Saturday, 18 June 2016

June 18, 2016

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Paul McCartney and Irma Tovar!

150 years ago

Died on this date
Sigismund, 1
. Prussian royal family member. Prince Sigismund was the fourth child and third son of Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (later Kaiser Freidrich III of Germany) and Victoria, Princess Royal. Prince Sigismund died of meningitis at the age of 21 months.

110 years ago

Jack Johnson (37-8-5-3) knocked out Charlie Haghey (18-11-7) in the 2nd round of a heavyweight bout at Gloucester Athletic Club in Gloucester, Massachusetts.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Julio César Turbay Ayala
. 25th President of Colombia, 1978-1982. Mr. Turbay, a Liberal, held several cabinet and diploamtic posts before assuming the presidency. In 1978 his administration implemented the Security Statute, in response to leftist guerrilla activity. The law gave more power to the military and attracted criticism from civil libertarians, but Mr. Turbay won praise for his non-violent handling of a hostage crisis at the Dominican Republic embassy in 1980. Mr. Turbay died on September 13, 2005 at the age of 89.

Died on this date
Max Immelmann, 25
. German military aviator. Oberleutnant Immelmann was the first German flying ace during World War I. He was credited with 15 victories before being shot down and killed in a battle with the British Royal Air Force.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Maxim Gorky, 68
. Russian author. Mr. Gorky, born Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, was a founder of the literary method known as socialist realism, which he used in various novels, short stories, and poems.

Joe Louis (24-0), the #1 contender for the world heavyweight title, and former world champion Max Schmeling (48-7-4) met at Yankee Stadium for their scheduled 15-round bout, but the fight was postponed until the next day because of rain. Mr. Louis was a heavy favourite; Mr. Schmeling was regarded as past his prime.

75 years ago

Allied troops attacked Damascus after French forces rejected an ultimatum to surrender the city. Juan Bautista Rossetti, Chile's new Foreign Minister, said in an interview in Santiago that he was neutral in his attitude toward the European war.

German Ambassador to Turkey Franz von Papen and Turkish Foreign Minister Shukru Saracoglu signed a 10-year friendship pact in Ankara.

Brazilian exporters in Rio de Janeiro disclosed that the government had banned the export of rubber, manganese ore, industrial diamonds, quartz, crystal, mica, and other vital defense materials to all countries except the United States. The U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee declared that Communists were chiefly responsible for the "widespread stoppages and delays" in the defense program, and recommended giving the President additional authority to seize strike-bound plants. The New York State Parole Board refused to release former German-American Bund leader Fritz Kuhn from prison because he was "a hazard to the public peace and security."

Economics and finance
A Japanese spokesman revealed that Japan demanded a right to share in the economic exploitation of the Netherlands East Indies and said that the Dutch reply was "very unsatisfactory."

At a White House meeting with A. Philip Randolph and other Negro leaders, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed to have an executive order drafted barring discrimination in defense plants.

Joe Louis (50-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of former world light heavyweight champion Billy Conn (59-11-1) at 2:58 of the 13th round at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Conn, who weighed 174 pounds to 199½ for Mr. Louis, was ahead on the scorecards of two of the officials and even on the scorecard of the third after 12 rounds, but made the mistake of trying to slug it out with the heavyweight champion in the 13th round. The Brown Bomber hit the challenger with a left hook and then a hard right to knock him out.

70 years ago

At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, the defense counsel for former German Chancellor Franz von Papen introduced evidence to show that Mr. Papen had participated in the July 20, 1944 assassination plot against German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler.

A four-member subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee, which had toured Europe the previous fall, recommended "immediate abandonment of any semblance of appeasement" in U.S. relations with the U.S.S.R.

Jewish terrorists kidnapped five British officers from a Tel Aviv club and held them as hostages to prevent the execution of two Irgun Zvai Leumi members who had been condemned for attacking a British camp.

American Federation of Labor Secretary-Treasurer George Meany told a California Federation of Labor convention that the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) was a Communist "worldwide fifth column organization."

60 years ago

Died on this date
William Pierce Boteler
. U.S. diplomat. Mr. Boteler, the U.S. Vice Consul in Cyprus, was killed, and three other consular employees injured, by a Cypriot terrorist bomb thrown into a restaurant in the Greek sector of Nicosia.

13 Arab-Asian nations petitioned the United Nations Security Council for an immediate meeting to consider the "grave situation" and "grievous loss of life" in Algeria.

Former U.S. President Harry Truman, addressing a news conference in London at the beginning of a 10-day visit to the United Kingdom, dismissed suggestions that the U.S.S.R. was about to turn its back on its Stalinist past.

Fossilized bones believed to be part of the skeleton of a humanoid that lived 10 million years ago were found in a coal mine near Grosseto, Italy.

The American Library Association convention in Miami heard a committee report proposing creation of a network of library systems through which resources of large libraries could be made available to smaller libraries.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Paint It, Black/Long Long While--The Rolling Stones

#1 single in France: Ton Nom--Salvatore Adamo

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Qui ritornerà--Rita Pavone

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Sloop John B--The Beach Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Strangers in the Night--Frank Sinatra
2 Paint It, Black--The Rolling Stones
3 Paperback Writer--The Beatles
4 I Am a Rock--Simon and Garfunkel
5 Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind--The Lovin' Spoonful
6 When a Man Loves a Woman--Percy Sledge
7 A Groovy Kind of Love--The Mindbenders
8 Cool Jerk--The Capitols
9 Green Grass--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
10 Red Rubber Ball--The Cyrkle

Singles entering the chart were Lil' Red Riding Hood by Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs (#66); Whole Lot of Shakin' in My Heart (Since I Met You) by the Miracles (#73); Happy Summer Days by Ronnie Dove (#76); The Pied Piper by Crispian St. Peters (#77); Everybody Loves a Nut by Johnny Cash (#78); Wild Thing by the Troggs (#82); It Takes One to Know One by Brenda Lee (#91); Where Were You When I Needed You by the Grass Roots (#93); Billy and Sue by B.J. Thomas and the Triumphs (#94); Because of You by Rome and Paris (#95); Painter by Lou Christie (#97); One Too Many Mornings by the Beau Brummels (#98); and Grim Reaper of Love by the Turtles (#100).

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Fernando--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Fernando--ABBA (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Fernando--ABBA (12th week at #1)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): The Final Countdown--Europe (4th week at #1)

Hamilton (1-1) 16 @ Ottawa (1-1) 23

Don Sutton became the 19th pitcher in major league history to reach 300 career wins as he pitched the California Angels to a 5-1 win over the Texas Rangers before 37,044 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Mr. Sutton pitched a 3-hit complete game for the win.

Don Baylor doubled home 3 runs with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 2-2 tie and give the Boston Red Sox a 5-2 win over the New York Yankees before 41,841 fans at Yankee Stadium.

The Minnesota Twins rallied for 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th to tie the score and another in the 10th to defeat the Chicago White Sox 10-9 before 13,123 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Kent Hrbek hit 2 home runs for Minnesota, including a 2-run blast to begin the 9th-inning comeback. Ron Kittle homered twice for Chicago.

Dave Kingman's home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 2nd inning was the game's only run as the Oakland Athletics edged the Kansas City Royals 1-0 before 11,878 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Curt Young pitched a 4-hit shutout to win the pitchers' duel over Bret Saberhagen, who also pitched a 4-hit complete game.

Ron Cey scored on a wild pitch by Don Carman with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 5-4 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 38,093 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Cubs trailed 4-1 after 7 1/2 innings, but scored 2 runs inthe bottom of the 8th, and Shawon Dunston hit a home run to lead off the bottom of the 9th and tie the score.

Dave Parker singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and Eric Davis followed with a 2-run home run to give the Cincinnati Reds a 3-2 win over the Houston Astros before 17,426 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

San Diego Padres’ relief pitcher Tim Stoddard hit a home run off San Francisco’s Mike LaCoss in the 3rd inning of the Padres’ 6-3 loss to the Giants before 24,444 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. For Mr. Stoddard, it was his last major league at bat.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Vincent Sherman, 99
. U.S. movie director. Mr. Sherman, born Abraham Orovitz, directed such movies as All Through the Night (1942); Across the Pacific (1942); Nora Prentiss (1947); The Damned Don't Cry (1950); and The Young Philadelphians (1959). He died four weeks before his 100th birthday.

The first Kazakh satellite, the communications satellite KazSat, was launched atop a Proton-K rocket.

Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori was elected the first female presiding bishop for the Episcopal Church, the U.S. arm of the global Anglican Communion.

Geoff Ogilvy won the U.S. Open at Winged Foot Golf Club West Course in Mamaroneck, New York with a 5-over-par score of 285, one stroke ahead of Jim Furyk, Phil Mickelson, and Colin Montgomerie. Five different players held the lead at one point during the final round, with 15 different lead changes among them. First prize money was $1,225,000.

Dallas 100 @ Miami 101 (OT) (Miami led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Dwyane Wade made 2 free throws with 1.9 seconds remaining in overtime to give the Heat their won over the Mavericks before 20,145 fans at American Airlines Arena. Mr. Wade finished with 43 points, including a record 21 free throws. Mr. Wade attempted 25 free throws, as many as the entire Dallas team. Jason Terry led the Mavericks with 35 points. The Mavericks expressed dissatisfaction with the officiating, leading to heavy fines.

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