Friday, 4 May 2018

May 4, 2018

525 years ago
1493


Politics and government
Pope Alexander VI issued his bull Inter Cetera, granting to the Catholic Majesties of Ferdinand and Isabella (as sovereigns of Castile) all lands to the "west and south" of a pole-to-pole line 100 leagues west and south of any of the islands of the Azores or the Cape Verde Islands, dividing up the New World between Spain and Portugal along the Line of Demarcation--about halfway between the Cape Verde Islands (already Portuguese) and islands now known as Cuba and Hispaniola (claimed by Spain)--and forbidding further exploration.

200 years ago
1818

Diplomacy

The Netherlands and United Kingdom signed a treaty against illegal slave handling.

160 years ago
1858

War

Mexico’s War of Reform began; the Liberals established their capital at Vera Cruz.

140 years ago
1878


Technology
The phonograph was shown for the first time at the Grand Opera House in London.

130 years ago
1888

Defense

Italy and Spain signed a military covenant.

120 years ago
1898

Horse racing

Plaudit, with Willie Simms up, won the 24th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:09. Only four horses competed.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Kakuei Tanaka
. Prime Minister of Japan, 1972-1974. Mr. Tanaka, a member of the Liberal Democratic Party, sat in the House of Representatives from 1947-1990 and held several cabinet posts before serving as Prime Minister. He had a history of taking bribes, and was convicted in two lower court trials in connection with bribes offered by Lockheed Corporation in 1976. Mr. Tanaka's case was before the Supreme Court at the time of his death on December 16, 1993 at the age of 75.

Died on this date
Maury Uhler, 31
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Uhler, an outfielder, hit .214 with no home runs and 3 runs batted in in 46 games with the Cincinnati Reds in 1914.

Baseball
The New York Yankees set a record with 8 sacrifices, beating the Boston Red Sox' Babe Ruth 5-4 at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Ruth allowed 8 hits and 5 runs--2 earned--in pitching a complete game, and batted 2 for 4 with a double and his first home run of the season, driving in 3 runs.

Claude Davidson singled home George Burns with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Philadelphia Athletics a 1-0 win over the Washington Nationals at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Scott Perry pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Walter Johnson, who allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run in 5 2/3 innings in relief of Harry Harper, who allowed 4 hits in 5 innings.

The Detroit Tigers scored a run with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to defeat the Chicago White Sox 2-1 at Navin Field in Detroit. Bernie Boland pitched a 9-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Eddie Cicotte, who allowed 6 hits in going the distance, falling to 0-4 for the season.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored a run with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 5-4 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

Burleigh Grimes pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Prendergast as the Brooklyn Robins shut out the Philadelphia Phillies 3-0 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

Lefty Tyler pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Hod Eller as the Chicago Cubs edged the Cincinnati Reds 1-0 at Weeghman Park in Chicago. Charlie Hollocher scored the run in the bottom of the 6th inning.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Leonard W. Bonney, 43
. U.S. aviator. Mr. Bonney, an associate of the Wright brothers, was killed in the crash of his all-metal experimental plane Bonney Gull seconds after takeoff on its maiden flight, at Curtiss Field, Long Island, New York. His death was followed six days later by the suicide of Mrs. Jean Le Brun, an actress with whom he was presumably involved, in New York City.

Diplomacy
Prince Ludovic Spada Potenziani, Governor of Rome, arrived in New York City.

Disasters
The Greenville, South Carolina drinking water reservoir (Table Rock Cove Dam), in the Saluda River Valley, partly gave way and gradually let out 5 billion gallons. Hundreds of farmers and other residents along 60 miles of valley took to the hills.

75 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Kanō Jigorō, 77
. Japanese educator. Mr. Jigorō had a distinguished career as an educational administrator and sports executive, but was primarily known as the founder of Judo. While travelling aboard the NYK ocean liner Hikawa Maru as a member of the International Olympic Committee, he died of pneumonia, although there have been allegations that he was poisoned because of his opposition to Japanese militarism.

Carl von Ossietzky, 48. German journalist. Mr. Ossietzky, a pacifist, was convicted of high treason and espionage in 1931 after publishing details of Germany’s alleged violations of the Treaty of Versailles. When the Nazis came to power in 1933, they arrested Mr. Ossietzky and put him in the concentration camp Esterwegen near Oldenburg. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1935, but the Nazis refused to release him in order to go to Oslo to accept the prize. They did, however, transfer him to the Nordend police hospital in Berlin because he was suffering from tuberculosis. Mr. Ossietzky was still in custody at the time of his death.

75 years ago
1943


War
German forces abandoned Krymsk after four days of Soviet assaults. American and French Moroccan forces in Tunisia captured Eddekhila and drove to within 10 miles of Bizerte. U.S. Liberators participated in the heaviest raid of the Pacific war from China, bombing Hainan Island and Indochina.

Politics and government
William V. Tubman was elected President of Liberia, to succeed Edwin J. Barclay, President since 1931.

Republican Party challenger Theodore McKeldin was elected Mayor of Baltimore, defeating Democratic Party candidate and incumbent Mayor Howard Jackson.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

At the movies
Hamlet, produced by, directed by, and starring Laurence Olivier, opened in theatres in the United Kingdom.

War
The Hague Court of Justice convicted former Nazi Chief of Police and SS officer Hans Rauter of war crimes, and sentenced him to death.

Irgun Zvai Leumi forces captured the Arab town of Yehudia, commanding the road between Tel Aviv and Lydda airfield.

World events
The Greek government began executing 213 prisoners convicted on murder charges stemming from a 1944 leftist revolt against the German occupation of Greece.

Politics and government
Ohio's Republican Party U.S. presidential primary gave 14 delegate votes to U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Ohio) and 9 votes to Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen; Mr. Taft also received 30 uncontested delegates. Alabama's Democratic Party primary resulted in the election of 11 delegates pledged to oppose any candidate advocatinig a Negro civil rights program. A police court in Birmingham, Alabama convicted third-party U.S. vice presidential candidate Glen Taylor of disorderly conduct for attempting to use the Negro entrance to a meeting hall on May 1. Mr. Taylor was fined $50 and received a 180-day suspended jail sentence.

The U.S. House of Representatives Rules Committee approved a bill requiring the Administration to hand over confidential data demanded by congressional committees and providing jail sentences for anyone making such information public.

Crime
A U.S. federal appeals court in Richmond, Virginia ordered former Women's Army Corps Captain Kathleen Nash Durant returned to prison to complete a five-year term for her part in the Hesse jewel theft in 1946.

60 years ago
1958


On the radio
The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 5, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Festive Season, starring Carmen Mathews, Richard Waring, and Edmon Ryan

The Ed Sullivan Show, on CBS
Canadian comedians Johnny Wayne and Frank Shuster made their first of a record 67 guest appearances on this program.

War
The Indonesian Army occupied Bukittinggi, capital and last major stronghold of the Sumatran rebel regime.

World events
U.K. authorities in Cyprus reimposed the mandatory death sentence for carrying arms, after Greek Cypriot terrorists gunned down two British soldiers in Famagusta.

Politics and government
Liberal Party candidate Alberto Lleras Camargo was elected President of Colombia, taking 80.1% of the vote to 19.8% for Conservative Party candidate Jorge Leyva.

Education
Southern School News reported that there had been virtually no advance in school desegregation during the current academic year.

Basketball
In a series of games against the U.S.S.R., the U.S. team won all the men's games and four of six women's games.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro

#1 single in France: My Year is a Day--Les Irrésistibles

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La bambola--Patty Pravo

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mama--Heintje (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Congratulations--Cliff Richard (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Congratulations--Cliff Richard (2nd week at #1)
2 Delilah--Tom Jones
3 Jumbo/The Singer Sang His Song--The Bee Gees
4 Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim
5 If I were a Carpenter--The Four Tops
6 Kom Uit De Bedstee Mijn Liefste--Egbert Douwe
7 I've Just Lost Somebody--Golden Earrings
8 Hush--Billy Joe Royal
9 Storybook Children--Nancy & Lee
10 Rosie--Don Partridge

Singles entering the chart were Lazy Sunday by Small Faces (#25); Black Veils of Melancholy by the Status Quo (#31); and Rainbow Valley by the Love Affair (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (3rd week at #1)
2 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
3 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
4 Young Girl--The Union Gap
5 Tighten Up--Archie Bell & the Drells
6 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
7 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
8 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame
9 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
10 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann

Singles entering the chart were I Could Never Love Another (After Loving You) by the Temptations (#59); MacArthur Park by Richard Harris (#76); I Can't Make it Alone by Bill Medley (#83); Brooklyn Roads by Neil Diamond (#85); I'm Sorry by the Delfonics (#86); Angel of the Morning by Merrilee Rush (#91); Sleepy Joe by Herman's Hermits (#92); She's a Heartbreaker by Gene Pitney (#93); Reach Out of the Darkness by Friend and Lover (#95); Foggy Mountain Breakdown by Flatt and Scruggs (#97); Apologize by Ed Ames (#99); and A Tribute to a King by William Bell (#100). A Tribute to a King was a tribute to Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., who had been assassinated on April 4, 1968.

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (2nd week at #1)
2 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
3 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
4 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
5 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
6 Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim
7 Take Time to Know Her--Percy Sledge
8 Young Girl--The Union Gap
9 Love is All Around--The Troggs
10 U.S. Male--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were Congratulations by Cliff Richard (#54); Rock Around the Clock by Bill Haley and his Comets (#78); Lazy Sunday by Small Faces (#82); Jelly Jungle (Of Orange Marmalade) by the Lemon Pipers (#83); I Wish I Knew (How it Would Feel to Be Free) by Solomon Burke (#85); Harlem Lady by the Witness, Inc. (#86); Love in Every Room (Meme Si Tu Revenais) by Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (#87); The Happy Song (Dum-Dum) by Otis Redding (#88); Friends by the Beach Boys (#90); Cabaret by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass (#91); Yummy Yummy Yummy by Ohio Express (#93); The Shadow of Your Love by the Five Stairsteps and Cubie (#94); Love Machine by the Roosters (#96); Lili Marlene by Al Martino (#98); A Dime a Dozen by Carla Thomas (#99); and Only Me by the First Edition (#100). RPM didn't exist when Rock Around the Clock was first released in 1954, or when it achieved its greatest success in 1955.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Young Girl--The Union Gap
2 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
3 The Unknown Soldier--The Doors
4 Love is All Around--The Troggs
5 Delilah--Tom Jones
6 Black Day in July--Gordon Lightfoot
7 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
8 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
9 Does Your Mama Know About Me/Fading Away--Bobby Taylor & the Vancouvers
10 Scarborough Fair (/Canticle)--Simon & Garfunkel

Singles entering the chart were Here's to You by Hamilton Camp (#24); Look to Your Soul by Johnny Rivers (#26); I Wish I Knew (How it Would Feel to Be Free) by Solomon Burke (#27); Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#28); Like to Get to Know You by Spanky & Our Gang (#29); and How'd We Ever Get this Way by Andy Kim (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 I Love You--People
2 A Question of Temperature--Balloon Farm
3 I Can't Make it Anymore--The Original Caste
4 Love is All Around--The Troggs
5 Young Girl--The Union Gap
6 Goin' Away--The Fireballs
7 Call Me Lightning--The Who
8 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
9 In Need of a Friend--The Cowsills
10 Forever Came Today--Diana Ross and the Supremes
Pick hit of the week: Harlem Lady--The Witness, Inc.

Protest
Angered by Britain’s alleged military aid to Nigeria, Biafran demonstrators burned down five British buildings and thousands marched through the streets of three towns, chanting anti-British slogans.

Politics and government
At Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, a small group of students walked out on a campaign speech by U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey, but the audience of 3,000 cheered Mr. Humphrey when he decried "the censorship of walking out."

Horse racing
Dancer's Image, with Bobby Ussery up, finished first in the 94th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:02 1/5. However, three days later, when phenylbutazone, a substance banned at the time in Kentucky, was found in Dancer’s Image’s post-race urine test, he was listed as having finished last, and Forward Pass, with Ismael Valenzuela up, was awarded the first prize money of $122,600. Phenylbutazone was later legalized when it was discovered not to improve a horse’s performance.









Basketball
ABA
Finals
New Orleans 113 @ Pittsburgh 122 (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Charles Williams scored 35 points and Connie Hawkins added 20 points and 13 rebounds to help the Pipers defeat the Buccaneers at Civic Arena to win the first American Basketball Association championship. Doug Moe led New Orleans scorers with 28 points. The Pipers moved to Minnesota for the following season.

40 years ago
1978


War
Between 300 and 700 South African troops raided South-West African People’s Organization (SWAPO) bases in Angola, in response to recent guerrilla attacks in Namibia (South-West Africa). SWAPO bases and two smaller headquarters were destroyed.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. President Leonid Brezhnev began a visit to West Germany.

Disasters
A tornado killed 2 and injured 96 at an elementary school in Clearwater, Florida. In New Orleans, heavy rains left 4 dead and caused an estimated $60 million in damage.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 2 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Philadelphia 5 @ Boston 7 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Maybe We're About to Fall in Love--Tommy Nilsson (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Lillian Estelle Fisher, 97
. U.S. historian. Dr. Fisher was known for writing numerous works on colonial Latin America. She died three days after her 97th birthday.

War
Two days after entering Lebanon in pursuit of Palestinian guerrillas, Israeli troops fought a battle with Shiite Muslim militiamen in which 40 Lebanese and 3 Israelis were killed. The Israelis, using tanks, helicopter gunships and heavy artillery, fought in alliance with a mostly "Christian" mercenary force.

Terrorism
Three French hostages were freed in Lebanon.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk.

Society
Nearly 1.4 million illegal aliens met the deadline for applying for amnesty under a U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service policy. Those who claimed residence in the United States since January 1, 1982 could, if their claims could be proven, receive legal status and eventual citizenship. More than 100,000 rushed to apply on the last day. The INS estimated that more than half of the applications had come from California, and that about 71% nationwide had entered the country from Mexico.

Disasters
2 people were killed, 372 injured, and $100 million dollars of damage resulted when tons of space shuttle fuel detonate during a fire at the Pacific Engineering Production Company of Nevada (PEPCON) plant in Henderson, Nevada.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference
Finals
New Jersey 3 @ Boston 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Doug Brown scored at 17:46 of the 1st overtime period to give the Devils their win over the Bruins at Boston Garden.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Atlanta 115 @ Milwaukee 123 (Atlanta led best-of-five series 2-1)
Boston 100 @ New York 109 (Boston led best-of-five series 2-1)
Detroit 103 @ Washington 106 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

Western Conference
First Round
Portland 108 @ Utah 113 (Utah led best-of-seven series 2-1)

25 years ago
1993


Diplomacy
The United Nations took over leadership of the Somalia relief operation, as Lieutenant General Robert Johnston of the U.S. Marines ended U.S. leadership. The UN force, led by Turkish Lt. Gen. Cevik Bur, was expected to number 28,000 troops.

Health
U.S. President Bill Clinton bowed to Congressional opposition to his proposal for buying up and distributing all childhood vaccines in the United States.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference
Division Finals
Buffalo 3 @ Montreal 4 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
New York Islanders 0 @ Pittsburgh 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Guy Carbonneau scored at 2:50 of the 1st overtime period to give the Canadiens their win over the Sabres at the Montreal Forum. Vincent Damphousse scored 2 goals for Montreal.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Chicago 98 @ Atlanta 88 (Chicago won best-of-five series 3-0)
New York 93 @ Indiana 116 (New York led best-of-five series 2-1)

Western Conference
First Round
Phoenix 107 @ Los Angeles Lakers 102 (Los Angeles led best-of-five series 2-1)
Seattle 80 @ Utah 90 (Utah led best-of-five series 2-1)

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Sam Gentile, 81
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Gentile batted .250 with a double, a base on balls, and a run scored as a pinch hitter and pinch runner in 8 games with the Boston Braves in 1943. He played regularly as an outfielder for at least 7 seasons in the minor leagues from 1937-1946.

Alois Estermann, 43. Vatican military officer. The bodies of Commander of the Swiss Guard Colonel Estermann, his wife Gladys, and Vice-Corporal Cédric Tornay, were found in the Vatican shortly after Col. Estermann's appointment earlier in the day. Authorities suspected a murder-suicide by Vice-Corporal Tornay, although conspiracy theories abound.

Crime
The Unabomber, Ted Kaczynski, was sentenced to four life terms and an additional 30 years in prison. The sentencing judge said that Mr. Kaczynski "committed unspeakable and monstrous crimes for which he shows utterly no remorse."

Scandal
Susan McDougal, a former law partner of Bill and Hillary Clinton in the Whitewater land venture, was indicted by a U.S. grand jury in Arkansas on charges of criminal contempt of court and obstruction of justice for her refusal to answer questions about the President and Mrs. Clinton.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference
Quarter-Finals
Edmonton 4 @ Colorado 0 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Janne Niinimaa's goal at 4:22 of the 1st period held up as the winner as the Oilers completed their comeback from a 3-1 deficit in games to shock the Avalanche at McNichols Sports Arena in Denver. Curtis Joseph made 31 saves to earn his second straight shutout in goal for Edmonton, while Colorado goalie Patrick Roy allowed 4 goals on just 17 shots.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Semi-Finals
Los Angeles Lakers 92 @ Seattle 106 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 1-0)

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Fred Baur, 89
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Baur developed frying oils and freeze-dried ice cream, but was best known for designing and patenting the tubular packaging of Pringles potato chips.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 2 @ Pittsburgh 3 (OT) (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Western Conference
Semi-Finals
San Jose 1 @ Dallas 2 (4OT) (Dallas won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Marian Hossa scored for the Penguins at 7:10 of the 1st overtime period as they eliminated the Rangers at Mellon Arena.

Brenden Morrow's second overtime goal of the series, a powerplay goal at 9:03 of the 4th overtime period, enabled the Stars to eliminate the Sharks at American Airlines Center.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Atlanta 65 @ Boston 99 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Western Conference
Semi-Finals
Utah 98 @ Los Angeles Lakers 109 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 1-0)

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