Thursday, 31 May 2018

May 31, 2018

200 years ago
1818


Born on this date
John A. Andrew
. U.S. politician. Mr. Andrew, a Republican, was Governor of Massachusetts from 1861-1866, and was a prominent supporter of the abolition of slavery. He died of apoplexy on October 30, 1867 at the age of 49 after drinking a cup of tea at his home.

150 years ago
1868


Canadiana
In Portage La Prairie, Thomas Spence declared the Republic of Manitoba in with himself as President; his Republic stretched from Assiniboia in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west, and down to the U.S. border. Some local citizens pledged loyalty with an oath of allegiance, but when the President tried to collect taxes, several people in Portage La Prairie objected, and ran him out of town.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
Charles Hibbert Tupper, son of future Canadian Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper, was appointed to the Conservative cabinet of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald as Minister of Marine and Fisheries; Charles Hibbert Tupper served in that office until 1894.

100 years ago
1918


War
The German army launched a sudden attack near the Forest of Retz near Ploisy in northeastern France. French units were joined by new weapons, 30 FT tanks.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Grant Briggs, 63
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Briggs, a catcher and outfielder, played in 110 major league games with the Syracuse Stars (1890); Louisville Colonels (1891, 1895) and St. Louis Browns, batting .164 with no home runs and 22 runs batted in.

Aviation
The monoplane Southern Cross left Golden Gate (Oakland) for Hawaii at 8:51 A.M. Pacific time, commanded by Captain Charles Kingsford-Smith of Australia. Also aboard were Captain C.T.P. Ulm of Australia, and two Americans: Lieutenant Harry Lyon, navigator, and James Warner, radio operator.

Politics and government
Nova Scotia abolished its Legislative Council, leaving Québec as the only Canadian province with an upper house of parliament.

U.S. Senator J. T. Heflin (Democrat--Alabama) was a witness before the Senate Campaign Fund Committee, but had no firsthand data as to expenditures on behalf of Democratic U.S. presidential candidate Al Smith of New York.

Journalism
The Chicago Journal, founded in 1844, was bought by S. E. Thomason and J. S. Bryan.

Crime
E. M. Fuller and M. F. McGee, convicted stock bucketeers, were paroled from Sing Sing Prison after both serving a year.

80 years ago
1938

Baseball

Boston Red Sox' first baseman Jimmie Foxx hit a grand slam off New York pitcher Joe Beggs‚ the first of three he hit off Mr. Beggs that season‚ to climax a 5-run 5th inning, but the Yankees prevailed 12-5 before 6,917 fans at Yankee Stadium. Lou Gehrig played his 2‚000th consecutive game and singled in a run in the 8th.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Don't Want to Walk Without You--Harry James and his Music Makers (4th month at #1)

War
Nine French warships and several small auxiliary craft, commanded by Vice Admiral Rene-Emile Godfroy, which had been immobilized in Alexandria since the fall of France in 940, joined the Allied fleet. Chinese forces routed five Japanese divisions and drove them back to Changyang, 15 miles south of Ichang. Chinese forces in southwestern Shansi Province recaptured Tuochuochen, Fushui, and Laohuaishuling.

Diplomacy
The Egyptian cabinet voted to establish diplomatic relations with the U.S.S.R., provisional to an agreement not to interfere in each other's internal affairs.

Politics and government
Ernest Manning, 34, was sworn in as Premier of Alberta, eight days after the death of Social Credit Premier William Aberhart. Mr. Manning served as Premier until December 12, 1968.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como; Joe Loss and his Orchestra (1st month at #1)

Politics and government
Chinese Prime Minister Wong Wen-Hao formed the country's first constitutional cabinet, consisting of 18 Kuomintang, 4 Young China, and 2 non-party members.

South Korea's newly-elected National Assembly convened in Seoul and elected Syngman Rhee as Chairman.

Negotiators for the U.S.A., U.K., France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg, meeting in London, agreed to allow, within the next year, the creation of a West German government with limited sovereignty.

Economics and finance
The British Overseas Development Corporation began a L100-million campaign to encourage the economic growth of British colonies, concentrating on power and agricultural industries.

Auto racing
Mauri Rose won the Indianapolis 500 for the second straight year and third time in his career, with an average speed of 119.814 miles per hour.





Baseball
At Wrigley Field‚ the Chicago Cubs set a club paid attendance record at home when 46‚965 passed through the turnstiles for a doubleheader with the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Cubs took the first game 4-3 behind relief pitcher Bob Rush‚ then dropped the second game 4-2 to Elmer Riddle. Andy Pafko was the hitting star‚ pounding out 5 hits‚ including a home run in each game, and singling home Eddie Waitkus with the winning run in the first game with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning.

Ralph Branca pitched an 8-hit complete game and singled home Dick Whitman with the winning run with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th inning as the Brooklyn Dodgers edged the New York Giants 4-3 before 22,753 fans in the first of 2 games at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Bill Rigney hit a home run to lead off the game. Johnny Mize hit 2 home runs and drove in 4 runs, and Sid Gordon batted 4 for 4 with a homer and a double to help the Giants win the second game 10-1 before 34,344 fans.

Winning pitcher Ken Heintzelman singled home 2 runs to climax a 3-run 4th inning as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Boston Braves 6-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 17,400 fans at Braves Field. Winning pitcher Warren Spahn singled home 2 runs as part of a 6-run 5th inning as the Braves won the second game 10-4.

In Cincinnati‚ the Reds swept a Memorial Day doubleheader from the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 and 7-0 before 24,009 fans at Crosley Field. In the second game, Ken Raffensberger tossed a 1-hitter‚ allowing just an 8th inning single by Nippy Jones in a game that was played in 1 hour 44 minutes. Hank Sauer's home run with 1 out in the 7th inning broke a 3-3 tie in the first game. The Reds’ scoring in the second game was paced by homers from Augie Galan and Ted Kluszewski. The twin loss dropped the Cardinals to second place.

The Washington Nationals‚ fresh from four wins over the Boston Red Sox‚ dropped a doubleheader to the New York Yankees before 62‚626 fans at Yankee Stadium. Spec Shea allowed just 2 hits in coasting to a 10-0 win in the first game. The Yankees collected 16 hits‚ including home runs by Tommy Henrich and George McQuinn. The Yankees took the second game 5-4‚ as Red Embree was the winning pitcher in a rare start. Bobby Brown made 7 straight hits in the two games‚ making outs in his first and last at bats. Ramon Garcia mopped up on the mound for the Nationals in the first game, allowing 4 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 1 inning in the 4th and last game of his major league career.

Joe Dobson pitched a 4-hitter and Ted Williams hit a home run and drove in 3 runs to help the Boston Red Sox shut out the Philadelphia Athletics 7-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 24,838 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Joe Coleman pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Mickey Harris as the Athletics won the second game 2-1, scoring their runs in the 6th inning on a bases-loaded walk and a balk.

The Cleveland Indians beat the St. Louis Browns 8-3‚ then lost 6-0 before 48‚961 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland to stay in second place in the American League behind the Philadelphia Athletics. In the first game‚ Lou Boudreau hit a grand slam and Jim Hegan homered in the 5-run 6th inning. Gene Bearden was the winning pitcher. In the second game‚ Cliff Fannin allowed just 4 hits in getting the win for the Browns.

The last place Chicago White Sox and fourth-place Detroit Tigers split a doubleheader at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. The Tigers took the first game 5-4‚ with Dizzy Trout the winner over Orval Grove. The White Sox won the second game 9-3‚ with veteran Ike Pearson picking up the win. Mr. Pearson went on to finish the year at 2-3 to close out his career at 13-50; his .206 winning percentage is the worst in ML history for a pitcher with 50 losses.

Tom Lasorda, a left-handed pitcher with the Schenectady Blue Jays of the Class C Canadian-American League, struck out 25 batters in a 15-inning game against the Amsterdam Rugmakers, and singled in the winning run.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): He's Got the Whole World (In His Hands)--Laurie London

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): March from the River Kwai and Colonel Bogey--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Hello, le soleil brille--Annie Cordy (12th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers (3rd week at #1)
2 Witch Doctor--David Seville
3 Twilight Time--The Platters
4 Return to Me--Dean Martin
5 Wear My Ring Around Your Neck--Elvis Presley
6 He's Got the Whole World (In His Hands)--Laurie London
7 Chanson d'Amour--Art and Dotty Todd
8 Big Man--The Four Preps
9 Sugar Moon--Pat Boone
10 Jennie Lee--Jan & Arnie

Singles entering the chart were The Purple People Eater by Sheb Wooley (#17); Yakety Yak by the Coasters (#36); High School Confidential by Jerry Lee Lewis (#41); You'd be Surprised by Kathy Linden (#49); One Summer Night by the Danleers (#53); Bikini by the Bikinis (#57); Judy by Frankie Vaughan (#60); and Ding Dong by the McGuire Sisters (also #60). High School Confidential was the title song of the movie.

War
Lebanese Army Commander Fuad Shehab received orders from Prime Minister Sami es-Solh's cabinet to force a showdown with armed Muslim forces.

Politics and government
French President Rene Coty named General Charles de Gaulle as Prime Minister-designate.

Jean Lesage was elected leader of the Quebec Liberal Party on the first ballot at its convention in Quebec City, succeeding Georges-Émile Lapalme.

Soccer
Benelux Cup
Final
SC Feijenoord 6 Anderlecht 0

SC Feijenoord were from Rotterdam; this was the first year for the friendship tournament.

Baseball
Hank Aaron‚ Eddie Mathews‚ and Wes Covington hit home runs in succession off Ron Kline with 1 out in the top of the 1st inning to help the Milwaukee Braves beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-3 before 17,596 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The same trio had hit successive home runs on June 26th, 1957. Warren Spahn coasted to his 8th win of the season.

Ken Boyer led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a home run to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 10-9 win over the San Francisco Giants before 12,652 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. The Giants led 8-1 after 4 1/2 innings, helped by an inside-the-park homer by Orlando Cepeda.

Enos Slaughter led off the top of the 9th inning with a single as a pinch hitter to begin a 3-run rally to tie the game, and hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 10th inning to provide the winning margin as the New York Yankees defeated the Boston Red Sox 5-4 before 27,455 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Dick Gernert homered to lead off the bottom of the 10th, but the next three Boston batters were retired to end the game. New York manager Casey Stengel was ejected in the top of the 4th inning when he disputed first base umpire Charlie Berry's ruling that New York's Tony Kubek had been picked off first. Mr. Stengel was ejected for throwing equipment onto the field.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Young Girl--The Union Gap

Edmonton’s top 10 (CJCA)
1 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
2 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
3 Delilah--Tom Jones
4 I Wanna Live--Glen Campbell
5 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
6 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
7 Mony, Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
8 Me, the Peaceful Heart--Lulu
9 I Love You--People
10 Blue Bonnie Blue--49th Parallel
Pick hit of the week: Stoned Soul Picnic--The 5th Dimension
New this week: Step Inside Love--Cilla Black
Here’s to You--Hamilton Camp
Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover
We Played Games--John Fred and his Playboy Band
People Get Ready--Group Therapy

At the movies
Hang 'em High, directed by Ted Post and starring Clint Eastwood, Inger Stevens, and Ed Begley, opened in theatres in Japan.

War
U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman suggested that the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) be restored as a truly neutral buffer zone. North Vietnam rejected the idea.

Medicine
Pierre Grondin led a 27-member surgical team at the Montréal Heart Institute in performing Canada's first, and the world's 18th, heart transplant, on Albert Murphy, a 58-year-old retired butcher from Chomedy, Québec, who died 46 hours after start of operation.

Baseball
Los Angeles Dodgers' ace Don Drysdale's shutout streak apparently ended when Dick Dietz of the San Francisco Giants was hit by a pitch with the bases loaded and none out in the 9th inning‚ but umpire Harry Wendelstedt ruled that Mr. Dietz did not try to avoid the pitch. Giants’ manager Herman Franks argued the call so long he that he was ejected by Mr. Wendelstedt. Mr. Dietz then popped out‚ and the next two batters were retired. Los Angeles won 3-0 before 46,067 fans at Dodger Stadium‚ and Mr. Drysdale's fifth straight shutout tied the major league record set in 1904 by Doc White of the Chicago White Sox.

St. Louis Cardinals’ pitcher Larry Jaster retired the first 23 New York Mets before Greg Goosen singled. Mr. Jaster settled for a 2-hitter‚ beating Tom Seaver 2-0 before 41,075 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Willie Horton led off the bottom of the 7th inning with a home run to provide the only scoring as the Detroit Tigers edged the New York Yankees 1-0 before 31,155 fans at Tiger Stadium. Mickey Lolich pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Mel Stottlemyre, who also allowed 4 hits.

Luis Aparicio singled home Dick Kenworthy with 1 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 14th inning to give the Chicago White Sox a 2-1 win over the Minnesota Twins before 9,667 fans at White Sox Park.

Buck Rodgers hit a 3-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 0-0 tie as the California Angels shut out the Oakland Athletics 3-0 before 6,415 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Losing pitcher Chuck Dobson pitched a complete game, allowing just 4 hits--2 in the 12th--and striking out 13 batters while walking 4.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) leaders cautioned the U.S.S.R. that Soviet actions in the Zairian province of Shaba endangered detente. The Soviet Union said that the western rescue of Europeans in Shaba was a pretext for intervention in the internal affairs of African countries and was harmful to detente.

Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives voted 321-46 to adopt a resolution that aid to South Korea would be cut off unless the Koreans cooperated fully with the House investigation into Korean influence-buying in the U.S. Congress. South Korea responded that a House demand that former Ambassador to the United States Kim Dong Jo testify before the ethics committee was "unacceptable."

The Shah of Iran warned that pro-Soviet Communists would take over if his government were ever to fall.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that police could obtain warrants to search the property of newspapers without prior warning, and that the papers had no right to contest such searches in court before they were conducted. The decision was condemned by reporters as an attack on First Amendment freedom of the press.

30 years ago
1988


Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev continued their summit in Moscow. After their morning meeting, the two men strolled through Red Square, and President Reagan lunched with Soviet cultural leaders and intellectuals. He then addressed the students of Moscow State University, calling on them to have faith that changes afoot in the Soviet Union would bring benefits to their society.

Environment
The Canadian House of Commons passed bills to phase out tobacco advertising, restrict smoking in workplaces under federal jurisdiction, and ensure smoke-free areas in passenger planes, trains, buses, and ships, effective January 1, 1989.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Dallas 102 @ Los Angeles Lakers 119 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Baseball
Jeff Pico threws a 4-hit, 4-0 shutout against the Cincinnati Reds before 19,038 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago to win his major league debut with the Chicago Cubs, becoming the first Cubs’ pitcher to debut with a shutout since Bill Lee in 1934. Andre Dawson provided the winning run with a solo home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 1st inning.

Kevin Elster's solo home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning gave the New York Mets a 5-4 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 35,564 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The Dodgers had scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th, only to have the Mets score 2 in the bottom of the inning.

Ozzie Smith's first home run of the season, a 3-run blast, highlighted a 5-run 4th inning for the St. Louis Cardinals as they beat the Houston Astros 9-7 before 19,666 fans at the Astrodome. Larry McWilliams improved his 1988 record to 4-0 despite allowing 7 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 5 innings, while losing pitcher Bob Knepper allowed 8 hits and 8 runs--only 2 earned--in 6+ innings to take the loss, dropping to 6-1.

A single by B.J. Surhoff with 1 out in the 4th inning was the only thing that prevented Dave Stieb from pitching a perfect game as the Toronto Blue Jays shut out the Milwaukee Brewers 9-0 before 28,446 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. The Blue Jays scored 6 runs in the 2nd.

The Chicago White Sox scored all their runs in the first 3 innings and coasted to a 10-1 win over the Detroit Tigers before 13,223 fans at Tiger Stadium. All but 1 of the Chicago runs came on home runs, with Gary Redus hitting a grand slam in the 2nd inning. Pat Sheridan broke up the shutout with a home run with 1 out in the 9th.

The Kansas City Royals scored 3 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 3-3 tie and defeat the Cleveland Indians 6-3 before 8,978 fans at Cleveland Stadium. The Indians had runners on first and second bases with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th, but Garry Allanson lined out to shortstop and Pat Tabler popped out to second base to end the game.

New York Yankees’ starting pitcher Al Leiter made one pitch before leaving the game against the Oakland Athletics before 28,147 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Leadoff hitter Carney Lansford hit the first pitch off Mr. Leiter for a single and advanced to second base on Mr. Leiter's throwing error, on which the pitcher apparently hurt his arm. He was relieved by Neil Allen, who gave up just 3 hits in 9 innings to record a 5-0 shutout for New York. Mike Pagliarulo hit a 2-run home run off Steve Ontiveros to supply Mr. Allen with all the runs he needed. Todd Burns made his major league debut on the mound for Oakland, allowing 2 hits and 1 run--earned--in 1 2/3 innings of relief, striking out 4 batters and walking none.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Informer--Snow (5th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The Canadian International Trade Tribunal ruled that Canada's steel producers were not being harmed by steel imports from the United States or any other countries named in the complaints filed. Temporary duties on the commodity were lifted as a result of the decision, although Canadian steel producers vowed to appeal the decision.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
New York 95 @ Chicago 105 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

20 years ago
1998


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference
Finals
Dallas 2 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Indiana 83 @ Chicago 88 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Baseball
The Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Barons routed the Toledo Mud Hens 26-4 in an International League game at Ned Skeldon Stadium in Toledo. The Barons collected 7 home runs and 27 hits‚ led by designated hitter Bobby Estalella, who went 5-for-6 with 2 doubles and a home run.

10 years ago
2008


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 2 @ Pittsburgh 1 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-1)

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