Wednesday, 9 May 2018

May 9, 2018

430 years ago


Henri I, le duc de Guise’s troops occupied Paris, forcing King Henri III to flee.

230 years ago


The British parliament accepted petitions calling for the abolition of the slave trade.

225 years ago

Alexander Mackenzie left Fort York at the forks of the Peace and Smoky rivers in what is now Alberta, heading west with a party of nine. They eventually reached the Pacific Ocean via the Bella Coola River, becoming the first Europeans to cross North America using a route north of Mexico.

150 years ago


Anton Bruckner's Symphony No. 1 in C received its premiere performance in Vienna.

Fenian sympathizer Patrick Whelan was arrested and charged with the murder of Canadian politician Thomas D'Arcy McGee, who was shot in the head and killed outside his Sparks Street lodging house in Ottawa on April 7. Mr. Whelan was hanged for the murder on February 11, 1869.

130 years ago


With a 12-run lead, Louisville Colonels' right-handed pitcher Icebox Chamberlain held the Kansas City Cowboys scoreless, pitching left-handed for the last 2 innings of the Colonels' 18-6 win at Eclipse Park in Louisville.

The Chicago White Stockings scored 9 runs in the first 2 innings as they routed the Washington Nationals 13-2 at West Side Park in Chicago. John Greenig, a 40-year-old American Civil War veteran, went the distance on the mound for Washington in his only major league game, allowing 17 hits, 11 earned runs, and 2 home runs, while striking out 2 batters and walking none. He batted 0 for 3 with 2 strikeouts, and made 1 assist in the field.

125 years ago

Born on this date
William Moulton Marston
. U.S psychologist and author. Dr. Marston created the systolic blood pressure test, which became one component of the modern polygraph. He wrote essays in popular psychology, but was better known as the creator of the comic book character Wonder Woman, heavily influenced by his wife Elizabeth Holloway Marston and life partner Olive Byrne. Dr. Marston, his wife, and Miss Byrne, lived together, and the two women lived together after Dr. Marston died of skin cancer on May 2, 1947, a week before his 54th birthday.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Billy Jurges
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Jurges, who played mostly at shortstop, spent 17 years in the National League with the Chicago Cubs (1931-1938, 1946-1947) and New York Giants (1939-1945). In 1,816 games he batted .258. Mr. Jurges played in three World Series with the Cubs (1932, 1935, 1938). Future U.S. President Ronald Reagan was a radio broadcaster of Cubs’ games in the early 1930s, and he and Mr. Jurges became lifelong friends. Mr. Jurges took over as manager of the Boston Red Sox midway through the 1959 season, but his nervous temperament was unsuited for the position, and he was fired at about the same point in the 1960 season. The Red Sox posted 78 wins and 83 losses under Mr. Jurges as manager. Billy Jurges died on March 3, 1997 at the age of 88.

Died on this date
Charlie Nyce, 37
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Nyce, an infielder, batted .229 with 2 home runs and 9 runs batted in 9 games with the Boston Beaneaters in 1895. He died of consumption.

Politics and government
Dirk Fock took office as Governor of Suriname.

Art Devlin cracked a first inning double with the bases loaded and the New York Giants scored 7 runs off Irv Young in the first 2 innings, and Christy Mathewson scattered 10 hits in improving his record for the season to 6-0 as the Giants coasted to a 7-3 win over the Boston Braves before 14,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York in a game that was played in 1 hour 41 minutes.

Frank Chance doubled home Wildfire Schulte with the game's only run in the bottom of the 1st inning and Chick Fraser pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Howie Camnitz, improving his record for the season to 4-0, as the Chicago Cubs edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 1-0 before 7,845 fans at Exposition Park in Pittsburgh.

Lew Moren pitched a 6-hitter and drove in Kitty Bransfield with the game's only run in the bottom of the 8th inning as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the Brooklyn Superbas 1-0 before 3,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Messrs. Bransfield and Moren had the only hits against losing pitcher Kaiser Wilhelm. The game was played in 1 hour 20 minutes.

Jack Chesbro scattered 9 hits in pitching a complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Cy Young as the New York Highlanders edged the Boston Red Sox 2-1 before 9,575 fans at Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds in Boston. Mr. Young had 2 of the Boston hits.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Orville Freeman
. U.S. politician. Mr. Freeman was one of the founders of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party. He ran unsuccessfully for Governor of Minnesota in 1952, but was elected in 1954, serving from 1955-1961. Mr. Freeman was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1960, but was named United States Secretary of Agriculture by President John F. Kennedy, and he served in the administrations of Presidents Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson from 1961-1969. He died of Alzheimer's disease on February 20, 2003 at the age of 84.

Mike Wallace. U.S. journalist. Mr. Wallace, born Myron Wallace, acted in several radio and television programs and hosted game shows, but was best known as a newscaster and interviewer in a career that spanned 60 years. He was one of the regular correspondents of the television program 60 Minutes from the show's beginning in 1968 through 2006, appearing occasionally after that until January 2008. Mr. Wallace suffered from depression for many years, which he didn't publicly admit until his later years. He died on April 7, 2012 at the age of 93.

The British Royal Navy launched the Second Ostend Raid, an attempt to block the channels accessing the Belgian port of Ostend, which the Germans had been using as the base for their U-boat activities since 1918. The raid was unsuccessful, due to heavy German resistance and British navigational difficulties in poor weather. The cruiser HMS Vindictive was sunk as a blockship in the operation.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Constantin Dimitrescu, 81. Romanian musician and composer. Mr. Dimitrescu was principal cellist of the Bucharest Philharmonic and National Theater Orchestras. A Romantic composer, he had a great love for chamber music, and composed seven string quartets.

Royal V. Thomas, 23. U.S. aviator. Lieutenant Thomas, a champion solo duration flier, and his engineer, Vaughn Weatherby, were killed when their plane, flying low in speed tests, fell to the ground.

The crew of the Bremen--Gunther von Huenefeld, James Fitzmaurice, and Herman Koehl--flew from Curtiss Field, Long Island, New York, to Philadelphia on their continental tour.

U.S. President Calvin Coolidge declined an invitation from Russ Halley of Rapid City, South Dakota to go up in an airplane.

Ryvkichi Matsui arrived back in Tokyo 36 days after leaving the city to circle the globe, heading west. Toichi Araki had also left Tokyo on April 6, heading east. He hadn't yet returned by May 9.

Impeachment charges brought against judges George Carpenter, James Wilkerson, and Adam Cliffe of the Chicago Federal District Court were dismissed by the U.S. House Representatives Judiciary Committee at Washington.

80 years ago


Jimmie Foxx drove in 5 runs on a pair of home runs to pace the Boston Red Sox to a 15-3 drubbing of the Cleveland Indians at Fenway Park in Boston. Jim Bagby pitched a 6-hit complete game victory.

Debs Garms singled home 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 5-5 tie as the Boston Bees beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-5 before 1,219 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Pirates scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th to send the game into extra innings, as Boston manager Casey Stengel criticized home plate umpire Bill Klem for allowing the game to continue in horrible weather, and was ejected.

Joe Medwick tripled home 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 7-7 tie as the St. Louis Cardinals beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 9-7 before 1,414 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Dodgers, who had tied the game with 2 runs in the top of the 8th, loaded the bases with 2 out in the 9th, but pinch hitter Van Mungo made an out to St. Louis first baseman Johnny Mize to end the game. St. Louis shortstop Don Gutteridge had a single, double, home run, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in. Brooklyn catcher Roy Spencer batted 0 for 4, drawing a base on balls in the 9th inning, in the 636th and last game of his 12-year major league career.

75 years ago

More than 400 American planes carried out the biggest raid of the campaign against Palermo, Sicily at noon, smashing the industrial and dock area. Allied forces in Tunisia took 50,000 German and Italian prisoners, including four German generals, as Allied troops encircled the Cap Bon Peninsula. Indian and British troops abandoned Buthedaung, their Mayu River base 15 miles northeast of Maungdaw on the Bengal border.

Politics and government
The U.S. Student Assembly, meeting in New York, adopted a constitution barring Communists from membership.

70 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Illustrious Client

The New York Herald Tribune reported that Pilgrim's Inn by Elizabeth Gould was the best-selling fiction book in the U.S.A., and Peace of Mind by Joshua Liebman was the best-selling non-fiction book.

A solar eclipse was visible along a 5,320-mile path from the Aleutian Islands to the Indian Ocean.

Politics and government
The Ninth-of-May Constitution, modelled on that of the Soviet Union, went into effect in Czechoslovakia.

The Panamanian presidential election ended in a contested result, with Revolutionary Party candidate Arnulfo Arias claiming a narrow victory over Domingo Diaz Arosemena of the ruling Liberal Party.

The American Socialist Party, at its convention in Reading, Pennsylvania, named Norman Thomas as its 1948 U.S. presidential candidate for the sixth time.

In the second game of the Sunday doubleheader between the Pittsburgh Pirates and Brooklyn Dodgers before 40,797 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, umpire Beans Reardon continued the game through a 7 P.M. curfew because he believed the Pittsburgh Pirates to be stalling with a 5-4 lead. The Dodgers passed the Pirates for a 7-5 lead, but Ralph Kiner hit a 3-run home run to carry Pittsburgh to a 10-8 victory. Mr. Kiner also hit a 2-run homer in the 5th inning. The Pirates were fined $100 for violating the curfew. In the first game, the Dodgers scored 5 runs in the 8th inning and 6th in the 9th as they won 14-2. Brooklyn shortstop Pee Wee Reese hit a grand slam in the 8th and a 2-run double in the 9th. Don Gutteridge appeared as a pinch runner for the Pirates in the 7th inning of the first game; it was the 646th and last game of his 12-year major league career.

The Cleveland Indians swept a doubleheader before 34,298 fans at Fenway Park in Boston, beating the Boston Red Sox 4-1 in 10 innings and 9-5. A Ted Williams home run in the opener was the only Red Sox score, while Ken Keltner belted a pair of homers for the Indians. They both added another in the nightcap, but Larry Doby clouted a monstrous 2-run shot to dead center field for the Indians. Lyman Linde, the second of four Cleveland pitchers in the second game, allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--earned--in 6 innings, with 2 bases on balls and no strikeouts, batting 0 for 2 in the 4th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

The Philadelphia Athletics scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 10-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 28,319 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Detroit starting pitcher Dizzy Trout faced 5 batters, allowing 2 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 5 earned runs in taking the loss. Rufe Gentry, the third Detroit pitcher, allowed 2 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 2 runs--earned--in 3 2/3 innings, singling and scoring in his only plate appearance, in the 48th and last game of his 5-year major league career. Joe Coleman pitched a 9-hit complete game victory. The Athletics scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 8th to win the second game 5-3 to complete the sweep. Lou Brissie pitched an 8-hit complete game victory and singled in the final run.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Whole Lotta Woman--Marvin Rainwater (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Smallpox

At the movies
Vertigo, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring James Stewart and Kim Novak, received its premiere screening at the Stage Door Theater in San Francisco.

Died on this date
Joseph E. Davies, 81
. U.S. diplomat. Mr. Davies, a Democrat, held several posts, but was best known as U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1936-1938). As Ambassador to the U.S.S.R., Mr. Davies accepted dictator Josef Stalin's views at face value, and even supported Mr. Stalin's purges and show trials. Mr. Davies wrote about his experiences in the book Mission to Moscow (1941), which was made into a pro-Soviet propaganda movie in 1943. Mr. Davies died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

Khan Sahib. Pakistani politician. Khan Sahib, leader of Pakistan's dominant Republican Party and former Chief Minister of West Pakistan, was stabbed to death by an assassin.

Bill Goodwin, 47. U.S. radio and television announcer. Mr. Goodwin was the announcer for both the radio and television programs of George Burns and Gracie Allen. His last job was as the announcer for The Bob Hope Show on NBC radio from 1953-1955. Mr. Goodwin also appeared in several movies, such as The Stork Club (1945); The Jolson Story (1946); Tea For Two (1950); and The Big Beat (1957). He died of a heart attack.

The United States paroled the last four Nazi war criminals that it held.

The Peruvian government apologized for the previous day's attacks on U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon.

Anti-government violence erupted in several Lebanese cities, following opposition political appeals for a general strike.

Québec Premier Maurice Duplessis authorized an expenditure of $40 million from Hydro-Québec for the construction of the second section of the central hydroelectric plant of Bersimis, to serve the Manicouagan region.

Mikhail Botvinnik recaptured the world championship by defeating Vasily Smyslov 12 1/2 games to 10 1/2 games in a rematch in Moscow. Mr. Smyslov had taken the title from Mr. Botvinnik the previous year.

The Detroit Tigers bought pitcher Herm Wehmeier from the St. Louis Cardinals. After going 0-1 with a 13.50 earned run average in 3 games with the Cardinals, the 13-year veteran finished his major league career by going 1-0 with a 2.35 ERA in 7 games with the Tigers.

After six straight home rainouts, the New York Yankees played their first home night game of the year, against the Washington Senators. Mickey Mantle broke a 2-2 tie in the 3rd inning with an inside-the-park solo home run, 450 feet to center field, off Pedro Ramos. New York rolled to a 9-5 win before 18,604 fans at Yankee Stadium. Bob Turley pitched a 7-hit complete game, allowing 4 earned runs, while contributing the last New York run when he led off the 8th inning with a home run.

Early Wynn pitched a 2-hitter and batted 1 for 2 with a base on balls, a run, and a run batted in to lead the Chicago White Sox over the Cleveland Indians 5-0 before 2,055 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Ted Kluszewski led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a home run to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 1-0 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 21,304 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Ron Kline allowed 8 hits in pitching a 12-inning shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Robin Roberts, who allowed just 4 hits in also pitching a complete game.

Willie Mays batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, a double, 3 runs, and 5 runs batted in to lead the San Francisco Giants over the Los Angeles Dodgers 11-3 before 20,653 fans at Seals Stadium in San Francisco. Ramon Monzant pitched a 10-hit complete game victory. Ron Negray, the third of four Los Angeles pitchers, allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--earned--in 3 2/3 innings, striking out in his only plate appearance, in the 66th and last game of his 4-year major league career.

50 years ago

Died on this date
Finlay Currie, 90
. U.K. actor. Mr. Currie was best known for film roles in his later years, including 49th Parallel (1941); Great Expectations (1946); Quo Vadis (1951); Ivanhoe (1952); Ben-Hur (1959); and The Fall of the Roman Empire (1964).

Marion Lorne, 84. U.S. actress. Miss Lorne played Aunt Clara in the 1960s television comedy series Bewitched, and won a posthumous Emmy Award in 1968 for supporting role in a comedy. Her first movie role was as Robert Walker’s mother in Strangers on a Train (1951); her last movie role was a bit part in The Graduate (1967).

Harold Gray, 74. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Gray created the comic strip Little Orphan Annie in 1924, and wrote and drew the strip until his death.

Phil Arnold, 58. U.S. actor. Mr. Arnold had small roles in many movies and television shows, too numerous to mention here. His last appearance was in Otto Preminger’s stinker Skidoo (1968). Mr. Arnold died of a heart attack; it’s unknown if this was caused by appearing in such a turkey.

Former Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson was appointed Professor of International Affairs at Carleton University.

The United Steelworkers of America endorsed Vice President Hubert Humphrey as their U.S. presidential candidate of choice.

At the United Auto Workers of America convention in Atlantic City, delegates approved withholding AFL-CIO dues, which were to be put in escrow pending a special convention sought by the UAW to hear the auto union’s demands for reform.

12 wedding guests were killed when the balcony of a house in Patna, India collapsed.

40 years ago

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Sleeping Gypsy

Died on this date
Aldo Moro, 61
. Prime Minister of Italy, 1963-1968, 1974-1976. Mr. Moro, a Christian Democrat, held several cabinet posts before serving as Prime Minister. He was one of Italy's longest-serving post-World War II Prime Ministers, largely because of the "Historic Compromise," an accommodation with Communist Party leader Enrique Berlinger. Mr. Moro, who probably would have become Italy's next President, was kidnapped by Red Brigade terrorists on March 16, 1978. The Christian Democratic government of Prime Miniser Giulio Andreotti refused to negotiate, and Mr. Moro's bullet-riddled body was found abandoned in a parked car in Rome.

A city ordinance in Wichita, Kansas prohibiting discrimination in housing, unemployment, and public accommodations on the basis of sexual or affectational preference was repealed in a referendum.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 2 @ Toronto 0 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Boston 4 @ Philadelphia 2 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The Canadiens scored their goals early in the game as they eliminated the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens, with Ken Dryden getting the shutout in goal.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (3rd week at #1)

Syria indicated the possibility of sending in troops to halt the bloodshed in the slums of southern Beirut. At least 150 people had been killed in the fighting in the past four days. More than 400 people, many of them civilians, were being treated in hospital.

Politics and government
In Belgium, Prime Minister Wilfried Martens formed his eighth government since taking office in 1981.

Gary Filmon took office as Premier of Manitoba, following the victory of his Progressive Conservatives over the governing New Democratic Party in the April 26 provincial election.

Australia's new parliament building was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in Sydney.

Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Edmonton 4 @ Detroit 3 (OT) (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Jarri Kurri scored at 11:02 of the 1st overtime period to give the Oilers their win over the Red Wings at Joe Louis Arena.

Jerry Reuss of the Chicago White Sox picked up his 200th career major league victory with 7 1/3 shutout innings in Chicago's 3-0 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 12,757 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Baltimore right fielder Tito Landrum batted 0 for 2, with 2 putouts in the field in the 607th and last game of his 9-year major league career.

Roger Clemens pitched a 3-hitter and struck out 16 batters while walking only 1 to improve his record for the season to 5-1, winning the pitchers' duel over Mark Gubicza as the Boston Red Sox shut out the Kansas City Royals 2-0 before 24,806 fans at Royals Stadium. Mr. Gubicza allowed 7 hits and 1 earned run in 8 1/3 innings.

The Oakland Athletics beat the Detroit Tigers 3-1 before 35,300 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum to extend their club-record winning streak to 14 games, the longest in the major leagues since 1977. Oakland led the American League West division by 8 games.

The Atlanta Braves scored 6 unearned runs in the bottom of the 3rd inning to take a 7-0 lead, but just held on to defeat the Montreal Expos 9-8 before 4,274 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. The Expos scored 4 runs in the 8th and Johnny Paredes led off the 9th with a double, but Bruce Sutter retired Hubie Brooks on a ground ball to shortstop and struck out Tim Wallach and Andres Galarraga to end the game.

Danny Jackson pitched a 2-hitter to improve his record for the season to 5-1 as the Cincinnati Reds shut out the Philadelphia Phillies 2-0 before 19,303 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Losing pitcher David Palmer allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Informer--Snow

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What is Love?--Haddaway

#1 single in Switzerland: Informer--Snow

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Five Live (EP)--George Michael & Queen with Lisa Stansfield (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Penelope Gilliatt, 61
. U.K. writer. Mrs. Gilliatt wrote fiction and non-fiction, and was best known for her film reviews for The New Yorker in the 1960s and '70s. She was nominated for her screenplay for Sunday, Bloody Sunday (1971). Mrs. Gilliat drank herself to death.

Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Finals
Toronto 4 @ St. Louis 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Vancouver 7 @ Los Angeles 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Eastern Conference
First Round
New Jersey 89 @ Cleveland 99 (Cleveland won best-of-five series 3-2)

Charlotte 95 @ New York 111 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Western Conference
First Round
Los Angeles Lakers 104 @ Phoenix 112 (Phoenix won best-of-five series 3-2)

The Atlanta Braves defeated the Colorado Rockies 12-7 before 70,786 fans at Mile High Stadium in Denver as the Rockies set a record for reaching attendance of 1 million for the season, reaching the mark in just the 17th home game of the season. David Justice hit 2 home runs and drove in 5 runs for the Braves.

Chicago Cubs' first baseman Mark Grace hit for the cycle in the Cubs' 5-4 loss to the San Diego Padres before 30,062 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Alice Faye, 83
. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Faye appeared in movie musicals in the 1930s and 1940s, including Alexander’s Ragtime Band (1938). She was married to bandleader Phil Harris for many years, and they starred in two NBC radio series together: Fitch Bandwagon (1946-1948); and The Phil Harris and Alice Faye Show (1948-1954).

Ray Noble, 79. Cuban-born U.S. baseball player. A catcher, Mr. Noble played 106 games with the New York Giants from 1951-1953, batting .218 with 9 home runs. He made two pinch hitting appearances in the 1951 World Series.

Economics and finance
Leading western industrial nations moved against Serbia, imposing an investment ban and freezing assets abroad in concern over violence in the southern Serbian province of Kosovo. Ministers called for discussions between Belgrade and the Albanian leadership.

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Ottawa 1 @ Washington 6 (Washington led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Western Conference
Edmonton 2 @ Dallas 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Eastern Conference
Indiana 76 @ New York 83 (Indiana led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Western Conference
Utah 64 @ San Antonio 86 (Utah led best-of-seven series 2-1)

10 years ago

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Philadelphia 2 @ Pittsburgh 4 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Western Conference
Los Angeles Lakers 99 @ Utah 104 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-1)

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