Tuesday, 28 June 2016

June 28, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, James Remnant and Minnie de Ramos!

525 years ago

Born on this date
Henry VIII
. King of England, 1509-1547; Lord of Ireland, 1509-1542; King of Ireland, 1542-1547. Henry VIII, the son of Henry VII, was the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty. He was known for his six marriages; his attempt to obtain an annulment of his first marriage, to Catherine of Aragon, led to a dispute with Pope Clement VII, and ultimately led to the founding of the Church of England as a body separate from the Roman Catholic Church. King Henry VIII was a man of letters, and a talented musician. He has been credited--perhaps erroneously--as the composer of the folk ballad Greensleeves, but did not write the music hall song I'm Henry VIII, I Am. King Henry was athletic in his younger years, but a wound suffered in a jousting match led to further health problems, perhaps including the gross obesity that characterized him in his later years. King Henry VIII died on January 28, 1547 at the age of 55, and was succeeded on the throne by his son Edward VI.

180 years ago

Died on this date
James Madison, 85
. 4th President of the United States of America, 1809-1817. Mr. Madison, acknowledged as the "Father of the Constitution," died at his estate at Montpelier, Virginia. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1789-1797 and as Secretary of State in the administration of President Thomas Jefferson from 1801-1809. Mr. Madison was President during the War of 1812.

170 years ago

Adolphe Sax patented the saxophone.

130 years ago

The Montréal Field Battery executed a 15-gun salute at 8:00 pm as the the Pacific Express, the Canadian Pacific Railway's first through passenger train to the Pacific coast, left Dalhousie Square Station at the corner of Berri and Notre Dame for Port Moody, British Columbia. The first CPR transcontinental train carried 170 passengers in two immigrant sleeping coaches; two first class coaches; two first class sleeping coaches (named Yokohama and Honolulu); one dining car (Holyrood); two baggage cars; and a mail car. The 2,900-mile took almost six days, arriving in Port Moody at noon on July 4, 1886.

120 years ago

An explosion in the Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston, Pennsylvania resulted in a massive cave-in that killed 58 miners.

90 years ago

Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merged their two companies to form the automobile manufacturing firm Mercedes-Benz.

80 years ago

World events
The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang was formed in northern China.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): My Sister and I--Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

The U.S.S.R. claimed that 4,000 Soviet and German tanks were engaged in a great battle in western Ukraine.

The U.S. War Department disclosed that the Army had developed a secret radio beam device, similar to a British device already in use, for spotting approaching enemy aircraft. The U.S. Senate and House of Representatives passed and sent to President Franklin D. Roosevelt the $10,384,821,624 Army appropriation bill for 1942, the largest single appropriations measure in history.

The Peruvian government banned the dissemination of propaganda by foreign diplomatic and consular officials in favour of any belligerent country.

Politics and government
U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Walter George (Democrat--Georgia) criticized the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt for its "totalitarian methods" in its defense policies.

Texas Governor W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel (Democrat) defeated U.S. Representative Lyndon Johnson (Democrat--Texas) by 1,311 votes in a special election for a seat in the United States Senate.

The Chinese government named American Asia expert Owen Lattimore as a special political adviser.

City College of New York faculty member Morris Schappes was convicted in New York of perjury during his testimony on the Communist movement before the Rapp-Coudert committee.

The U.S. Federal Power Commission declared an electric power emergency in the southeastern United States, and ordered that the use of electricity for all non-essential and non-defense purposes be curtailed.

The first revision of the 1891 Baltimore Catechism of the Roman Catholic Church was published with simplifications and modernized answers.

70 years ago

Politics and government
The Italian Constituent Assembly elected former Liberal Party member Enrico de Nicola as provisional President of the Italian Republic.

The U.S. House of Representatives defeated President Harry Truman's plan for reorganization of federal agencies and reform of the welfare and housing programs.

The Allied Council of Foreign Ministers removed zonal restrictions on the movement of Austrian citizens and goods.

Acting U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson restated American policy barring foreign interference in China's internal affairs and helping the nation to recover its strength.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate completed action on the Office of Price Administration bill, extending the agency for one year, but weakening its powers. Chester Bowles resigned as U.S. Office of Economic Stabilization Director, charging that the price control measures favoured by Congress made stabilization "flatly impossible."

Dr. Bertram Lou-Beer of the University of California reported the successful use of radioactive phosphorus--a byproduct of atomic research--in the treatment of superficial skin cancers.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Amour, Castagnettes et Tango--Lucienne Delyle (9th week at #1)

At the movies
The King and I, starring Yul Brynner and Deborah Kerr, opened in theatres.

Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion warned that further Jordanian attacks on Israel would bring Israeli armed retaliation.

The U.S. Senate Air Force subcommittee, after receiving clearance from the Pentagon, released an official Army estimate that an American nuclear attack on the U.S.S.R. would cause "several hundred million deaths."

In the Polish city of Poznań, workers at the HCP factory took to the streets, sparking one of the first major protests against Communist government in both Poland and Europe.

Politics and government
People's Republic of China Premier Chou En-lai declared to the National People's Congress in Peking that his government was willing to discuss "specific steps for the peaceful liberation of Taiwan."

50 years ago

Died on this date
D.C. Stephenson, 74
. U.S. political activist. Mr. Stephenson was Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan in Indiana and head of recruiting for seven other states from 1923 until his conviction in 1925 for the abduction, rape, and murder of Indiana education official Madge Oberholtzer. Mr. Stephenson was convicted of second-degree murder and was paroled in 1950. He was returned to prison from 1951-1956 for violating his parole conditions, and spent his last years in Jonesborough, Tennessee.

World events
A bloodless military coup toppled the civilian government of Argentine President Arturo Umberto Illia.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Fernando--ABBA (13th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Beautiful Sunday--Daniel Boone (15th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Échame A Mí La Culpa--Albert Hammond

Died on this date
Stanley Baker, 48
. U.K. actor. Sir Stanley appeared on stage and television, but was best known for movies such as The Cruel Sea (1953); Richard III (1955); The Angry Hills (1959); and Zulu (1964). He was a heavy smoker and died of lung cancer.

The People's Revolutionary Tribunal in Luanda, Angola sentenced four mercenaries--three Britons and an American--to death by firing squad for their roles during the Angolan civil war in 1975. Nine others were sentenced to prison terms ranging from 16-30 years.

Edmonton (0-1) 25 @ Ottawa (1-0) 40

Mark "The Bird" Fidrych pitched a 7-hit complete game victory to lead the Detroit Tigers over the New York Yankees 5-1 before 47,855 fans at Tiger Stadium and a national television audience watching Monday Night Baseball on ABC. The win improved Mr. Fidrych's record for the season (and his major league career) to 8-1. Losing pitcher Ken Holtzman also pitched a complete game. The game was played in 1 hour 51 minutes.

Cecil Cooper had 3 hits and five of his Boston teammates each had 2 as the Red Sox beat the Baltimore Orioles 12-8 before 27,648 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Ferguson Jenkins allowed 2 hits and 1 earned run in 4 innings of relief to get the win.

Jeff Burroughs singled home Lenny Randle with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Texas Rangers a 3-2 win over the Oakland Athletics before 13,679 fans at Arlington Stadium. The game was scoreless after 7 1/2 innings, with Oakland pitcher Mike Norris allowing just 1 hit in 7 innings, but Gene Clines singled home 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th to give Texas a 2-0 lead. Don Baylor and Gene Tenace then hit solo home runs in the top of the 9th off Texas starting pitcher Jim Umbarger to tie the game.

Gil Patterson pitched a no hitter for the West Haven Yankees against the Williamsport Tomahawks. It was the only no-hitter of the season in the AA Eastern League.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Live to Tell--Madonna (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Wonderful World--Sam Cooke

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What Have You Done for Me Lately--Janet Jackson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna

#1 single in the U.K.: Spirit in the Sky--Doctor and the Medics (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): On My Own--Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 On My Own--Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald (3rd week at #1)
2 Live to Tell--Madonna
3 There’ll Be Sad Songs (To Make You Cry)—Billy Ocean
4 No One is to Blame—Howard Jones
5 Crush on You—The Jets
6 Holding Back the Years—Simply Red
7 I Can’t Wait--Nu Shooz
8 A Different Corner—George Michael
9 Who's Johnny--El DeBarge
10 Invisible Touch--Genesis

Singles entering the chart were Papa Don't Preach by Madonna (#39); Rumbleseat by John Cougar Mellencamp (#78); Venus by Bananarama (#82); Rock 'n' Roll to the Rescue by the Beach Boys (#84); Taken In by Mike & the Mechanics (#86); The Captain of her Heart by Double (#87); and I Wouldn't Lie by Yarbrough and Peoples (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 On My Own—Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald
2 Live to Tell--Madonna
3 There’ll Be Sad Songs (To Make You Cry)—Billy Ocean
4 A Different Corner—George Michael
5 Greatest Love of All--Whitney Houston
6 Holding Back the Years—Simply Red
7 The Power of Love--Jennifer Rush
8 What Have You Done for Me Lately--Janet Jackson
9 No One is to Blame—Howard Jones
10 I Can't Wait--Nu Shooz

Singles entering the chart were Sweet Freedom by Michael McDonald (#81); One Step Closer to You by Gavin Christopher (#92); Anything for Love by Gordon Lightfoot (#93); A Kind of Magic by Queen (#95); That Girl is Gone by David Pack (#96); and Kind Words by Joan Armatrading (#98).

Calgary (0-2) 14 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 28

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wind of Change--Scorpions (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher announced that she would resign her seat in the House of Commons and would not run in the next general election.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Islamic Welfare Party managed to create a coalition with the secular True Path Party and form a government in Turkey. Islamic Party leader Necmettin Erkeban became the first Muslim to hold the office of Prime Minister.

The Constitution of Ukraine was signed into law.

A suicide bomber in Turkey killed 9 people and wounded 20 as Kurdish rebels targeted a military parade.

World events
A new guerrilla group calling itself the Popular Revolutionary Army appeared at a memorial service for slain peasants in the state of Guerrero and pledged to overthrow the government.

André Dallaire, who had broken into Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien's official residence on November 5, 1995, was ruled to be not criminally responsible for his act because of his history of schizophrenia.

Economics and finance
The German government of Chancellor Helmut Kohl passed a plan for austerity and deregulation, targeting sick benefits and pension contributions in particular.

Under the threat of having U.S. federal funding withdrawn, The Citadel, the Military College of South Carolina, voted to admit women.

Ottawa (0-1) 23 @ Hamilton (1-0) 35

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