Wednesday, 14 July 2021

July 13, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Liz Nelson and Tom Higgins!

530 years ago

Died on this date
Afonso, 16
. Portuguese royal family member. Prince Afonso, the only son of King João II, married Isabella of Aragon in 1490 and was heir apparent to the throne, but was killed in an equestrian accident.

400 years ago

Died on this date
Albrecht VII, 61
. Sovereign of the Netherlands, 1598-1621. Albrecht VII, the fifth son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II, held various titles, including Viceroy of Portugal (1583-1593) and Archduke of Austria (March-October 1619). He acceded to the latter position upon the death of his brother Matthias, but abdicated in favour of Ferdinand II. Albrecht VII died after a period of declining health.

200 years ago

Born on this date
Nathan Bedford Forrest
. C.S. military officer. Lieutenant General Forrest served with the Confederate States Army in the American Civil War, where he earned a reputation as a brilliant strategist, but was regarded by Union forces as a war criminal for the massacre of Negro and Loyalist troops who had already surrendered in the Battle of Fort Pillow in 1864. He was one of the early founders of the Ku Klux Klan, and became its first Grand Wizard in 1867. Lt. Gen. Forrest officially dissolved the KKK in January 1869 and withdrew from participation in the organization. He died, reportedly from the effects of diabetes, on October 29, 1877 at the age of 56.

190 years ago

Politics and government
Regulamentul Organic, a quasi-constitutional organic law, was adopted in Wallachia, one of the two Danubian Principalities that were to become the basis of Romania.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Eric Portman
. U.K. actor. Mr. Portman appeared in plays and films from 1924-1969, with his career peaking in the 1940s when he starred in movies such as 49th Parallel (1941); One of Our Aircraft is Missing (1942); and We Dive at Dawn (1943). Mr. Portman died of heart disease on December 7, 1969 at the age of 68.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Bob Steele
. U.S. radio personality. Mr. Steele joined station WTIC in Hartford, Connecticut in 1936, and was its morning announcer from 1943-1991. He hosted a Saturday morning show on WTIC from 1991 until his death on December 6, 2002 at the age of 91.

Died on this date
Allan McLean, 71
. U.K.-born Australian politician. Mr. McLean, a native of Scotland, moved to Australia as a child. He represented Gippsland North in the Victorian Legislative Assembly (1880-1901), holding several cabinet posts and serving as Premier of Victoria (1899-1900). Mr. McLean opposed Australian federation, but entered federal politics after it took effect in 1901, and represented Gippsland in the House of Representatives (1901-1906) as a member of the Protectionist Party, serving as Minister for Trade and Customs (1904-1905). Mr. McLean narrowly lost in seat in the 1906 federal election, and died after long suffering from a rheumatic condition.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Ernest Gold
. Austrian-born U.S. composer. Mr. Gold, whose real name was Ernst Goldner, moved to the United States following the German anschluss of Austria in 1938. He was best known for his film scores, winning an Academy Award for his score for Exodus (1960), and receiving an Oscar nomination for On the Beach (1959). Mr. Gold's works included two symphonies and a piano concerto. He died on March 17, 1999 at the age of 77 from complications following a stroke.

Died on this date
Gabriel Lippmann, 75
. Luxembourgian physicist. Dr. Lippmann was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference." He invented the Lippmann electrometer, which was used in the first electrocardiograph machine. Dr. Lippmann died aboard the steamer France while en route from Canada.

Jim Thorpe hit 3 home runs to lead the Toledo Mud Hens to a 17-4 rout of the Milwaukee Brewers in an American Association game.

80 years ago

Montenegrans began a popular uprising against the Axis powers. The first units of the Spanish Blue Division passed through Bordeaux, France on their way to fight Soviet forces on the Eastern front. Canada approved the Anglo-Soviet treaty that followed the German invasion of the U.S.S.R. Delegates to a Chicago meeting of the America First Committee adopted a resolution that U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox be removed from office for his outright advocacy of undeclared war.

Vic Ghezzi won the only major tournament of his career, defeating Byron Nelson in 38 holes of match play to win the PGA Championship at Cherry Hills Country Club in Englewood, Colorado.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (Best Seller--8th week at #1; Juke Box--7th week at #1); The Gypsy--Dinah Shore (Airplay--7th week at #1); The Gypsy--The Ink Spots; Dinah Shore (Honor Roll of Hits--8th week at #1)

U.S.S.R. Professor Gavril Tikhov said that astrobotanical studies showed there was vegetation on Mars.

Nationalist Chinese commanders reported that 20,000 Communist troops were attacking near Tientsin, Paoting, and Tsingtao in northern China. Communist troops seize seven U.S. Marines in a village along the Peking-Mukden railroad, claiming they were aiding Nationalist forces.

World events
The Egyptian cabinet dissolved 11 educational, scientific, cultural, social, and labour organizations for propagating "subversive" ideas.

The U.S. War Department announced the creation of the Army Air Forces University at Maxwell Field, Alabama to provide career training for Air Force officers.

Politics and government
Ingram Stainback was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Governor of Hawaii.

A U.S. federal district court in Atlanta issued an injunction to stop the purging of names of Negroes from voter registration lists in Atkinson County, Georgia.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Joseph Clovese, 107
. U.S. soldier. Mr. Clovese, the last Negro veteran of the Union Army in the American Civil War, died in Dearborn, Michigan.

Arnold Schoenberg, 76. Austrian-born U.S. composer. Mr. Schoenberg developed the twelve-tone technique of composition, and was one of the most influential composers of the 20th century, although people who like beautiful melodies find his music unlistenable. Mr. Schoenberg fled to the United States after the Nazis took power in Germany in 1933, and became an American citizen in 1941, living in Los Angeles until his death from apoplexy, perhaps hastened by his triskaidekaphobia. He died 15 minutes before midnight on Friday the 13th.

A Philippine advisory commission reported to President Elpidio Quirino that the Japanese peace treaty proposed by the United States and United Kingdom was "unacceptable" because it would soon restore Japan as the dominant power in Asia.

Norway and Denmark ended their state of war with Germany.

The U.S. State Department announced an agreement with Saudi Arabia providing for continued American use of the Dhahran airfield in exchange for Arab purchases of U.S. military equipment.

The U.S.A. and U.K. signed an agreement covering U.S. technical assistance to autonomous British overseas territories.

The Journal of the American Medical Association reported evidence that anti-coagulant drugs could save the limbs of frostbite victims.

After giving up 2 runs in the top of the 19th inning, the Chicago White Sox scored 3 in the bottom of the inning, scoring the winning run with 1 out as they edged the Boston Red Sox 5-4 before 25,211 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago, moving within 3 percentage points of the first-place Red Sox. Mickey McDermott pitched the first 17 innings for the Red Sox as the teams tied a then-major league record for the longest night game.

Joe Collins hit a grand slam with 2 out in the top of the 3rd inning to give the New York Yankees a 4-0 lead over the Cleveland Indians, and a 2-run homer by Gil McDougald in the 4th made it 6-0, but a 3-run homer by Jim Hegan climaxed a 5-run rally in the bottom of the 4th, and Al Rosen added a 3-run home run in the bottom of the 5th as the Indians came back to win 11-8 before 45,097 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Runaway--Del Shannon (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Bert Oja, 53
. Canadian football player. Mr. Oja was a lineman with the Winnipeg Rugby Football Club when they became the first western team to win the Grey Cup in 1935. After his playing career, he served with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers as an assistant coach.

Economics and finance
The appropriately-named James Coyne, under criticism for his policies from many economists and from the government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, resigned as Governor of the Bank of Canada.

Mack Jones of the Milwaukee Braves tied a National League record with 4 hits--3 singles and a double--in 5 at bats, with a run and a run batted in his first major league game, leading the Braves to a 6-5 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 12,604 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Mr. Jones batted leadoff and played center field, but oddly, had no fielding chances.

Frank Robinson led off the bottom of the 7th inning with a home run to tie the score 3-3 and singled home Don Blasingame from second base with none out in the bottom of the 9th to give the Cincinnati Reds a 4-3 win over the Chicago Cubs before 14,601 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Jim O'Toole (8-7) allowed 4 hits and 2 earned runs in a complete game win over Don Cardwell (8-7).

Roger Maris hit his 34th home run of the season--a 2-run blast--and Mickey Mantle followed with his 30th homer of the season as the New York Yankees scored 4 runs in the top of the 1st inning and coasted to a 6-2 win over the Chicago White Sox before 43,960 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Bill Stafford (8-4) allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 innings to get the win, with Luis Arroyo allowing just 1 hit in 3 scoreless innings to earn his 19th save of the season. Early Wynn (7-2) allowed 4 hits and 4 earned runs in just 0.2 innings. Sherm Lollar and Frank Baumann hit consecutive home runs for the White Sox to begin the bottom of the 5th inning; it was the 2nd homer of the season for Mr. Baumann, who allowed 6 hits and no runs in 6.1 innings in relief of Mr. Wynn.

The Minnesota Twins scored 5 unearned runs in the top of the 1st inning--the last 4 coming on a grand slam by Ted Lepcio--as they beat the Cleveland Indians 9-6 before 3,491 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The 1st-inning runs scored after an error by Cleveland shortstop Mike de la Hoz on what should have been the third out. Jim Lemon and Harmon Killebrew also homered for Minnesota, while Willie Kirkland hit a home run for Cleveland. Pedro Ramos (6-10) allowed 10 hits and 6 earned runs in 7.1 innings, but got the win over Mudcat Grant (8-3).

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Butterfly--Danyel Gérard (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Michael Bassett, 24
. U.K. criminal. Mr. Bassett's body was found in a Ford Escort near the village of Barlaston in Staffordshire. The body was accompanied by a suicide note in which he admitted killing three young French tourists whose bodies had been discovered two days earlier.

Jordanian forces launched an all-out attack against Palestinian commandos operating in northern Jordan.

World events
10 army officers involved in an aborted coup in Morocco were executed.

The governments of Canada and Ontario announced their intention to establish Pukaskwa National Park, a semi-wilderness region on north shore of Lake Superior. The park was established in 1978.

Major League All-Star Game @ Tiger Stadium, Detroit
National League 4 @ American League 6

All the runs scored on home runs as the AL beat the NL before 53,559 fans. Johnny Bench hit a 2-run homer in the 2nd inning, and Hank Aaron added a solo shot in the 3rd off AL starting pitcher Vida Blue to give the NL a 3-0 lead. The AL responded with 4 runs in the bottom of the 3rd on 2-run homers by Reggie Jackson and Frank Robinson off NL starter Dock Ellis. Mr. Jackson's blast hit a transformer and was estimated to have travelled 520 feet. Harmon Killebrew hit a 2-run homer off Ferguson Jenkins in the 6th inning to give the AL a 6-3 lead, and Roberto Clemente hit a solo homer in the 8th off Mickey Lolich to make the score 6-4. Mr. Blue was the winning pitcher; Mr. Ellis took the loss.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Nagai Yoru--Chiharu Matsuyama

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes

Died on this date
Martin Hurson, 24
. U.K. terrorist. Mr. Hurson, a native of Northern Ireland, was a member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army who was serving three concurrent sentences for involvement in land mine incidents when he died on the 46th day of a hunger strike.

The Salt Lake Gulls took a 15-2 lead after 5½ innings and held on to defeat the Edmonton Trappers 16-12 in Pacific Coast League action at Renfrew Park in Edmonton. The press box was rather crowded, as it contained not only the Trappers' and Gulls' broadcast crews, but that of the Gulls' parent club as well. Bob Starr, Dick Nelson, and Don Drysdale, who usually broadcast the California Angels' games on Los Angeles radio station KMPC, were covering the Gulls' games while the major leagues were on strike, and occupied the space normally taken by the visiting team's broadcaster. Salt Lake broadcaster Rory Markas, who later moved up to become the voice of the Angels, sat in the middle of the press box next to this blogger, as I performed my usual duties as sound man. Al Coates, whose broadcasts of Trappers' games were carried on CFRN, occupied his usual booth.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Read My Lips--Melissa

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Aquest Any Si--Varios

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--Les Inconnus (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 More than Words--Extreme
2 I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
3 Gypsy Woman (La Da Dee La Da Da)--Crystal Waters
4 Driver's Seat--Sniff 'n' the Tears
5 The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher
6 Mooi Man--Mannenkoor Karrespoor
7 Burbujas de Amor--Juan Luis Guerra y 4;40
8 Senza Una Donna (Without a Woman)--Zucchero & Paul Young
9 Anasthasia--T99
10 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul

Singles entering the chart were You Could Be Mine by Guns N' Roses (#23); (Everything I Do) I Do it for You by Bryan Adams (#24); Paradise by Timmy T (#29); Hey Stoopid by Alice Cooper (#37); and Lovesick by Gang Starr (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul (5th week at #1)
2 Unbelievable--EMF
3 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
4 I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
5 Power of Love/Love Power--Luther Vandross
6 Place in this World--Michael W. Smith
7 Here I Am (Come and Take Me)--UB40
8 Piece of My Heart--Tara Kemp
9 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
10 Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters

Singles entering the chart were Time, Love and Tenderness by Michael Bolton (#59); You Could Be Mine by Guns N' Roses (#64); Unforgettable by Natalie Cole (Duet with Nat King Cole) (#68); Pop Goes the Weasel by 3rd Bass (#82); My Fallen Angel by Coro (#97); and The Sound of Your Voice by 38 Special (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Unbelievable—EMF
2 Rush, Rush--Paula Abdul
3 I Wanna Sex You Up—Color Me Badd
4 Place in this World--Michael W. Smith
5 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
6 More than Words—Extreme
7 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
8 Here I Am (Come and Take Me)--UB40
9 Lily was Here--David A. Stewart introducing Candy Dulfer
10 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate

Singles entering the chart were Time, Love and Tenderness by Michael Bolton (#69); Everybody Plays the Fool by Aaron Neville (#81); Gotta Have You by Stevie Wonder (#84); I Don't Wanna See You by Michael Morales (#86); and Something to Talk About by Bonnie Raitt (#89). Gotta Have You was from the movie Jungle Fever (1991).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Rush, Rush—Paula Abdul (2nd week at #1)
2 More than Words—Extreme
3 Walking in Memphis—Marc Cohn
4 Unbelievable--EMF
5 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
6 A Better Love--Londonbeat
7 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
8 Power of Love/Love Power--Luther Vandross
9 Chocolate Cake--Crowded House
10 Wind of Change--Scorpions

Singles entering the chart were Have a Heart by Celine Dion (#70); Say it with Love by the Moody Blues (#86); Rockaway by Ric Ocasek (#87); Perfect World by Alias (#89); Hole Hearted by Extreme (#91); Just Like You by Robbie Neville (#92); Kiss Me on the Lips by Paradox (#94); and Mad About You by Sting (#98).

Politics and government
The Gwich'in people of the Mackenzie River Delta settled a land claim after 20 years of negotiations. They were awarded 15,000 square kilometres of land and $75 million in the first regional settlement of the government of Canada with northern native groups.

Uniroyal Goodrich employees in Kitchener, Ontario accepted concessions to preserve 1,000 of 2,000 jobs.

Winnipeg (1-0) 23 @ Hamilton (0-1) 9

Bob Milacki, Mike Flanagan, Mark Williamson, and Gregg Olson combined to pitch a no-hitter for the Baltimore Orioles as they shut out the Oakland Athletics 2-0 before 40,047 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mr. Milacki (5-3) left the game after 6 innings because of an injured index finger, hit by a line drive from Willie Wilson. The remaining pitchers each pitched an inning.

Kelly Gruber hit a 2-run home run off relief pitcher Jeff Russell (2-2) with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to give the Toronto Blue Jays a 3-2 win over the Texas Rangers before 50,270 fans at SkyDome in Toronto. Texas starting pitcher Nolan Ryan allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run, striking out 7, and left after 6.1 innings with a 2-1 lead.

Jeff Johnson allowed 4 hits in 8.1 innings before relief pitcher Steve Farr induced Dave Winfield to ground into a game-ending double play as the New York Yankees shut out the California Angels 2-0 before 37,030 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Losing pitcher Jim Abbott (7-7) allowed just 4 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game.

The Cleveland Indians scored 2 runs in the 7th inning and 4 in the 9th to overcome a 3-0 deficit and defeat the Seattle Mariners 6-3 before 20,726 fans at Kingdome in Seattle.

The New York Mets scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the San Diego Padres 3-1 before 33,149 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Winning pitcher David Cone (9-5) allowed 5 hits and 1 unearned run in 8 innings, striking out 13 batters and walking none.

Trailing 5-2 after 5 innings, the San Francisco Giants scored 2 runs in the 6th inning, 1 in the 8th, and 2 in the 9th to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 7-5 before 23,017 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Summer is Crazy--Alexia (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Macarena--Los Del Rio (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Macarena--Los Del Rio

#1 single in France (SNEP): Tic, Tic Tac--Carrapicho

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 How Do U Want It/California Love--2Pac featuring K-Ci and JoJo/2 Pac featuring Dr. Dre & Roger Troutman
2 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
3 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony
4 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
5 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
6 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
7 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
8 Twisted--Keith Sweat
9 C'mon N' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ's
10 Why I Love You So Much/Ain't Nobody--Monica

Singles entering the chart were I Can't Sleep Baby (If I) by R. Kelly (#17); It's a Party by Busta Rhymes featuring Zhane (#61); Where Do We Go from Here by Vanessa Williams (#80); All Along by Blessid Union of Souls (#83); Tucker's Town by Hootie & the Blowfish (#88); and The Things that You Do by Gina Thompson (#92). Where Do We Go from Here was from the movie Eraser (1996).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
2 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony
3 How Do You Want It/California Love--2Pac (featuring KC and JoJo)/(featuring Dr. Dre & Roger Troutman)
4 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
5 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
6 Why I Love You So Much--Monica
7 Theme from Mission: Impossible--Adam Clayton & Larry Mullen, Jr.
8 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
9 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
10 Twisted--Keith Sweat

Singles entering the chart were My Boo by Ghost Town DJ’s (#40); Where Do You Go by No Mercy (#63); Where Do We Go from Here by Deborah Cox (#75); Loungin by LL Cool J (#77); and Tucker's Town by Hootie & the Blowfish (#81).

Died on this date
Pandro S. Berman, 91
. U.S. movie producer. Mr. Berman was with RKO Radio Pictures in the 1930s before moving to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. He was nominated for, but never won, the Academy Award for Best Picture for The Gay Divorcee (1934); Top Hat (1935); Alice Adams (1935); Stage Door (1937); Father of the Bride (1950); and Ivanhoe (1952).

Horse racing
Cigar won his 16th straight race, winning the Citation Challenge at Arlington Park outside Chicago, and matching the record modern era winning streak set by Citation from 1946-1948. Cigar's streak was halted in August by the 39-1 longshot Dare and Go in the Pacific Classic, and he was retired in November 1996.

20 years ago

Winnipeg (2-0) 30 @ Toronto (0-2) 16
Saskatchewan (1-1) 11 @ Edmonton (1-1-0-1) 13

Mike Piazza's 300th career major league home run, leading off the bottom of the 9th inning, was his team's only scoring as the New York Mets lost 3-1 to the Boston Red Sox before 42,219 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

10 years ago

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1999 was adopted, admitting South Sudan to member status in the United Nations.

Mumbai was rocked by three bomb blasts during the evening rush hour, killing 26 people and injuring 130.

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