Tuesday, 24 April 2018

April 24, 2018

1,160 years ago


Nicholas I succeeded Benedict III as Roman Catholic Pope.

460 years ago

Married on this date

Mary, Queen of Scots married French Crown Prince Francois at Notre Dame de Paris.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Sandy Herd
. U.K. golfer. Mr. Herd, a native of St. Andrews, Scotland, won 11 tournaments in a long professional career, most notably the 1902 British Open. He died of pneumonia on February 18, 1944 at the age of 75.

130 years ago


Eastman Kodak was founded in Rochester, New York.

120 years ago


Spain declared war on the United States, rejecting U.S. President William McKinley’s ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba. The U.S. fleet under commodore George Dewey sailed from Hong Kong to the Philippines.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Inga Gentzel
. Swedish runner. Miss Gentzel won the bronze medal in the women's 800-metre run at the 1928 Summer Olympic Games in Amsterdam, shortly after setting a world record in the event. She won the silver medal in the 1,000-metre run at the Women's World Games in Gothenburg in 1926. Miss Gentzel died on January 1, 1991 at the age of 82.

Marceline Day. U.S. actress. Miss Day, born Marceline Newlin, began her career as a child actress in silent movies in the 1910s, and was popular in the 1920s, appearing in such movies as London After Midnight (1927) and The Cameraman (1928). She made her last movie in 1933 and retired to private life, dying on February 16, 2000 at the age of 91.

Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Murdock and family, accompanied by a mechanic, became the first family to travel across U.S. by car, leaving Los Angeles in a Packard. They arrived in New York City on May 26 after 32 days, 5 hours, 25 minutes.

100 years ago

The first tank-to-tank combat took place during the second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, when three British Mark IVs met three German A7Vs.

90 years ago

Colonel Charles Lindbergh, carrying pneumonia serum from the Rockefeller Institute, left Curtis Field, Long Island at 3:08 P.M. in a U.S. Army pursuit plane and reached Quebec City, 470 miles away, at 6:30 P.M. in an effort to save the life of aviator Floyd Bennett, who was in a hospital there.

Colonel R.W. Stewart, chairman of the Standard Oil Company of Indiana, testifying in Washington before the Senate Teapot Dome Committee, said that he was given a fourth share--$769,500--of the bonds representing the profits of the Continental Trading Company of Canada, and that he turned them over to R.J. Barnet, as trustee for the Standard Oil Co. of Indiana, whose directors, after the April 21 acquittal of Harry Sinclair of conspiracy to defraud the government, accepted the bonds and gave them to its subsidiary, the Sinclair Crude Oil Purchasing Company. It had already been testified that the other fourth shares went to J.E. O’Neil; H.M. Blackmer, who gave his share to his own company; and to Harry Sinclair.

The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the words "qualified persons" in Section 24 of the British North America Act did not apply to women, that "by the Common Law of England, women were under a legal incapacity to hold public office." Five prominent Alberta women - the Famous Five of Emily Murphy, Henrietta Edwards, Nellie McClung, Louise McKinney and Irene Parlby - initiated the case in law by asking the Supreme Court to rule on whether or not a woman, as a qualified person, could be appointed to the Canadian Senate. Edmonton magistrate Murphy and Calgary Magistrate Jamieson had faced challenges to their rulings because some lawyers claimed that, as women, they held their positions illegally. The Famous Five decided to appeal the decision to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council at Westminster.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I've Heard That Song Before--Harry James and his Music Makers with Helen Forrest (8th week at #1)

Nearly 40,000 Japanese troops launched converging offensives in China from northern Honan and southeastern Shansi Provinces.

Armed Irish Republican Army members seized a theatre in Belfast. IRA chief Hugh McAleer protested the presence of U.S. troops, and warned that they may become involved in British-Irish strife.

Upon his return from a seven-nation Latin American tour, U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace said that leaders there asked for more machinery to turn out war goods and farm products.

Politics and government
Mohammed Ali Jinnah was re-elected president of the All-India Moslem League, and warned the United Kingdom against "its shabby treatment of Moslem India."

A U.S. federal jury in Hattiesburg, Mississippi acquitted three men of lynching Howard Wash, a Negro, in the first such trial in 40 years.

As commander-in-chief of the armed forces, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered severl hundred striking members of the United Mine Workers of America District 50 to return to work at Celanese Corporation's plant in Newark by noon on April 26 or face government action. The U.S. National War Labor Board ordered operators and miners of the Appalachian region to continue uninterrupted production of coal.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Mañana (Is Soon Enough for Me)--Peggy Lee (7th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Now is the Hour (Maori Farewell Song)--Bing Crosby (6th week at #1)
--Gracie Fields
--Margaret Whiting
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
2 Mañana (Is Soon Enough for Me)--Peggy Lee
3 Sabre Dance--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
4 Beg Your Pardon--Francis Craig and his Orchestra
--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--Larry Green and his Orchestra
5 I'm Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--The Three Suns
--Uptown String Band
6 Because--Perry Como
7 Baby Face--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
8 But Beautiful--Frank Sinatra
--Margaret Whiting
9 Shine--Frankie Laine
10 Toolie Oolie Doolie (The Yodel Polka)--The Andrews Sisters
--Vaughn Horton and the Polka Debs

Singles entering the chart were the version of Sabre Dance by Freddy Martin and his Orchestra; the versions of Baby Face by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra, and Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters; Nature Boy by King Cole (#25); Goofus by Johnny Mercer (#26); Just Because by Frankie Yankovic and his Yanks (#27); Tutti-Tutti Pizzicato by the Sportsmen (#33); You were Meant for Me by Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra (#39); and I Love You, Yes I Do by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (#40).

American and Japanese forces suppressed rioting by Korean emigres in Osaka and Kobe. Although the immediate cause of the unrest was Japanese control over Korean emigre schools, U.S. authorities connected it with Communist attempts to prevent United Nations-supervised elections in Korea.

Politics and government
Victorious Costa Rican rebel leader Jose Figueres assumed control of the ministries of Foreign Affairs, Justice, and Public Security in an interim cabinet appointed by acting President Leon Herrera.

Brazilian police staged a nationwide roundup of leading Communists after President Eurico Gaspar Dutra urged Congress to pass "preventive and repressive" anti-Communist laws.

Acting U.S. Commerce Secretary William Foster, following President Harry Truman's orders, rejected a House of Representatives resolution demanding the Federal Bureau of Investigation report on Bureau of Standards Director Edward Condon, accused by the House Un-American Activities Committee of being a potential security risk.

Washington's Democratic Party convention instructed its delegates to support the renomination of President Truman, while Idaho named an uninstructed delegation.

Horse racing
My Request won the Wood Memorial race in Jamaica, New York.

60 years ago

The U.S.A., U.K., and France asked the U.S.S.R. government to begin joint talks with Western ambassadors on preparations for a summit meeting.

Politics and government
Maltese Governor Sir Robert Laycock took over civil administration of the island, three days after Prime Minister Dom Mintoff had submitted his resignation.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent Congress a reorganization plan calling for the merger of the Federal Civil Defense Administration and the Office of Defense Mobilization into a new Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization. President Eisenhower also accepted the resignation of Maxwell Rabb as secretary to the cabinet.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Eisenhower signed a joint congressional resolution authorizing the government to begin purchasing up to $840 million worth of supplies from fiscal 1959 funds as an anti-recessionary measure.

150,000 workers staged a general strike in Montevideo in sympathy with 4,000 workers left unemployed after the recent closing of Swift and Armour meat packing plants.

The Pittsburgh Pirates withstood a 4-run rally with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning as they defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 7-4 before 7,456 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Dick Groat hit 2 doubles and a single, while Bob Skinner added 2 singles and a double as the Pirates built a 7-0 lead. Winning pitcher Bob Friend was unable to get the final out, allowing a 2-run triple by Richie Ashburn, a 2-run home run by Bob Bowman, and a single by Rip Repulski before Roy Face retired Harry Anderson on a ground ball to end the game.

Hank Aaron led off the 3rd and 5th innings with home runs to help the Milwaukee Braves defeat the Cincinnati Redlegs 6-2 before 6,182 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

Lee Walls hit 3 home runs and drive in 8 runs to lead the visiting Chicago Cubs to a 15-2 rout of the Los Angeles Dodgers before 10,194 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Mr. Walls' second homer, a 3-run shot, climaxed a 7-run 5th inning for the Cubs.

Daryl Spencer's infield single with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning scored Danny O'Connell with the winning run as the San Francisco Giants rallied for 2 runs to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 6-5 before 13,674 fans at Seals Stadium in San Francisco. St. Louis catcher Ray Katt had broken a 4-4 tie in the top of the 9th with a home run. San Francisco left fielder Hank Sauer batted 3 for 3 with 2 home runs, a base on balls, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in.

Pinch hitter Dick Gernert singled home Gene Stephens with 1 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Boston Red Sox a 4-3 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 6,690 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): What a Wonderful World/Cabaret--Louis Armstrong

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)
2 Lady Madonna/The Inner Light--The Beatles
3 Simon Says--1910 Fruitgum Company
4 Magical Mystery Tour (EP)--The Beatles
5 Delilah--Tom Jones
6 Underneath the Arches/Friday Kind of Monday--Johnny Farnham
7 Young Girl--The Union Gap
8 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
9 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
10 Valleri/Tapioca Tundra--The Monkees

Singles entering the chart were Honey by Bobby Goldsboro (#26); Jennifer Juniper by Donovan (#28); (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay by Otis Redding (#31); Congratulations by Cliff Richard (#32); Master Jack by Four Jacks and a Jill (#37); and If I Only Had Time by John Rowles (#39).

U.S. airplanes carried out 111 raids over North Vietnam.

Mauritius was admitted to the United Nations as its 124th member.

The U.S.S.R. performed a nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk.

The occupation of Hamilton Hall, headquarters of Columbia College, continued from the previous day, with three officials being held hostage. Negro protesters ordered the other protesters out early in the day. The white rebels then marched to Low Library, where they took over and ransacked the office of Dr. Grayson Kirk, president of Columbia University. By this time the protest had gone beyond its original aims, and "Student Power" had become the battle cry. The spoiled brats demanded complete amnesty, asserting their right to participate in the "restructuring of the university." The hostages in Hamilton Hall were released later in the day, after 24 hours of confinement.

Adams Cup
Fort Worth 3 @ Tulsa 5 (Tulsa led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Los Angeles 123 @ Boston 113 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Pittsburgh 101 @ New Orleans 109 (New Orleans led best-of-seven series 2-1)

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Southpaw--Pink Lady (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ballade pour Adeline--Richard Clayderman (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Hunk Anderson, 79
. U.S. football player. Called by Knute Rockne as "the greatest lineman he ever coached," Heartley Anderson was a four-year starter at Notre Dame from 1918-1921. Mr. Anderson was a member of undefeated teams in 1919 and 1920. The Irish won 20 consecutive games before being upset by Iowa in 1921. As a senior, Mr. Anderson gained first-team All-America status. Against Purdue he blocked two punts and recovered them in the end zone, marking the first time in history a guard had scored two touchdowns in a game. (The feat was matched in 1942 when Alex Agase, a guard for Illinois, scored twice against Minnesota.) During Mr. Anderson’s four varsity seasons, Notre Dame posted a 31-2-2 record. After a four-year career with the Chicago Bears, "Hunk" returned to Notre Dame as a line coach under Mr. Rockne and later head coach upon Mr. Rockne's death in 1931. In three seasons as head coach Mr. Anderson's teams had a 16-9-2 record. Grantland Rice wrote that "pound for pound Anderson was the toughest man I have ever known." Mr. Anderson was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1974.

Marty Walker, 79. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Walker pitched in 1 game for the Philadelphia Phillies, starting against the Brooklyn Robins at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn on September 30, 1928, the last game of the season. He faced 5 batters, allowing 2 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 4 runs--2 earned--in a 5-1 loss. Since he failed to retire a batter, his major league earned run average was infinity.

World events
The Palestinian guerrilla group Al-Fatah was reported to have ordered the arrest of 123 guerrillas who had entered Lebanon from Iraq to fight Lebanese and UNIFIL soldiers. The arrest order led to fighting within Al-Fatah, and three men were killed.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll showed that U.S. President Jimmy Carter’s popularity had dropped to 39%, down 9% from the March Gallup Poll. The decrease was generally attributed to his handling of the economy.

Former Representative Richard D. Hanna (Democrat--California) was given a sentence of 6-30 months in prison for conspiring to defraud the United States government in the South Korean influence-buying scandal. Mr. Hanna, 63, was the first person sent to prison in the case.

The Supreme Court of the United States declined to review Patricia Hearst's seven-year sentence for bank robbery. Miss Hearst had been free on bail since November 19, 1976.

Nolan Ryan of the California Angels struck out 15 batters in a game for the 20th time in his career, but left after 9 innings with the Angels and Seattle Mariners tied 4-4 before 13,429 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Each team scored a run in the 11th before the Mariners prevailed 6-5 in 12 innings.

Randy Lerch pitched a 6-hit complete game victory and batted 2 for 2 with a home run, double, 2 bases on balls, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in to lead the Philadelphia Phillies to a 12-2 rout of the Chicago Cubs before 20,115 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. The Phillies broke the game open with 9 runs in the 6th inning.

Pinch hitter Denny Walling singled home pinch runner Julio Gonzalez with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Houston Astros a 4-3 win over the San Diego Padres before 7,300 fans at the Astrodome. Mr. Gonzalez entered the game to run for Art Howe, who led off the inning with a single.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): One Tree Hill--U2 (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Tell it to My Heart--Taylor Dayne (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
In the first round of runoffs in the French presidential election, Socialist Party candidate and President Francois Mitterand captured 34% of the vote; Rally for the Republic Jacques Chirac took 20%; Union for French Democracy candidate Raymond Barre polled 17%; and National Front leader Jean-Marie Le Pen took 14%. Communist candidate André Lajoinie received 7% of the vote.

Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference
Division Finals
Montreal 0 @ Boston 2 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Washington 4 @ New Jersey 1 (Best-of-seven series 2-2)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Are You Gonna Go My Way--Lenny Kravitz (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Sei un Mito--883 (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Feel You--Depeche Mode (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Open Sesame--Leila K

#1 single in France (SNEP): Alison--Jordy (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Mr. Blue--René Klijn (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Young at Heart--The Bluebells (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Informer--Snow (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston (3rd week at #1)
2 Informer--Snow
3 Two Princes--Spin Doctors
4 Love Is--Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight
5 Don't Walk Away--Jade
6 Angel--Jon Secada
7 If I Ever Lose My Faith in You--Sting
8 Looking Through Patient Eyes--PM Dawn
9 Cat's in the Cradle--Ugly Kid Joe
10 Freak Me--Silk

Singles entering the chart were Come Undone by Duran Duran (#69); What's Up by 4 Non Blondes (#78); If I Could by Regina Belle (#83); Hero by David Crosby and Phil Collins (#85); and Knockin' Da Boots by H-Town (#87).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 If I Ever Lose My Faith in You--Sting (2nd week at #1)
2 Two Princes--Spin Doctors
3 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston
4 Simple Life--Elton John
5 Love Is--Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight
6 Angel--Jon Secada
7 Lost in Your Eyes--The Jeff Healey Band
8 That's What Love Can Do--Boy Krazy
9 Informer--Snow
10 The Crying Game--Boy George

Singles entering the chart included Truganini by Midnight Oil (#67); Somebody to Love by George Michael and Queen (#91); A Song for You by Ray Charles (#94); and Money Can't Buy It by Annie Lennox (#96).

Died on this date
Oliver Tambo, 75
. South African politician. Mr. Tambo, an anti-apartheid activist, co-founded the African National Congress Youth League in 1943 and rose through the ranks, serving as the ANC's president from the late 1960s to the 1990s.

Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Travis Tritt, Lyle Lovett, Dwight Yoakam, Bruce Hornsby, Neil Young, and Ringo Starr performed at the Farm Aid Six concert in Ames, Iowa.

One man was killed, 44 people were injured, and £350 million in damage resulted from a bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army that exploded in the Bishopsgate area of the City of London.

Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference
Division Semi-Finals
Boston 5 @ Buffalo 6 (OT) (Buffalo won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Quebec 2 @ Montreal 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Washington 3 @ New York Islanders 4 (2OT) (New York led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Brad May scored at 4:48 of the 1st overtime period gave the Sabres their win over the Bruins at War Memorial Auditorium as they came back from a 5-2 2nd-period deficit to complete the series sweep.

Ray Ferraro, who had scored in overtime in game 3, scored at 5:40 of the 2nd overtime period as the Islanders edged the Capitals at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale. Washington led 3-1 with less than 8 minutes remaining in regulation time, but Travis Green scored with 7:06 remaining to make the score 3-2, and Pat Flatley scored the tying goal 20 seconds later.

20 years ago

World events

Tens of thousands watched in Kigali, Rwanda as police shot 22 prisoners who had been convicted of genocide-related crimes. The Rwandan government had rejected international appeals for a stay of the executions.

Politics and government
The State Duma of Russia voted 251-25 to confirm Sergei Kiriyenko, 35, an appointee of President Boris Yeltsin, as Prime Minister.

Economics and finance
The Toronto Stock Exchange announced the closure of its traditional floor trading (open outcry) system to make way for a completely electronic trading environment.

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Ottawa 1 @ New Jersey 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Buffalo 2 @ Philadelphia 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Boston 4 @ Washington 3 (2OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Western Conference
San Jose 2 @ Dallas 5 (Dallas led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Edmonton 2 @ Colorado 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Phoenix 7 @ Detroit 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Darren Van Impe scored a powerplay goal for the Bruins with 2:57 remaining in regulation time to tie the score and then scored at 54 seconds of the 2nd overtime period to give the Bruins their win over the Capitals at MCI Center.

Eastern Conference
First Round
New Jersey 93 @ Chicago 96 (Chicago led best-of-five series 1-0)
New York 79 @ Miami 94 (Miami led best-of-five series 1-0)

Western Conference
First Round
Portland 102 @ Los Angeles Lakers 104 (Los Angeles led best-of-five series 1-0)
Minnesota 83 @ Seattle 108 (Seattle led best-of-five series 1-0)

Los Angeles Dodgers' catcher Mike Piazza tied a major league record by hitting his third grand slam of the month. The blast highlighted a 9-run 2nd inning which led the Dodgers to a 12-4 victory over the Chicago Cubs before 36,674 fans at Dodger Stadium.

At Candlestick Park in San Francisco, Geoff Jenkins hit a home run off Orel Hershiser to become the first Milwaukee Brewers player to hit a home run in his major league debut, helping the Brewers defeat the Giants 7-5 before 14,832 fans at 3Com Park at Candlestick Point. Mr. Jenkins joined Chuck Tanner, who accomplished the feat in 1955 as a member of the Milwaukee Braves, as the only players in Milwaukee baseball history to homer in their first games.

Chipper Jones singled to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning, Andres Galarraga drew a base on balls, and Javy Lopez followed with a double to score the winning run as the Atlanta Braves beat the Arizona Diamondbacks 6-5 before 41,514 fans at Turner Field in Atlanta. Damon Hollins made his major league debut with the Braves, playing the first 5 innings in left field and batting 1 for 2, with no fielding chances.

10 years ago

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Philadelphia 3 @ Montreal 4 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Western Conference
Colorado 3 @ Detroit 4 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Tom Kotsopoulos scored 48 seconds into the 1st overtime period to give the Canadiens their win over the Flyers at Bell Centre.

Eastern Conference
First Round
Cleveland 72 @ Washington 108 (Cleveland led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Orlando 94 @ Toronto 108 (Orlando led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Western Conference
First Round
Houston 94 @ Utah 92 (Utah led best-of-seven series 2-1)

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