Wednesday, 20 June 2018

June 20, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dale Hein!

150 years ago
1868


Canadiana
Governor General Lord Monck proclaimed a celebration by all Her Majesty's loving subjects throughout Canada of the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada on July 1, 1867.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
The North-West Territories held its first general election. 22 members of the Legislative Assembly were elected; all were independents, since there was no party politics.

125 years ago
1893


Crime
A jury in New Bedford, Massachusetts acquitted Lizzie Borden of the 1892 ax murders of her father and stepmother.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
George Lynch
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Lynch raced sprint cars and midget cars from 1935-1957, and drove in the 1949 Indianapolis 500, starting 8th and placing 32nd after crashing on lap 2. He died of Alzheimer's disease on May 6, 1997 at the age of 78.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Đuro Basariček, 44
; Pavle Radić. Croatian politicians. Dr. Basariček, Vice President of the Croatian Peasant Party, and Mr. Pavle Radić, nephew of Peasant Party President Stjepan Radić, were assassinated in the Chamber of Deputies in Belgrade by Puniša Račić, a member of People's Radical Party from Montenegro. Stjepan Radić was shot in the stomach and died on August 8; Peasant Party Seceretary Ivan Pernar and Deputy Ivan Granđa were wounded in the attack.

Robert Powell. U.S. accused criminal. Mr. Powell, a young Negro, had killed Detective A.W. Davis in an exchange of bullets in Houston on June 17, and had been seriously wounded. He was taken from his cot in Jefferson Davis Hospital and lynched.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Frank Kellogg issued a call to 21 nations for a Pan American Conference on conciliation and arbitration, to meet in Washington on December 10, 1928.

The Danish-American treaty of friendship and commerce was signed in Copenhagen.

Politics and government
General Chang Hsueh-liang succeededhis father as Manchurian dictator and Governor of Fengtien.

Crime
George Remus of Cincinnati, who had killed his wife Imogene in October 1927 and had been committed to the State Hospital for Criminal Insane, obtained his freedom when the Ohio Supreme Court voted 4-3 to affirm the decison of the Court of Appeals ordering his immediate release.

Scandal
Chicago Mayor William H. Thompson and six of his political associates were convicted of entering into a conspiracy to defraud the city of $1,732,279.23 in real estate expert fees to finance Mr. Thompson's political machine and for their private benefit. The finding, in a circuit court in Chicago, was the culmination of a taxpayer's suit instituted seven years earlier by the Chicago Tribune, and was accompanied by an order to the defendants to make complete restitution.

75 years ago
1943


War
The U.K. Royal Air Force launched Operation Bellicose, the first shuttle bombing raid of World War II. Lancaster bombers damaged the V-2 rocket production facilities at the Zeppelin Works while en route to an air base in Algeria. RAF planes struck heavily at the Schneider armament work at Le Creusot, 170 miles south of Paris, killing a reported 250 people. General Charles de Gaulle's Fighting French group in Algiers said that he may leave for Brazzaville or Beirut unless the French Committee of National Liberation met his demands for supreme military power and reorganization of the French Army. A Japanese force of about 28 bombers and 20 fighters was driven off in an attempted attack on Darwin, Australia by the largest force of Spitfires ever used in the area. U.S. Army Captain Eddie Rickenbacker arrived in Moscow to represent U.S. War Secretary Edward L. Stimson and to study the U.S.S.R.'s use of U.S. planes.

Society
The Detroit race riot between Negroes and whites began at 10:45 P.M. after a fight on the Belle Isle Bridge in Detroit. By the time the violence between whites and Negroes ended two days later, 34 people were dead, 433 injured, and $2 million in property damage had occurred.

Business
The U.S. Commerce Department reported that corporate profits in the first quarter of 1943 totalled $1.821 billion, 18% above the same period in 1942.

Labour
A conference in Washington between coal operators and United Mine Workers of America officials collapsed at noon. Five hours later, UMW policy officials telegraphed U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes, offering to work for the government.

Track and field
AAU championships @ New York
Gunder Haegg of Sweden outran Greg Rice by 35 yards, and beat eight other Americans to win the 5,000-metre event in a time of 14:48.5.

Football
NFL
National Football League owners voted 5-4 to approve the merger of the Philadelphia Eagles and Pittsburgh Steelers for the 1943 season; the team became unofficially nicknamed the "Steagles." Ted Collins, manager of singer Kate Smith, was granted a franchise for Boston for 1944.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Veiled Lodger

This was the last episode of the season, and the last for Mr. Shirley as Dr. Watson. The adaptation of the A. Conan Doyle story was also the last Sherlock Holmes radio script written by Edith Meiser, who had written her first in 1930.

On television tonight
Toast of the Town, hosted by Ed Sullivan, on CBS

This was the first broadcast of the variety program, which was retitled The Ed Sullivan Show in September 1955. The guests on the first show included the comedy team of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis; singer Monica Lewis; and composers Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, who previewed the score to the musical South Pacific, which didn't open until 1949.

World events
The United States halted movement of rail freight from western Germany to Berlin rather than grant Soviet demands for inspection of transports. The U.S.S.R. responded by imposing the Berlin Blockade four days later.

Politics and government
The Rhode Island Democratic Party convention gave its 12 delegate votes to President Harry Truman.

Economics and finance
The Deutsche Mark was introduced in western Allied-occupied Germany.

Tennis
Jack Kramer defeated Bobby Riggs to win the men's singles title at the U.S. professional championships in Forest Hills, New York. Mr. Kramer and Pancho Segura defeated Mr. Riggs and Don Budge to win the men's doubles title.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis (6th week at #1)

On the radio
The Blue Carbuncle, read by Noel Johnson, on BBC Home Service

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: The Psychiatrist

Died on this date
Kurt Alder, 55
. Polish-born German chemist. Dr. Alder and Otto Diehls shared the 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for their discovery and development of the diene synthesis." The cause of Dr. Alder's death is unknown, but his corpse had been rotting for two weeks when discovered in his apartment by his niece.

Diplomacy
Philippine President Carlos Garcia and U.S. President Dwiht D. Eisenhower signed a joint communique in Washington renewing mutual security pledges and promising new U.S. loans totalling $125 million.

Politics and government
Following a four-day meeting in Tunis, representatives of the Tunisian and Moroccan governments and the Algerian FLN issued a communique condemning French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle's plans for the integration of Algeria within France.

Greek Cypriot leader Archbishop Makarios rejected the new British plan for Cyprus, claiming that it would abridge "the fundamental and inalienable rights...[of Cypriots] to self-determination."

Track and field
AAU championships @ Bakersfield, California
Harold Connolly, with a hammer throw of 225 feet 4 inches, and Glenn Davis, with a time of 49.9 seconds in the 440-yard hurdles, set unofficial world records.

40 years ago
1978


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Calgary (1-1) 12 @ Montreal (1-1) 14

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong

World events
Lieutenant General Henri Namphy seized control of Haiti and declared himself President, while deposed President Leslie Manigat went into exile in the Dominican Republic.

Diplomacy
A communique issued by the summit of the world's seven leading industrial nations, meeting in Toronto, called for more East-West trade and a continuation of arms-reduction efforts. It also endorsed Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's efforts at reform, and noted interest in East bloc countries at "ending their economic isolation."

Politics and government
Lucien Bouchard won a Canadian federal by-election for Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney's Progressive Conservatives in the Quebec riding of Lac St.-Jean.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What is Love?--Haddaway (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What is Love?--Haddaway (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): In Your Eyes--Niamh Kavanagh (5th week at #1)

Disasters
A landslide on the South Nation River destroyed the abandoned townsite of Lemieux, Ontario.

Golf
Lee Janzen won the U.S. Open at Baltusrol Golf Club in Springfield, New Jersey with a tournament-record tying score of 272, 8 under par. Payne Stewart finished second, 2 strokes behind Mr. Janzen.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Chicago 99 @ Phoenix 98 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-2)

John Paxson's 3-point score with 3.9 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Bulls to their third straight championship as they edged the Suns before 19,023 fans at America West Arena. Michael Jordan scored 33 points for Chicago, and all of the Bulls' points in the 4th quarter until Mr. Paxson's game-winning shot. Mr. Jordan averaged 41 points per game in the series and won the Bill Russell Award as the Most Valuable Player in the Finals.



10 years ago
2008


Academia
Montreal philosopher Charles Taylor and Toronto molecular biologist Anthony Pawson became the first Canadians to win Japan's $460,000 Kyoto Prize for lifetime academic achievement.

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