Thursday, 20 September 2018

September 19, 2018

240 years ago

Economics and finance
The Continental Congress passed the first United States federal budget.

150 years ago

World events
La Gloriosa (The Glorious Revolution) began in Spain.

125 years ago

Died on this date
Alexander Tilloch Galt, 76
. U.K.-born Canadian politician. Sir Alexander, a native of Chelsea, England, was Inspector-General of Canada in the Great Coalition government of 1864-1867, and was a Father of Confederation in 1867. He represented Sherbrooke, Quebec in the House of Commons from 1867-1872 and served as Canada's first Minister of Finance from July 1-November 7, 1867, and as Canada's first High Commissioner in London from 1880-1893.

In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893, giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote, received royal assent and became law.

100 years ago

The Canadian YMCA invited Dr. Henry Marshall Tory to set up the Khaki University of Canada in London to give vocational training to Canadian troops stationed in Britain and on the continent, and to help soldiers prepare for postwar life. On December 1, 1918, the first classes began at Ripon Military Camp in Yorkshire, and spread to France and Germany; over 500,000 soldiers had attended lectures by the time the university closed in the summer of 1919. Credits earned by soldiers were accepted by Canadian universities upon their return.

Former world heavyweight champion Tommy Burns (46-3-9), fighting for the first time in almost five years, knocked out Bob "Tex" Bracken (2-6-1) in the 4th round of a bout in Prince Rupert, British Columbia.

90 years ago

A riot of 250 felons at Maryland State Penitentiary in Baltimore was subdued with the use of tear gas, which rendered the criminals unconscious.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Pauline Frederick, 55
. U.S. actress. Miss Frederick, born Beatrice Pauline Libbey, was a stage actress in the early 20th century who also acted in films. Most of her movies were silent and are now lost, but she can still be seen in movies such as This Modern Age (1931) and Thank You, Mr. Moto (1937). Miss Frederick died of an asthma attack.

75 years ago

The U.S. Navy claimed that it now had the "greatest sea-air power on earth," consisting of 14,072 vessels totalling almost 5 million tons. A German U-boat attack sank eight or more Allied vessels--including three warships--of a 70-ship Allied convoy in the Atlantic Ocean. Soviet troops captured more than 1,200 settlements as they swept westward along the entire front, particularly menacing the German forces at Smolensk and Kiev. Italian troops collaborating with the Allies attacked the Germans in Sardinia, forcing a German retreat toward Corsica. Allied forces conducted heavy raids on Japanese bases on Tarawa Island in the north Gilbert group, and on Nauru, 80 miles northeast of Guadalcanal.

Decca Records, Inc. and its transcription subsidiary World Broadcasting System reached an agreement with the American Federation of Musicians to resume making records and transcriptions.

70 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Ian Martin, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Black Guardsman of Braddock Castle

Escape on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Man Who Could Work Miracles

The U.S.S.R. announced its plans to withdraw its troops from Korea by the start of 1949 at the request of the North Korean government.

The Stern Gang disbanded as a military force, ordering its members to join the regular Israeli Army. The group continued to disclaim responsibility for the assassination two days earlier of United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte.

Politics and government
The Swedish general election resulted in gains for the People's Party against the ruling Social Democrats, who lost their absolute majority in parliament. The Social Democrats, led by Prime Minister Tage Erlander, won 112 of 230 seats in the Riksdag, down from 115 in the most recent election in 1944. The People's Party, led by Bertil Ohlin, won 57 seats, an increase of 31 from 1944. The next three parties--Farmers' League, National Organization of the Right, and Communist Party--combined to win 28 fewer seats than in 1944.

U.S. Attorney General Tom Clark attacked congressional investigators for betraying confidential information on the loyalty of government and spreading "incorrect and misleading statements."

Pancho Gonzales won the men's singles title and Margaret Osborne duPont won the women's singles title at the U.S. amateur championships in Forest Hills, New York.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): When--The Kalin Twins (5th week at #1)

At the movies
Damn Yankees, the screen version of the hit Broadway musical, received its premiere screening in Denver. The film starred Tab Hunter, Gwen Verdon, and Ray Walston.

Politics and government
Algerian FLN leader Ferhat Abbas established a nationalist "Republic of Algeria" government in Cairo; it was immediately recognized by the United Arab Republic, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Tunisia, and Morocco.

Argonne National Laboratory asserted that a study of mice showed that current nuclear fallout levels could not produce leukemia or bone cancer.

Economics and finance
In an effort to combat losses following a disastrous decline in international tin prices, the Bolivian government halted foreign currency transactions.

Track and field
Don Waern of Sweden ran 1,000 metres in a world record time of 2 minutes 18.1 seconds in Turku, Finland.

50 years ago

On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Public Affairs: DR-07

This was the first episode of the season.

Died on this date
Red Foley, 57
. U.S. musician. Clyde Julian Foley was one of the biggest stars in country music in person, and on records, radio, and television in a career spanning almost 40 years. He had 10 singles which reached #1 on the Billboard Country chart, including Shame on You (1945); Birmingham Bounce (1950); and Mississippi (1950). Mr. Foley died of respiratory failure in his sleep shortly after performing two shows in Fort Wayne, Indiana, and after praying with fellow country singer Billy Walker and reportedly trusting in Jesus Christ as his saviour.

The Intelsat III F-1 communications satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, but a gyroscope failure caused loss of control of the rocket, and it was destroyed by range safety 1 minute 48 seconds into the flight.

Malaysia suspended relations with the Philippines in response to the previous day's action by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos is signing a bill claiming Malaysia's Borneo state of Sabah for the Philippine Republic.

Politics and government
Jiri Hajek was ousted as Czechoslovakian Foreign Minister; he had been in Yugoslavia at the time of the Soviet invasion of his country a month earlier, and had put Czechoslovakia's case against the occupation before the United Nations.

40 years ago

On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Man Who Would Be King

Died on this date
Carl Bridgewater, 13
. U.K. crime victim. Master Bridgewater was shot in the head at close range in the afternoon at an isolated farmhouse near Stourbridge in Staffordshire, England. It was believed that he had disturbed burglars at the house and they carried out the shooting. Four men were convicted of the crime in 1979, but their convictions were overturned years later on the basis that police had fabricated evidence.

The Solomon Islands joined the United Nations.

Politics and government
John Buchanan led his Progressive Conservatives to victory in the Nova Scotia provincial election, defeating the Liberal government of Premier Gerald Regan. The PCs took 31 of 52 seats in the House of Assembly, up from 12 seats in the most recent election in 1974. The Liberals dropped from 31 seats to 17; and the New Democratic Party, led by Jeremy Akerman, increased from 3 seats to 4. Mr. Regan and the Liberals had been in power since 1970.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate voted 83-9 to ratify the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, marking the last step in congressional approval. The FTA, aimed at slashing trade barriers between the two countries, went into effect on January 1, 1989.

The Mexican government estimated the damages caused by Hurricane Gilbert at $880 million. The U.S.A. escaped major damage, but three deaths were reported in Texas.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Three Little Pigs--Green Jellÿ

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat (4th week at #1)

The Emmy Awards for 1992-93 were presented. Picket Fences was named best drama series, with its stars Kathy Baker and Tom Skerritt also winning. Seinfeld was named best comedy series.

Winnipeg (8-4) 26 @ Toronto (2-9) 35
Sacramento (3-9) 20 @ Saskatchewan (7-5) 27

Tracy Ham, who relieved injured starter Reggie Slack at quarterback in the 1st quarter, rushed for 2 touchdowns and passed 61 yards to Robert Clark for another as the Argonauts upset the Blue Bombers before 28,915 fans at SkyDome. It was the first game for Bob O'Billovich, who had been Toronto's head coach from 1982-1989, as head coach of the Argonauts since replacing the fired Dennis Meyer. Winnipeg quarterback Matt Dunigan threw touchdown passes to Nathaniel Bolton and Gerald Wilcox.

Kent Austin's 12-yard touchdown pass to Jeff Fairholm in the 4th quarter broke a 20-20 tie as the Roughriders defeated the Gold Miners before 25,367 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mr. Austin also threw a touchdown pass to Tre Everett and handed off to Mike Saunders for another TD. Sacramento quarterback David Archer completed touchdown passes of 4 yards to Troy Mills and 83 yards to Freeman Baysinger in the 3rd quarter.

20 years ago

At the movies
Antz, an animated film directed by Eric Darnell and Tim Johnson, and featuring the voices of Woody Allen, Dan Aykroyd, Anne Bancroft, Gene Hackman, and many others, received its premiere screening at the Toronto International Film Festival.

Died on this date
Patricia Hayes, 88
. U.K. actress. Miss Hayes appeared in numerous radio and television comedy programs, and won a BAFTA Award in 1971 for starring in the title role of the Play for Today drama Edna, the Inebriate Woman.

Nicole Johnson, representing Virginia, was named Miss America 1999 in the annual pageant at Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

Winnipeg (1-11) 22 @ Toronto (7-5) 46
Edmonton (7-5) 27 @ British Columbia (3-9) 21

Safety Trent Brown returned a fumble 49 yards for his only Canadian Football League touchdown midway through the 3rd quarter, which proved decisive as the Eskimos defeated the Lions at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Edmonton quarterback David Archer completed 22 of 36 passes for 291 yards and 3 interceptions, and touchdowns of 22 yards to Myron Wise and 3 yards to Don Blair in the 1st half.

British Columbia (3-0) 33 @ Manitoba (0-2) 15
Saskatchewan (2-0) 39 @ Calgary (1-2) 24

10 years ago

Died on this date
Earl Palmer, 83
. U.S. musician. Mr. Palmer was a rhythm and blues drummer who played in the Dave Bartholomew Band and on recordings of Fats Domino, Little Richard, and many other rock and roll artists. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2000.

American Movie Classics' Mad Men became the first basic-cable show to win an Emmy Award for Best Series.

Economics and finance
Struggling to stave off financial catastrophe, the U.S. administration of President George W. Bush asked Congress for $700 billion to buy up troubled mortgage-related assets from U.S. financial institutions.

Fire destroyed the historic Sudbury Steelworkers Hall in Sudbury, Ontario; it was later confirmed as arson by two young offenders.

Winnipeg (4-8) 25 @ Hamilton (2-10) 23

Manitoba (2-2) 27 @ Alberta (1-3) 17

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