Friday, 13 April 2018

April 13, 2018

275 years ago

Born on this date
Thomas Jefferson
. 3rd President of the United States of America, 1801-1809. Mr. Jefferson, a native of Shadwell, Virginia, had achievements too numerous to mention here. He died at the age of 83 on July 4, 1826, which was, appropriately, the 50th anniversary of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, and the same day as the death of John Adams, the 2nd President of the United States.

200 years ago

The new flag with 13 stripes and 20 stars was flown over the U.S. Capitol in Washington for the first time.

150 years ago

Died on this date
Tewodros II, 49 or 50
. Emperor of Ethiopia, 1855-1868. Tewodros II, born Kassa Haile Giorgis, became Emperor after deposing Yohannes III and defeating military rival Dejazmach Wube Haile Maryam. Tewodoros II's reign is often regarded as the beginning of modern Ethiopia, ending the Zemene Mesafint (Era of the Princes). He attempted to unify and modernize the country, but came into conflict with the British Empire, and when Emperor Tewodros imprisoned members of a British diplomatic mission, the British launched a military expedition under Robert Napier, culminating in the defeat of Ethiopian forces in the Battle of Magdala on April 10, 1868. With British troops storming the citadel of Magdala, Emperor Tewodros fatally shot himself. He was succeeded as Emperor by Tekle Giyorgis II.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Gonzalo Córdova y Rivera, 64
. President of Ecuador, 1924-1925. Mr. Córdova, like his immediate predecessors in the Liberal Party, was regarded as a pawn of "La Argolla" ("the ring"), a plutocracy of coastal agricultural and banking interests whose linchpin was the Commercial and Agricultural Bank of Guayaquil led by Francisco Urbina Jado. Popular unrest and an ongoing economic crisis inspired a collective grouping called the League of Young Officers to depose Mr. Córdova in a bloodless coup. He died in Chile.

At about 5:30 P.M., the German Junker Bremen landed on Greenly Island in the straits of Belle Isle, Canada, south of Labrador and north of Newfoundland. The plane had left Dublin, Ireland the day before.

Seven years after their conviction in the federal court for conspiracy in concealing the purchase of The New York Evening Mail by Edward A. Rumely with funds of the German government at the beginning of the Great War, S. Walter Kaufmann and his former partner, Norvin H. Lindheim (who had died of a heart attack on February 8) were adjudged by the Appellate Division of the New York Supreme Court to have been found guilty on insufficient evidence. Both were restored to full rights as members of the bar (of course, the news came a little late for Mr. Lindheim).

Rear Admiral Frank H. Brumby and Lieutenant Commander R.K. Jones, commander of the U.S. Submarine S-4 and one of those who perished in her, were exonerated by Navy Secretary Curtis Wilbur in his final review of the findings of the Naval Court of Inquiry into the disaster off Provincetown, Massachusetts on December 17, 1927. The S-4, when rising to the surface, collided with the Coast Guard destroyer Paulding, and sank; all 40 men aboard the S-4 died.

An explosion and fire at a garage-dancing hall at Westplains, Missouri killed 38 people.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Grey Owl, 49
. U.K.-born Canadian conservationist. Born Archibald Belaney near Hastings, England, he emigrated to Canada as a teenager, and ended up in northern Ontario, where he adopted an Indian identity, including the name Grey Owl. Grey Owl married a Native Canadian girl, who led him to abandon trapping and become a conservationist. Books such as The Men of the Last Frontier (1931) and magazine articles that he wrote while he was working with the Dominion Parks Service were influential in leading Canadians to view their land and animals as resources to be protected rather than exploited. Grey Owl, who was a heavy drinker, died in his cabin near Prince Albert, Saskatchewan. The day after his death, the North Bay Nugget, which had been sitting on the story for three years, became the first newspaper to expose the fact that Canada's leading "Native" conservationist was a white Englishman.

75 years ago

The Patriots by Sidney Kingsley was named Best American Play of the 1942-43 season by the New York Drama Critics' Circle. The Skin of Our Teeth by Thornton Wilder was Runner-up.

Russian troops beat back continuous German attacks on the Leningrad front. Allied planes reported destroying 84 Axis craft at two Sicilian airfields, with a loss of three. British and French troops moved to hem in an estimated 150,000 Germans and 60,000 Italians in the northeastern corner of Tunisia. Japanese troops in China advanced east and northeast of Hwajung in Hunan Province. U.S. intelligence intercepted a top-secret message from the Japanese concerning an inspection tour of Buin on Bouganville by Imperial Japanese Navy Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto.

The discovery of a mass grave of Polish prisoners of war killed by Soviet forces in the Katyń Forest Massacre was announced, causing a diplomatic rift between the Polish government in exile in London from the Soviet Union, which denied responsibility.

The Jefferson Memorial was dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, D.C., on the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's birth.

Omaha Municipal Airport and the village of Carter lake, Iowa were under six feet of water after Missouri River dikes broke.

70 years ago

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

The first volume of the biography Jefferson and His Times by Dumas Malone was published by Little, Brown.

Died on this date
J. Christmans Moeller, 54
. Danish politician. Mr. Moeller led the Free Danes organization during World War II, and was Denmark's Foreign Minister in 1945.

In an ambush, 78 Jewish doctors, nurses and medical students from Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem, and a British soldier, were massacred by Arabs in Sheikh Jarrah.

The U.S.S.R. rejected the Western proposal for Italian control of Trieste.

Commodore Finn Ronne's Antarctic expedition returned to New York and reported that Antarctica was a single continent rather than two islands, as previously believed.

Politics and government
The Romanian National Assembly re-elected Petru Groza as Prime Minister, and adopted a constitution modelled on that of the Soviet Union.

Delegates to the Chinese National Assembly from Manchuria and northern China criticized the Nationalist government's conduct of the civil war, accusing army commanders of withholding weapons and supplies from potentially strong local militia units.

The Republican Party U.S. presidential primary in Nebraska resulted in a victory for Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen, who captured 13 of 15 delegate votes.

A U.S. federal court in Washington, D.C. upheld the constitutionality of provisions of the Taft-Hartley Act requiring the filing of union financial statements and affidavits affirming that union leaders were not Communists.

The Ohio River overflowed its banks, forcing the evacuation of 3,000 families along the river's course.

Baltimore 66 @ Philadelphia 63 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

60 years ago

On the radio
The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 2, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: Lamb to the Slaughter, starring Barbara Bel Geddes and Harold J. Stone

This is probably the most famous episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents of those directed by Mr. Hitchcock himself. A woman (Barbara Bel Geddes) kills her policeman husband (Harold J. Stone) with a frozen leg of lamb, and then cooks dinner for the investigating policemen.

23-year-old Van Cliburn of Kilgore, Texas was announced as the winner of the first International Tchaikovsky Piano Competition in Moscow. The awards were presented by Dmitri Shostakovich, and Mr. Cliburn received the coveted gold medal. Premier Nikita Khrushchev had given permission for the hesitant Soviet judges to award the first prize to Mr. Cliburn, championing the recognition of artistry over the indulgence of political rivalries. When the jurors asked Mr. Khrushchev if they could give the gold medal to Mr. Cliburn, the Soviet leader asked, "Is he the best?" When told that he was, Mr. Khrushchev said, "Then give him the prize!" The victory was celebrated, in turn, throughout the United States. New York saw the only ticker-tape parade ever bestowed upon a classical musician. Van Cliburn graced the May 19, 1958, cover of Time magazine. Shortly thereafter, his recording of the Tchaikovsky Piano Concerto No. 1 became the first classical album to sell more than a million copies.

Economics and finance
The People's Republic of China rejected Japanese terms for implementation of a recently-signed $196-million trade pact.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 3 @ Boston 0 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Rocket Richard scored his first 2 goals of the series, while younger brother Henri scored the other and Jacques Plante posted the shutout in goal as the Canadiens blanked the Bruins at Boston Garden.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Delilah--Tom Jones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gimme Little Sign--Brenton Wood

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Words--The Bee Gees

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Delilah--Tom Jones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Lady Madonna--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim (3rd week at #1)
2 Kom Uit De Bedstee Mijn Liefste--Egbert Douwe
3 Delilah--Tom Jones
4 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
5 If I were a Carpenter--Four Tops
6 Congratulations--Cliff Richard
7 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
8 De Kat Van Ome Willem--Wim Sonneveld with Hetty Blok, Leen Jongewaard, De Jonkies, and the Orchestra of Harry Bannink
9 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
10 Storybook Children--Nancy & Lee

Singles entering the chart were Jennifer Eccles by the Hollies (#29); La Felicidad/Pa Wil Niet in Bad (La Felicidad), with versions by Digno Garcia; Johnny & Rijk; and Eddie Becker (#35); Police on My Back by the Equals (#36); and Hush by Billy Joe Royal (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Young Girl--The Union Gap
2 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
3 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
4 Valleri--The Monkees
5 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
6 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
7 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame
8 (Sweet Sweet Baby) Since You've Been Gone--Aretha Franklin
9 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
10 La-La - Means I Love You--The Delfonics

Singles entering the chart were Do You Know the Way to San Jose by Dionne Warwick (#53); She's Lookin' Good by Wilson Pickett (#55); Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#58); My Girl/Hey Girl by Bobby Vee (#77); Wear it on Our Face by the Dells (#84); We're Rolling On (Part 1) by the Impressions (#85); Baby Make Your Own Sweet Music by Jay and the Techniques (#86); Love in Them There Hills by the Vibrations (#95); Louisiana Man by Bobbie Gentry (#96); How'd We Ever Get this Way by Andy Kim (#98); Holy Man by Scott McKenzie (#99); and Here's to You by Hamilton Camp (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Valleri--The Monkees
2 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
3 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
4 Young Girl--The Union Gap
5 La-La - Means I Love You--The Delfonics
6 (Sweet Sweet Baby) Since You've Been Gone--Aretha Franklin
7 Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim
8 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame
9 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
10 Playboy--Gene and Debbe

Singles entering the chart were Tighten Up by Archie Bell & the Drells (#70); Goin' Away by the Fireballs (#71); Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day by Stevie Wonder (#76); I Can't Believe I'm Losing You by Frank Sinatra (#77); I Wanna Live by Glen Campbell (#78); Anything by Eric Burdon and the Animals (#88); A Beautiful Morning by the Rascals (#89); Does Your Mama Know About Me by Bobby Taylor & the Vancouvers (#91); As Long as I Got You by Laura Lee (#94); She Wears My Ring by Solomon King (#95); How'd We Ever Get this Way by Andy Kim (#97); If You Don't Want My Love by Robert John (#98); Like to Get to Know You by Spanky & Our Gang (#99); and Merayiglioso by Domenico Modugno (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
2 Lady Madonna/The Inner Light--The Beatles
3 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
4 Jennifer Juniper--Donovan
5 Tapioca Tundra/Valleri--The Monkees
6 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
7 A Question of Temperature--Balloon Farm
8 Suddenly You Love Me--The Tremeloes
9 Call Me Lightning--The Who
10 Young Girl--The Union Gap

Singles entering the chart were Anything by Eric Burdon and the Animals (#23); Love is All Around by the Troggs (#25); In Need of a Friend by the Cowsills (#27); Jumbo by the Bee Gees (#29); and Me, the Peaceful Heart by Lulu (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Young Girl--The Union Gap
2 Love is All Around--The Troggs
3 Valleri--The Monkees
4 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
5 A Question of Temperature--Balloon Farm
6 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
7 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
8 Playboy--Gene and Debbe
9 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
10 Little by Little--Gainsborough Gallery
Pick hit of the week: Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops

Tanzania became the first country to recognize the independence of Biafra from Nigeria.

Stanley Cup
New York 1 @ Chicago 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
St. Louis 1 @ Philadelphia 6 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Minnesota 2 @ Los Angeles 3 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Rosaire Paiement scored 3 goals for the Flyers as they defeated the Blues at the Spectrum. Bernie Parent was in goal for Philadelphia, while Glenn Hall and Seth Martin shared the St. Louis goaltending. A 3rd-period brawl that went on for 20 minutes resulted in 49 minutes in penalties and $3,800 in fines. Coaches Scotty Bowman of the Blues and Keith Allen of the Flyers were fined for failing to control their players.

Rookie Wayne Rutledge replaced veteran Terry Sawchuk in goal for the Kings as they edged the North Stars at the Forum in Inglewood, California.

Adams Cup
Oklahoma City 1 @ Tulsa 7 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Fort Worth 5 @ Kansas City 3 (Fort Worth led best-of-five series 2-1)

Western Division Finals
Los Angeles 106 @ San Francisco 100 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Eastern Division Finals
Pittsburgh 117 @ Minnesota 108 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Western Division Finals
Dallas 107 @ New Orleans 108 (New Orleans won best-of-seven series 4-1)

40 years ago

Died on this date
Paul McGrath, 74
. U.S. actor. Mr. McGrath was the host of the CBS radio series Inner Sanctum Mysteries from 1946-1952.

U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and British Foreign Secretary David Owen began meeting with all sides in the Rhodesian conflict in an attempt to arrange a conference. The Rhodesian government began to release black nationalist political prisoners, including supporters of both the Patriotic Front and the three groups in the government.

Popular Culture
New York state officials and Rockefeller Center Inc. announced an agreement to share the costs of maintaining Radio City Music Hall, America’s largest theatre, which had been scheduled to close because of mounting financial losses. The state also agreed to provide $200,000 to study the feasibility of subsidizing the music hall with rents from a 20-storey office tower to be built over it.

Stanley Cup
Preliminary Round
Philadelphia 3 @ Colorado 1 (Philadelphia won best-of-three series 2-0)
Buffalo 3 @ New York Rangers 4 (OT) (Best-of-three series tied 1-1)
Toronto 4 @ Los Angeles 0 (Toronto won best-of-three series 2-0)
Atlanta 2 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit won best-of-three series 2-0)

The Flyers eliminated the Rockies in the first Stanley Cup game ever played at McNichols Sports Arena in Denver.

Don Murdoch scored at 1:37 of the 1st overtime period to give the Rangers their win over the Sabres at Madison Square Garden.

Ron Ellis opened the scoring 1:12 into the 1st period and Mike Palmateer posted the shutout in goal as the Maple Leafs eliminated the Kings at the Forum in Inglewood, California. For Los Angeles goalie Rogie Vachon, it was his last game for the club after 7 seasons with them.

The Red Wings eliminated the Flames at Olympia Stadium for their first win in a playoff series since 1966.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Allt som jag känner--Tone Norum and Tommy Nilsson (9th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jean Gascon, 67
. Canadian actor and theatre director. Mr. Gascon was artistic director of the Stratford Festival of Canada from 1968-1974.

A refuelled Kuwait Airlways jet that had been hijacked on April 5 left Larnaca, Cyprus and flew to Algiers with more than 30 hostages still aboard. The hijackers were demanding the release by Kuwait of 17 Shiite prisoners.

25 years ago

Died on this date
Wallace Stegner, 84
. U.S. writer. Mr. Stegner won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1972 for his novel Angle of Repose and the National Book Award for Fiction in 1977 for his novel The Spectator Bird.

More than 50 civilians were reported killed in the Bosnian town of Srebrenica as a result of artillery fire from Serbian nationalists.

Hundreds of prison inmates at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio seized a cell block and held eight guards as hostages.

British Columbia Premier Mike Harcourt announced that his government would allow limited logging in the last major old-growth forest on Vancouver Island, in the Clayoquot Sound area. Environmentalists were outraged, while logging advocates were dissatisfied with the limitations imposed.

20 years ago

World events

The United Nations Human Rights Commission reported that 1,500 people had been executed in Iraq during the previous year, most of them for political reasons.

10 years ago

Trevor Immelman won the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia with an 8-under-par score of 280, 3 strokes ahead of Tiger Woods. First prize money was $1,350,000.

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Montreal 1 @ Boston 2 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Philadelphia 2 @ Washington 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
New Jersey 4 @ New York Rangers 3 (OT) (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Western Conference
San Jose 3 @ Calgary 4 (Calgary led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Marc Savard scored at 9:25 of the 1st overtime period to give the Bruins their win over the Canadiens at TD Banknorth Garden.

John Madden scored at 6:01 of the 1st overtime period to geve the Devils their win over the Rangers at Madison Square Garden.

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