Friday, 1 June 2018

June 1, 2018

1,825 years ago
193


Died on this date
Didius Julianus, 56 or 60
. Roman Emperor, March 28-June 1, 193. Didius Julianus bought the position of emperor from the Praetorian Guard after the assassination of Pertinax. He was ousted and assassinated by a soldier acting on the orders of Septimus Severus, who had seized the throne.

720 years ago
1298


War
Residents of Riga and Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Livonian Order in the Battle of Turaida.

370 years ago
1648


War
The Roundheads defeated the Cavaliers in the Battle of Maidstone in the Second English Civil War.

175 years ago
1843


Born on this date
Henry Faulds
. U.K. physician and missionary. Dr. Faulds was a Church of Scotland missionary in India and then in Japan, where he pioneered the development of the use of fingerprints as identification. He died on March 24, 1930 at the age of 86.

150 years ago
1868


Died on this date
James Buchanan, 77
. 15th President of the United States of America, 1857-1861. Mr. Buchanan, a Democrat, held various political and diplomatic offices before serving as President. He was regarded as a "doughface"--a northerner (from Pennsylvania) with southern sympathies--and his handling of the slavery issue and the threat of secession of southern states from the Union led to his reputation as one of the worst Presidents in American history. Mr. Buchanan died shortly after catching a bad cold. The day before his death, Mr. Buchanan said that ""history will vindicate my memory." He was mistaken.

Diplomacy
The Treaty of Bosque Redondo was signed, allowing the Navajo to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.

130 years ago
1888


Albertana
The Canadian Pacific Railway's Banff Springs Hotel opened.

125 years ago
1893


Literature
The Adventure of the Reigate Squires by A. Conan Doyle, seventh in a series of short stories published in book form in 1894 as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes, was published in the June 1893 issue of The Strand Magazine. It was published in the United States in the June 17, 1893 issue of Harper's Weekly under the title The Adventure of the Reigate Puzzle.

Transportation
The Baie Des Chaleurs Railway between Matapédia and New Carlisle, Québec opened; it was the subject of a later scandal.

110 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Allen Butler Talcott, 41
. U.S. artist. Mr. Talcott painted landscapes and was especially known for his paintings of trees. He died of a heart attack.

100 years ago
1918


War
U.S. Army forces under Brigadier Generals John J. Pershing and James Harbord engaged Imperial German Forces under German Crown Prince Wilhelm to begin the Battle of Belleau Wood near the Marne River in France.

90 years ago
1928


Law
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police absorbed the provincial police force of Saskatchewan due to the near-insolvency of the province.

Disasters
Seven people drowned when the freight steamship Kershaw of the Merchants and Miners Company sank in a collision with the Dollar liner President Garfield off Oak Bluffs, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.

80 years ago
1938


Transportation
Canadian Minister of Transport C.D. Howe officially opened a new steel railway bridge spanning the Saint John River at Fredericton, New Brunswick. Replacing a previous structure destroyed by ice in 1936, it was re-opened as a walking bridge on August 4, 1997.

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Leslie Howard, 50
. U.K. actor. Mr. Howard, born Leslie Howard Steiner, starred on Broadway in such plays as Her Cardboard Lover (1927); Berkeley Square (1929); and The Petrified Forest (1935), and was known for his starring and supporting roles in such movies as The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934); The Petrified Forest (1936); Romeo and Juliet (1936); Pygmalion (1938); Intermezzo: A Love Story (1939); Gone with the Wind (1939); "Pimpernel" Smith(1941); and 49th Parallel (1941). He died when British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 was shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, leading to speculation that its shooting down was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Wilfrid B. Israel, 43. German activist. Mr. Israel, a member of a prosperous Jewish family from Berlin, helped to rescue fellow Jews from the Nazi Holocaust during World War II. He was travelling on the same flight as Leslie Howard, and was also killed.

War
Chinese forces drove Japanese troops back in northern Hunan and Hupeh Provinces along a 300-mile arc extending from Lake Tungting to Suihsien. The Chinese claimed that the Japanese had suffered 30,000 casualties in their unsuccessful Yangtze River Valley offensive.

Politics and government
Marcel Peytrouton, in a letter to General Charles de Gaulle, resigned as Governor General of Algeria to further "unity among Frenchmen."

Labour
Approximately 530,000 American coal miners struck as mine operators rejected a compromise offered by United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis for a $1.50 raise pending furher study.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

War
Israel and the Arab League informed United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte that they were willing "in principle" to accept a truce in Palestine fighting.

Politics and government

Auténtico-Republican Alliance candidate Carlos Prío Socarrás was elected President of Cuba, taking 45.8% of the vote to 30.3% for runner up Ricardo Núñez Portuondo, candidate of the Liberal-Democratic Coalition. The Auténtico-Republican Alliance won 36 seats in the Senate--an increase of 12 from the most recent election in 1946--with the Liberal-Democratic Coalition taking the remaining 18. The Partido Auténtico led House of Representatives elections with 29 of 70 seats, followed by the Liberal Party with 15, the Republican Party with 11, and the Democratic Party with 6. This remains the most recent free election in Cuban history.

French Prime Minister Robert Schuman won a vote of confidence in the National Assembly on government plans to dismiss 150,000 civil servants in an economy move.

Australia inaugurated a free medical care plan despite a physicians' boycott.

The U.S. Senate unanimously approved and sent to the House of Representatives a bill authorizing the dismissal by "sensitive" government departments of "indiscreet or disloyal" employees.

State Democratic Party conventions in California and Maryland pledged a total of 74 delegates to U.S. President Harry Truman at the party's national convention.

Economics and finance
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan Douglas MacArthur announced a currency agreement between Japan and the British sterling area providing for increased trade.

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that military veterans holding Civil Service jobs had "absolute preference" over non-veterans in job retention.

Art
The government-built Hotel del Prado in Mexico City was forced to open without the blessing of Roman Catholic Archbishop Luis Maria Martinez because of a mural by Diego Rivera containing the inscription "God does not exist."

60 years ago
1958


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: Dip in the Pool, starring Keenan Wynn, Fay Wray, and Philip Bourneuf

This episode was directed by Mr. Hitchcock.

At the movies
The Lineup, directed by Don Siegel and starring Eli Wallach, Robert Keith, and Warner Anderson, opened in theatres.

Politics and government
General Charles de Gaulle came out of retirement to take office as Prime Minister of France, governing by decree for six months as the crisis in Algeria threatened to bring civil war to France itself. He announced his 15-member cabinet to the National Assembly.

The U.S. Socialist Party national convention ended after voting to let members run in Democratic and Republican primaries.

Diplomacy
Lebanese delegate Bechir Ahwar, presenting to the Arab League Council evidence of Syrian military involvement, charged the United Arab Republic with inciting anti-government violence in Lebanon.

Golf
Doug Sanders won the Western Open at Red Run Golf Club in Royal Oak, Michigan with a 13-under-par score of 275, 1 stroke ahead of Dow Finsterwald. First prize money was $5,000.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Delilah--Tom Jones (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La bambola--Patty Pravo (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Delilah--Tom Jones (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Young Girl--The Union Gap

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Young Girl--The Union Gap

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Lazy Sunday--Small Faces (2nd week at #1)
2 If I Only Had Time--John Rowles
3 La Felicidad/Pa Wil Niet in Bad (La Felicidad)/Felicidad, de Roddel Van de Stad--Digno Garcia
--Johnny & Rijk
--Eddie Becker
4 Il Est Cinq Heures, Paris S'éveille--Jacques Dutronc
5 Congratulations--Cliff Richard
6 Jumbo/The Singer Sang His Song--The Bee Gees
7 A Man Without Love (Quando M'innamoro)--Engelbert Humperdinck
8 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
9 Take Time to Know Her--Percy Sledge
10 Delilah--Tom Jones

Singles entering the chart were Mamma, Oh Mamma by Egbert Douwe (#25); The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly by Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus (#30); Honey by Bobby Goldsboro (#34); Hello, How are You? by the Easybeats (#37); and Mrs. Robinson by Simon and Garfunkel (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel (2nd week at #1)
2 Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells
3 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
4 The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
5 Mony Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
6 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express
7 Cowboys to Girls--The Intruders
8 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
9 Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day--Stevie Wonder
10 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill

Singles entering the chart were Yester Love by Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (#66); The Horse by Cliff Nobles & Co. (#69); Stoned Soul Picnic by the 5th Dimension (#70); Safe in My Garden by the Mamas & the Papas (#71); Back in Love Again by the Buckinghams (#73); It Should Have Been Me by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#77); Backwards and Forwards by December's Children (#83); Here Come the Judge by the Magistrates (#86); Mountain of Love by Ronnie Dove (#88); Here Comes the Judge by Shorty Long (#89); Mechanical World by Spirit (#92); You're Good for Me by Lou Rawls (#94); Here Come Da Judge by the Buena Vistas (#97); Venus by Johnny Mathis (#99); and Funky Fever by Clarence Carter (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
2 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
3 The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
4 Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells
5 Cowboys to Girls--The Intruders
6 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
7 Delilah--Tom Jones
8 Do You Know the Way to San Jose--Dionne Warwick
9 Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day--Stevie Wonder
10 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro

Singles entering the chart were Tip-Toe Thru' the Tulips with Me by Tiny Tim (#75); Pictures of Matchstick Men by the Status Quo (#78); You Don't Know What You Mean to Me by Sam & Dave (#81); Safe in My Garden by the Mamas & the Papas (#84); Bring a Little Lovin' by Los Bravos (#86); Here I Am Baby by the Marvelettes (#87); Climb Every Mountain by the Hesitations (#89); The Doctor by Mary Wells (#91); Ready, Willing and Able by the American Breed (#93); Please Stay by the Dave Clark Five (#95); Back in Love Again by the Buckinghams (#96); Face it Girl, it's Over by Nancy Wilson (#97); It Should Have Been Me by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#98); Some of Shelly's Blues by the Stone Poneys, featuring Linda Ronstadt (#99); and Both Sides Now by Harpers Bizarre (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 This Guy's in Love with You--Herb Alpert
2 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
3 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
4 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush
5 If I were a Carpenter--Four Tops
6 Louisiana Man--Bobbie Gentry
7 Delilah--Tom Jones
8 Here's to You--Hamilton Camp
9 The Happy Song (Dum-Dum)--Otis Redding
10 Do You Know the Way to San Jose--Dionne Warwick

Singles entering the chart were Jumpin' Jack Flash by the Rolling Stones (#22); Unwind by Ray Stevens (#24); Reach Out of the Darkness by Friend and Lover (#27); You Don't Know What You Mean to Me by Sam & Dave (#28); Mony Mony by Tommy James and the Shondells (#29); and The Horse by Cliff Nobles & Co. (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Yummy Yummy Yummy--Ohio Express (2nd week at #1)
2 Blue Bonnie Blue--49th Parallel
3 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
4 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
5 Delilah--Tom Jones
6 Goin' Away--The Fireballs
7 I Love You--People
8 Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham
9 My Girl/Hey Girl--Bobby Vee
10 Harlem Lady--The Witness, Inc.
Pick hit of the week: Jelly Jungle (Of Orange Marmalade)--The Lemon Pipers

Died on this date
Helen Keller, 87
. U.S. authoress and activist. Miss Keller became deaf and blind from an illness at the age of 19 months, but under the tutelage of Annie Sullivan, learned to communicate and eventually to speak. She was a socialist who supported politically correct causes--an aspect of her life which is usually overlooked--and followed the religious teachings of mystic Emanuel Swedenborg.

André Laurendeau, 56. Canadian journalist and politician. Mr. Laurendeau, a native of Montreal, co-founded the Quebec separatist movement Jeune-Canada in 1933. He was director of L'Action nationale magazine from 1937-1943 and 1949-1953 and later edited the influential Montreal newspaper Le Devoir. Mr. Laurendeau entered politics by opposing military conscription in 1942, and later helped to found the centre-left Bloc populaire Canadien, leading its Quebec provincial wing, and representing the riding of Montréal-Laurier in the Quebec Legislative Assembly from 1944-1948. Mr. Laurendeau and Davidson Dunton co-chaired the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism from 1963 until his death, which may have been hastened by the strain resulting from criticism from his Quebec separatist colleagues.

Albertana
The Legislative Assembly officially approved Alberta's provincial flag.

Defense
Canada signed the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty along with the U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., and 57 other countries.

Politics and government
The Unified Socialist Party pulled out of the Italian coalition government of Prime Minister Aldo Moro. The party had lost seats in the May 19-20 parliamentary elections, while the other two parties in the coalition, Mr. Moro's Christian Democrats and the reformist Republicans, had made gains.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
James at 16, starring Lance Kerwin, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Knocking Heads

Law
The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty were filed.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Only One Woman--Alien (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Herbert Feigl, 85
. Austrian philosopher. Dr. Feigl was a member of the Vienna Circle of Logical Empiricism.

Defense
The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty went into effect.

Politics and government
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev expressed his support for Yegor Ligachev, second-ranking figure in the Politburo and a critic of political reform in the U.S.S.R.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.2% in April.

Health
A committee of experts appointed by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences spoke out against discrimination against people with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and faulted the federal government's efforts against AIDS as inadequate.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Detroit 102 @ Boston 96 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)

25 years ago
1993


World events
The Guatemalan army forced President Jorge Serrano Elias from office, eight days after he had seized dictatorial powers. Political parties, businessmen, and civic groups supported the agreement to restore constitutional government.

Terrorism
13 were killed and 133 wounded when Serb mortar shells were fired at a soccer game in Dobrinja, west of the Serbian capital of Sarajevo.

Society
Figures released by Statistics Canada from the 1991 national census showed that only 48% of the country's 7.4 million families were characterized by a married mother and father living together with their children. 13% of Canadians reported no religious affiliation, a 90% increase since 1971.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Los Angeles 4 @ Montreal 1 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Luc Robitaille scored 2 powerplay goals to lead the Kings over the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Seattle 114 @ Phoenix 120 (Phoenix led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago
1998


At the movies
The Truman Show, directed by Peter Weir and starring Jim Carrey, opened in theatres in Los Angeles.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Tommy Lapid, 76
. Yugoslavian-born Israeli politician. Mr. Lapid, born Tomislav Lampel, led the secular-liberal Shinui Party from 1999-2006, and was Minister of Justice in the coalition cabinet of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon from 2003-2004.

Yves Saint Laurent, 71. French fashion designer. Mr. Saint Laurent, one of the most influential fashion designers of the 20th century, succeeded Christian Dior as chief designer at Mr. Dior's company in 1957 and founded his own brand in 1961. He was a heavy-drinking, cocaine-snorting sodomite who died of "brain cancer."

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper authorized the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada to document and inform Canadians about what had happened in Indian residential schools from the late 19th century through the 20th century.

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