Born on this date
Happy birthday, Cheryl Eli!
675 years ago
Died on this date
Philip III, 37. King of Navarre, 1328-1343. Philip III acceded to the throne of Navarre after he Capetian line died out, and Philip's wife Joan II was naturally in line. Philip III and Joan II were co-monarchs until his death from an illness, perhaps caused by a wound from an arrow while fighting in a crusade against the Muslim state of Grenada.
380 years ago
Born on this date
Louis XIV. King of France and Navarre, 1643-1715. The "Sun King," Louis XIV succeeded to the throne at the age of 4 upon the death of his father Louis XIII and took personal power at the age of 22. He died on September 1, 1715, four days short of his 77th birthday. His reign of 72 years and 110 days remains the longest of monarchs of major countries in European history.
180 years ago
Born on this date
James J. Hill. Canadian-born U.S. railroad magnate. A native of Eramosa Township, Wellington County, Upper Canada, "The Empire Builder" bought and built railways stretching across the western United States and into Canada. His holdings included the St. Paul, Minneapolis, and Manitoba Railway Company; Great Northern Railway; Northern Pacific Railway; and Vancouver, Westminster and Yukon Railway Company. Mr. Hill died on May 29, 1916 at the age of 77.
175 years ago
Died on this date
Ezekiel Hart, 73. Canadian politician. Mr. Hart, a native of Trois-Rivières, Quebec, was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada in 1807, but was denied his seat when the Legislature convened in January 1808 because he had taken his oath on a Hebrew Bible and could not swear "on the true faith of a Christian." He was re-elected in 1808, took the oath as it was, but was expelled again after sitting in the Legislature for just a few days in 1809. The prohibition against Jews holding public office in Lower Canada was abolished in 1832, but Mr. Hart never again ran for office.
130 years ago
Born on this date
Frans Eemil Sillanpää. Finnish author. Mr. Sillanpää was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1939 "for his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature." His best-known novel was Nuorena nukkunut (The Maid Silja/Fallen Asleep While Young) (1931). Mr. Sillanpää died on June 3, 1964 at the age of 75.
125 years ago
Born on this date
Alexander Korda. Hungarian-born U.K. movie producer and director. Sir Alexander, born Sándor László Kellner, began his career in Hungary and then moved on to Austria and Germany before settling in England, where he founded London Films, producing such movies as The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933); Sanders of the River (1935); and The Four Feathers (1939). London Films became part of the J. Arthur Rank Organisation in 1939, and Mr. Korda later founded British Lion Films, producing such movies as The Third Man (1949). He died of a heart attack on January 23, 1956 at the age of 62.
Albert Szent-Györgyi. Austro-Hungarian-born U.S. physiologist. Dr. Szent-Györgyi was awarded the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion processes, with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid." He died on October 22, 1986 at the age of 93.
Calgary was incorporated as Alberta's first city. Her population had grown to almost 4,000 people in the decade following the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and it was the only community between Winnipeg and the Pacific Ocean with a water works and sewer system.
Hundreds of thousands of settlers made a land run for prime land in the Cherokee Strip in Oklahoma. Those who broke across the line before the set time became known as "sooners."
110 years ago
General Motors was formed in Flint, Michigan by William Durant.
100 years ago
Vilhjalmur Stefansson returned to Vancouver, British Columbia from his Canadian Arctic Expedition, begun in 1913.
90 years ago
Died on this date
Walk Miller. U.S. boxing manager. Mr. Miller was shot to death and had his skull fractured at his health camp near Eddyville, New York.
75 years ago
The Allied invasion of Italy concluded when Heinrich von Vietinghoff, commander of the German Tenth Army, ordered his troops to withdraw from Salerno. U.K. forces drove to a point 25 miles from Foggia. U.S.S.R. forces captured Novorossiisk, Russia's second-most important naval base on the Black Sea. Allied airmen struck at the Japanese air base on Bougainville Island for the fourth straight day, destroying at last 83 craft, with a loss of 16.
U.S. Institute for Propaganda Analysis official Clyde Miller said that Axis propaganda advocating racial superiority had been "effective, dynamic and dangerous in the United States."
U.S. Representative James Curley (Democrat--Massachusetts) and five other members of Engineers Group Inc. were indicted on charges of using the mails to defraud.
70 years ago
An Arab-Jewish artillery duel broke out in Jerusalem after several days of intermittent small arms and mortar exchange. United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte left Rhodes for Jerusalem in an attempt to preserve the city's cease-fire.
The U.S. Army's Judge Advocate General's Department reduced the life prison sentence for war crimes of Ilse Koch, wife of a Buchenwald concentration camp commandant, to four years, because of a lack of proof of atrocities committed during World War II. The ruling prompted widespread protest in Germany and the United States.
The U.S. Army hired longshoremen to load military vessels during the current West Coast dock strike, bringing charges of strikebreaking from the International Longshoremen and Warehousemen's Union.
79 seamen were rescued from three foundering vessels in a North Atlantic hurricane.
60 years ago
On television tonight
Colgate Theatre, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Fountain of Youth, starring Dan Tobin, Rick Jason, and Joi Lansing
This was written and directed by Orson Welles, and was a pilot for a proposed anthology series that was never made. It won the Peabody Award for 1958.
Lebanese Foreign Minister Charles Malik was elected president of the United Nations General Assembly as it opened its 13th annual session in New York.
Jamaican Chief Minister Norman Manley, concluding a 10-day visit to the Untied Kingdom, said that he would advise West Indians not to emigrate to Britain unless there were greater job opportunities.
Official sources in Rabat disclosed that the United States had agreed in principle to withdraw her forces from five Moroccan bases, but wanted to delay the evacuation for at least seven years.
Economics and finance
Bolivian President Hernan Siles Zuazo said that emergency help was needed to prevent the economic collapse of his country, charging that the dumping of Soviet tin had deprived Bolivia of most of its dollar income.
50 years ago
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): The Sounds of Silence--Simon & Garfunkel (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Delilah--Tom Jones (15th week at #1)
Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
2 You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Vanilla Fudge
3 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
4 Light My Fire--Jose Feliciano
5 Hush--Deep Purple
6 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf
7 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
8 Magic Bus--The Who
9 The Fool on the Hill--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
10 Baby, Come Back--The Equals
Singles entering the chart were Street Fighting Man by the Rolling Stones (#60); Bang-Shang-A-Lang by the Archies (#62); Per-So-Nal-Ly by Bobby Paris (#69); All Along the Watchtower by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#72); Over You by Gary Puckett and the Union Gap (#78); I Met Her in Church by the Box Tops (#79); Down on Me by Big Brother and the Holding Company (#81); Tomboy by Ronnie Dove (#83); Fly Me to the Moon by Bobby Womack (#84); Visions of Vanessa by the Witness, Inc. (#85); You Got the Love by Professor Morrison's Lollipop (#86); Listen Here by Eddie Harris (#87); Girl from the North Country by Tom Northcott (#90); Didn't Know the Time by the Staccatos (#93); Down Here on the Ground by Lou Rawls (#94); Ice in the Sun by the Status Quo (#95); Alfie by Eivets Rednow (#96); Don't Change Your Love by the Five Stairsteps and Cubie (#97); The Mule by the James Boys (#98); Fool for You by the Impressions (#99); and Since You've Been Gone by Ramsey Lewis (#100).
On television tonight
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Peter Cushing and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Dancing Men
Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In, on NBC
Former U.S. Vice President and current Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Richard Nixon made the most famous cameo appearance in the history of the program.
Died on this date
Henry Bostick, 73. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Bostick, born Henry Lipschitz, played 2 games at third base with the Philadelphia Athletics in 1915, batting 0 for 7 with 1 bases on balls and 2 runs batted in, making 2 assists in the field. He played 95 game with the Topeka Jayhawks of the Class A Western League that year, batting .224 with no home runs.
Nigerian forces claimed the Biafran city of Owerri in what the army described as its "final offensive" against the secessionist state.
A two-tier postal service, with different rates for first class and second class, went into effect in the United Kingdom.
Joe Cronin, President of Major League Baseball's American League, fired umpires Al Salerno and Bill Valentine, effective immediately. Mr. Cronin claimed that the two were poor umpires, but they claimed that they were being fired for trying to form a union of AL umpires, who were more poorly paid than their counterparts in the National League. Mr. Salerno had been at second base, and Mr. Valentine at third base for the previous day's game in Cleveland between the Cleveland Indians and Baltimore Orioles. Mr. Salerno worked in 1,110 games in the American League from 1961-1968, while Mr. Valentine worked in 947 games from 1963-1968. Former major league pitcher Bill Kunkel and current basketball referee Jake O'Donnell were called up from the minor leagues to replace them.
28 soldiers were killed when their truck plunged over a cliff into the Kali River in northern Uttar Pradesh, India.
Buster Mathis (27-1) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Dick Wipperman (32-14-1) in a heavyweight bout at County Stadium in Milwaukee.
Alberta (2-0) 32 @ Waterloo 12
Dan McCaffery returned an interception 42 yards to set up a field goal while playing defensive back in the 1st half, and then rushed for 2 touchdowns while playing quarterback in the 2nd half to help the Golden Bears beat the Warriors before 8,500 fans at Waterloo Stadium. Ludwig Daubner rushed 9 times for 82 yards, including a 1-yard run for a touchdown to open he scoring. After Dave Benbow's 10-yard field goal made the score 10-0 in the 2nd quarter, Hart Cantelon returned a punt 86 yards for a touchdown, and Mr. McCaffery rushed for a 2-point convert to give Alberta an 18-0 halftime lead. The Warriors scored 2 unconverted touchdowns late in the game. Unlimited blocking on punt returns and the 2-point convert were new practices adopted in Canadian university football in 1968.
40 years ago
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu--Umberto Tozzi (12th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland: Three Times a Lady--Commodores (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Three Times a Lady--Commodores (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Boogie Oogie Oogie--A Taste of Honey (2nd week at #1)
Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 You're the Greatest Lover--Luv' (3rd week at #1)
2 Follow Me--Amanda Lear
3 You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
4 The Eve of the War--Jeff Wayne
5 Lay Love on You--Luisa Fernandez
6 Grease--Frankie Valli
7 Three Times a Lady--Commodores
8 I'm Gonna Love You Too--Blondie
9 Rasputin/Painter Man--Boney M.
10 Dancing in the City--Marshall, Hain
Singles entering the chart were Summer Night City by ABBA (#17); Don't Look Back by Boston (#19); Hopelessly Devoted to You by Olivia Newton-John (#21); Dreadlock Holiday by 10cc (#29); and It's Raining by the Darts (#38).
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Boogie Oogie Oogie--A Taste of Honey
2 Kiss You All Over--Exile
3 Three Times a Lady--Commodores
4 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John
5 An Everlasting Love--Andy Gibb
6 Hot Blooded--Foreigner
7 Grease--Frankie Valli
8 Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
9 Don't Look Back--Boston
10 Fool (If You Think it's Over)--Chris Rea
Singles entering the chart were Straight On by Heart (#78); Sharing the Night Together by Dr. Hook (#81); Change of Heart by Eric Carmen (#86); One Nation Under a Groove (Part 1) by Funkadelic (#89); and Got to Have Loving by Don Ray (#90).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Three Times a Lady--Commodores (4th week at #1)
2 Grease--Frankie Valli
3 Hot Blooded--Foreigner
4 An Everlasting Love--Andy Gibb
5 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John
6 Boogie Oogie Oogie--A Taste of Honey
7 You Needed Me--Anne Murray
8 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder
9 Miss You--The Rolling Stones
10 Love Will Find a Way--Pablo Cruise
Singles entering the chart were Badlands by Bruce Springsteen (#90); Blame it on the Boogie by Mick Jackson (#95); Themes from the Wizard of Oz by Meco (#96); Lights by Journey (#97); Ease on Down the Road by Diana Ross and Michael Jackson (#99); and Peggy Sue by the Beach Boys (#100).
The Nicaraguan National Guard announced that it had retaken the city of Leon from Sandanista Liberation Front guerrillas.
An earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale struck Iran, killing as many as 15,000 people. Almost all the buildings in the town of Tabas, southeast of Tehran, crumbled to rubble in 90 seconds, burying alive 70% of the town's 12,000 people.
Toronto (3-7) 14 @ Winnipeg (6-4) 19
The Blue Bombers held on to defeat the Argonauts at Winnipeg Stadium. The loss was the sixth in a row for the Argonauts, who dropped to 3-7 on the season. It was the first game as head coach of the Argonauts for Bud Riley, who had replaced the fired Leo Cahill six days earlier. Mr. Riley had been head coach of the Blue Bombers for four seasons before being fired after the 1977 season.
Mount Allison (1-0) 13 St. Francis Xavier (0-1) 8
Acadia (1-0) 42 New Brunswick (0-1) 0
St. Mary's (1-0) 23 Prince Edward Island (0-1) 14
McGill (2-0) 53 Concordia (0-2) 0
Quebec @ Trois Rivieres (0-2) 7 @ Queen's (1-0) 46
York (1-1) 17 McMaster (0-2) 16
Waterloo (1-1) 34 Guelph (0-2) 7
Western Ontario (2-0) 28 Windsor (1-1) 21
Bishop's (1-1) 24 Ottawa (1-1) 16
Manitoba (0-3) 3 @ British Columbia (2-1) 59
30 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Girl You Know It's True--Milli Vanilli (5th week at #1)
Died on this date
Bob Trice, 62. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Trice played with the Philadelphia and Kansas City Athletics (1953-1955), becoming the first Negro player in the team's history. He compiled a record of 9-9 with an earned run average of 5.80 in 26 games, batting .288 with a home run and 6 runs batted in in 27 games. Mr. Trice played in the Negro National League before being signed by the Athletics. He was 16-3 with the St. Hyacinthe Athletics of the Class C Provincial League in 1952, and 21-10 with the Ottawa Athletics of the AAA International League in 1953. Mr. Trice played with the Mexico City Reds of the Mexican League after his major league career ended.
Politics and government
Noting that 1988 Democratic Party U.S. presidential nominee Michael Dukakis had been photographed riding in a tank, U.S. Vice-President and Republican Party presidential candidate George Bush commented that Mr. Dukakis "cannot fool" voters by "knocking American defense for 10 years and then riding around in a tank for 10 minutes."
The Games of the XXIV Olympiad officially opened in Seoul, South Korea.
Saskatchewan (7-4) 36 @ British Columbia (5-6) 32
Tom Browning pitched a perfect game for the Cincinnati Reds as they edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 1-0 before 16,591 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. It was the first perfect game in the major leagues since Mike Witt of the California Angels threw one against the Texas Rangers on September 30, 1984. Losing pitcher Tim Belcher pitched a 3-hit complete game. The only run scored with 2 out in the bottom of the 6th inning when Barry Larkin doubled, Chris Sabo hit an infield single, and Mr. Larkin scored on an error by Los Angeles third baseman Jeff Hamilton.
Gregg Jefferies singled home Keith Miller with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the New York Mets a 4-3 win over the Montreal Expos before 43,331 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Miller had led off the inning as a pinch hitter by reaching first base on an error by Montreal shortstop Luis Rivera.
The San Francisco Giants scored all their runs in the 6th inning as they defeated the Houston Astros 5-4 before 14,344 fans at the Astrodome.
Jose DeLeon and Todd Worrell combined to pitch a 6-hitter for the St. Louis Cardinals as they shut out the Chicago Cubs 3-0 before 15,771 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.
Kelly Gruber doubled home Pat Borders with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Toronto Blue Jays a 4-3 win over the Cleveland Indians before 30,276 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Cleveland center fielder Joe Carter batted 4 for 5 with 2 doubles, a triple, and a run batted in.
The Boston Red Sox scored 2 runs in the 2nd inning and 5 in the 5th as they beat the New York Yankees 7-4 before 35,226 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.
Luis Salazar, whose 2 errors had contributed to a go-ahead run by the Baltimore Orioles in the top pf the 9th inning, led off the bottom of the 9th with a single and then had to endure an 18-minute rain delay before Fred Lynn came to bat and hit a 2-run home run to give the Detroit Tigers an 8-7 win over the Orioles before 21,001 fans at Tiger Stadium.
Mark Gubicza pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Bob Welch as the Kansas City Royals blanked the Oakland Athletics 3-0 before 33,881 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mr. Welch allowed just 4 hits in pitching a complete game, but they included a 2-run double by Kevin Seitzer in the 8th inning to open the scoring, and a home run by Danny Tartabull in the 9th.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Got to Get It--Culture Beat
Died on this date
Rok Petrovič, 27. Slovenian skier. Mr. Petrovič won the World Cup men's slalom title in 1985-1986, winning five races during the season and becoming the first Slovenian to win the championship. He drowned in a diving accident.
A battle group of the 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry Canadian, faced heavy mortar and artillery barrages from Croatian forces in the Battle of Medak Pocket in Croatia for a second day.
The government of Canada launched the Krever inquiry, as Justice Horace Krever spent four years looking into Canada's tainted blood supplies, and how to reform the blood system to make it more efficient and safer. The annopuncement came the day after provinces announced a compensation plan for people who had contracted HIV through tainted blood products before officials started screening blood for the AIDS virus.
20 years ago
New members of the International Hockey Hall of Fame were announced: players Michel Goulet, Peter Stastny, and Roy Conacher; builder Monsignor Athol Murray; and media members Howie Meeker and Yvon Pedneault.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Norman Whitfield, 68. U.S. songwriter and record producer. Mr. Whitfield wrote--usually with partner Barrett Strong--and produced hit singles for Motown Records, mainly with the Temptations, and often with a social consciousness theme. Songs credited to Mr. Whitfield included I Heard it Through the Grapevine; War; and Papa was a Rollin' Stone. Mr. Whitfield left Motown to form his own label in the mid-1970s, and won a Grammy Award with the soundtrack album for the movie Car Wash (1976). He returned to Motown in the 1980s, and died of complications from diabetes. Messrs. Whitfield and Strong were inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2004.
The U.S. government announced an emergency $85-billion loan to rescue AIG, the world's largest insurance company.
Wheelchair racer Chantal Petitclerc of Canada won the the T54 1,500-metre race to collect her fifth gold medal of the Paralympic Games in Beijing.
31 March 1988 - Pos LW Weeks Song Artist 1 1 9 Heaven is a Place on Earth – Belinda Carlisle 2 2 10 I Think We’re Alone Now – Tiffany 3 4 13 Always on My Mind – Pet Sho...
3 hours ago