Friday, 27 April 2018

April 27, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rod Crossley!

500 years ago
1518

Diplomacy

The Treaty of St. Truiden, an anti-French Trapdoors/Bourgondisch covenant, was signed.

190 years ago
1828

Britannica

The Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park London opened.

180 years ago
1838


Politics and government
Lower Canada Governor Lord Gosford revoked martial law in Montréal, invoked the previous year because of the Lower Canada Rebellion. 501 people in the city were in jail for treasonous activities.

Disasters
Fire destroyed half of Charleston, South Carolina.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Allen Sothoron
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Sothoron played with the St. Louis Browns (1914-1915, 1917-1921); Boston Red Sox (1921); Cleveland Indians (1921-1922); and St. Louis Cardinals (1924-1926), compiling a record of 91-99 with a 3.31 earned run average in 265 games, and batted .207 with no home runs and 41 runs batted in in 266 games. His best season was 1919, when he was 20-12 with a 2.20 ERA. Mr. Sothoron coached in the major leagues and managed in the minors; he was the Browns' interim manager for 8 games in 1933, compiling a record of 2-6. Mr. Sothoron died on June 17, 1939 at the age of 46 after a series of illnesses.

Draža Mihailović. Serbian military officer. General Mihailović served in the Royal Serbian Army and Royal Yugoslavian Army during World War II, leading bands of guerrillas known as Chetniks who resisted the German occupying forces. He later turned against the Communists and collaborated with Axis forces. General Mihailović was convicted of high treason in a trial of questionable fairness, and, with nine other officers, was executed on July 17, 1946 at the age of 53. He was officially rehabilitated by Serbia's highest appellate court in 2015.

Died on this date
John Ballance, 54
. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1891-1893. Mr. Ballance was born in Ireland and moved to New Zealand in 1866. He served in the N.Z. Parliament as an independent from 1875-1890, becoming Leader of the Opposition in 1889. Mr. Ballance joined a loose coalition of Liberals in 1890, and they won the general election late that year, becoming the government in January 1891. Prime Minister Ballance supported women's suffrage and progressive land and income taxes. He died, a month after his 54th birthday, of an intestinal disease after a major operation, and was succeeded as Prime Minister by Richard Seddon.

Edmontonia
Three men were injured and two carts were smashed in one of Edmonton's first traffic accidents, on the corner of Jasper Avenue and 101 Street.

110 years ago
1908

Olympics

The 4th modern Olympic games opened in London, with 22 nations and a total of 2056 competitors.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
John Rice
. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Rice umpired in the American League from 1955-1973, working in 2,990 regular season games, 8 AL Championship Series games, 21 World Series games, and 3 All-Star Games. He died on January 1, 2011 at the age of 92.

Baseball
The New York Giants' 9-0 start to the season and the Brooklyn Robins' 0-9 losing streak were both stopped, as the Robins beat the Giants 5-3 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, behind Larry Cheney's strong pitching.

Lena Blackburne's 2-run triple climaxed a 4-run 9th inning as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-2 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

The Chicago Cubs scored a run in the bottom of the 12th inning to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 5-4 at Weeghman Park in Chicago.

Bing Miller drove in the winning run--his second RBI of the game--in the bottom of the 9th inning as the New York Yankees edged the Washington Nationals 2-1 at the Polo Grounds in New York. Howie Shanks hit a home run for the Nationals in the 4th.

Ray Chapman led off the 12th inning with his first home run of the season, and the Cleveland Indians held on to edge the Detroit Tigers 3-2 at Navin Field in Detroit. Stan Coveleski pitched an 8-hit complete game victory to improve his 1918 record to 3-0, winning the pitchers' duel over Bill James.

90 years ago
1928

Aviation

The Ford relief plane sent to aid the German Junker Bremen, which had been stranded on Greenly Island, near Newfoundland, since April 13, left Lake St. Agnes at 6:55 A.M. with the Bremen’s crew, as well as Miss Herta Junkers and C.J.V. Murphy of the New York World. The plane refuelled at Hartford, Connecticut, and landed at Curtiss Field, Long Island at 1:51 P.M. The passengers and crew then went to Washington by train. The body of Floyd Bennett, who had taken ill with pneumonia on the relief flight, arrived at New York from Quebec, and was taken by train to Washington, to be interred with military honours at Arlington National Cemetery.

Canadiana
Prince Edward Island changed to driving on the right-hand side of the road.

75 years ago
1943


War
Allied troops continued to advance along the entire Tunisian front, while Allied planes blasted Axis forces with little opposition. Japanese troops in China captured Linhsien and reached Chenchiaotsun and Yukiakwan in their offensive in Honan and Shansi Provinces.

Diplomacy
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, and U.S. Ambassadors Francis Biddle and John G. Winant conferred with Polish Prime Minister-in-exile Wladyslaw Sikorski and Foreign Minister Count Raczynski in London in an effort to heal the Polish-Soviet breach.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

Died on this date
William Knudsen, 69
. Danish-born U.S. automobile executive. Mr. Knudsen immigrated to the United States shortly before his 21st birthday. He worked with Ford Motor Company from 1911-1921 and General Motors from 1921-1940, serving as president of the Chevrolet Division (1924-1937) before taking over as President of General Motors (1937-1940). His experience as a manager dealing with mass production led to his appointment by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt as Chairman of the Office of Production Management and a member of the National Defense Advisory Commission, becoming a "dollar-a-year" man. On January 15, 1942, Mr. Knudsen was commissioned as a lieutenant general in the U.S. Army--the only civilian ever to be appointed at such a high rank--and was appointed Director of Production, Office of the Under Secretary of War, working with the War Department during World War II as a consultant and troubleshooter. Lt. Gen. Knudsen resigned from the Army on June 1, 1945.

War
An Arab legion attacked the Gesher bridge on the Jordan River. The Zionist organizations Haganah and Irgun Zvai Leumi agreed to operate jointly in the future under the Haganah command and to avoid conflicting fund-raising drives.

Chinese Communist forces advanced along the Shantung Peninsula, capturing the rail centre of Weihsien.

Politics and government
In the contest for the major party nominations for the 1948 U.S. presidential election, Minnesota Governor narrowly defeated New York Governor Thomas Dewey in the Pennsylvania Republican Party primary, while President Harry Truman won the state's Democratic Party primary.

60 years ago
1958


On the radio
The Hound of the Baskervilles, Part 4, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents on CBS
Tonight's episode: Death Sentence, starring James Best, Katharine Bard, and Steve Brodie

Space
A U.S. House of Representatives military appropriations subcommittee released testimony of General Frank Bogart, indicating that the Air Force could "successfully impact a payload on the moon" this year at a cost of $16-20 million.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea adopted an article forbidding "suspension of innocent passage of foreign ships through straits" connecting national or international waters with the high seas.

Politics and government
Leaders of Tunisia's Neo-Destour Party, Morocco's Itiqfal Party, and Algeria's FLN issued a communique following talks in Tangier proposing the formation of an Algerian government-in-exile and eventual establishment of a North African federation.

Turkish Cypriots meeting in Nicosia agreed to form separate Turkish municipalities in Cyprus's major towns and to withhold taxes from Greek Cypriot-led local councils.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Lady Madonna/The Inner Light--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Delilah--Tom Jones (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gimme Little Sign--Brenton Wood (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mama--Heintje

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Congratulations--Cliff Richard

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Congratulations--Cliff Richard

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Congratulations--Cliff Richard
2 Delilah--Tom Jones
3 Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim
4 If I were a Carpenter--The Four Tops
5 Kom Uit De Bedstee Mijn Liefste--Egbert Douwe
6 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
7 Rosie--Don Partridge
8 I've Just Lost Somebody--Golden Earrings
9 Jumbo/The Singer Sang His Song--The Bee Gees
10 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding

Singles entering the chart were La La La by Massiel (#23); Wonder Boy by the Kinks (#26); Take Time to Know Her by Percy Sledge (#35); Il est Cinq Heures, Paris S'éveille by Jacques Dutronc (#37); Quite Rightly So by Procol Harum (#39); and Ups and Downs by the Eddysons (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (2nd week at #1)
2 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
3 Young Girl--The Union Gap
4 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
5 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
6 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame
7 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
8 Dance to the Music--Sly and the Family Stone
9 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
10 Valleri--The Monkees

Singles entering the chart were Mrs. Robinson by Simon and Garfunkel (#47); The Happy Song (Dum-Dum) by Otis Redding (#70); I Wish I Knew (How it Would Feel to Be Free) by Solomon Burke (#84); I Can Remember by James & Bobby Purify (#87); You Ain't Going Nowhere by the Byrds (#89); Impossible Mission (Mission Impossible) by the Soul Survivors (#93); Yummy Yummy Yummy by Ohio Express (#94); Friends by the Beach Boys (#96); Lili Marlene by Al Martino (#97); Cabaret by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass (#98); A Dime a Dozen by Carla Thomas (#99); and Love Machine by the Roosters (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
2 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
3 Young Girl--The Union Gap
4 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
5 Scarborough Fair (/Canticle)--Simon & Garfunkel
6 Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim
7 Valleri--The Monkees
8 Playboy--Gene and Debbe
9 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
10 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich

Singles entering the chart were Sleepy Joe by Herman's Hermits (#80); You'll Never Walk Alone by Elvis Presley (#81); If I were a Carpenter by the Four Tops (#82); Mrs. Robinson by Simon and Garfunkel (#83); Let's Get Together by 3's a Crowd (#85); I Promise to Wait My Love by Martha Reeves and the Vandellas (#88); Soul Train by the Classics IV (#89); I am the Man for You Baby by Edwin Starr (#91); Chain Gang by Jackie Wilson and Count Basie (#92); Can I Carry Your Balloon by the Swampseeds (#93); May I Take a Giant Step (Into Your Heart) by the 1910 Fruitgum Company (#94); Here's to You by Hamilton Camp (#95); Harlem Lady by the Witness, Inc. (#96); Holy Man by Scott McKenzie (#97); and Love in Them There Hills by the Vibrations (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (2nd week at #1)
2 Young Girl--The Union Gap
3 The Unknown Soldier--The Doors
4 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
5 Call Me Lightning--The Who
6 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
7 Black Day in July--Gordon Lightfoot
8 Love is All Around--The Troggs
9 Playboy--Gene and Debbe
10 Lady Madonna/The Inner Light--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were Angel of the Morning by Merrilee Rush (#28); Louisiana Man by Bobbie Gentry (#29); and Here's to You by Hamilton Camp (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 A Question of Temperature--Balloon Farm
2 Love is All Around--The Troggs
3 Young Girl--The Union Gap
4 I Love You--People
5 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
6 I Can't Make it Anymore--The Original Caste
7 Forever Came Today--Diana Ross and the Supremes
8 Goin' Away--The Fireballs
9 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
10 Valleri--The Monkees
Pick hit of the week: Look to Your Soul--Johnny Rivers

Theatre
The musical I'm Solomon, with music by Ernest Gold, and starring Dick Shawn and Carmen Mathews, closed at the Mark Hellinger Theater on Broadway in New York City after 9 previews and 7 performances, four days after its opening.

Died on this date
Paul Kardow, 52
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Kardow appeared in 2 games with the Cleveland Indians in 1936, posting a 0-0 record with an earned run average of 4.50 in 2 innings. He played 13 seasons in the minor leagues from 1934-1948, compiling a record of 133-135 in 373 games. Mr. Kardow was 20-9 with a 3.51 ERA in 43 games with the Marshall Comets of the Class C Lone Star League in 1947.

Space
The United States launched the spacecraft Reentry 6 atop a Scout rocket on a suborbital mission, designed to support the advancement of atmospheric entry technology. The spacecraft's performance was nominal.

War
In a bid to foment new fighting, North Korean troops attacked United Nations troops near the Demilitarized Zone, killing two South Korean soldiers and wounding two Americans.

Seven days of Nigerian government bombing raids against Ibo refugees in secessionist Biafra concluded, with about 300 killed. The pilots, believed to be Egyptian and Sudanese, flew Russian MiG and Czechoslovakian Delfin jets.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council urged the cancellation of a military parade in Jerusalem scheduled for May 2 to mark Israel's 20th anniversary.

Politics and government
U.S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey officially declared that he was seeking the Democratic presidential nomination. Mr. Humphrey, who made the announcement on a nationally-televised program before 1,700 friends and supporters since it was too late to enter the primary races, called for "a new American patriotism."

The Congress of Political Party Radicals (PPR) was formed in the Netherlands.

Disasters
A biplane in an air show near San Luis Obispo, California crashed, killing four people.

Boxing
Jimmy Ellis (26-5) won a 15-round majority decision over Jerry Quarry (26-2-4) at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena to win the World Boxing Association world heavyweight title, which had been vacant since Muhammad Ali had been stripped of the belt a year earlier for refusing induction into the U.S. Army. On the undercard, Henry Clark (15-3-2) won a 10-round majority decision over Leotis Martin (25-4) in another heavyweight bout.



Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Minnesota 3 @ St. Louis 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Gary Sabourin scored at 1:32 of the 1st overtime period to give the Blues their win over the North Stars at St. Louis Arena.

CPHL
Adams Cup
Finals
Tulsa 5 @ Fort Worth 4 (Tulsa won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Basketball
ABA
Finals
New Orleans 111 @ Pittsburgh 108 (New Orleans led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Baseball
Tom Phoebus of the Baltimore Orioles pitched a no-hitter against the visiting Boston Red Sox before 3,147 fans at Memorial Stadium in a game whose start was delayed by rain for 1 hour 23 minutes. Third baseman Brooks Robinson drove in 3 runs and made a great catch to rob Rico Petrocelli of a hit in the 8th inning as the Orioles won 6-0.

Denny McLain pitched a 5-hitter to improve his 1968 record to 2-0 as the Detroit Tigers shut out the New York Yankees 7-0 before 11,078 fans at Yankee Stadium. Dick McAuliffe drove in 3 runs with a home run and a single, and shortstop Ray Oyler had 2 singles and a double in what was probably his best game of the season.

Camilo Pascual allowed 3 hits and 1 earned run in 7 2/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Sam McDowell as the Washington Senators edged the Cleveland Indians 2-1 before 2,284 fans at District of Columbia Stadium in a game that was called because of rain with 2 out in the top of the 8th inning. The Indians had runners on 1st and 3rd bases, and Dave Baldwin had been announced as a relief pitcher for Washington when the game was called. Mr. Baldwin was credited with a save despite not facing a batter or retiring a baserunner.

40 years ago
1978

World events

A pro-Soviet military junta overthrew the government of President Mohmmad Daud Khan of Afghanistan. President Daud, who himself had come to power in a coup in 1973, was killed resisting the coup against him.

Diplomacy
Cuban dictator Fidel Castro concluded a week of meetings with Ethiopian dictator Lieutenant Cololnel Mengistu Haile Mariam. The two main secessionist guerrilla groups in the Ethiopian province of Eritrea, the Eritrean Liberation Front and the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, agreed to merge forces.

Politics and government
Jean-Pierre Côté installed as Lieutenant-Governor of Québec.

Scandal
John D. Ehrlichman, former aide to U.S. President Richard Nixon, was released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months for crimes related to the 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C.

Disasters
Scaffolding inside a cooling tower being built for a utility company in West Virginia collapsed, throwing 51 workers 170 feet to their deaths.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
New York Islanders 2 @ Toronto 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

The Maple Leafs scored 4 goals in the 1st period and coasted to victory over the Islanders at Maple Leaf Gardens.



Baseball
In the 14th annual Mayor's Trophy Game, the New York Yankees beat the New York Mets 4-3 in 11 innings.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Maybe We're About to Fall in Love--Tommy Nilsson

Londonia
This blogger was one of those in attendance as the London chapter (now the Southwestern Ontario Chapter) of the Ontario Association of Archivists (now the Archives Association of Ontario) was formed at a meeting on the campus of the University of Western Ontario.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney arrived in Washington for his fourth and final summit conference with U.S. President Ronald Reagan. In an address to Congress, Mr. Mulroney urged approval of a bilateral agreement on control of acid rain, and he called on Congress to ratify the U.S.-Canada free trade agreement. At his meeting with Mr. Reagan, the Prime Minister asked the President to set a timetable for banning sulfurous emissions in the United States that many experts--though not those in the Reagan administration--believed were the cause of acid rain. President Reagan said that the United States would not oppose the transfer of nuclear reactor technology, clearing the way for Canada to purchase British nuclear submarines.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Finals
St. Louis 3 @ Detroit 4 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Tim Higgins scored with 2:25 remaining in regulation time to break a 3-3 tie as the Red Wings eliminated the Blues at Joe Louis Arena.

25 years ago
1993


Africana
Eritrea declared itself independent from Ethiopia.

Defense
U.S. Defense Secretary Les Aspin announced an order to the military to drop most restrictions on women in combat roles in aerial and naval warfare.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Bond Rating Service slightly reduced the Canadian government's credit rating.

Disasters
All members of the Zambian national football team were among the 30 people killed in a plane crash off Libreville, Gabon en route to Dakar, Senegal to play a 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifying match against Senegal.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Semi-Finals
Toronto 5 @ Detroit 4 (OT) (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Winnipeg 4 @ Vancouver 3 (OT) (Vancouver led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Los Angeles 9 @ Calgary 4 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Mike Foligno scored at 2:05 of the 1st overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Red Wings at Joe Louis Arena. Detroit led 4-1 in the 2nd period, but Toronto scored 2 goals in the 2nd period, and Wendel Clark scored the tying goal with 8:22 remaining in regulation time.

Teemu Selanne scored at 6:18 of the 1st overtime period to give the Jets their win over the Canucks at Pacific Coliseum. Vancouver led 3-1 after the 1st period, but Keith Tkachuk scored in the 2nd period, and Darrin Shannon scored the tying goal with 10:55 remaining in regulation time.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
John Bassett, 82
. Canadian media and sports magnate. Mr. Bassett, a native of Ottawa and the son of a newspaper owner, owned the Sherbrooke Daily Record and Toronto Telegram, and founded Baton Broadcasting and later the CTV television network. He owned the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League from 1957-1974 and as co-owner, with Harold Ballard and Stafford Smythe, of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the National Hockey League from 1961-1970.

Carlos Castaneda, 72. Peruvian-born U.S. anthropologist. Dr. Castaneda became popular in the late 1960s and early 1970s for books in which he detailed his encounters with a Yaqui Indian shaman from Mexico named don Juan Matus. As a graduate student in anthropology at University of California at Los Angeles, Mr. Castaneda published The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge in 1968. Subsequent books included A Separate Reality (1971); Journey to Ixtlan (1972); and Tales of Power (1974). Since Dr. Castaneda’s writings resulted from the use of psychotropic plants, there’s always been some dispute as to whether his stories were fact or fiction. Was don Juan Matus an actual shaman, or was he just a demon that appeared to Dr. Castaneda when he went on his drug trips? In his later years, Dr. Castaneda promoted Tensegrity, a variety of body movements that he said had been passed down through 25 generations of Toltec shamans. Some have called Carlos Castaneda "The Godfather of the New Age."

Law
An appeals court in Cincinnati ruled that restrictions on political campaign spending were an unconstitutional limitation on freedom of speech.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Quarter-Finals
Pittsburgh 1 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Philadelphia 1 @ Buffalo 6 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Western Conference
Quarter-Finals
St. Louis 4 @ Los Angeles 3 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Indiana 77 @ Cleveland 86 (Indiana led best-of-five series 2-1)

Western Conference
First Round
Phoenix 88 @ San Antonio 100 (San Antonio led best-of-five series 2-1)

10 years ago
2008


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 0 @ Pittsburgh 2 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Western Conference
Semi-Finals
Dallas 5 @ San Jose 2 (Dallas led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Cleveland 100 @ Washington 97 (Cleveland led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Detroit 93 @ Philadelphia 84 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Western Conference
First Round
New Orleans 97 @ Dallas 84 (New Orleans led best-of-seven series 3-1)
San Antonio 86 @ Phoenix 105 (San Antonio led best-of-seven series 3-1)

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