100 years ago
Born on this date
William Saxbe. U.S. politician. Mr. Saxbe, a Republican, represented Ohio in the United States Senate from 1969-1974, and served as United States Attorney General from 1974-1975 and U.S. Ambassador to India from 1975-1977. He died on August 24, 2010 at the age of 94.
Mary Pickford became the first film star to get a $1 million deal, and produce her own movies. Paramount Pictures chief Adolph Zukor signed her for $250,000 per film with a guaranteed minimum of $10,000 a week against half of the profits, including bonuses and the right of approval of all creative aspects of her films.
The Battle of the Somme began with a week-long Allied artillery bombardment on the German Line.
75 years ago
German troops captured the Lithuanian capital of Kaunas, and Vilna and Shavli in northern Lithuania, while other German forces drove into Soviet-occupied western Ukraine and White Russia. U.S.S.R. bombers hit Romanian cities.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced at a press conference that the United States would give all possible aid to the U.S.S.R.
Politics and government
Ignoring the Communists, Chilean leftist parties signed an agreement to strengthen the groups behind President Pedro Aguirre Cerda and speed up his reform program.
The Congress of Indistrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America ordered 150,000 southern soft-coal miners to strike unless the Harlan County Coal Operators Association agreed to sign the union contract accepted by 12 other operators' groups in the southern United States.
70 years ago
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (6th week at #1)
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
3 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
4 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
5 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
6 Cement Mixer (Put-ti Put-ti)--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Charlie Barnet and his Orchestra
7 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
8 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
9 All Through the Day--Frank Sinatra
10 In Love in Vain--Margaret Whiting
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
Singles entering the chart were There's No One But You, with versions by Tommy Dorsey and his Clambake Seven, and Kay Kyser and his Orchestra (#22); Do You Love Me by Harry James and his Orchestra (#23); (Get Your Kicks On) Route 66, with versions by the King Cole Trio, and Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (#28); Put the Blame on Mame by the Milt Herth Trio and the Jesters (#31); More than You Know by Perry Como (#34); The Good Earth by Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#36); Cindy by Jo Stafford (#40); and I Got Lost in His Arms by Dinah Shore (#43). Put the Blame on Mame was originally from the movie Gilda (1946).
On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Art Gilmore, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Beeswax Candle
Chinese Communist leader Mao Tse-tung charged that U.S. military aid to China's governing Kuomintang party had intensified the country's civil war.
A Superfortress dropped a dummy flash-bomb on the U.S. Navy battleship Nevada off Bikini Atoll in a full dress rehearsal of the atomic bomb test.
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a bill providing that the body of an unknown American serviceman of World War II be placed beside the first Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.
The foreign ministers' conference in Paris adopted a Soviet resolution rejecting Austria's claim to a portion of South Tyrol.
A Polish resolution urging the United Nations Security Council to recommend a worldwide diplomatic break with the Spanish regime of Generalissimo Francisco Franco was defeated.
Argentine President Juan Peron said that his government would try Nazis who took refuge in Argentina.
Politics and government
Georges Bidault took office as President of the Provisional Government of the French Republic, with members of his Popular Republican party getting nine posts in his cabinet. Communists received seven cabinet posts, and Socialists six.
U.S. President Harry Truman charged that the U.S.S.R. was censoring U.S. war correspondents covering United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration operations in Ukraine and White Russia.
Economics and finance
The United Kingdom and Poland signed an agreement settling most of the Polish war debts in Britain and transferring the former Polish government-in-exile's assets to the current Polish provisional government.
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King took over inland freighters idled by a one-month strike of the Canadian Seamen's Union.
Former American Federation of Labor leaders Martin Parkinson and William McGeory were sentenced in New York to prison terms of 3-6 years for extortion.
60 years ago
On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Momentum, starring Skip Homeier and Joanne Woodward
This was the last episode of the season.
Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Tito arrived in Bucharest to begin a visit to Romania.
U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff General Nathan Twining and six other American officers attended Soviet Aviation Day celebrations in Moscow.
A British airliner en route from Kano, Nigeria to London crashed after takeoff, killing 32 passengers and crew members.
50 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: Sloop John B--The Beach Boys
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Paperback Writer--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones
3 I Am a Rock--Simon and Garfunkel
4 Brainwashed--David Clayton-Thomas
5 I Love Onions--Susan Christie
6 A Groovy Kind of Love--The Mindbenders
7 The Pied Piper--Crispian St. Peters
8 Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra
9 (I Washed My Hands In) Muddy Water--Johnny Rivers
10 Mama--B.J. Thomas and the Triumphs
Pick hit of the week: Love Letters--Elvis Presley
New this week: La Bamba (Part 1)--Trini Lopez
Look at Me Girl--Bobby Vee and the Strangers
Honey on the Vine--Matt Monro
Somewhere, My Love--Ray Conniff and the Singers
The Rolling Stones opened their American tour at Manning Bowl in Lynn, Massachusetts. A crowd stormed the stage, and police used tear gas to disperse them. Four people were injured and five arrested.
The United States launched Passive Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellite (PAGEOS)-A from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California to map Earth's surface.
The Canadian Rugby Union, which had been founded on December 19, 1891, announced that it was going out of business, and would be reconstituted as the Canadian Amateur Football Association. The CRU also handed control of the Grey Cup over to the Canadian Football League.
40 years ago
South African Prime Minister John Vorster and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger concluded two days of talks in West Germany about the evolution to majority rule in South Africa.
30 years ago
Edmonton (1-0) 21 @ Calgary (0-1) 20
The earliest CFL regular season opener to date ended with a 56-yard touchdown bomb from Edmonton quarterback Matt Dunigan to Stephen Jones on the last play of the game before 27,120 fans at McMahon Stadium. Tom Dixon converted to give the Eskimos their ninth straight win in a season opener. It was Mr. Jones' first game as an Eskimo.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Pienestä pitäen--Juice Leskinen
20 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mueve, mueve--Sandy & Papo
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip
2 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
3 Old Man & Me (When I Get to Heaven)--Hootie & the Blowfish
4 You Learn--Alanis Morisette
5 Fastlove--George Michael
6 Everything Falls Apart--Dog's Eye View
7 The Only Thing that Looks Good on Me is You--Bryan Adams
8 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
9 You Still Touch Me--Sting
10 Killing Me Softly--The Fugees
Singles entering the chart were Angel Mine by Cowboy Junkies (#93); Where Do We Go from Here by Vanessa Williams (#94); Twisted by Stevie Nicks and Lindsey Buckingham (#96); You're the One by SWV (#97); Until it Sleeps by Metallica (#98); and Banditos by the Refreshments (#99).
Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visit Bonavista, Newfoundland for the arrival of the Matthew, a replica of the ship used by European John Cabot to travel to the New World 500 years earlier.
About 2,000 people in Quebec City rioted after a rock concert. Rioters looted shops and threw rocks at the National Assembly building, and caused $1 million in damage; "agitators from Toronto" were blamed. 81 people were arrested.
State media in Nepal confirmed reports that 175 businesses and commercial banks had issued fake letters of credit that took U.S.$36 million out of the country to pay for non-existent imports. 100 arrests were made in connection with the case.
10 years ago
Montreal (2-0) 34 @ Hamilton (0-2) 14
Calgary (1-1) 14 @ Edmonton (1-1) 18
Ricky Ray completed 31 of 40 passes for 392 yards and a pair of 35-yard touchdown passes to Jason Tucker as the Eskimos edged the Stampeders before 40,491 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Tucker scored his first TD in the 3rd quarter and his second with 7:20 remaining in regulation time. Sean Fleming converted both and kicked an 11-yard field goal with 3:12 remaining in the game to close the scoring. The Edmonton defense held the Calgary offense without a touchdown. Mr. Tucker led Edmonton receivers with 152 yards on 8 receptions.
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