Monday, 30 April 2018

April 30, 2018

420 years ago
1598


Religion
King Henry IV of France signed the Edict of Nantes, granting rights to the Protestant Huguenots.

180 years ago
1838


Central Americana
Nicaragua declared its independence from the Central American Federation.

130 years ago
1888

Disasters

Hailstones killed about 250 in the Moradabad district of Delhi, India.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Joachim von Ribbentrop
. German politician. Mr. Ribbentrop lived in several countries as a young man, including Canada, where he worked at a bank in Montreal and ran a wine importing business in Ottawa. He joined the Nazi Party in 1932, and served as German Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1936-1938 and Reich Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1938-1945. In 1939, Mr. Ribbentrop played a key role in negotiating both the Pact of Steel (an alliance with Italy) and the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (a non-aggression pact with the U.S.S.R.). Mr. Ribbentrop's influence declined after 1941, but he was tried at Nuremberg after World War II as a war criminal, and was the first of those sentenced to hang to be executed, on October 16, 1946 at the age of 53.

80 years ago
1938


At the movies
The cartoon short Porky's Hare Hunt opened in movie theatres, introducing Happy Rabbit (a prototype of Bugs Bunny).



Soccer
English FA Cup Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Preston North End 1 Huddersfield Town 0 (ET)

George Mutch scored on a penalty kick in the final minute of extra time to give Preston North End the win before 93,497 fans in the first FA Cup Final ever televised, on BBC.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Don't Want to Walk Without You--Harry James and his Music Makers (3rd month at #1)

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS

This was the first broadcast of the program since March 1, 1942, and the first on the Mutual Broadcasting System after being on NBC from 1939-1942.

At the movies
Sherlock Holmes in Washington, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, opened in theatres in the United States.



Died on this date
Beatrice Webb, 85
. U.K. economist and social reformer. Mrs. Webb, with her husband Sidney, helped to found the London School of Economics and was a member of the Fabian Society, which promoted the transition of society to socialism through gradual means.

Otto Jespersen, 82. Danish philologist. Dr. Jespersen specialized in the grammar of the English language and was a professor of English at the University of Copenhagen from 1893-1925.

War
U.S. and Canadian naval officials announced that Allied planes would provide a protective umbrella over the North Atlantic shipping lanes in an effort to combat German U-boats. The British submarine HMS Seraph surfaced in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer. The plan, known as Operation Mincemeat, was intended to convince the German high command that the Allies planned to invade Greece and Sardinia in 1943 instead of the actual target of Sicily. German troops, with heavy tank support, again counterattacked along the entire Tunisian front, but were repulsed, with heavy losses.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull announced the severance of political relations and the termination of all agreements with Martinique because of its close association with Vichy France and Nazi Germany.

Labour
The United Mine Workers of America rejected U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's ultimatum not to strike when its contract expired at midnight this night.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Near You--Bing Crosby; Dick Haymes and the Andrews Sisters (1st month at #1)

Theatre
Inside U.S.A., a musical revue starring Beatrice Lillie, Jack Haley, and Estelle Loring, opened at the New Century Theatre on Broadway in New York to favourable reviews.

Died on this date
Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma, 56
. German military officer. General Thoma served in both world wars and in the Spanish Civil War. He was captured by British forces in November 1942, and was a prisoner in the United Kingdom for the remainder of World War II. Gen. Thoma was overheard by British authorities talking to another German officer about German rocketry, thus alerting his captors to the existence of the V-1 and V-2 weapons. Gen. Thoma was freed after the war, and died of a heart attack in his hometown of Dachau.

War
Haganah forces overran the Christian Arab quarter of southwestern Jerusalem and took the Greek Orthodox St. Simon Monastery, an Arab stronghold.

Greek government forces claimed a major victory over Communist guerrillas in the Mount Parnassus-Mount Ghiona area northwest of Athens, eliminating an important Arab stronghold.

Diplomacy
In Bogota, the International Conference of American States approved an agreement estabishing the Organization of American States, a permanent agency supervising conduct of hemispheric affairs. Participating countries also signed the Pact of Bogota, committing themselves to try measures of conciliation within the hemisphere before seking United Nations assistance in settling hemispheric disputes.

Defense
The Union of Western Europe established a permanent military committee in London to handle "common defense problems."

The United States performed an atmospheric nuclear test at Eniwetok.

Politics and government
The temporary Costa Rican government of Colonel Jose Figueres announced plans to form a junta after the retirement of interim President Santos Leon Herrera.

60 years ago
1958


War
Algerian nationalists executed three French prisoners in retaliation for French executions of captured guerrillas.

World events
Maltese Governor Sir Robert Laycock declared a state of emergency amidst anti-British strikes and unrest.

Politics and government
The American Association of Retired Persons was founded in Washington, D.C.

Baseball
Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox became the tenth major league player to tally 1,000 career extra base hits, hitting a 2-run home run in the bottom of the 9th inning of an 11-4 loss to the Kansas City Athletics before 4,037 fana at Fenway Park. Bob Cerv led the Kansas City attack, batting 3 for 4 with 2 home runs, a base on balls, 4 runs, and 5 runs batted in.

Julio Becquer singled home Albie Pearson with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Washington Senators a 3-2 win over the Cleveland Indians before 8,274 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Losing pitcher Herb Score allowed 8 hits, 8 bases on balls, and 3 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings.

Frank Robinson led off the bottom of the 10th inning with his second home run of the game to give the Cincinnati Redlegs a 5-4 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 7,192 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Delilah--Tom Jones (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller announced that he was entering the race for the 1968 Republican Party U.S. presidential nomination, 40 days after he’d said that he would not be an active candidate. Gov. Rockefeller said that he had been urged to participate by people of all political persuasions, and had finally been moved to change his position by "the gravity of the crisis we face as a people."

Disasters
50 were feared dead from an earthquake that hit western Iran.

Boxing
Buster Mathis (24-1) scored a technical knockout of Mel Turnbow (8-8) at 2:44 of the 7th round in a heavyweight bout at Miami Beach Auditorium.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Los Angeles 117 @ Boston 120 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Baseball
Three Baltimore Orioles’ pitchers walked 14 New York Yankees in a 9-inning game, allowing only 5 hits as the Orioles won 6-5 before 5,826 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. The Yankees scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning and loaded the bases with 1 out, but pinch hitter Frank Fernandez bunted into an unassisted double play by Baltimore first baseman Boog Powell to end the game.

Ramon Webster's 3-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 1st inning stood up for the Oakland Athletics as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 3-1 before 8,791 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Ken McMullen hit 2 home runs and drove in 4 runs, with his second homer, a solo blast, breaking a 4-4 tie with 1 out in the top of the 12th inning as the Washington Senators edged the Chicago White Sox 5-4 before 6,321 fans at White Sox Park.

Ron Swoboda's home run leading off the bottom of the 2nd inning was all the scoring as the New York Mets edged the Philadelphia Phillies 1-0 before 3,771 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Don Cardwell pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Chris Short.

Pinch hitter Manny Mota doubled home Bill Mazeroski and Gene Alley with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to climax a 3-run rally as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 3,710 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Cubs had broken a 1-1 tie with 2 runs in the top of the 9th.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Tania--John Rowles (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
Two days after a pro-Soviet military coup overthrew the government of President Mohammad Daoud Khan, a new government for Afghanistan was proclaimed under the leadership of Mohammad Taraki, leader of an Afghan Communist party known as Khalq.

Journalism
Excerpts from the memoirs of former U.S. President Richard Nixon began running in installments in many newspapers. Mr. Nixon admitted that he had known some things about the 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, but hadn’t been involved in activities that gave aides H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman potential criminal liability.

Golf
Lon Hinkle won the New Orleans Open with a score of 271. First prize money was $40,000.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Semi-Finals
Quebec 3 @ New England 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

IIHF World Championships
Canada 7 U.S.A. 2

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Washington 122 @ Philadelphia 117 (Washington led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Western Conference
Semi-Finals
Denver 91 @ Milwaukee 119 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Seattle 89 @ Portland 113 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 3-2)

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'Amore Rubato--Luca Barbarossa (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): One More Try--George Michael

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Theme from S-Express--S-Express

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Theme from S-Express--S-Express

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston
2 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
3 Devil Inside--INXS
4 Angel--Aerosmith
5 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
6 Anything for You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
7 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
8 Girlfriend--Pebbles
9 Prove Your Love--Taylor Dayne
10 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson

Singles entering the chart were The Valley Road by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#59); Alphabet St. by Prince (#68); Heart of Mine by Boz Scaggs (#77); Supersonic by J.J. Fad (#84); Pour Some Sugar on Me by Def Leppard (#87); Most of All by Jody Watley (#88); and Underneath the Radar by Underworld (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (4th week at #1)
2 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley
3 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
4 Devil Inside--INXS
5 I Saw Him Standing There--Tiffany
6 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
7 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
8 Endless Summer Nights--Richard Marx
9 Push It--Salt-N-Pepa
9 Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston

Singles entering the chart were The Valley Road by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#83); Breakaway by Big Pig (#87); We All Sleep Alone by Cher (#92); Rebel by Blue Rodeo (#95); and I Wasn't the One (Who Said Bye) by Agnetha Faltskog (#96).

Diplomacy
Three days of peace talks between Nicaragua’s Sandanista government and opposition Contra rebels produced no agreement.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference
Division Finals
New Jersey 3 @ Washington 2 (New Jersey won best-of-seven series 4-3)

John MacLean broke a 2-2 tie with 6:11 remaining in regulation time as the Devils eliminated the Capitals at Capital Center in Landover, Maryland.

Football
The New York Knights beat the Los Angeles Cobras 60-52 before 10,157 fans in Los Angeles in the Arena Football League’s first game ever.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Washington 101 @ Detroit 102 (Detroit led best-of-five series 2-0)

Western Conference
First Round
Houston 119 @ Dallas 108 (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)
Utah 114 @ Portand 105 (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)

Baseball
Mike Pagliarulo hit a grand slam and a 3-run home run to lead the New York Yankees over the Texas Rangers 15-3 before 21,011 fans at Yankee Stadium. Jack Clark added a home run and 3 runs batted in for the Yankees, and Dave Winfield drove in his 28th and 29th runs of the season, tying the major league record for RBIs in April.

Alan Trammell singled home Tom Brookens with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Detroit Tigers a 4-3 win over the Seattle Mariners before 17,505 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Vance Law singled home Manny Trillo with 2 out in the top of the 13th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Chicago Cubs edged the San Francisco Giants 2-1 before 32,405 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

Howard Johnson scored from second base on a ground ball by Mookie Wilson to break a 5-5 tie with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning when shortstop Barry Larkin's throw pulled first baseman Nick Esasky off the base as the New York Mets edged the Cincinnati Reds 6-5 before 33,463 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. The game had already included a bench-clearing brawl in the 7th, and when first base umpire Dave Pallone delayed making the call on the ground ball by Mr. Wilson, Mr. Esasky argued the call, and Mr. Johnson came around to score. Cincinnati manager Pete Rose then came out to argue with Mr. Pallone. Each man wagged a finger in the other's face; Mr. Rose claimed to have been scratched by Mr. Pallone, while he shoved Mr. Pallone twice, resulting in his ejection, a $10,000 fine, and a 30-day suspension. Fans threw debris on the field, causing a 14-minute delay, and Mr. Pallone left the game, replaced by second base umpire John Kibler.



25 years ago
1993


Crime
Monica Seles, the world's #1-ranked women's tennis player, was stabbed in the back by a fan named Gunter Parche as she sat at courtside during a Citizen Cup match against Steffi Graf in Hamburg.

Technology
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) announced that World Wide Web protocols would be free.

Hockey
IIHF World Men's Championship @ Munich
Semi-Finals
Russia 7 Canada 4
Sweden 4 Czech Republic 3 (OT)

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Atlanta 90 @ Chicago 114 (Chicago led best-of-five series 1-0)
Indiana 104 @ New York 107 (New York led best-of-five series 1-0)

Western Conference
First Round
Los Angeles Lakers 107 @ Phoenix 103 (Los Angeles led best-of-five series 1-0)
Utah 85 @ Seattle 99 (Seattle led best-of-five series 1-0)

20 years ago
1998


Radio
The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission brought in new rules for radio stations: starting in 1999, stations had to play 35% Canadian content, up from 30%; a single owner in larger markets would be able to own up to two AM and two FM stations.

Defense
The United States Senate voted 80-19 to accept a resolution to add Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic to membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

Scandal
Webster Hubbell, former law partner of Hillary Clinton, was charged by the Whitewater special prosecutor with income tax evasion, including failure to pay taxes and penalties of more than $850,000 over the previous four years.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Quarter-Finals
Ottawa 1 @ New Jersey 3 (Ottawa led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Western Conference
Quarter-Finals
San Jose 2 @ Dallas 3 (Dallas led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Edmonton 3 @ Colorado 1 (Colorado led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Phoenix 1 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round

Charlotte 91 @ Atlanta 82 (Charlotte won best-of-five series 3-1)
Indiana 80 @ Cleveland 74 (Indiana won best-of-five series 3-1)
Miami 85 @ New York 90 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

Western Conference
First Round
Los Angeles Lakers 110 @ Portland 99 (Los Angeles won best-of-five series 3-1)
Seattle 92 @ Minnesota 88 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Juancho Evertsz, 85
. Prime Minister of the Netherlands Antilles, 1973-1977. Mr. Evertsz was one of the founding members and leaders of the Antilles National People's Party (NVP). He opposed full independence for the Netherlands Antilles, and opposed the separation of Aruba from the Netherlands Antilles.

Russiana
Two skeletal remains found near Yekaterinburg, Russia were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Anastasia, 17, and Alexei, 13, two of the children of Nicholas II, the last Czar of Russia, who, with his entire family, was executed at Yekaterinburg by the Bolsheviks on July 17, 1918.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Semi-Finals
Montreal 2 @ Philadelphia 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Western Conference
Semi-Finals
San Jose 2 @ Dallas 1 (Dallas led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Football
CFL
University of Saskatchewan Huskies' safety Dylan Barker was the first player taken in the annual Canadian Football League draft, selected by the Hamilton Tiger-Cats. The Edmonton Eskimos were to have drafted second, but head coach and director of football operations Danny Maciocia traded the choice to the Calgary Stampeders as part of a trade which brought, among others, veteran offensive lineman John Comiskey to Edmonton. The Stampeders used the second selection to draft Weber State University offensive lineman Dmitri Tsoumpas, who was from the Edmonton area. It was not only a terrible football trade for the Eskimos, but was also bad for business, as Mr. Tsoumpas had family and friends who may have been willing to buy tickets to watch him play in Edmonton. This, as much as anything, ensured Mr. Maciocia's alienation from Eskimo fans; and Mr. Maciocia couldn't understand why the fans were against him.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Atlanta 85 @ Boston 110 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Washington 88 @ Cleveland 87 (Cleveland led best-of-seven series 3-2)

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