Monday, 13 June 2016

June 13, 2016

130 years ago

A furious, swift fire starting in a brush clearing west of Vancouver, British Columbia razed the entire city in less than 45 minutes, destroying nearly 1,000 wooden buildings; up to 28 people were killed, and only Hastings Mills and 4 houses were left standing.

120 years ago

Harry Vardon defeated J.H. Taylor in a playoff at Muirfield, Scotland to win his first of six British Open championships. Mr. Vardon, a resident of Jersey, became the first man from anywhere other than England or Scotland to win the tournament. First prize money was £30.

100 years ago

In the Battle of Mont Sorel, Canadian Corps commander Lieutenant General Sir Julian Byng ordered the Canadians to recapture strategic Mount Sorrell after midnight. They succeed, but at a cost: between June 2-14, 8,430 Canadians were killed, wounded or reported missing, including more than 1,100 killed in action.

Meighen Island was discovered and annexed to the Northwest Territories.

The first express train of the National Transcontinental Railway left Quebec for Winnipeg.

Emily Murphy of Edmonton was appointed the first woman police magistrate In the British Empire, effective July 1, 1916.

80 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Problem of Thor Bridge

75 years ago

The Vichy French regime disclosed that at least 12,000 Jews in unoccupied France had been arrested and interned in concentration camps because of the discovery of an alleged "Jewish plot" to hinder Franco-German collaboration.

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull denounced the "Darlan-Laval group" in Vichy for seeking to "deliver France politically, economically, socially and militarily to Hitler" and for resisting British forces in Syria. U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles charged Germany with violating an international agreement by not assuring the safety of the 35 passengers and crew of the American freighter Robin Moor.

Politics and government
A new coalition cabinet took office in Bolivia.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Production Management disclosed that it would soon begin a nationwide collection of aluminum to avert a threatened shortage.

American Negro leaders met in New York City with U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, who sought, at President Franklin D. Roosevelt's request, to get the Negro march on Washington for fair employment called off. When this was rejected, President Roosevelt agreed to meet with the Negro leaders.

U.S. President Roosevelt issued an appeal asking unions to refrain from jurisdictional disputes. The White House revealed that American Federation of Labor Teamsters President Daniel Tobin had complained to Mr. Roosevelt that "subversive organizations" were trying to damage his union.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Edward "Major" Bowes, 71
. U.S. radio host. Mr. Bowes hosted The Original Amateur Hour--later known as Major Bowes' Amateur Hour--from 1934 until his death, the day before his 72nd birthday. The program, which began on New York station WHN in 1934, moved to NBC in 1935, and then to CBS in 1936, showcased amateur performers who were attempting to break into show business.

At the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals, the prosecution charged the defendants with violation of nearly 100 treaties and agreements.

Representatives of Afghanistan signed an agreement with U.S.S.R. officials in Moscow in which Afghanistan obtained water rights on the Kushka River, and in exchange gave up claims to the Kushka district in the Turkmen Soviet Republic.

World events
Five people were killed as the Bolivian government put down an uprising by Army Air Force members who attempted to bomb La Paz.

Politics and government
As Alcide de Gaspari of the Christian Democratic Party took office as Prime Minister of Italy, former King Umberto II left for Barcelona and permanent exile.

The New York Post offered a $5,000 reward for the indictment of Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Haj Amin al-Hussaini as a war criminal, claiming that he had collaborated with the Germans in the extermination of European Jews during World War II.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ninguno Me Puede Juzgar (Nessuno Mi Puo Giudicare)--Caterina Caselli

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones
2 The Sun Ain't Gonna Shine (Anymore)--The Walker Bros.
3 The More I See You--Chris Montez
4 Green Grass--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
5 When a Man Loves a Woman--Percy Sledge
6 A Groovy Kind of Love--The Mindbenders
7 Love is Like an Itching in My Heart--The Supremes
8 Backstage--Gene Pitney
9 I Am a Rock--Simon and Garfunkel
10 Sweet Talkin' Guy--The Chiffons

Singles entering the chart were River Deep--Mountain High by Ike and Tina Turner (#80); Break Out by Mitch Ryder (#85); Little Girl by Syndicate of Sound (#86); Come and Get Me by Jackie DeShannon (#88); I Love Onions by Susan Christie (#89); Loving You is Sweeter than Ever by the Four Tops (#91); That's Alright by Ritchie Knight (#92); Along Comes Mary by the Association (#93); The Land of Milk and Honey by the Vogues (#94); Hold On! I'm A Comin' by Sam and Dave (#95); Hanky Panky by Tommy James and the Shondells (#96); Clock on the Wall by the Guess Who? (#98); Have I Stayed Too Long by Sonny and Cher (#99); and Take This Heart of Mine by Marvin Gaye (#100).

The United States Supreme Court ruled in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their constitutional rights before questioning them.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Atlantis is Calling (S.O.S. for Love)--Modern Talking

Died on this date
Benny Goodman, 77
. U.S. musician. Mr. Goodman, nicknamed the "King of Swing," was a clarinetist and one of the most popular bandleaders in the United States in the 1930s and '40s. It was Mr. Goodman's band that was credited with beginning the Swing Era during a three-week engagement at the Palomar Ballroom in Los Angeles in August-September 1935. A concert by Mr. Goodman and his Orchestra at Carnegie Hall in New York on January 16, 1938 is widely regarded as the most important in jazz history, and the concert that moved jazz into the realm of "serious" music. Mr. Goodman made his first recordings in 1926 as a member of Ben Pollack's band, and made his last recordings shortly before his death; his 60-year recording career was a record at the time.

Winnipeg (3-0) 17 @ Calgary (0-1) 15

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Light My Fire--The Doors

Light My Fire had been a hit in North America in 1967.

Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney met German Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Bonn and urged financial aid for Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms in the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
Boris Yeltsin became Russia’s first popularly-elected president.

During an interruption of play at the first round of the U.S. Open golf tournament at Hazeltine National Golf Club in Chaska, Minnesota because of a thunderstorm, one person was killed and five others injured when they were struck by lightning near the 11th tee. When the round concluded, Nolan Henke and Payne Stewart were tied for the lead with 5-under-par scores of 67.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Until it Sleeps--Metallica (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Until it Sleeps--Metallica (2nd week at #1)

After consulting with various aboriginal groups, Governor General Roméo LeBlanc declared June 21 as National Aboriginal Day.

An 81-day standoff ended as 16 members of the anti-government Montana Freemen group surrendered to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation and left their Montana ranch.

Hamilton (1-0) 37 @ Toronto (0-1) 27 (OT)
Ottawa (0-1) 7 @ Montreal (1-0) 38

The Alouettes' rout of the Rough Riders at Olympic Stadium was the first Canadian Football League game played in Montreal since November 9, 1986.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Charles Haughey, 80
. Taoiseach (Prime Minister) of Ireland, 1979-1981; 1982; 1987-1992. Mr. Haughey, a member of the Fianna Fáil party, was first elected to the Dáil Éireann (Irish Parliament) in 1957. He held various cabinet posts before becoming leader of Fianna Fáil and Taoiseach. When he wasn't serving as Taoiseach, Mr. Haughey was Leader of the Opposition. He was the most prominent Irish politician of his era, but a telephone wiretapping scandal led to his resignation as Taoiseach and party leader in February 1992. Revelations of financial and personal scandals tarnished Mr. Haughey's reputation in his later years.

Politics and government
Rodney MacDonald, who had succeeded John Hamm as Premier on February 24, 2006, led the Progressive Conservatives to a minority government in the Nova Scotia provincial election, taking 23 of 52 seats in the House of Assembly, down from the 25 they had captured in the last election under the leadership of Mr. Hamm. The New Democratic Party official opposition, led by Darrell Dexter, won 20 seats--an historic high--while the Liberals, led by Francis MacKenzie, won only 9 seats, down 3 from the 2003 election.

Dallas 96 @ Miami 98 (Dallas led best-of-seven series 2-1)

The Heat rallied from a 13-point deficit with 6 minutes remaining in regulation time to edge the Mavericks before 20,145 fans at American Airlines Arena. Dwyane Wade led Miami with 42 points and 13 rebounds, but it was Gary Payton's field goal with 9.3 seconds remaining that provided the winning margin. Dirk Nowitzki led Dallas with 30 points, but missed 1 of 2 free throws with 3.4 seconds remaining, clinching the win for Miami.

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