Thursday, 23 June 2016

June 23, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sherry Holden!

125 years ago
1891


Died on this date
Samuel Newitt Wood, 65
. U.S. politician. Mr. Wood, a member of the Liberty Party, and later the Republican Party, held various offices in state politics in Kansas. He advocated that his hometown of Woodsdale be made the seat of Stevens County instead of rival Hugoton, and the dispute led to his assassination by James Brennen outside the courthouse in Hugoton. Mr. Brennen was never prosecuted.

120 years ago
1896


Politics and government
18 years of Conservative Party government ended as the Liberals, led by Wilfrid Laurier, captured 117 of 213 seats in the House of Commons in the Canadian federal election. The Conservatives, led by Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper, won 71 seats, bolstered by 15 Liberal-Conservatives. 4 independent Conservatives were elected, as well as 2 Patrons of Industry candidates, 1 indepedent Liberal, and 1 independent. Dalton McCarthyite, leader of the McCarthyite Party, was elected in both the Ontario riding of Simcoe North and the Manitoba riding of Brandon; he resigned the Brandon seat. The Liberal total was an increase of 27 seats from the 1891 election, while the Conservative and Liberal-Conservative total was down 31 from 1891. The Liberals captured 41.4% of the popular vote, while the Conservatives and Liberal-Conservatives combined for 48.2%. Mr. Tupper initially refused to cede power and attempted to make appointments as Prime Minister, but Governor General Lord Aberdeen intervened and asked Mr. Laurier to form a government.

90 years ago
1926


Academia
The U.S. College Entrance Examination Board administered the first Scholastic Aptitude Test exam.

75 years ago
1941


War
German forces captured Brest-Litovsk as well as the towns of Kovno and Lomza in Soviet-annexed Poland. U.S. Senator Harry Truman (Democrat--Missouri) urged the United States to help whichever side seemed to be losing in the war between Germany and the U.S.S.R., and thus "let them kill as many as possible." U.S. Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas) predicted that the U.S.S.R. would be defeated within 30 days.

World events
The Lithuanian Activist Front declared independence from the U.S.S.R. and formed the Provisional Government of Lithuania.

Diplomacy
Polish Prime Minister Wladyslaw Sikorski, in a broadcast from London, offered to resume friendly relations with the U.S.S.R. if the Soviets reinstated the Treaty of Riga boundary.

Defense
The U.S. War Department modified the property seizure bill, limiting the President's requisitioning authority to military or naval equipment and material and machinery needed for their manufacture.

Labour
In an effort to end the San Francisco shipyards strike, the United States navy ordered striking Congress of Industrial Organizations and American Federation of Labor machinists to be signed on civil service rolls.

70 years ago
1946


Died on this date
William S. Hart, 81
. U.S. actor. Mr. Hart had a successful career on stage, but achieved fame as the foremost star of Western movies from 1914--when he starred in The Bargain--through 1925, when he starred in his last film, Tumbleweeds.

War
Allied Supreme Commander in Europe General Dwight Eisenhower released his official report on Allied operations in Europe from D-Day (June 6, 1944) to V-E Day (May 8, 1945), stating that the war had been won due to material superiority and the spirit of the fighting men.

World events
U.S. Army authorities reported that 10,000 Eastern European Jews were entering the American zone in Germany every month.

Diplomacy
India appealed to the United Nations to place her dispute with the United Nations on the General Assembly's agenda, charging South Africa with discrimination against the 250,000 Indians there.

Protest
100,000 demonstrators carrying anti-American signs greeted a U.S. truce inspection team in Shanghai.

Disasters
A magnitude 7.3 earthquake hit the Forbidden Plateau area of central Vancouver Island, British Columbia just to the west of Courtenay and Campbell River, causing major damage and two deaths.

Tennis
Don Budge defeated Bobby Riggs to win the world professional clay championship in Richmond, Virginia.

60 years ago
1956


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Rock and Roll Waltz--Kay Starr (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Steig in das Traumboot der Liebe--Caterina Valente & Silvio Francesco as Club Indonesia (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): I'll Be Home--Pat Boone (3rd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1; Top 100--1st week at #1); Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley (Jukebox--8th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Wayward Wind--Gogi Grant (2nd week at #1)
2 Moonglow and Theme from "Picnic"--Morris Stoloff and the Columbia Pictures Orchestra
--George Cates and his Orchestra
3 I'm in Love Again--Fats Domino
4 Standing on the Corner--The Four Lads
5 I Almost Lost My Mind--Pat Boone
6 Heartbreak Hotel--Elvis Presley
7 Ivory Tower--Cathy Carr
--Gale Storm
--Otis Williams and the Charms
8 On the Street Where You Live--Vic Damone
9 Born to Be with You--The Chordettes
10 Transfusion--Nervous Norvus

Singles entering the chart were Love, Love, Love by the Clovers (#38); Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera) by Doris Day (#40); Canadian Sunset by Hugo Winterhalter and his Orchestra with Eddie Heywood (#46); Never Turn Back by Al Hibbler (#47); Tell Me Why, with versions by the Crew-Cuts and Gale Storm (#48); and Roll Over Beethoven by Chuck Berry (#50). Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera, Sera) was from the movie The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956), and went on to win the Academy Award for Best Original Song.

Died on this date
Reinhold Glière, 81
. Russian composer. Mr. Glière wrote chamber music as a young man, but was best known in later years for operas, ballets, and cantatas, as well as concerti for harp.

Defense
U.S. Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Arleigh Burke warned that the U.S.S.R. would soon have missile-launching submarines "that can devastate our important cities."

Politics and government
The French National Assembly took the first step in creating the French Community by passing the Loi Cadre, transferring a number of powers from Paris to elected territorial governments in French West Africa.

Egypt's ruling Revolutionary Command Council was dissolved in preparation for return to civilian rule.

Energy
The Krupp concern of Essen, Farbwerke Hoechst and Farbenfabriken Bayer disclosed plans to form a non-profit 20-million-mark corporation to finance West German atomic reactor construction.

Religion
The Congregational Christian General Council meeting in Omaha approved a plan to merge the Congregational Christian, Evangelical, and Reformed denominations into a new United Church of Christ, which would be the seventh-largest Protestant denomination in the United States.

50 years ago
1966


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Paperback Writer--The Beatles

Scandal
The Amateur Athletic Union of Canada handed two-week suspensions to three athletes and a coach as a result of accusations made by Canadian middle-distance runner Bill Crothers. Bob Meldrum, coach of the Toronto Tigerettes, were suspended, as were athletes Nancy McCredie of Brampton, Ontario; Susan Nigh of Markham, Ontario; and Peter Boag of Toronto. The athletes were suspended for taking the banned drug dexadrine while with the Don Mills Track Club. The AAUC also banned the club from using a professional coach, who was unnamed. The coach was Lloyd Percival, who denied being a professional, and threatened legal action against the AAUC.

Boxing
Oscar Bonavena (21-2) won a 10-round majority decision over George Chuvalo (35-13-2) in a heavyweight bout before 11,192 fans at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Chuvalo complained that Mr. Bonavena spent the fight holding and clinching.

40 years ago
1976


Diplomacy
In a vote of the United Nations Security Council, the United States vetoed Angola's bid for membership in the UN.

South African Prime Minister John Vorster and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger began two days of talks in West Germany.

30 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Addicted to Love--Robert Palmer

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Brother Louie--Modern Talking (3rd week at #1)

Baseball
Andres Galarraga singled home Herm Winningham with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 5-4 win over the New York Mets before 44,199 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Juan Samuel hit 2 home runs and a double, scored 2 runs, and drove in 6 as the Philadelphia Phillies routed the Chicago Cubs 19-1 before 21,899 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Tommy Herr singled home Terry Pendleton with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 2-1 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 25,506 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Phil Garner singled off Ted Power to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning, and Glenn Davis followed with a 2-run home run to give the Houston Astros a 7-6 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 12,953 fans at the Astrodome.

Mike LaCoss pitched a 3-hitter and hit his first major league home run as the San Francisco Giants routed the San Diego Padres 18-1 before 10,604 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. LaCoss hit his home run off infielder Dane Iorg, who had been brought in to pitch with the game out of reach for the Padres.

Mike Pagliarulo hit a home run and 2 doubles as the New York Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 11-3 before 35,355 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Ron Kittle hit home runs in each of the first 2 innings and Greg Walker added a grand slam as the Chicago White Sox beat the Minnesota Twins 11-2 before 18,687 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Gary Allanson and Tony Bernazard hit consecutive home runs to climax a 6-run 4th inning as the Cleveland Indians defeated the Seattle Mariners 8-6 before 12,259 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. The Mariners hit the game's other 4 homers.

25 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Do 4 U--Father MC (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss)--Cher (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Wind of Change--Scorpions (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Lea Padovani, 70
. Italian actress. Miss Padovani appeared in 60 movies, including Black Dossier (1955) and The Intruder (1956).

20 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs 'n Harmony

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Macarena--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Andreas Papandreou, 77
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1983-1989, 1993-1996. Dr. Papandreou began his education in Greece, but left for the United States in the 1930s after being accused of Trotskyism by the fascist regime of Ioannis Metaxas. Dr. Papndreou was an economist at various universities in North America before returning to Greece in 1959. He was imprisoned when a military dictatorship took power in 1967, but was allowed to move to Sweden, where he formed the Panhellenic Liberation Movement (PAK). When the military junta fell in 1974, Dr. Papandreaou returned to Greece, dissolved the PAK, and founded the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), which he led until his death. As Prime Minister, he led governments that initiated leftist domestic policies, while charting an independent foreign policy. Dr. Papandreaou resigned as Prime Minister because of ill health five months before his death from heart and kidney failure.

Diplomacy
A three-day Arab summit in Cairo concluded with a call for complete Israeli withdrawal from all Palestinian territory, including the Arab area of Jerusalem, to allow for an independent Palestinian state.

Religion
Most Reverend Desmond Tutu, 64, retired as Archbishop of Cape Town and head of the Anglican Church of South Africa. He remained head of the country's Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Football
CFL
Calgary (1-0) 33 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 13

10 years ago
2006


Died on this date
Aaron Spelling, 83
. U.S. television producer. Mr. Spelling appeared as an actor in minor roles in various movies and television programs, but was best known as one of television's most commercially successful producers, with programs such as Charlie's Angels (1976-1981); The Love Boat (1977-1986); Dynasty (1981-1989); and Beverly Hills 90210 (1990-2000).

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-1) 9 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 16

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