Monday, 27 June 2016

June 27, 2016

210 years ago

British forces captured Buenos Aires during the first British invasions of the River Plate.

120 years ago

At the movies
Motion pictures were shown in Canada for the first time at the Palace Theatre at 972 St-Laurent at Viger in Montréal, where viewers saw films from the Lumière Brothers Cinematograph.

80 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Musgrave Ritual

Alf Padgham won the British Open at Royal Liverpool Golf Club with a score of 287, 1 stroke ahead of Jimmy Adams. First prize money was £100.

75 years ago

An act was passed creating the Canadian Women’s Army Corps; the CWAC was officially established on August 13, 1941. German troops captured the Polish city of Białystok during Operation Barbarossa. The U.S.S.R. admitted major defeats in White Russia. U.K. Ambasador to the U.S.S.R. Sir Stafford Cripps arrived in Moscow with a British military mission. Hungarian Prime Minister Ladislaus de Bardossy announced that a state of war existed between Hungary and the U.S.S.R.

Economics and finance
The Japanese trade mission headed by Kenkichi Yoshizawa, which failed to reach a trade agreement with the Netherlands East Indies, sailed from Batavia to Japan.

The United States Senate confirmed the appointment of Harlan Fiske Stone as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Politics and government
U.S. federal agents raided the offices of the Trotskyite Socialist Workers Party in Minneapolis and St. Paul, seizing records and other materials. Acting U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle accused party leaders of seditious conspiracy, and said they had gained control of a Teamsters Union local "to use it for illegitimate purposes."

The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ruled that Weirton Steel Company had violated the Wagner Act by discouraging membership in the Congress of Industrial Organizations Steel Workers Organizing Committee through intimidation, beatings, and labour espionage.

The American Newspaper Guild convention gave executive vice president Milton Kaufman a vote of confidence by a narrow majority after he denied being a Communist.

70 years ago

Died on this date
William Stone, 79
. U.S. physician. Dr. Stone was a pioneer in the use of radium to treat cancer.

Yosuke Matsuoka, 66. Japanese diplomat and politician. Mr. Matsuoka held various positions, but was probably best known for his brief period as Foreign Minister from 1940-1941, when he supported friendly relations with Germany and Italy, while exhibiting hostility toward the United States. He was arrested by the Allies at the end of World War II, but died of natural causes in Sugamo Prison in Tokyo while awaiting trial on war crimes charges.

Juan Antonio Rios, 57. President of Chile, 1942-1946. Mr. Rios, a member of the conservative wing of the Radical Party, was first elected to Congress in 1924. He was elected President in 1942 following the death in office of President Aguirre Cerda. Mr. Rios opposed some of the policies of his own party as well as those of some other parties, leaving him with little political support. He died of cancer five months after transferring his presidential powers to Vice President Alfredo Duhalde.

At the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals, Ken Inukai, son of murdered Prime Minister Tsuyoshi Inukai, testified that Emperor Hirohito opposed, but could not halt, the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.

Supreme Court of Canada Justices Robert Taschereau and R.L. Kellock concluded a five-month study of espionage in Canada, charging that several parallel spy networks had been operating under members of the Soviet embassy.

At the Paris conference of Foreign Ministers, U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov agreed to the awarding of the Dodecanese Islands to Greece and the cession of Mont Cenis and the Tenda and Briga regions of northern Italy to France.

The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946, recognized the definition of a Canadian citizen, received royal assent. It came into effect on January 1, 1947.

30 members of the Zionist organization Irgun Zvai Leumi were sentenced by a British court in Jerusalem to 15 years in prison for unlawfully carrying firearms.

Economics and finance
U.K. Food Minister John Strachey announced that bread, flour, and cake would be rationed for the first time in British history, starting July 21, 1946.

The U.S. House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee voted to increase federal aid to the needy, aged, and blind to $60 per month, and to increase old age and survivors' insurance by 50%. U.S. President Harry Truman signed a $7-million bill to make up teacher salary deficits in "war-impacted" communities.

Russian Professor Aleksandr Zhdanov received the 100,000-ruble Stalin Praize for discovering "new ways of splitting atomic nuclei with cosmic rays."

60 years ago

At the movies
Moby Dick, directed by John Huston and starring Gregory Peck, Richard Basehart, and Leo Genn, opened in theatres.

Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito, returning to Belgrade after several weeks in Russia, denied that he had lost his independence to the Kremlin, but insisted that nothing in his visit had diminished his belief that the U.S.S.R. was striving for peace.

Politics and government
U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, addressing a press conference in Washington, argued that the U.S.S.R.'s control over foreign Communist parties had been "very much shaken and loosened by de-Stalinization.

A special Canadian parliamentary commission recommended that Canada retain capital punishment, but abolish hanging as a method of execution.

The American Rabbinical Council announced plans to re-establish spiritual relations with Jewish congregations in the U.S.S.R.

Washington County Schools Superintendent William Brish announced a closed-circuit television project to transmit instruction to 6,000 pupils in the school system.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): These Boots Are Made For Walkin'--Nancy Sinatra

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Paperback Writer--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sweet Talkin' Guy--The Chiffons
2 Jug Band Music--The Lovin' Spoonful
3 The More I See You--Chris Montez
4 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Dusty Springfield
5 Green Grass--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
6 Red Rubber Ball--The Cyrkle
7 Barefootin'--Robert Parker
8 Don't Bring Me Down--The Animals
9 Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones
10 Paperback Writer--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were You Better Run by the Young Rascals (#68); Neighbour Neighbour by Jimmy Hughes (#74); My Lover's Prayer by Otis Redding (#78); Billy and Sue by B.J. Thomas and the Triumphs (#79); Somewhere, My Love by Ray Conniff and the Singers (#86); Hungry by Paul Revere & the Raiders (#87); Sweet Pea by Tommy Roe (#88); The Impossible Dream by Jack Jones (#89); Happy Summer Days by Ronnie Dove (#90); C'mon Everybody by the Staccatos (#91); Where Were You When I Needed You by the Grass Roots (#92); Grim Reaper of Love by the Turtles (#93); It's That Time of the Year by Len Barry (#94); Not Responsible by Tom Jones (#95); Take Some Time Out for Love by the Isley Brothers (#96); Soup Time by James and the Bondsmen (#97); Whole Lotta Shakin' in My Heart (Since I Met You) by the Miracles (#99); and I Only Have Eyes for You by the Lettermen (#100).

40 years ago

Air France Flight 139 (Tel Aviv-Athens-Paris) was hijacked en route to Paris by the Palestine Liberation Organization and redirected to Entebbe, Uganda.

Politics and government
Army Chief of Staff Antonio Ramalho Eanes won Portugal's first democratic presidential election in 50 years. He received 61.5% of the vote to 16.5% for radical leftist candidate Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho; 14.4% for Prime Minister and presidential candidate Jose Pinheiro de Azevedo (who suffered a heart attack four days before the election); and 7.6% for Communist Octavio Pato.

Economics and finance
A two-day economic summit of seven major Western nations began in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Atlantis is Calling (S.O.S. for Love)--Modern Talking (3rd week at #1)

World events
The International Court of Justice found the United States guilty of violating international law for supporting Contra rebels in Nicaragua.

Montreal (0-1) 11 @ Ottawa (1-0) 20

Chris Sigler returned an interception for a touchdown to help the Rough Riders defeat the Alouettes at Lansdowne Park.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Any Dream Will Do--Jason Donovan

Yugoslav troops moved into Slovenia 48 hours after Slovenia had declared is independence.

Politics and government
Keith Spicer released his final report of the Citizens' Forum on Canada's Future, then returned to his post as Chairman of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). The Spicer Commission Report said that Canadians were frustrated with politicians; called for rethinking of Canada's structures and a national referendum on constitutional change; recommended that Québec be recognized as a unique province; that there be a prompt settlement of Native land claims; and that the Senate be reformed or abolished.

Robert Nixon resigned as interim Leader of the Liberal Party of Ontario, and replaced Tom Wells as Ontario Agent-General in London, England.

Long-time Progressive Conservative party hack Hugh Segal was appointed as senior adviser to Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

In Oka, Québec, Jerry Peltier, former head of the Kahnesatake Mohawk Coalition, was elected interim Grand Chief of Kahnesatake, urging the end of traditional selection by the democratic system.

The Supreme Court of Canada unanimously ruled that unions could collect dues from non-union members in a bargaining unit and use the money for political contributions and other purposes not related to collective bargaining.

Manitoba and Ontario natives supported Great Whale Crees in fighting new hydro projects in Québec.

Hamilton (0-1) 14 @ Ottawa (1-0) 40
British Columbia (0-1) 10 @ Edmonton (1-0) 31

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Macarena--Los Del Rio

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Macarena--Los Del Rio (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Albert R. Broccoli, 87
. U.S. film producer. "Cubby" Broccoli was best known for producing or co-producing most of the James Bond movies from 1962-1989.

Toronto (1-0) 27 @ Montreal (0-1) 24
Edmonton (1-0) 28 @ British Columbia (0-1) 14

Doug Flutie's 6-yard touchdown pass to Paul Masotti with 14 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Argonauts their win over the Alouettes before 24,653 fans at Olympic Stadium in the first Canadian Football League game in Montreal since November 9, 1986. Tracy Ham started at quarterback for Montreal, but suffered a back injury early in the game, and was replaced by Jimmy Kemp for the rest of the game. It was the first game for Bob Price as Montreal's head coach; he replaced Don Matthews, who was returning as head coach of the Argonauts.

Danny McManus, playing his first regular season game in an Edmonton uniform, handed off to Tony Burse for 2 touchdowns and rushed for another himself as the Eskimos defeated the Lions at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver to win their season opener for the 19th straight season. Frank Jagas kicked 3 converts and 2 field goals for the Eskimos in his first CFL game, while it was the last CFL game for Edmonton receiver C.J. Davis. It was the first game as a CFL head coach for B.C.'s Joe Paopao.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Ángel Maturino Reséndiz, 46
. Mexican criminal. Mr. Reséndiz was known as the Railroad (or Railway) Killer. He murdered as many as 15 people in the United States and Mexico, many of them near railroads, where he had jumped on and off trains. He was deported from the United States four times, but kept reentering the country illegally. Mr. Reséndiz surrendered to Texas authorities on July 13, 1999, and was executed by lethal injection at Texas State Penitentiary at Huntsville.

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