Sunday, 23 June 2019

June 23, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!

425 years ago

The Portuguese carrack Cinco Chagas, loaded with slaves and treasure, was attacked and sunk by English ships off Faial Island in the Azores, with only 13 survivors out of over 700 on board.

225 years ago

World events
Empress Catherine II of Russia granted Jews permission to settle in Kiev.

170 years ago

Born on this date
John Hunn
. U.S. politician. Mr. Hunn, a Republican, was Governor of Delaware from 1901-1905. He died on September 1, 1926 at the age of 77.

130 years ago


In the American Association, the Louisville Colonels ended their record 26-game losing streak, improving their record to 9-46 with a 7-3 win over the St. Louis Browns at Eclipse Park in Louisville.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Alfred Kinsey
. U.S. sexologist. Dr. Kinsey, a biologist by training, founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University in 1947. He published the reports Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), which created the impression that the American people were far more liberal in their sexual behaviour than they actually were, or were willing to admit. Dr. Kinsey was reported to be bisexual, and he devised a scale of sexuality in which bisexuality rather than heterosexuality was the norm. It wasn't until many years after the publication of his reports that it was revealed that a disproportionate number of Dr. Kinsey's subjects in his research on male sexuality were convicted sex offenders, and a disproportionate number of his female subjects were prostitutes--not exactly representative of the majority of the American people. Dr. Kinsey has been credited with creating the modern sexual revolution, and gets this blogger's vote as the most influential person in Western culture in the last half of the 20th century. He died of a reported heart ailment and pneumonia on August 25, 1956 at the age of 62.

Harold Barrowclough. Chief Justice of the New Zealand Supreme Court, 1953-1966. Major General Sir Harold earned numerous decorations for service in both world wars before serving as New Zealand's Chief Justice and setting up the New Zealand Court of Appeal. He died on March 4, 1972 at the age of 77.

Edward VIII. King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions, Emperor of India, 1936. Edward VIII acceded to the throne on January 20, 1936 on the death of his father George V, but abdicated the throne on December 10, 1936 in order to marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson. He was succeeded as King-Emperor by his younger brother, George VI, who gave Edward the title Duke of Windsor. The Duke of Windsor was suspected of Nazi sympathies, and was Governor of the Bahamas from 1940-1945, far away from the action during World War II. The Duke and Duchess of Windsor spent their remaining years as socialites; he died of throat cancer on May 28, 1972 at the age of 77.

The International Olympic Committee was founded at the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.

120 years ago

The town of Newcastle, New Brunswick was incorporated.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Mohammed Boudiaf
. Chairman of the High Council of State of Algeria, 1992. Mr. Boudiaf was one of the founders of the Front de libération nationale (FLN) that led Algeria's war of independence against France from 1962-1965. After independence, Mr. Boudiaf fell into disfavour, and spent 27 years in exile in Morocco. He was invited back to Algeria to become Chairman of the High Council of State, a figurehead body for the military junta in power at the time. He was assassinated by a bodyguard on June 29, 1992 at the age of 73, while making a televised speech at the opening of a cultural centre in Annaba in his first public appearance outside Algiers since becoming head of state.

Estonian and Latvian forces defeated the German Baltische Landeswehr in the Battle of Cēsis in Latvia; it was the decisive battle in the Estonian War of Independence, and the date is celebrated annually as Victory Day in Estonia.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Lomer Gouin led his governing Liberal Party to its seventh consecutive victory, taking 51.9% of the vote and 74 of 81 seats in the Legislative Assembly in the Quebec provincial election. The Conservatives, led by Arthur Sauvé, won 5 seats, receiving just 17% of the vote. The Parti ouvrier (Labour Party) took the remaining 2 seats.

80 years ago

Bob Feller had 3 hits while getting his 11th win of the season as the Cleveland Indians defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 12-5 before 3,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Indians scored 7 runs in the 7th inning and 2 in the 8th.

Bill Lohrman pitched a 2-hit shutout and had a double of his own as the New York Giants blanked the Cincinnati Reds 7-0 before 9,731 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Mel Ott hit a solo home run, and Zeke Bonura added 4 singles for the Giants.

Stan Hack singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, stole second base, and scored on a 2-out error by second baseman Heinie Mueller to give the Chicago Cubs a 4-3 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 6,762 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Bill Lee pitched an 8-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Max Butcher.

75 years ago

The Canadian Army went into action for the first time as a separate unit, not under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's British command. U.S. troops in France fought their way through the outer Cherbourg defenses against fierce opposition. The Soviet Red Army opened its summer offensive on the main eastern front with an attack upon Vitebsk. U.S. carrier-based planes attacked Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, shooting down 116 enemy aircraft while losing just 5. The United States Senate committee investigating military spending called the Liberty ship "the truck horse of the sea," but opposed its use as a troop or hospital ship because of slow speed and possible structural defects.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt named Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau chairman of the U.S. delegation to the upcoming Bretton Woods Conference.

146 people were killed and over 1,000 injured when a tornado swept through parts of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Maryland.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Volume One, hosted by Wyllis Cooper, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Number Two, starring Anne Seymour, Donald Briggs, and Sid Cassel

The Screen Writers Guild presented its first annual awards for writing excellnce to Mary Jane Ward (The Snake Pit); B. Traven (The Treasure of the Sierra Madre); and Sidney Sheldon, Frances Goodrich, and Albert Hackett (Easter Parade). The movies were all released in 1948.

Politics and government
Hungarian Deputy Premier Matyas Rakosi announced a purge of the country's Communist Party, involving the expulsion of 200,000 party members (18% of the membership). Mr. Rakosi attributed the purge to the discovery of a spy ring within the party.

U.S. Senator Hugh Baker (Republican--Nebraska) submitted a report to the Senate Insular Affairs Committee charing International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union President Harry Bridges with being the "unseen Communist dictator" of Hawaii's economy, and urging that statehood be withheld from the islands until Communism was suppressed there.

Former U.S. State Department official Alger Hiss took the stand in his perjury trial to deny all charges against him.

A U.S. federal district court in Newark denied former German-American Bund leader August Klapprott's petition for restoration of his American citizenship.

Trans World Airways President Ralph Damon received the International League of Aviators' American national trophy for 31 years of service to aviation.

A U.S. federal court in Toledo, Ohio issued a consent judgement against price collusion in the glass fiber industry involving Owens-Corning Fiberglass, Owens-Illinois Glass, and the Corning Glass Works.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Boris Vian, 39
. French polymath. Mr. Vian was a musician, writer, painter, and inventor. He was a jazz trumpeter, and influential jazz critic. He wrote and performed his own songs, and in the mid-late 1950s, wrote some of France's first rock and roll songs. Mr. Vian is primarily known today for his novels, in which he used surrealistic plots and invented his own words. He had a public exhibition of his paintings in 1946, and invented several devices, including an elastic wheel, for which he received a patent in 1955. Mr. Vian was afflicted with rheumatic fever at the age of 12, which weakened his heart, possibly leading to his death from a heart attack while attending a screening of a movie based on his novel J'irai cracher sur vos tombes (I Shall Spit on Your Graves).

World events
The Dominican Republic reported the defeat of a Cuban-sponsored guerrilla invasion attempt.

Politics and government
West German Economics Minister Ludwig Erhard agreed to remain in the cabinet after receiving an apology from Chancellor Konrad Adenauer for his personal attacks on Mr. Erhard.

Prison guards using tear gas ended a riot by 106 inmates of the U.S. Prison Bureau Medical Center in Springfield, Missouri.

Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs was released after only nine years in prison, and was allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany, where he resumed a scientific career.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom and Iraq agreed to end Iraq's membership in the sterling area.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Minatomachi Blues--Shinichi Mori (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (6th week at #1)
2 Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
3 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
4 Good Morning Starshine--Oliver
5 Love Me Tonight--Tom Jones
6 One--Three Dog Night
7 Spinning Wheel--Blood, Sweat & Tears
8 See--The Rascals
9 Black Pearl--Sonny Charles & the Checkmates, Ltd.
10 Everyday with You Girl--Classics IV

Singles entering the chart were Moments to Remember by the Vogues (#68); My Little Chickadee by the Foundations (#73); In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus) by Zager and Evans (#77); Don't Tell Your Mama by Eddie Floyd (#84); Good Old Rock 'n Roll by Cat Mother and the All Night News Boys (#86); Sunshine, Red Wine by Crazy Elephant (#90); While You're Out Looking for Sugar? by the Honey Cone (#93); Girl You're Too Young by Archie Bell & the Drells (#96); Roll with It by the Southbound Freeway (#97); and Tears on My Pillow by Johnny Tillotson (#99).

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: 6500 Mile Stroll

Died on this date
Volmari Iso-Hollo, 62
. Finnish runner. Mr. Iso-Hollo won gold medals in the men's 3,000-metre steeplechase at the 1932 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles and again at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. He won a silver medal in the 10,000-metre run at the 1932 Olympics, and a bronze medal in the same event at the 1936 Olympics.

Israeli commandos crossed into Jordan to sabotage Jordan’s most important irrigation project, the $85 million Ghor Canal. At the Suez Canal, two detachments of Egyptian commandos struck at Israeli positions.

Politics and government
Muhammad Ali Haitham, 29, was named Prime Minister of South Yemen, the day after the country's Supreme General Command of the National Liberation Front had denounced President Qahtah Muhammad al-Shaabi for dictatorial rule, forced his resignation, and replaced him with a five-member Presidential Council.

Warren Burger was sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren, who had served in the office for 16 years.

A meeting between United Mine Workers of America President Tony Boyle and rival Jock Yablonski at UMWA headquarters in Washington degenerated into a screaming match, after which Mr. Boyle demanded Mr. Yablonski's death.

International Business Machines announces that effective January 1970 it would price its software and services separately from hardware--thus creating the modern software industry.

10 people were killed, including 4 crew members and 6 on the ground, when a DC-4 cargo plane crashed into a Miami, Florida street.

A cloudburst flooded Red Boiling Springs, Tennessee; at least 10 were missing and presumed drowned.

Joe Frazier (23-0) retained New York State Athletic Commission recognition as world heavyweight champion with a knockout of Jerry Quarry (31-3-4) at Madison Square Garden in New York when the fight was stopped after the 7th round because of a bad cut near Mr. Quarry's right eye. On the undercard, George Foreman (1-0) made his professional debut with a knockout of Don Waldhelm (5-5-2) at 1:54 of the 3rd round of a heavyweight bout.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Zimbabwe Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Save Me--Clout (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu Sei l'Unica Donna Per Me--Alan Sorrenti

#1 single in Ireland: Dance Away--Roxy Music

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Ring My Bell--Anita Ward (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel (4th week at #1)
2 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
3 When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook
4 Pop Muzik--M
5 Love's What I Want--Cashmere
6 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
7 Theme from 'The Deer Hunter' (Cavatina)--The Shadows
8 Weekend Love--Golden Earring
9 Never Be Clever--Herman Brood & his Wild Romance
10 Shine a Little Love--Electric Light Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were I was Made for Lovin' You by Kiss (#28); Loose Caboose by Joe Tex (#30); Hacka-Tacka Music by Baba & Roody (#33); Ring My Bell by Anita Ward (#35); Go West by Village People (#37); and Greetje Uit De Polder by De Havenzangers (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer (3rd week at #1)
2 We are Family--Sister Sledge
3 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward
4 Just When I Needed You Most--Randy Vanwarmer
5 Bad Girls--Donna Summer
6 The Logical Song--Supertramp
7 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
8 She Believes in Me--Kenny Rogers
9 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
10 You Take My Breath Away--Rex Smith

Singles entering the chart were The Devil Went Down to Georgia by the Charlie Daniels Band (#81); I'll Never Love this Way Again by Dionne Warwick (#82); Highway Song by Blackfoot (#83); Light My Fire/137 Disco Heaven by Amii Stewart (#84); Hot Summer Nights by Night (#85); My Sharona by the Knack (#86); You Gonna Make Me Love Somebody Else by the Jones Girls (#87); Born to Be Alive by Patrick Hernandez (#88); You're My Weakness by Faith Band (#89); and Cuba by the Gibson Brothers (#91).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer (4th week at #1)
2 We are Family--Sister Sledge
3 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward
4 The Logical Song--Supertramp
5 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
6 Just When I Needed You Most--Randy Vanwarmer
7 You Take My Breath Away--Rex Smith
8 She Believes in Me--Kenny Rogers
9 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
10 Bad Girls--Donna Summer

Singles entering the chart were You Gonna Make Me Love Somebody Else by the Jones Girls (#78); The Devil Went Down to Georgia by the Charlie Daniels Band (#80); Highway Song by Blackfoot (#81); Hot Summer Nights by Night (#82); My Sharona by the Knack (#83); Hold On by Triumph (#84); I'll Never Love this Way Again by Dionne Warwick (#86); Last of the Singing Cowboys by the Marshall Tucker Band (#87); I'll Know Her When I See Her by the Cooper Brothers (#88); Light My Fire/137 Disco Heaven by Amii Stewart (#89); Heaven Must Have Sent You by Bonnie Pointer (#90); and We All Need Love by Troiano (#97).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Love You Inside Out--Bee Gees
2 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
3 The Logical Song--Supertramp
4 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
5 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
6 Dancer--Gino Soccio
7 Heart of Glass--Blondie
8 Disco Nights (Rock-Freak)--G.Q.
9 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
10 Renegade--Styx

Singles entering the chart were Getting Closer by Wings (#80); Do it or Die by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#92); Ain't No Stoppin' Us Now by McFadden & Whitehead (#93); Mama Can't Buy You Love by Elton John (#94); Up on the Roof by James Taylor (#96); Lead Me On by Maxine Nighingale (#97); You Can't Win by Murray McLauchlan (#99); and Head First by the Babys (#100).

The Organization of American States (OAS) agreed to press for "the immediate and definitive replacement" of the Anastasio Somoza regime in Nicaragua by a broadly-based democratic government.

An Automobile Association of America survey of 6,286 service stations nationwide showed that 58% of them were closed that day. Long lines for gasoline were reported in St. Louis, New Orleans, Minneapolis, and Charlotte.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Look--Roxette (5th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 2,531.87, fewer than 200 points below its all-time high in August 1987.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): U & Me--Cappella (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Marv Throneberry, 60
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Throneberry, the younger brother of outfielder Faye Throneberry, was a first baseman with the New York Yankees (1955, 1958-1959); Kansas City Athletics (1960-1961); Baltimore Orioles (1961-1962); and New York Mets (1962-1963), batting .237 with 53 home runs and 170 runs batted in in 480 games. He batted .269 with 201 home runs and at least 518 runs batted in in 925 games in 8 seasons in the minor leagues from 1952-1964. Mr. Throneberry was one of the best minor league sluggers of his time, leading the American Association in home runs and RBIs for each of three consecutive seasons from 1955-1957 as a member of the Denver Bears, with a total of 118 homers and 386 RBIs for those years, earning Most Valuable Player honours in 1956. He was a member of the Yankees' World Series championship team in 1958, but became a folk hero with the expansion Mets after they acquired him early in the 1962 season, as his misplays at bat, on the basepaths, and in the field symbolized the team's ineptitude. Mr. Throneberry died of cancer.

French forces crossed from Zaire into Rwanda with the objective of protecting civilians from the warring Hutu and Tutsi tribes.

Politics and government
Japan's opposition Liberal Democratic Party filed a motion of non-confidence in the coalition government led by Prime Minister Tsutomo Hata.

The government of Ontario enacted the toughest tobacco-control bill in North America, raising the legal smoking age to 19, banning cigarette sales in drug stores, and restricting smoking in public places.

20 years ago

Despite the "official" end of NATO’s war in the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo, violent incidents were still being reported. United States marines killed a Serb gunman.

Wayne Gretzky was elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame, two months after playing his last game. Former National Hockey League referee Andy Van Hellemond and former NHL Referee in Chief Scotty Morrison were also elected.

San Antonio 96 @ New York 89 (San Antonio led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Tim Duncan scored 28 points and added 18 rebounds and 3 assists to lead the Spurs over the Knickerbockers before 19,763 fans at Madison Square Garden. Latrell Sprewell led New York scorers with 26 points.

British Columbia (0-1) 21 @ Calgary (1-0) 24
Saskatchewan (0-1) 3 @ Edmonton (1-0) 27

10 years ago

Died on this date
Ed McMahon, 86
. U.S. television host. Mr. McMahon was a commercial spokesman for various products and hosted various programs, but was best known as Johnny Carson's sidekick and host of The Tonight Show during Mr. Carson's time as host from 1962-1992.

Jerri Nielsen, 57. U.S. physician. Dr. Nielsen was an emergency room physician before signing a one-year contract in 1998 to serve at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica. While there, she developed breast cancer, and operated on herself before she could be safely evacuated. Dr. Nielsen became a motivational speaker after that, but her cancer returned in 2005 and metastasized, and she died of a brain tumour.

Winnipeg (1-1) 27 @ Montreal (2-0) 31
Toronto (1-1) 27 @ Hamilton (0-2) 17
Calgary (2-0) 27 @ Saskatchewan (0-2) 19
Edmonton (2-0) 31 @ British Columbia (0-2) 19

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