Saturday, 15 September 2018

September 14, 2018

380 years ago
1638


Died on this date
John Harvard, 30
. English-born U.S. clergyman. Mr. Harvard was a dissenting minister in Englandf who emigrated in 1837 with his wife to Charlestown, Massachusetts, where he became a teaching elder and assistant preacher at the First Church. He died of tuberculosis and left his library and estate to a local college, which was renamed Harvard College in his honour.

260 years ago
1758


War
A British force of 800 men commanded by Major James Grant was defeated by French and native troops led by Captain François-Marie Le Marchand de Lignery in the Battle of Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania.

210 years ago
1808


War
Russian forces commanded by General Nikolay Mikhailovich Kamensky defeated Swedish forces under General Carl Johan Adlercreutz in the Battle of Oravais in Finland as part of the Finnish War.

125 years ago
1893


Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway inaugurated service between Montréal, Minneapolis and Vancouver on Canadian Pacific Railway rails and over the Soo Line (Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railway).

90 years ago
1928


Diplomacy
King Gustav V of Sweden welcomed and dined King Alfonso XIII of Spain in Stockholm.

Disasters
A tornado struck Rockford, Illinois and tore down a furniture factory, killing 14 people and injuring many. Other factories and many homes were damaged.

80 years ago
1938


Abominations
The German United League of Ontario held a rally in Kitchener, with proceedings taking place entirely in German. The Union Jack was displayed at the front of the hall, flanked by two Nazi flags.

Religion
Members of the Russian Molokan Church held services in their new building in San Francisco. The distinctive preaching and singing was recorded by folklorist Sidney Robertson Cowell and the recordings are now in the collection of the Library of Congress.

Football
WIFU
The Edmonton Eskimos staged a 30-minute intrasquad game at Clarke Stadium, with the "Regulars" defeating the "Yannigans" 10-5. Several players didn't make it to the stadium for the start of the game, but were able to play in the 2nd half.

75 years ago
1943


War
German forces in Italy regained some ground in and around the Allied beachheads at Salerno. Chinese Foreign Minister T.V. Soong said in Washington that China had rejected a Japanese peace offer to withdraw all troops from China, save Manchuria, in return for Chinese collaboration. Allied troops drove to within 2 miles of Lae, New Guinea on the northeast and 5 miles on the west.

Abominations
German Wehrmacht forces led by Generalleutnant Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller started a three-day retaliatory massacre targeting civilians in several Greek villages in the region of Viannos, whose death toll would eventually exceed 500 persons.

Politics and government
The German news agency DNB reported that Finance Minister Dobri Bojilov had been named Prime Minister of Bulgaria, succeeding Bogdan Filov, who had resigned to join the regency with Prince Kyril--brother of the late King Boris--and former War Minister Lieutenant General Nikola Mikhov.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a message to Congress assailing an urgent deficiency bill rider prohibiting Virgin Islands Secretary Robert Morss Lovett and two Federal Communications Commission officials from holding federal office without presidential appointment and Senate confirmation.

Society
U.S. President Roosevelt reported to the Senate that disloyal Japanese-Americans were being relocated to the Tule Lake Relocation Center in California and that loyal Japanese-Americans were being sent from other centres to homes and jobs outside restricted areas.

70 years ago
1948


At the movies
Johnny Belinda, directed by Jean Negulesco, and starring Jane Wyman, Lew Ayres, Charles Bickford, and Agnes Moorehead, opened in theatres.

Politics and government
East Bengal Premier Kwaja Nazimuddin was appointed acting Governor-General of Pakistan, following the death of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

Gerald Ford defeated incumbent Representative Bartel Jonkman in the Michigan Republican Party primary.

Technology
The British Association for the Advancement of Science ended its annual convention in Brighton after hearing a report on a diffraction microscope with which viruses and molecules could be seen.

60 years ago
1958


Space
The first two German post-World War II rockets, sounding rockets designed by Ernst Mohr, were launched near Cuxhaven, West Germany, and reached an altitude of 50 kilometres.

Politics and government
West coast sources reported that pamphlets attacking United Auto Workers of America President Walter Reuther were being circulated in California to aid the gubernatorial campaign of Republican party candidate and U.S. Senator William Knowland, and that Sen. Knowland's wife had endorsed the pamphlets.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom promised Jordan $2.8 million in financial aid by March 1959.

Boxing
Ingemar Johansson (21-0) knocked Eddie Machen (24-1-1) down 3 times and finally out at 2:16 of the 1st round of a heavyweight bout before a Swedish record crowd at Nya Ullevi in Gothenburg.



Football
CFL
IRFU
Toronto (1-4) 21 @ Montreal (2-3) 24
Hamilton (5-0) 24 Ottawa (2-3) 18 @ Philadelphia

Bill Bewley converted touchdowns by Red O'Quinn, Sam Etcheverry, and Pat Abbruzzi, and kicked a field goal that proved to be the difference as the Alouettes edged the Argonauts at Molson Stadium. C.R. Roberts rushed for 2 touchdowns as the Argonauts took a 14-0 lead in the 1st quarter and Dave Mann scored a Toronto TD in the 4th, all converted by Vic Kristopaitis, who missed 2 field goal attempts. The Montreal defense stopped the Toronto offense on three consecutive plays from the Montreal 1-yard line late in the game to preserve the victory.

In the first Canadian Football League regular season game played outside Canada, Bernie Faloney connected with Tommy Grant for a 69-yard touchdown in the 4th quarter to give the Tiger-Cats their victory over the Rough Riders before 15,110 fans at Municipal Stadium in a game that was played in Philadelphia as a charity fund-raiser. Gerry McDougall and Ron Howell scored the other Hamilton touchdowns, with Norb Hecker kicking 2 converts and Cam Fraser, who set a league record for a single game with 785 yards punting, adding 4 singles. Tom Dimitroff and Milt Graham scored Ottawa touchdowns, and Mack Yoho kicked 2 field goals.



50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Help Yourself--Tom Jones

#1 single in France: Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child (14th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Azzurro--Adriano Celentano (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Help Yourself--Tom Jones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hey Jude--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): People Got to Be Free--The Rascals (5th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles
2 Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child
3 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
4 Dong-Dong-Di-Ki-Di-Gi-Dong--Golden Earrings
5 Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss--Heintje
6 Times were When--The Cats
7 Fire--The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
8 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
9 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
10 Alouette--Gilles Dreu

Singles entering the chart were Hey Jude; Those were the Days, with versions by Mary Hopkin, and Sandie Shaw; Lovely Loretta by the Buffoons (#31); Soul Limbo by Booker T. and the M.G.'s (#33); and On the Road Again by Canned Heat (#34).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
2 People Got to Be Free--The Rascals
3 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf
4 Light My Fire--Jose Feliciano
5 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
6 Hush--Deep Purple
7 You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Vanilla Fudge
8 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
9 You're All I Need to Get By--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell
10 The House that Jack Built--Aretha Franklin

Singles entering the chart were Hey Jude (#38)/Revolution (#69) by the Beatles; Over You by Gary Puckett and the Union Gap (#71); I Met Her in Church by the Box Tops (#80); Alfie by Eivets Rednow (#83); All Along the Watchtower by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#87); Bang-Shang-A-Lang by the Archies (#88); Ice in the Sun by the Status Quo (#89); Tomboy by Ronnie Dove (#90); You Got the Love by Professor Morrison's Lollipop (#94); Per-So-Nal-Ly by Bobby Paris (#95); The Biplane, Ever More by the Irish Rovers (#98); and Cinnamon by Derek (#99). Eivets Rednow was Stevie Wonder, spelling his name backwards.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
2 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
3 Sunshine of Your Love--Cream
4 Hello, I Love You--The Doors
5 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
6 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
7 Happy Lovin' Time--The Privilege
8 Magic Bus--The Who
9 Pictures of Matchstick Men--The Status Quo
10 And Suddenly--The Cherry People
Pick hit of the week: Revolution--The Beatles

Died on this date
Hans Lobert, 86
. U.S. baseball player, coach, and manager. Mr. Lobert was a shortstop and third baseman with the Pittsburgh Pirate (1903); Chicago Cubs (1905); Cincinnati Reds (1906-1910); Philadelphia Phillies (1910-1914); and New York Giants (1915-1917), batting .274 with 32 home runs, 482 runs batted in, and 316 stolen bases in 1,317 games. He was considered one of the fastest players of his time, winning a 100-yard dash against teammate Jim Thorpe in 1913, and once racing a horse around the basepaths (and winning). Mr. Lobert coached with the Giants in 1928 and with the Phillies from 1934-1941, managing them for the last 2 games of the 1938 season and all of 1942, compiling a record of 42-111 and leading the 1942 Phillies to the worst record of any major league team of the 1940s. He coached with the Reds in 1943-1944.

Music
The rock group Blood, Sweat & Tears played a concert for 40 overseas officials of the United States Information Agency in Washington as part of the USIA's program to acquaint its overseas staff with cultural developments in the homeland.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the lunar probe Zond 5 from Baikounur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Abominations
Czechoslovakia's Communist government restored censorship and other restrictions demanded by the U.S.S.R.

Boxing
Jimmy Ellis (27-5) retained his World Boxing Association world heavyweight title with a 15-round decision over former world champion Floyd Patterson (46-7-1) at Råsunda Fotbollsstadion in Stockholm.



Football
CFL
Ottawa (4-2-1) 22 @ British Columbia (2-5-1) 22

Ted Gerela tied the league single-game record with 5 field goals, including one from 52 yards and another from 49 yards with 1 minute 14 seconds remaining in the game to give the Lions their tie with Rough Riders before 25,352 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. The only B.C. touchdown was scored on a 1-yard rush by quarterback Jackie Parker; it was his 88th and last career CFL touchdown, giving him 750 career points, then the league record.

CIAU
Pre-season
Alberta (1-0) 34 @ McMaster (0-1) 3

Ludwig Daubner rushed for touchdowns of 18 and 3 yards, and Hart Cantelon gained 124 yards rushing and 26 yards receiving to help the defending Vanier Cup champion Golden Bears rout the Marauders before 4,500 fans in Hamilton in a rematch of the previous year's Canadian College Bowl finalists. Alberta quarterback Terry Lampert rushed for a touchdown and passed 71 yards to Ron Finch for another. Bill Jenner rushed 29 yards for the final Alberta touchdown. Dave Benbow converted 4 of the 5 Golden Bear TDs. Alec Lockington kicked a 37-yard field goal for McMaster.

Baseball
Willie Horton singled home Mickey Stanley with 1 out to climax a 2-run 9th-inning rally to give the Detroit Tigers a 5-4 win over the Athletics before 33,688 fans at Tiger Stadium, making Denny McLain the first major league pitcher since 1934 and the first in the American League since 1931 to win 30 games in a season. Mr. McLain gave up only 6 hits, but 2 of them were home runs by Reggie Jackson. Al Kaline pinch hit for Mr. McLain to lead off the bottom of the 9th, and drew a base on balls to begin the winning rally.

Al Downing pitched a 6-hitter, and singled and scored a run, as the New York Yankees beat the Washington Senators 4-1 before 4,143 fans at District of Columbia Stadium. Roy White helped the New York cause with a 2-run home run in the 4th inning. It was the only major league game for Washington starting and losing pitcher Gerry Schoen, who allowed 6 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 3 2/3 innings, with 1 base on balls and 1 strikeout, and was 0 for 1 at bat.

A throwing error by second baseman Sandy Alomar in an attempt to complete a double play allowed Aurelio Rodriguez to score the winning run with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning as the California Angels edged the Chicago White Sox 5-4 before 6,474 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The White Sox had runners on first and third bases with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th, but Luis Aparicio flied out to center field and pinch hitter Walt Williams grounded out to second base to end the game.

Larry Jackson pitched a 4-hitter and Bill White drove in 2 runs to lead the Philadelphia Phillies to a 4-1 win over the Chicago Cubs before 2,251 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Jackson's win was his 13th of the season and the 194th and last of his 13-year major league career.

The San Francisco Giants scored 3 runs in each of the 4th, 5th, and 6th innings as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 9-1 before 7,187 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Willie Mays led the Giant attack with 2 home runs, a single, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in, while Bobby Bonds added a 3-run homer. Bobby Bolin pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.

Don Sutton pitched a 6-hitter and Tom Haller drove in 2 runs with a pair of doubles as the Los Angeles Dodgers shut out the Atlanta Braves 3-0 before 9,148 fans at Dodger Stadium. Losing pitcher Milt Pappas was ejected in the 3rd inning by first base umpire Frank Secory when he argued that Mr. Haller's second double--which scored Willie Davis to make the score 3-0--was foul.

Bob Veale pitched an 8-hitter, with 10 strikeouts, and Roberto Clemente drove in 3 runs with a pair of home runs as the Pittsburgh Pirates shut out the New York Mets 6-0 before 15,676 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Nelson Briles pitched an 8-hitter and his teammates hit 2 doubles and 3 triples as the St. Louis Cardinals shut out the Houston Astros 8-0 before 16,324 fans at the Astrodome.

40 years ago
1978


Politics and government
After just 17 days in power, the Portuguese government of Prime Minister Alfredo Nobre da Costa was defeated by an ad hoc coalition of Socialists and Centre Democrats.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Superstitious--Europe (6th week at #1)

Weather
Hurricane Gilbert hit Cancun, on Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, with winds of 179 miles per hour.

25 years ago
1993


Albertana
The 50th annual assembly of the Indian Association of Alberta began in Brocket.

Diplomacy
Jordan signed a pact with Israel that set up an agenda for negotiations for a peace treaty.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa announced that he was stepping down as leader of the Quebec Liberal Party, after leading them from 1970-1976 and again from 1983-1993.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Yang Shangkun, 91
. 4th President of China, 1988-1993. Mr. Yang joined the Chinese Communist Party in the mid-1920s, and held various positions after the Communists came to power in 1949. He was a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party from 1956-1966, but was purged just before the Cultural Revolution, and was imprisoned until being recalled after Deng Xiaoping came to power in 1978. Mr. Yang was forced to retire as President as a result of his opposition to the political rise of Jiang Zemin.

Business
Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.

Labour
Air Canada pilots voted 83% to end their 13-day strike, with a 9% salary increase over 2 years. The strike cost the airline an estimated $200 million.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Hyman Golden, 85
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Golden co-founded Snapple Beverage Corporation--originally known as Unadulterated Food Products--in 1972, and served as the company's chairman until 1995.

Baseball
Carlos Zambrano pitched a no-hitter for the Chicago Cubs as they shut out the Houston Astros 5-0 before 23,441 fans in an internationally-televised game that was played at Miller Park in Milwaukee because of damage in Houston from Hurricane Ike. The winning run scored when Alfonso Soriano led off the game with a home run.



The Florida Marlins scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning and held on to defeat the Washington Nationals 8-7 before 12,024 fans at Dolphin Stadium in Miami. The Nationals had the potential tying run at second base with 2 out in the 9th, but pinch hitter Elijah Dukes struck out to end the game.

Shane Victorino's 3-run home run climaxed a 4-run 8th inning as the Philadelphia Phillies defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 7-3 before 43,950 fans in the first of two games at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia. Brett Myers pitched a 2-hitter, singled in a run, and scored a run as the Phillies won the second game 6-1 before 39,776 fans.

The Atlanta Braves scored 5 runs in the top of the 9th inning and held on to defeat the New York Mets 7-4 before 56,041 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The Mets put runners on first and second bases with none out in the bottom of the 9th, but the next 3 batters were retired to end the game. New York third baseman David Wright batted 4 for 5 with 2 home runs and 3 runs batted in.

Troy Tulowitzki singled home Matt Holliday with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Colorado Rockies a 1-0 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 28,910 fans at Coors Field in Denver.

The Chicago White Sox withstood a 2-run 9th-inning rally to defeat the Detroit Tigers 4-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 28,328 fans at U.S. Cellular Field in Chicago. The Tigers had the potential tying run at bat with 1 out, but Gary Sheffield grounded into a double play to end the game. Pinch hitter Dewayne Wise hit a grand slam with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th to break a 7-7 tie as the White Sox won the second game 11-7 to complete the sweep. The Tigers had just scored 5 runs in the top of the 8th to tie the score. Kenny Rogers started on the mound for Detroit in the second game and allowed 8 hits and 7 runs--all earned--with 2 bases on balls and 2 strikeouts in 4 2/3 innings in the 763rd and last game of his 20-year major league career.

Sean Rodriguez tripled with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, and Chone Figgins followed with a single to score Mr. Rodriguez, giving the Anaheim Angels a 4-3 win over the Seattle Mariners before 41,528 fans at Angel Stadium of Anaheim.

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