developing airborne radar system to replace the Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line.

Disasters
Nine U.S. servicemen drowned when their canoe capsized in the Potomac River near Quantico, Virginia.

Hockey
NHL
Boston 2 Philadelphia 1 @ Toronto
Pittsburgh 2 @ Minnesota 2
Oakland 2 @ Los Angeles 9

The Flyers, forced to go on the road while repairs were being made to the roof of the Spectrum, played a "home" game in Toronto before 10,452 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens against the Bruins. The game featured one of the NHL's bloodiest stick fights, between Flyers' defenseman Larry Zeidel and Bruins' forward Eddie Shack. At 9:33 of the first period, with the score 0-0, Mr. Zeidel and Mr. Shack collided near the boards, and Mr. Zeidel started swinging his stick, connecting with Mr. Shack's shoulder and then the back of his head; Shack responded with some two-handed swings of his own. By the time they were finished, both players were covered with blood, had received match penalties (with automatic $100 fines), and were on their way to the infirmary. Mr. Zeidel received two stitches in his forehead, and Mr. Shack took five stitches in the back of his head. While Mr. Shack was being treated, Mr. Zeidel barged into the infirmary and tried to get at him, but was thrown out by Gardens staff. Mr. Zeidel, the only Jewish player in the NHL, claimed that he'd been the target of anti-Semitic slurs from the Bruins, in particular forward Tom Williams. Mr. Shack, a fan favourite in Toronto during his years as a Maple Leaf, was booed as he left the ice. The infirmary was in use a little later in the game when Bruins' rookie centre Derek Sanderson had to go for treatment after being hit in the face with the puck. Ken Hodge, with his 21st goal of the season, and Gary Doak, with his 2nd, gave the Bruins a 2-0 lead in the second period. Pat Hannigan's 10th of the season cut the lead to 2-1, but the Bruins held on for the victory. Gerry Cheevers made 33 saves for the Bruins, while Bernie Parent stopped 38 for the Flyers. After the game, Philadelphia coach Keith Allen accused NHL officiating of favouring established teams at the expense of expansion teams such as the Flyers. Bruce Hood was the referee for this game. Elsewhere in the NHL, Sandy Fitzpatrick scored his 2nd and 3rd goals of the season to lift the North Stars into a 2-2 tie with the Penguins at the Met Center in Bloomington, Minnesota. At The Forum in Inglewood, California, Lowell MacDonald scored two goals and added an assist to lead the hometown Kings to a 9-2 thrashing of the Seals. Only 6,678 were on hand to watch the Kings outshoot the Western Division basement-dwellers 54-18.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Robert Livingston, 83
. U.S. actor. Mr. Livingston acted in western serials in the 1930s and played the character "Stony Brooke" in 29 films in the "Three Mesquiteers" series, a role that was later played by John Wayne.

Divine (Glenn Milstead), 42. U.S. drag queen. An obese pothead sodomite transvestite, Mr. Milstead was known for his starring roles in movies directed by John Waters, such as Pink Flamingos (1972); Polyester (1981); and Hairspray (1988).

Canadiana
The Miss Teen Canada pageant was held in Toronto, with Dara Sutton of Calgary winning the honour for 1988. The runner-ups, in order, were: Sandy Struss (Kamloops); Jacqueline Sieber (Kitchener-Waterloo); and Angela Svedberg (Edmonton). The remaining semi-finalists were: Ronda Bean (Niagara Region); Joanna Lang (Toronto); Bonnie Pollard (Victoria); and Lucia Grande (Winnipeg).

World events
The United States flew cash to Panama to pay Panama Canal workers. Spain agreed to offer asylum to Panamanian dictator Gen. Manuel Noriega if the United States would drop its drug trafficking indictment against him.

Health
U.S. sex researchers Dr. William Masters and Virginia Johnson held a press conference in New York City to announce findings in their new book, written with Dr. Robert Kalodny, Crisis: Heterosexual Behaviour in the age of AIDS. The authors reported that the AIDS virus was prevalent among heterosexuals who had had at least 6 sex partners a year for the past five years. Among 400 men and women aged 21 to 40 who had been studied, 7% of the women and 5% of the men were said to be infected. In a control group of 400 people in longterm monogamous relationships, only one person was infected. The authors recommended that pregnant women, convicted prostitutes, marriage license applicants, and hospital inpatients aged 15 to 60 be tested for the virus. They estimated that 3 million Americans were infected, and argued that under rare circumstances the virus could be spread by mosquitoes, kissing, dining in restaurants, or using toilet seats. Authorities on AIDS questioned the methodology and conclusions of he authors. Mathilde Krim, a leading researcher, said that the recitation of theoretical ways in which the virus might be spread only served to foment hysteria.

Labour
The Writers Guild of America began a five-month strike against the Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers.

Disasters
Cyclone Bola struck New Zealand, but caused only 3 deaths.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): No Limit--2 Unlimited

#1 single in Switzerland: I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): No Limit--2 Unlimited (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Duane Carter, 79
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Carter drove in the AAA and USAC Championship Car series from 1948-1955, 1959-1960, and 1963. He never won a race, but finished in the top ten 23 times, with a best finish of second at Phoenix in 1953. Mr. Carter raced in the Indianapolis 11 times, with a best finish of third in 1953, when he retired his own car during the race and then relieved Sam Hanks. Mr. Carter participated in eight Formula One races from 1950-1960, finishing third in the 1953 Monaco Grand Prix. Mr. Carter's son Pancho was also a race driver.

Politics and government
Local elections in Germany showed a shift to the right as an extremist party headed by a former SS soldier won between 8-15% of the vote in various towns and cities, with many of their gains coming at the expense of left-wing candidates.

20 years ago
1998


Curling
The Brier opened in Winnipeg.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 Edmonton 1

No comments: