Wednesday, 27 June 2018

June 28, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, James Remnant!

920 years ago
1098


War
Fighters of the First Crusade led by Bohemond defeated Kerbogha of Mosul in what is now Iraq.

775 years ago
1243


Born on this date
Go-Fukakusa
. Emperor of Japan, 1246-1260. Go-Fukakusa, born Hisahito, acceded to the throne upon the abdication of his father Emperor Go-Saga. Emperor Go-Fukakusa was persuaded to abdicate while still a teenager in favour of his brother Kameyama. Emperor Go-Fukakusa died on August 17, 1304 at the age of 61.

240 years ago
1778


War
The American Continental Army engaged British forces in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse in New Jersey, resulting in a standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness.

180 years ago
1838


Britannica
Queen Victoria was crowned at Westminster Abbey in London.

Politics and government
Canadian Governor General Lord Durham banished eight Patriote leaders to Bermuda without trial, including Dr. Wolfred Nelson. He proclaimed an amnesty for 107 jailed rebels (released on bail of $5,000-20,000), but not for the 16 Patriotes still in the United States (including George-Etienne Cartier), and the ten accused of the murder of George Weir.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw
. U.K. politician. Mr. Whitelaw, a Conservative, represented Penrith and The Border in the House of Commons from 1955-1983. He held various cabinet posts, including Home Secretary (1979-1983). He was elevated to the House of Lords in 1983, and was Leader of the House of Lords until a stroke prompted his retirement in January 1988. Viscount Whitelaw died on July 1, 1999, three days after his 81st birthday.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Alfred Fronval
. French aviator. Mr. Fronval, who held the world's record for looping the loop, burned to death when his aircraft struck a parked military aircraft while landing during the Vincennes Fair in Vincennes.

Aviation
Captain Frank Horton flew a monoplane from Lisbon to Horta in the Azores, 1,000 miles in 11 hours.

Politics and government
The U.S. Democratic National Convention continued at Sam Houston Hall in Houston, with New York Governor Al Smith being elected on the first ballot as the party's 1928 U.S. presidential nominee.

75 years ago
1943


War
Paris radio claimed that 96 German divisions--about 1.7 million troops--were ready to meet an invasion of the continent. Japanese troops in China moved from Nanking, Hankow, and Siyang to the central Yangtze front.

Defense
Sperry Corporation announced that its new automatic computing sight, which could aim and fire 50-calibre machine guns automatically, had been installed on U.S. Flying Fortresses.

Crime
Three Brazilians and 10 people now in Germany were sentenced in Rio de Janeiro to 20-30-year prison terms for giving shipping information to the German government before Brazil's entry into World War II.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt named Judge Marvin Jones to replace Chester Davis as war food administrator.

Horse racing
Calumet Stables retired Whirlaway, the five-year-old who had won 32 races, including the 1941 Triple Crown, and a record $561,161.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

War
United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte submitted a proposal for a permanent Palestine settlement to the Arab League and Israel, calling for a union of Arab Palestine with Transjordan; free Jewish immigration for a trial period of two years; and territorial readjustments (the Negev Desert going to the Arabs and the western Gallilee to the Jews).

Politics and government
The Tito–Stalin Split resulted in the expulsion of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia from the Cominform.

Peruvian President Jose Luis Bustamante imposed emergency rule by decree to avert an "acute national crisis" caused by the "dangerous" growth of political tension and unrest within the armed forces.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman signed the $6.03-billion foreign aid bill, providing funds for the Marshall Plan; U.S. aid to Greece, Turkey, and China; and U.S. participation in the International Children's Fund and the International Relief Organization.

Labour
King George VI proclaimed a state of emergency and authorized soldiers to move cargoes immobilized on London's docks by a 15-day wildcat strike of 19,000 London longshoremen.

Disasters
A series of earthquakes followed by fires destroyed most of the Japanese industrial city of Fukui and surrounding towns on Honshu, killing over 3,200 residents.

Boxing
Sugar Ray Robinson (87-1-1) retained his world welterweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Bernard Docusen (49-3-4) at Comiskey Park in Chicago.



Dick Turpin (73-13-5) won a 15-round decision over Vince Hawkins (73-6-1) before 40,000 fans at Villa Park in Birmingham, England to win the British and British Empire middleweight titles, becoming the first Negro British champion in the modern era.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Twilight Time--The Platters

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): March from the River Kwai and Colonel Bogey--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (12th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Hello, le soleil brille--Annie Cordy (16th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): All I Have to Do is Dream/Claudette--The Everly Brothers

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Purple People Eater--Sheb Wooley (3rd week at #1)
2 All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers
3 Yakety-Yak--The Coasters
4 Secretly--Jimmie Rodgers
5 Do You Want to Dance--Bobby Freeman
6 Jennie Lee--Jan & Arnie
7 Return to Me--Dean Martin
8 Big Man--The Four Preps
9 Witch Doctor--David Seville
10 Endless Sleep--Jody Reynolds

Singles entering the chart were Hard Headed Woman by Elvis Presley (#34); Baubles, Bangles and Beads by the Kirby Stone Four (#43); Angel Baby by Dean Martin (#57); and Little Serenade by the Ames Brothers (#67). Hard Headed Woman was from the movie King Creole (1958).

War
Cuban guerrillas captured 29 U.S. servicemen returning by bus to the Guantanamo Bay Navy base.

Politics and government
France ordered the release of 30 Algerian political prisoners in order to win Muslim support for French plans for the colony's future. The French cabinet also approved decrees limiting the powers of General Raoul Salan's military administration, and named Algerian Secretary General Rene Brouillet as central coordinator for the execution of Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle's Algerian policies.

The Connecticut Democratic convention renominated Governor Abraham Ribicoff and nominated former U.S. Representative Thomas Dodd for the Senate.

Golf
Mickey Wright, 23, became the first player to win the top two prizes in women's golf in the same season, defeating Louise Suggs in the United States Open at Pontiac, Michigan, three weeks after beating Fay Crocker in the LPGA championship at Penn Hills, Pennsylvania. First prize money was $1,800.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Lazy Sunday--Small Faces

Edmonton’s top 10 (CJCA)
1 Sky Pilot (Parts One and Two)--Eric Burdon and the Animals
2 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
3 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
4 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
5 Sleepy Joe--Herman's Hermits
6 Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me--Tiny Tim
7 Jumpin' Jack Flash--The Rolling Stones
8 I Love You--People
9 D.W. Washburn--The Monkees
10 Bring a Little Lovin'--Los Bravos
Pick hit of the Week: Tell Someone You Love Them--Dino, Desi and Billy
New this week: Just a Little Bit--Blue Cheer
Everybody's Talkin'--Nilsson
Girl from the North Country--Tom Northcott
Hello, I Love You--The Doors

Disasters
4 people were killed and at least 20 injured in the flaming collision of a Greyhound bus and a passenger car 13 miles south of Eugene, Oregon.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Clifford Dupont, 72
. 1st President of Rhodesia, 1970-1975. Mr. Dupont, a member of the Dominion Party and then the Rhodesian Front, was a British Royal Artillery officer who moved to Rhodesia in the early 1950s. He was Deputy Prime Minister to Ian Smith from 1964-1965, and following Rhodesia's unilateral declaration of independence, served as Officer Administrating the Government from 1965-1970 and then as President. Mr. Dupont died while undergoing radium treatment for what was believed to be cancer, after several years of declining health.

Diplomacy
U.S. businessman F. Jay Crawford, a representative of International Harvester, was released in the custody of U.S. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Malcolm Toon, 16 days after Mr. Crawford had been arrested in Moscow on charges of having exchanged 20,000 rubles (U.S.$29,000 at the official rate of exchange) for dollars on the black market. Mr. Crawford's release was apparently in exchange for the June 26 release by the United States of two accused Soviet spies, on $2 million bail each, into the custody of U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the U.S.A. Anatoly Dobrynin.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in Regents of the Univ. of Cal. v. Bakke to bar quota systems in college admissions, but declared that affirmative action programs giving advantage to minorities were constitutional.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (2-1) 25 @ Ottawa (1-2) 4
Winnipeg (2-1) 25 @ Calgary (1-2) 10

30 years ago
1988


Politics and government
In a keynote address on the opening day of the 19th All-Union Conference of the Soviet Communist Party--and the first such conference since 1941--Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev proposed to create a central government headed by a strong president who would be chosen by a 2,250-member Congress of People's Deputies, representative of the Soviet people. He called for a limit of two five-year terms for party leaders; multi-candidate elections; a commission to combat corruption; a review of the Soviet constitution; more authority for local legislatures over local matters; and a ban on interference in the management of economic affairs by party organizations. Mr. Gorbachev supported freedom of conscience in religion, and he condemned the "cult of personality" under Josef Stalin and the "period of stagnation" under Leonid Brezhnev. He also warned that the government's budget deficit was growing.

The legislatures of British Columbia and Ontario ratified the Meech Lake constitutional accord.

Crime
U.S. attorney Rudolph Giuliani filed a suit in New York under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations law on behalf of the U.S. Justice Department, asking a federal court to remove the leaders of the Teamsters Union and appoint a trustee to run it. Mr. Giuliani said that his goal was "to take back the Teamsters from the Mafia," and said that organized crime had deprived union members of their rights through 20 murders as well as through shootings, bombings, beatings, extortion, and theft. Mr. Giuliani noted that four of the last five teamsters presidents had been indicted while in office and three had been imprisoned.

Law
The Canadian Parliament passed a law banning tobacco advertising, with some exceptions.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Calgary (1-0) 39 @ British Columbia (0-1) 27

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat (2nd week at #1)

War
The United States launched missiles against an Iraqi intelligence centre in Baghdad in reprisal for an attempt to assassinate former U.S. President George Bush during a visit to Kuwait in April.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Sam Carrigan, 86
. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Carrigan worked 627 games in the American League from 1961-1964.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (0-1) 13 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 34

The defending Grey Cup champion Roughriders, with the wind at their backs in the 4th quarter, outscored the Eskimos 18-0 before 28,800 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina to win their first game under head coach Ken Miller. Saskatchewan quarterback Marcus Crandell completed a 33-yard touchdown pass to D.J. Flick in the 1st quarter and a 73-yard TD pass to Adarius Bowman midway through the 4th quarter, and Wes Cates rushed 12 yards for a touchdown with 2:04 remaining in the game. The Eskimos failed to score a touchdown; Noel Prefontaine, in his first game in an Edmonton uniform, kicked 4 field goals and a single, with his longest FG coming from 54 yards late in the 3rd quarter.

Baseball
Jered Weaver didn't allow a hit in 6 innings and Jose Arredondo followed with 2 hitless innings, but the Anaheim Angels still lost 1-0 to the Los Angeles Dodgers before 55,784 fans at Dodger Stadium. Matt Kemp led off the bottom of the 5th inning by reaching first base on an error by Mr. Weaver; he then stole second base, went to third on a throwing error by catcher Jeff Mathis, and scored on a sacrifice fly by Blake DeWitt. Chad Billingsley allowed 3 hits in 7 innings to get the win.

Jason Bay hit a solo home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 13th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 4-3 win over the Tampa Bay Rays before 17,970 fans at PNC Park in Pittsburgh.

The Houston Astros scored 2 runs in the 7th inning and 3 in the 8th to overcome a 9-6 deficit as they defeated the Boston Red Sox 11-10 before 43,073 fans at Minute Maid Park in Houston.

Tim Lincecum allowed 5 hits in 7 innings to improve his 2008 record to 9-1 as the San Francisco Giants edged the Oakland Athletics 1-0 before 36,067 fans a McAfee Coliseum in Oakland. Oakland starting pitcher Justin Duchscherer allowed just 2 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings, but took the loss. Fred Lewis led off the 4th inning with a single, advanced to third base on a double by Ray Durham, and scored when Randy Winn reached first on an error by Oakland first baseman Daric Barton.

Miguel Cabrera doubled home Placido Polanco and Ryan Raburn with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Detroit Tigers a 7-6 win over the Colorado Rockies before 42,729 fans at Comerica Park in Detroit. The Rockies had scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th to take a 6-5 lead. Mr. Raburn, who entered the game in the 3rd inning after starting right fielder Magglio Ordonez left with an oblique muscle injury, hit a grand slam in the 4th.

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