Monday, 23 April 2018

April 23, 2018

675 years ago
1343


Protest
Estonians in the Duchy of Estonia, the Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek, and the territories of the State of the Teutonic Order began the St. George's Night Uprising in an attempt to rid the areas of Danish and German rulers and landlords.

670 years ago
1348

Britannica

The Order of the Garter, the first English order of knighthood, was founded by King Edward III.

130 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Georges Vanier
. Governor General of Canada, 1959-1967. Mr. Vanier, a native of Montreal, won the Military Cross in 1916 for his actions in the Great War, and lost his right leg in battle two years later. He continued as an army officer and spent several decades as a diplomat before accepting the position as Governor General, becoming the first person of French-Canadian ancestry to be appointed to the post. Mr. Vanier continued the Canadian tradition of vice-regal patronage of amateur sports when he created the Governor General's Fencing Award and donated the Vanier Cup in 1965 for the championship of university football in Canada. Mr. Vanier died in office on March 5, 1967 at the age of 78; Roland Michener was soon appointed to succeed him as Governor General.

Politics and government
Aeneas Mackay, leader of the Anti-Revolutionaire Partij, took office as Prime Minister of the Netherlands, replacing Jan Heemskerk Abrahamzoon.

110 years ago
1908

Diplomacy

Denmark, Germany, England, France, Netherlands, and Sweden signed the North Sea accord.

100 years ago
1918

War

The Dover Patrol overthrew a German U-boat in the East Sea. The Battle of Zeebrugge ended with the British Royal Navy putting the German U-Boat base out of action.

Politics and government
The American civil rights organization known as the National Urban League was founded, with Eugene K. Jones as Executive Secretary.

90 years ago
1928


Aviation
A Ford monoplane sent by the New York World and North American Newspaper Alliance took supplies from Detroit to Greenly Island, near Newfoundland, where the German Junker Bremen had been stranded for 10 days since landing there on an attempted translatlantic flight from Dublin to New York. Aboard the relief plane were Floyd Bennett and Bernt Balchen. Mr. Bennett, who had been seriously injured in a crash the previous year, took ill with pneumonia, and was flown to Quebec City, where he was hospitalized.

Adventure
Miss Eleonora Sears, society sportswoman, walked from Newport, Rhode Island to Boston, Massachusetts, a distance of 74 miles, in 17 hours.

Japanese traveller Ryvkichi Matsui arrived in Moscow, 17 days after leaving Tokyo on his way westward to circle the globe. His friend Toicho Araki had left Tokyo the same day, heading eastward around the world.

Diplomacy
William Clark was appointed the first British High Commissioner to Canada, taking office on September 22, 1928.

Protest
The Venezuelan government closed the National Military School at Caracas because of student riots.

80 years ago
1938

Politics and government

Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demanded self-government.

75 years ago
1943


War
British forces reported sinking six U-boats during an attack upon an allied convoy in the North Atlantic Ocean. U.S. Army General George Patton's tank corps moved to within 15 miles of Mateur in a strong offensive, repulsing German counterattacks and taking 100 prisoners. Allied planes flew a record 1,500 sorties over Tunisia, reporting heavy damage. U.K. officials in New Delhi charged that the Japanese had bayoneted to derath prisoners captured in Burma who were unfit for work. U.S. Liberators bombed the Japanese base on Tarawa in the northern Gilbert Islands without loss, causing extensive damage.

Diplomacy
Six members of the American legation in Helsinki departed, leaving only charge d'affaires Robert McClintock and a small clerical staff behind.

70 years ago
1948


Television
KSTP-TV channel 5 in St. Paul-Minneapolis, Minnesota (ABC) made its first broadcasts.

War
The United Nations Security Council voted to establish a Palestine truce commission consisting of the U.S.A., France, and Belgium.

Politics and government
The All-Korea Joint Political Conference opened in Pyongyang to press for suspension of UN-supervised elections in the U.S. zone. The conference was attended by U.S.S.R. zone Communists and rightist politicians from southern Korea.

Minneapolis Mayor Hubert Humphrey announced plans to run for the U.S. Senate in 1948 as a candidate of the Democratic-Farm-Labor Party.

Science
The American Chemical Society awarded the Priestly Medal to Edward Weidlein, director of the Mellon Institute for Industrial Research in Pittsburgh.

Labour
Club-swinging police broke up a United Packinghouse Workers picket line in front of a Kansas City factory and wrecked the city's union hall, causing 45 injuries.

60 years ago
1958


Politics and government
R.S. Garfield Todd resigned as Labour Minister in the government of Southern Rhodesia, leading six other dissident Members of Parliament in a break with the United Federal Party of Prime Minister Sir Edgar Whitehead.

Ambassadors of the U.S.S.R. and all Soviet bloc nations except Poland walked out of the Yugoslavian Communist Party Congress when Vice President Aleksandr Rankovic denounced Soviet leaders for their continued "pressure on Yugoslavia."

Disasters
Five paratroopers of the U.S. Army's 101st Airborn Division were killed and 137 injured in a mass jump of 1,300 men at Fort Campbell, Kentucky when unexpectedly strong ground winds battered them against rocks and trees.

Baseball
Orlando Cepeda tripled home Jim Davenport and Willie Mays with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and Daryl Spencer followed with a 2-run home run to give the San Francisco Giants an 8-7 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 14,715 fans at Seals Stadium in San Francisco. Mr. Mays had reached first base on an error by St. Louis shortstop Dick Schofield, and Willie Kirkland had flied out for what should have been the third out of the inning before Mr. Cepeda came to bat, making all 4 runs unearned. The Cardinals scored 5 runs in the 1st inning off San Francisco starting pitcher Ruben Gomez, and led 6-2 going into the bottom of the 8th. It was the first major league game for San Francisco's Don Taussig, who grounded out as a pinch hitter in the 5th inning. It was the only major league game for San Francisco's Nick Testa, who entered the game in the bottom of the 8th inning as a pinch runner for pinch hitter Ray Jablonski, who singled in 2 runs to make the score 6-4. Mr. Testa remained in the game as a catcher, making an error on a foul popup in the 9th. The error was not costly, but it was Mr. Testa's only major league fielding chance. Mr. Testa was on deck when Mr. Spencer hit his home run. Mr. Testa’s story is told in the book Once Around the Bases (1998) by Richard Tellis. San Francisco manager Bill Rigney used 24 of the 25 players on his roster in this game.

Chuck Tanner led off the top of the 9th inning with a home run and Bobby Thomson doubled home 2 runs later in the inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 7-5 lead as they held on to edge the Los Angeles Dodgers 7-6 before 24,368 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Charlie Neal tripled home Pee Wee Reese with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Gil Hodges grounded out to pitcher Dolan Nichols to end the game.

Herb Score, attempting a comeback after being hit in the eye by a line drive almost a year earlier, pitched a 3-hitter and struck out 13 batters to win the pitchers' duel over Billy Pierce as the Cleveland Indians shut out the Chicago White Sox 2-0 before 2,391 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland in a game that was interrupted by a 44-minute rain delay.

Roy Sievers drew a base on balls to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning, advanced to second base on a single by Clint Courtney, and scored on a 1-out single by Jim Lemon to give the Washington Senators a 5-4 win over the New York Yankees before 14,754 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. The Senators had tied the score in the 9th when Herb Plews reached first base on an error by New York shortstop Gil McDougald, advanced to third on a single by Ed Yost, and scored on a single by pinch hitter Ed Fitz Gerald.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Delilah--Tom Jones

Theatre
The musical I'm Solomon, with music by Ernest Gold, and starring Dick Shawn and Carmen Mathews, opened at the Mark Hellinger Theater on Broadway in New York City. It closed four days later after 9 previews and 7 performances.

War
U.S. airplanes carried out 155 raids over North Vietnam.

Protest
A student protest at Columbia University in New York that grew into two weeks of upheaval and violence began when 150 students, led by Mark Rudd, president of the campus chapter of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), met at noon to protest the proposed construction of a gymnasium in neighbouring Morningside Park (which was also opposed by Negroes in nearby Harlem), as well as to protest Columbia’s ties with the Institute of Defense Analyses (IDA). The protest group included members of the Students’ Afro-American Society and some residents of Harlem. After the initial meeting, the protesters invaded Hamilton Hall, headquarters of Columbia College, and held three officials hostage for 24 hours.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, who had taken office just three days earlier, obtained a dissolution of Parliament from Governor General Roland Michener and called a federal election for June 25.

In the contests for the U.S. presidential nominations, Minnesota Senator Eugene McCarthy, the only candidate on the ballot, received 76 ½% of the vote in the Pennsylvania Democratic Party primary. Former Vice President Richard Nixon took 76.3% of the vote as a write-in candidate in the Republican primary.

Religion
The United Methodist Church was created when The Evangelical United Brethren Church (represented by Bishop Reuben H. Mueller) and The Methodist Church (represented by Bishop Lloyd C. Wicke) joined hands at the constituting General Conference in Dallas. Before the year was out, the notorious Oral Roberts had become a UMC pastor. The denomination is largely apostate, although some Bible-believing pastors can still be found.
www.umc.org

Communications
The first public hearings of the Canadian Radio and Television Commission were held at the Chateau Laurier Hotel in Ottawa.

Journalism
The Edmonton Journal began publishing Astronomical Notebook, a daily feature produced by the Queen Elizabeth Planetarium in Edmonton that appeared on page 2 with the weather. The feature was published through March 21, 1970.

Economics and finance
The first decimal coins were issued in Britain in preparation for replacing the current system of pounds, shillings and pence by 1971. The five new pence and ten new pence coins operated alongside the shilling and the florin, and had the same value. They were also the same size and weight. The coins caused initial confusion to shoppers, many of whom refused to take them. There was further misunderstanding over the value of a penny. Many thought the five new penny coin was worth five old pence, when it was in fact worth a shilling, or 12 old pence.

Disasters
Tornadoes along a 125-mile stretch of the Ohio River killed 11 and injured 200 in Ohio and Kentucky.

11 were killed and 24 injured when a bus plunged into a ravine at Recife, Brazil.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Montreal 4 @ Chicago 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Yvan Cournoyer scored 2 goals for the Canadiens as they beat the Black Hawks at Chicago Stadium.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs acquired outfielder Jim Hickman and relief pitcher Phil Regan from the Los Angeles Dodgers in exchange for outfielder Ted Savage and starting pitcher Jim Ellis. Mr. Hickman was with the Spokane Indians of the AAA Pacific Coast League, and he was transferred to the Spokane Indians. Mr. Regan was 2-0 with no saves and a 3.38 earned run average in 5 games with Los Angeles; he went on to lead the National League with 25 saves in 1968. Mr. Savage was batting .250 (2 for 8) with no home runs or runs batted in in 3 games with the Cubs in 1968. Mr. Ellis was with the Tacoma Cubs, and he was transferred to the Spokane Indians.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Tania--John Rowles (3rd week at #1)

Defense
The U.S.S.R. performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk.

In London, U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance briefed the West German, British, French, and Canadian foreign ministers on the results of the SALT talks with the Soviets which had concluded in Moscow the day before. Mr. Vance was reported to have told the ministers that a clause had been added to the draft treaty on strategic arms limitations barring U.S. or U.S.S.R. circumvention of the treaty, but that disagreement remained on two other issues. The United States had been unsuccessful in getting specific written limitations on the Soviet Backfire bomber nor a clause limiting the modernization of existing missiles. Mr. Vance refused to publicly reveal the content of the Moscow talks, saying that Soviet officials had insisted on secrecy in the negotiations.

Terrorism
For the second consecutive day, Pope Paul VI begged the kidnappers of Aldo Moro to release the former Italian Prime Minister, who had been held hostage since March 16.

World events
Passengers on a Korean Air Lines jet that been forced down when it had flown into Soviet territory near the Arctic Circle three days earlier were flown to Helsinki, Finland by a Pan American Airways rescue plane.

Crime
The Rubens painting The Three Graces and nine other Flemish works which had been stolen from the Pitti Palace in Florence, Italy two days earlier were recovered undamaged by police. Whether that means the police recovered them in an undamaged state or whether they were recovered without being damaged by the police, I’m not sure.

Golf
Gary Player won his third straight tournament, winning the Houston Open with a score of 270. First prize money was $40,000.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Montreal 8 @ Detroit 0 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Boston 5 @ Chicago 2 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-0)
New York Islanders 1 @ Toronto 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Philadelphia 4 @ Buffalo 2 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Ken Dryden posted the shutout in goal and the Canadiens scored 2 shorthanded goals during the same penalty as they routed the Red Wings in the national Le Soiree du Hockey telecast on a Sunday afternoon in the last Stanley Cup game ever played at Olympia Stadium.





Toronto defenceman Borje Salming suffered an eye injury when he was hit by an errant stick, putting him out of action for the remainder of the playoffs, as the Maple Leafs beat the Islanders in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast at Maple Leaf Gardens.





WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
Edmonton 1 @ New England 4 (New England won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Quebec 2 @ Houston 5 (Quebec led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Birmingham 2 @ Winnipeg 5 (Winnipeg won best-of-seven series 4-1)

The Aeros' win over the Nordiques at the Summit was the last World Hockey Association game ever played in Houston.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Semi-Finals
Philadelphia 112 @ New York 107 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-0)
San Antonio 95 @ Washington 98 (Washington led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Western Conference
Semi-Finals
Denver 112 @ Milwaukee 143 (Denver led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Portland 84 @ Seattle 99 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Baseball
Dave Parker of the Pittsburgh Pirates hit a home run in each game as the Pirates defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 14-7 in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,008 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh, and were leading the second game 5-4 after 6 innings when it was suspended because of a curfew in order to allow the Cardinals to catch a flight to Montreal. The game was completed on June 26, with no further scoring.

Joe Wallis singled home Bobby Murcer with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 3-2 win over the New York Mets before 7,692 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

George Foster singled home Pete Rose with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to enable the Cincinnati Reds to edge the San Francisco Giants 2-1 before 50,510 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Cincinnati second baseman Joe Morgan made an error, bringing his major league record of 91 consecutive errorless games at the position to an end. He had begun the streak on July 6, 1977.

Atlanta Braves' shortstop Darrel Chaney made 2 errors in the bottom of the 10th inning, leading to 2 unearned runs for the San Diego Padres as they edged the Braves 5-4 before 19,502 fans at San Diego Stadium. Mark Lee made his major league debut on the mound for the Padres, pitching 1 1/3 scoreless innings in relief of starting pitcher Bob Shirley.

Ron Hassey, playing his first major league game, singled home the final 2 runs of a 3-run 11th inning as the Cleveland Indians beat the Boston Red Sox 10-7 to gain a split of their doubleheader before 36,246 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Hassey, the Indians' catcher, finished the game 2 for 6 with 2 runs batted in, and 13 putouts and an error in the field. The Red Sox scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th to win the first game 6-3. Cleveland left fielder Johnny Grubb and Boston third baseman Butch Hobson each hit a home run in each game.

Lary Sorensen allowed 2 earned runs in 8 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Catfish Hunter as the Milwaukee Brewers 3-2 before 26,291 fans at Yankee Stadium. Ben Oglivie led the Milwaukee offense with a solo home run, single, and double, scoring 2 runs. The game was played in 1 hour 53 minutes.

Jesse Jefferson pitched a 3-hitter and the Toronto Blue Jays scored 2 runs in each of the first 2 innings as they shut out the Chicago White Sox 4-0 before 17,427 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

John Henry Johnson pitched a 6-hitter and the Oakland Athletics scored 4 runs in the 5th inning as they blanked the Seattle Mariners 5-0 before 5,688 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'Amore Rubato--Luca Barbarossa (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Heart--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Heart--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Heart--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (2nd week at #1)
2 Devil Inside--INXS
3 Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston
4 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
5 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
6 Girlfriend--Pebbles
7 Angel--Aerosmith
8 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
9 Some Kind of Lover--Jody Watley
10 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley

Singles entering the chart were Foolish Beat by Debbie Gibson (#61); Make it Real by the Jets (#72); Nothin' But a Good Time by Poison (#84); Tall Cool One by Robert Plant (#85); Stand Up by David Lee Roth (#86); and Love Struck by Jesse Johnson's Revue (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (3rd week at #1)
2 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley
3 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
4 Endless Summer Nights--Richard Marx
5 I Saw Him Standing There--Tiffany
6 Devil Inside--INXS
7 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
8 Push It--Salt-N-Pepa
9 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Michael Bolton
10 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger

Singles entering the chart were One More Try by George Michael (#79); Say it Again by Jermaine Stewart (#85); Together Forever by Rick Astley (#88); Circle in the Sand by Belinda Carlisle (#91); Piano in the Dark by Brenda Russell (#96); and Talking Back to the Night by Steve Winwood (#97).

Canada's top 10 (The Record)
1 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (2nd week at #1)
2 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley
3 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
4 I Saw Him Standing There--Tiffany
5 Push It--Salt-N-Pepa
6 Pump Up the Volume--M/A/R/R/S
7 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
8 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
9 Endless Summer Nights--Richard Marx
10 Devil Inside--INXS

Aviation
A Greek man pedalled a self-powered aircraft 74 miles.

Health
The United States instituted a federal ban on smoking during domestic airline flights of 2 hours or less.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Finals
Detroit 3 @ St. Louis 6 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Calgary 2 @ Edmonton 4 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-0)

25 years ago
1993


Died on this date
César Chávez, 66
. U.S. labour activist. Mr. Chávez co-founded the National Farm Workers' Association (later known as United Farm Workers). He was known for his support of the rights of migrant farm workers--especially those of Hispanic ancestry--in the western United States.

Lalith Athulathmudali, 56. Sri Lankan politician. Mr. Athulathmudali was Sri Lanka's Minister of Education, National Security, Trade and Agriculture in the United National Party government of President J.R. Jayewardene in the 1980s. He formed a new party, the Democratic United National Front, after an unsuccessful attempt to impeach Mr. Jayewardene's successor, Ranasinghe Premadasa. Four weeks before Provincial Council elections for the Western Province, Mr. Athulathmudali was assassinated by a gunman in Colombo after an election rally. A Tamil youth named Ragunathan--whose body was found the next day--was initially blamed, but a presidential commission concluded that Mr. Premadasa was directly responsible for the assassination of Mr. Athulathmudali and the death of Mr. Ragunathan, who had been forced to take cyanide. Mr. Premadasa never faced any charges, since he was assassinated by a suicide bomber just eight days after the death of Mr. Athulathmudali.

Politics and government
Eritreans voted overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.

Scandal
A U.S. Defense Department inquiry found that 175 U.S. Navy personnel could face disciplinary charges for drinking, debauchery, and sexual assault and harassment of 83 women and 7 men at the 35th Annual Tailhook Association Symposium from September 8–12, 1991 at the Las Vegas Hilton Hotel.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Division Semi-Finals
Chicago 0 @ St. Louis 3 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Detroit 2 @ Toronto 4 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Vancouver 4 @ Winnipeg 5 (Vancouver led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Calgary 5 @ Los Angeles 2 (Calgary led best-of-seven series 2-1)

20 years ago
1998

Died on this date
Konstantinos Karamanlis, 91
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1955-1963, 1974-1980. Mr. Karamanlis was first elected to parliament in the Greek election of 1936. He became Minister of Employment in 1947, and then Minister of Public Works. Mr. Karamanlis became Prime Minister for the first time on October 6, 1955, serving until June 17, 1963. He led his National Radical Union (formerly Greek Rally) to successive electoral victories in 1955, 1958, and 1961. Unfortunately, he made the disastrous move of implementing full voting rights for women in 1955. He also pushed for Greek membership in the European Economic Community. As a result of Mr. Karamanlis’s lobbying, Greece became an associate member of the EEC on July 9, 1961. Tensions between the government and the monarch increased in the early 1960s, and Mr. Karamanlis left the country after his party’s defeat in the 1963 election. Political turmoil and a subsequent military coup occupied Greek affairs until 1974, when democracy was restored. Mr. Karamanlis returned to Greece as leader of a party called New Democracy, and served as Prime Minister again from July 24, 1974-May 10, 1980. Mr. Karamanlis’s government undertook numerous nationalizations in several sectors, including banking and transportation. Karamanlis's policies of economic statism were described by many as socialmania. Mr. Karamanlis resigned as Prime Minister, and became President of the Third Hellenic Republic (Greece had dumped the monarchy as a result of a 1974 plebiscite), in which office he served from 1980-1985 and again from 1990-1995.

Gregor von Rezzori, 83. Austrian author and actor. Mr. Rezzori, born Gregor Arnulph Hilarius d'Arezzo, was known for novels such as Oedipus at Stalingrad (1954) and The Death of My Brother Abel (1976), as well as the story Memoirs of an Anti-Semite (1969), which brought him to the attention of English language readers. He appeared in several movies, including A Very Private Affair (1962); Viva Maria! (1965); and Man on Horseback (1969).

James Earl Ray, 70. U.S. criminal. Mr. Ray, a career criminal, was convicted (and sentenced to 99 years in prison) for the April 4, 1968 assassination of Negro civil rights leader Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. Mr. Ray was captured in England after an intense manhunt; he had been able to obtain a Canadian passport under the name Eric Starvo Galt (thus proving how easy it was, and is, to get a Canadian passport). Three days after pleading guilty, Mr. Ray recanted his confession, and protested his innocence while making a number of failed escaped attempts. Mr. Ray’s claims that he was a fall guy for a larger conspiracy eventually received a boost from Mr. King’s family, who called for Mr. Ray to get a new trial. Mr. Ray died in prison of liver disease. In 1999, a jury ruled in a civil trial brought by the King family that Rev. King was the victim of a conspiracy, but the following year, the U.S. Justice Department said that it had uncovered no evidence of a conspiracy.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Quarter-Finals
Montreal 3 @ Pittsburgh 2 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Western Conference
Quarter-Finals
Los Angeles 3 @ St. Louis 8 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Benoit Brunet scored at 18:43 of the 1st overtime period to give the Canadiens their win over the Penguins at Civic Arena.

Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Atlanta 87 @ Charlotte 97 (Charlotte led best-of-five series 1-0)
Cleveland 77 @ Indiana 106 (Indiana led best-of-five series 1-0)

Western Conference
First Round
San Antonio 102 @ Phoenix 96 (San Antonio led best-of-five series 1-0)
Houston 103 @ Utah 90 (Houston led best-of-five series 1-0)

10 years ago
2008


Basketball
NBA
Playoffs
Eastern Conference
First Round
Atlanta 77 @ Boston 96 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Philadelphia 88 @ Detroit 105 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Western Conference
First Round
Denver 107 @ Los Angeles Lakers 122 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-0)

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