Monday, 25 June 2018

June 25, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gail McGonigal!

800 years ago
1218


Died on this date
Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, 43 (?)
. French nobleman. Mr. de Montfort took part in the Fourth Crusade (1202-1204) and was a leader of the Albigensian Crusade (1209). He led a siege of Toulouse for nine months until he was killed by a stone fired from a catapult.

760 years ago
1258


War
In the Battle of Acre, the Venetians defeated a larger Genoese fleet sailing to relieve Acre.

360 years ago
1658


War
Spanish forces failed to retake Jamaica from British forces in the Battle of Rio Nuevo.

340 years ago
1678


Academia
Elena Cornaro Piscopia of Venice became the first woman to be awarded a doctorate of philosophy when she graduated from the University of Padua.

260 years ago
1758


War
British forces commanded by General James Wolfe finally silenced Louisbourg, Nova Scotia's Island battery after six days of bombardment; all external batteries were now secure.

230 years ago
1788


Americana
Virginia entered the Union as the 10th state.

170 years ago
1848


Journalism
A photograph of the June Days uprising in Paris became the first known instance of photojournalism.

160 years ago
1858


Journalism
The Victoria Gazette and Anglo-American, British Columbia's first newspaper, published its first edition.

150 years ago
1868


Americana
Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina were readmitted to the Union.

140 years ago
1878


Politics and government
George Walkem, who had served as Premier of British Columbia from 1874-1876, returned to power, replacing Andrew Elliott and forming his second government with a comfortable majority in the Legislative Assembly. He served until June 6, 1882.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
The U.S. Republican National Convention concluded at the Auditorium Building in Chicago. U.S. Senator Benjamin Harrison (Indiana) was elected on the eighth ballot as the party's 1888 U.S. presidential candidate. Former U.S. Representative and Minister to France Levi P. Morton was elected on the first ballot as the vice presidential nominee.

100 years ago
1918


Died on this date
Jake Beckley, 50
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Beckley was a first baseman with the Pittsburgh Alleghenys and Pirates (1888-1889, 1891-1896); Pittsburgh Burghers (1890); New York Giants (1896-1897); Cincinnati Reds (1897-1903); and St. Louis Cardinals (1904-1907), batting .308 with 87 home runs and 1,581 runs batted in in 2,392 games. He later coached and umpired in the minor leagues, and died of heart disease. Mr. Beckley was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971.

90 years ago
1928


World events
The ship Jervis Bay arrived at Colombo, Ceylon, where eight mutinous stowaways were tried and jailed.

Disasters
Flood waters covered 250,000 acres of crops in the St. Francis, Black, and White Rivers in Missouri and Arkansas.

80 years ago
1938


Politics and government
Dr. Douglas Hyde was inaugurated as the first President of Ireland.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Wisteria Lodge

Died on this date
Arthur Goldstein, 56
. German politician. Mr. Goldstein was a Social Democrat and then a Communist. He fled to Paris after the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, but was deported to the Auschwitz death camp on June 23, 1943, and was murdered in the gas chamber with 517 other Jews.

War
More than 100 U.S. Flying Fortresses, the largest formation of heavy bombers ever sent over a single target from North Africa, attacked Messina in eastern Sicily. Buenos Aires police closed volunteer organizations aiding the Allies.

Diplomacy
King George VI returned by plane to England, concluding a 14-day, 5,800-mile trip to Algiers, Oran, Tunis, Cap Bon, Tripoli, and Malta.

Defense
The French Committee of National Liberation established an eight-man commission to unify the Giraud-de Gaulle forces, and invalidated the acts of Vichy French courts against patriots.

Protest
Michigan Governor Harry Kelly said that his committee's investigation into the Detroit race riot indicated that there was no plot and that no grand jury investigation was necessary.

Religion
The Central Conference of American Rabbis, meeting in New York, adopted resolutions declaring that there was no essential incompatibility between Reform Judaism and Zionism, and urging an end to the fight over Zionism.

Labour
The United States Congress quickly overrode President Franklin D. Roosevelt's veto of the Connally-Smith anti-strike bill. Mr. Roosevelt said that he would not recognize the United Mine Workers of America policy committee's October 31, 1943 deadline for a wage agreement.

70 years ago
1948


War
Greek government forces took the guerrilla stronghold of Mount Boufos after a week-long battle.

United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte charged Egyptian forces with violating the Palestine truce, and sanctioned Israeli defensive actions in the Negev desert.

World events
The Berlin Airlift began, to counter the Berlin Blockade.

Diplomacy
Golda Myerson, former head of the Jewish Agency's political department in Israel, was named as Israeli minister to the U.S.S.R. She was later better known as Golda Meir.

Boxing
Joe Louis (58-1) retained his world heavyweight title with an 11-round knockout of Jersey Joe Walcott (44-13-2) at Yankee Stadium in New York. Mr. Louis had won a hotly-disputed 15-round split decision over Mr. Walcott six months earlier, and was ahead on the card of referee Frank Fullam but behind on the cards of both judges after 10 rounds in this fight.



60 years ago
1958


Died on this date
Alfred Noyes, 77
. U.K. poet and author. Mr. Noyes was best known for his narrative poem The Highwayman (1906).

War
King Norodom Suramarit of Cambodia charged that South Vietnamese troops had crossed the Cambodian frontier and occupied villages four miles inside Cambodian territory.

Lebanese Prime Minister Sami es-Solh requested armed United Nations intervention to help seal Lebanon's borders against the flow of arms and munitions to Muslim guerrilla forces from Syria. Lebanese President Camille Chamoun warned that if the UN failed to meet Mr. Solh's request, he would request Western military aid.

Journalism
The French government seized current issues of the leftist weeklies France Observateur and L'Express, the latter for publishing an article by an FLN military leader and for charging that an inner junta of paratroop colonels exercised control of the Algerian administration of Raoul Salan.

Horse racing
Promised Land, with Pete Anderson up, won the Massachusetts Handicap at Suffolk Downs.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Dan Dugan, 61
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Dugan played 1 game with the Chicago White Sox in 1928 and 19 games with the White Sox in 1929, compiling a record of 1-4 with an earned run average of 6.61.

Grant Bowler, 60. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Bowler played 13 games with the Chicago White Sox in 1931 and 4 games with the White Sox in 1932, compiling a record of 0-1 with an earned run average of 6.91.

Tony Hancock, 44. U.K. comedian. Mr. Hancock was best known as the star of the radio (1954-1961) and television (1956-1961) comedy series Hancock's Half Hour. He was hugely popular in his heyday, but the severing of various professional relationships and increasingly heavy drinking led to his professional and personal downfall. He went to Australia in March 1968 to star in the 13-episode series Hancock Down Under, but completed only three episodes before he committed suicide with an overdose of pills.

Abominations
Pierre Elliott Trudeau, who had taken office as Prime Minister of Canada two months earlier, rode "Trudeaumania" in leading his Liberal Party to a majority in the House of Commons in the Canadian federal election. The Liberals won 154 of 264 seats, an increase from 128 at the dissolution of Parliament. The Progressive Conservatives dropped from 94 seats to 72, while the New Democratic Party, led by Tommy Douglas, remained at 22 seats. The Ralliement des créditistes, led by Réal Caouette, increased its total from 8 seats to 14, all in Quebec. Those elected for the first time included future New Democratic Party leader Ed Broadbent (Oshawa), Lincoln Alexander, and Len Marchand. Mr. Alexander, a Progressive Conservative from Hamilton, was the first Negro elected to the House of Commons, while Mr. Marchand, from Kamloops, British Columbia, was the first status Indian to be elected.

Politics and government
Giovanni Leone took office as Prime Minister of Italy, succeeding Aldo Moro.

Boxing
Al Jones (24-1-1) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Matt Blow (6-4) in a heavyweight bout at Miami Beach Auditorium.

Cleveland Williams (70-6-1) knocked out Les Borden (15-15-2) at 2:22 of the 1st round of a heavyweight bout at Sam Houston Coliseum in Houston.

Baseball
Bobby Bonds hit a grand slam in the 6th inning of his first major league game and Ray Sadecki pitched a 2-hitter and struck out 10 batters as the San Francisco Giants routed the Los Angeles Dodgers 9-0 before 17,075 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

Tom Seaver pitched a 5-hitter and Cleon Jones hit a solo home run in the 6th inning to break a 0-0 tie as the New York Mets shut out the Cincinnati Reds 4-0 before 6,772 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

Wally Bunker pitched a 5-hitter for his first win of the season and scored the winning run as the Baltimore Orioles shut out the Boston Red Sox 6-0 before 25,610 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Mr. Bunker drew a base on balls to lead off the bottom of the 3rd inning and scored on Frank Robinson's 2-run home run. Mr. Robinson also singled and doubled, finishing the game with 2 runs and 3 runs batted in.

The Detroit Tigers scored 6 runs in the 7th inning to overcome a 6-1 deficit and defeat the New York Yankees 8-5 before 17,117 fans at Yankee Stadium.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

War
Ethiopian jets concluded several days of bombing Somali border towns.

Abominations
The rainbow flag representing sodomite/lesbian pride was flown for the first time, during the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade.

Soccer
FIFA World Cup
Final @ Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Argentina 3 Netherlands 1 (ET)

Mario Kempes scored his second goal of the game, in the 15th minute of extra time, and Daniel Bertoni scored 10 minutes later to give Argentina its first World Cup championship. The winning goal appeared to be an own goal, but Mr. Kempes was given credit.



Golf
Bruce Lietzke won the Canadian Open at Glen Abbey Golf Course in Oakville, Ontario with a 1-under-par total score of 283, 1 stroke ahead of Pat McGowan. First prize money was $50,000.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gimme Five--Jovanotti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Theme From S'Express--S'Express

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): N'importe quoi--Florent Pagny (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Boys in Green--Republic of Ireland Soccer Squad (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Owe You Nothing--Bros

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Foolish Beat--Debbie Gibson

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Foolish Beat--Debbie Gibson
2 Together Forever--Rick Astley
3 Dirty Diana--Michael Jackson
4 Make it Real--The Jets
5 One More Try--George Michael
6 The Valley Road--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
7 The Flame--Cheap Trick
8 Circle in the Sand--Belinda Carlisle
9 Alphabet St.--Prince
10 Mercedes Boy--Pebbles

Singles entering the chart were I Hate Myself for Loving You by Joan Jett & the Blackhearts (#81); Boom! There She Was by Scritti Politti featuring Roger (#82); Here with Me by REO Speedwagon (#84); Joy by Teddy Pendergrass (#86); Knocked Out by Paula Abdul (#87); Please Don't Go Girl by New Kids on the Block (#88); and Sweet Child o' Mine by Guns 'N' Roses (#89). If I'm not mistaken, the last three new entries marked the first chart entries for all three artists.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Together Forever--Rick Astley
2 Beds are Burning--Midnight Oil
3 One More Try--George Michael
4 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
5 The Valley Road--Bruce Hornsby and the Range
6 Everything Your Heart Desires--Daryl Hall John Oates
7 Circle in the Sand--Belinda Carlisle
8 Dirty Diana--Michael Jackson
9 Foolish Beat--Debbie Gibson
10 Breakaway--Big Pig

Singles entering the chart were Sign Your Name by Terence Trent D'Arby (#72); Fast Car by Tracy Chapman (#77); Something to Live For by Barney Bentall and the Legendary Hearts (#81); Time and Place by Andrew Cash (#87); Hands to Heaven by Breathe (#89); Go Ahead 'N' Love Me by the Jitters (#93); and Love Changes (Everything) by Climie Fisher (#96).

Died on this date
Jimmy Soul, 45
. U.S. singer. Mr. Soul, born James McCleese, was known for his single If You Wanna Be Happy, which reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for the last two weeks of May 1963. He died of a heart attack.

War
Iraq recaptured its Majnoon oil fields north of Basra from Iran.

Canadian Armand Roy was named by the United Nations to head a multinational peacekeeping force in Western Sahara ; 700 Canadian infantry were to monitor a cease-fire in Morocco.

25 years ago
1993


On television tonight
After 11 years, Late Night with David Letterman broadcast its last program on NBC, as Mr. Letterman was preparing to begin a similar show on CBS. Larry "Bud" Melman was among the guests.

Politics and government
Governor General Ray Hnatyshyn administered the oaths as Kim Campbell was sworn in as Canada's 19th Prime Minister, with a 24-member cabinet. Canada's first female Prime Minister named Jean Charest, her chief rival in the recent contest for the leadership of the federal Progressive Conservative Party, as Deputy Prime Minister.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that employees alleging discrimination on the part of employers must prove that discrimination was the real reason for the employer's action.

Philip Murray was appointed Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police; he served until September 1, 2000.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (1-1) 15 @ Hamilton (1-0) 19
Winnipeg (1-1) 40 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 17
Calgary (2-0) 22 @ Edmonton (0-1) 8

The Eskimos' loss to the Stampeders at Commonwealth Stadium was the only appearance for John Cutler in an Edmonton uniform. Like his father Dave, whose Hall of Fame career as an Eskimo lasted from 1969-1984, John was a kicker who wore #26 and used a straight-on kicking style. Edmonton defensive back David Shelton, who had missed the entire 1992 season after breaking a leg in the second pre-season game, broke the same leg again, ending his career.

20 years ago
1998


Law
In Clinton v. City of New York, the United States Supreme Court decided that the Line Item Veto Act of 1996 was unconstitutional.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-1) 18 @ Montreal (1-1) 44
Calgary (2-0) 26 @ Edmonton (1-1) 23
Saskatchewan (0-2) 18 @ British Columbia (1-1) 24

Baseball
Sammy Sosa set a major league record for home runs in a calendar month, hitting his 19th homer of June 1998 and his 32nd of the season in a 6-4 loss to the Detroit Tigers before 30,688 fans at Tiger Stadium. Matt Anderson made his major league debut with the Tigers, coming into the game with runners on second and third bases and none out in the top of the 7th inning and Detroit leading 3-2. Mr. Anderson allowed a sacrifice fly to drive in the tying run and then a single, but retired the last 2 batters with no further scoring; he then left the game, but became the winning pitcher when the Tigers scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th.

Mike Stanley's home run with 2 out in the top of the 4th inning provided all the scoring as the Toronto Blue Jays edged the Montreal Expos 1-0 before 9,256 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. As is so often the case, Mr. Stanley's homer followed a runner caught stealing, as Jose Canseco had been thrown out at second base after singling. Woody Williams pitched a 5-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Carlos Perez, who also pitched a 5-hit complete game.

The Boston Red Sox scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning and withstood a 4-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-5 before 28,263 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. The Phillies had the potential tying run at bat with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Bobby Abreu struck out and was thrown out at first base to end the game. Darrin Winston, the third Philadelphia pitcher, pitched the last 2 innings, allowing 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--and making a wild pitch in the 34th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

Vinny Castilla led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a bunt single and Kurt Abbott followed with a double to drive him home with the winning run as the Colorado Rockies beat the Houston Astros 6-5 before 48,046 fans at Coors Field in Denver. Mike Saipe started on the mound for the Rockies, allowing 9 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 6 innings, striking out 1 batter, walking none, and hitting 2 in his major league debut.

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