Saturday, 22 September 2018

September 22, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Julie!

610 years ago
1408


Died on this date
John VII, 38
. Byzantine Emperor, 1390. John VII ousted his grandfather John V in April 1390 and ruled for five months until John V was restored to the throne by his son Manuel II. When Manuel II left to aks for military aid in 1399, he left John VII as regent to defend the capital of Constantinople, which he did until Manuel's return. John VII then retired to Thessalonica, which he governed as a semi-independent ruler for the rest of his life.

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
Louise McKinney
. Canadian politician. Mrs. McKinney, a native of Frankville, Ontario, moved to Alberta in 1903. She became the first woman in the British Empire to be elected to a legislative assembly when, as a candidate of the Non-Partisan League, she defeated Liberal Party incumbent William Moffat in the riding of Claresholm in the 1917 Alberta provincial election. Mrs. McKinney ran as a United Farmers of Alberta candidate in the 1921 provincial election, but was defeated by Independent Farmer candidate Thomas Milnes. Mrs. McKinney died in Claresholm on July 10, 1931 at the age of 62.

130 years ago
1888


Journalism
The first issue of National Geographic magazine was published.

110 years ago
1908


Business
Montreal sports promoters George Kennedy and Dr. Joseph-Pierre Gadbois incorporated the Club Athlétique Canadien (CAC), founded in 1905. The club had mostly French-speaking shareholders; it invested in wrestling, hockey, baseball, lacrosse, and other sports. In 1910 the club’s share capital increased from $25,000 to $100,000, with some 116 shareholders. It was the the founding corporation of the Montreal Canadiens.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Hans Scholl
. German resistance leader. Mr. Scholl and his sister Sophie, three years younger, were leaders of the White Rose youth resistance movement during World War II. They and fellow White Rose member Christoph Probst were convicted of high treason and executed by guillotine in Munich on February 22, 1943, four days after being arrested for distributing anti-Nazi leaflets on the campus of the University of Munich. Mr. Scholl was 24 at the time of his death.

Henryk Szeryng. Polish-born musician and diplomat. Mr. Szeryng was a concert violinist who served as liaison officer and interpreter to General Wladyslaw Sikorski, Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile during World War II. Mr. Szeryng was so impressed by Mexico's response to his plea to accept 4,000 Polish refugees in 1941 that he moved to Mexico and became a Mexican citizen in 1946. Mr. Szeryng and pianist Arthur Rubinstein collaborated in concerts and recordings from the 1950s through the 1970s. Mr. Szeryng lived in France for 20 years, and his last five years in Monaco; he died in Germany of a cerebral hemorrhage on March 3, 1988 at the age of 69.

75 years ago
1943


War
U.K. midget submarines penetrated the Alten Fjord at the northern tip of Norway and crippled the German battleship Tirpitz with torpedos. Allied forces in Italy occupied San Cipriano, Montecorvino Rovella, and Campagna, east of Salerno. Soviet troops occupied Letki, 18 miles east of Kiev. U.S.S.R. forces in the Smolensk area took Demidov, 42 miles northwest of the city. Alied troops landed 6 miles north of Finschhafen, New Guinea and began a drive on that base, 60 miles north of Lae. U.S. and U.K. Royal Air Force planes completed three days of raids in Burma, principally on communications sites at Nabar Junction, Indaw, Saigang, Monywa, Maungdaw, Ye-U, and Ningbyen. Japanese broadcasts announced plans for evacuating unnecessary government offices, factories, and civilians from Tokyo and other large cities to perfect aerial defenses. The U.S. War Production Board announced that the production of war materials had risen 4% in August, the best record since April; plane output had risen 3% in numbers and 7% in weight.

Diplomacy
The Argentine government announced that it was recalling several of its diplomats in line with a diplomatic corps shake-up designed to eliminate those "who have not displayed the required degree of dignity and capacity."

Journalism
Cecil Brown resigned as a CBS correspondent because the network's news director, Paul White, criticized his August 25 broadcast statement that "a good deal of enthusiasm for the war is evaporating into thin air."

Economics and finance
The U.S. State Department announced the appointment of Charles Taft as chairman of two committees which would assist in the economic rehabilitation of the East Indies and Malaya.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Eugene Cowles, 88
. U.S. composer. Mr. Cowles was known as the "dean of American light opera."

World events
Led by Colonel Gail Halvorsen, the U.S. Army Air Forces began Operation "Little Vittles," delivering candy to children as part of the Berlin Airlift.

Diplomacy
Israel indicated willingness to discuss a permanent Palestine settlement on the basis of the Bernadotte peace plan, while U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin declared Britain's "wholehearted and unqualified support" for the plan.

In identical notes to the U.S.S.R., the Western Allies demanded an immediate end to the Berlin blockade and four-power control over the city's currency before the resumption for negotiations in Moscow.

Economics and finance
The Soviet-zone German Economic Committee banned direct dealings between business firms in eastern and western Germany.

Disasters
A hurricane struck Florida with winds up to 160 miles per hour, leaving three people dead and causing $25 million in damage.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Hot 100--4th week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
2 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
3 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
4 Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno
5 Stupid Cupid--Connie Francis
6 Summertime Blues--Eddie Cochran
7 Little Star--The Elegants
8 Susie Darlin'--Robin Luke
9 King Creole (EP)--Elvis Presley
10 My True Love--Jack Scott

Singles entering the chart were Break Up by Jerry Lee Lewis (#51); My Lucky Love by Doug Franklin (#53); We Have Love by Jackie Wilson (#54); Big Daddy by Jill Corey (#55); Strange are the Ways of Love by Gogi Grant (#56); Little Brass Band by David Seville (#58); Roses of Rio by the Four Aces (#59); and For My Good Fortune by Pat Boone (#60).

On television tonight
Peter Gunn, starring Craig Stevens, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Kill

This was the first episode of the series.



War
French authorities in Algiers said that they had found, in a mass grave in the Kabylie Mountains, the bodies of 400-500 Algerian guerrillas executed for plotting to collaborate with the French.

World events
The Panamanian National Guard suppressed an attempted revolt in Chiriqui Province.

Politics and government
In an attempt to forestall political recognition of growing Communist strength, Indonesian Prime Minister Djuanda announced that parliamentary elections scheduled for 1959 would be delayed for a year for security reasons.

Scandal
U.S. presidential aide Sherman Adams resigned under pressure of warnings from fellow Republicans that his continued presence in the White House would damage Republican Party chances in the upcoming Congressional elections in November.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered a one-third cut in lead and zinc imports to relieve "genuine distress" in the domestic metallurgical industry.

Boxing
Gordon Parker (11-2-1), a welterweight from Athol, Massachusetts, ducked out on a scheduled 10-round bout in Providence, Rhode Island against Pat McCoy (37-38-10) of Galway, Ireland. 837 fans had seen two preliminary bouts before Mr. Parker's manager, Allie Columbo, received a telegram from Worcester, Massachusetts reading, "Guess I got the message. Will get in touch with you in a couple of days." Mr. Parker left after weighing in and eating the traditional steak dinner. He and Mr. Columbo were suspended the next day by the Rhode Island racing and athletic commission pending a hearing on September 26.

Football
WIFU
Walt Schlinkman resigned as backfield coach of the British Columbia Lions to take a business opportunity in the United States; his duties were assumed by head coach Dan Edwards.

Baseball
American League President Will Harridge fined Boston Red Sox' left fielder Ted Williams $50 for throwing a bat into the stands in anger after striking out in a home game at Fenway Park the previous day. The bat struck Gladys Heffernan, 69, the housekeeper for Red Sox' general manager Joe Cronin.

50 years ago
1968


Auto Racing
The Canadian Grand Prix was run at Mont-Tremblant, Québec for the first time, and was won by Denis Hulme of New Zealand. The race had previously taken place only at Mosport Park, Ontario.

Football
CFL
Montreal (3-4) 16 @ Toronto (5-3) 37
Edmonton (4-5-1) 13 @ Winnipeg (2-7) 25
British Columbia (2-6-1) 12 @ Saskatchewan (7-2-1) 16

The Argonauts scored 3 touchdowns in the 4th quarter to defeat the Alouettes before 30,303 fans at CNE Stadium.

Dave Raimey rushed 15 times for 173 yards, including a 75-yard touchdown on the game's first play from scrimmage, and John Schneider scored 2 touchdowns on quarterback sneaks, to help the Blue Bombers defeat the Eskimos before 13,000 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Jim Thomas rushed 6 yards for the Edmonton touchdown; Peter Kempf missed the convert, but kicked 2 field goals and a single.

George Reed rushed for 118 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Roughriders over the Lions before 16,151 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Jim Young scored the B.C. touchdown on a 46-yard pass from Pete Ohler.

Baseball
Cesar Tovar of the Minnesota Twins became the second player in major league history to play all nine positions in a single game, and scored the first run, helping the Twins edge the Oakland Athletics 2-1 before 11,340 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. The other player to accomplish the feat, Bert Campaneris of the Kansas City Athletics in 1965, played shortstop for Oakland in this game. Mr. Tovar started on the mound and pitched a scoreless 1st inning and striking out Reggie Jackson before being relieved by Tom Hall, who allowed 3 hits and 1 unearned run in 6 1/3 innings to get the win. Jerry Zimmerman started at catcher for Minnesota, making 1 putout in 1 inning before being replaced in the 483rd and last game of his 8-year major league career.

Lou Johnson singled home pinch runner Tommy Harper with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Cleveland Indians edged the California Angels 2-1 before 9,200 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Mr. Harper was running for Tony Horton, who had hit a home run in the 6th inning for the first Cleveland run, and had singled with 2 out to begin the 8th-inning rally.

Gene Alley batted 3 for 4 with a home run and 2 runs batted in, and Roberto Clemente added a solo home run to help the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Chicago Cubs 5-1 before 27,405 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Bob Moose allowed 3 hits and 1 earned run in 6 1/3 innings to get the win over Ken Holtzman. Jack Lamabe, the second of three Chicago pitchers, allowed 1 hit in 2/3 inning, with 1 strikeout in the 285th and last game of his 7-year major league career. Pinch hitter Jimmy McMath struck out to end his sixth and last major league game.

Bill Sudakis led off the bottom of the 8th inning with a base on balls and scored on an error by right fielder Joe Hague to break a 2-2 tie as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the St. Louis Cardinals 3-2 before 18,529 fans at Dodger Stadium. Don Sutton allowed 5 hits in 8+ innings to win the pitchers' duel over Bob Gibson, who pitched a 7-hit complete game, with 11 strikeouts.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Skateboard ("LA Run")--Magnum Bonum

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jack Shaindlin, 69
. Russian-born U.S. composer. Mr. Shaindlin moved to the United States in 1922, and composed scores for movies and television programs. He was the musical director of the March of Time newsreels.

War
The Rhodesian government reported killing hundreds of Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) guerrillas during air attacks against guerrilla bases in Mozambique from September 20-22.

Nicaraguan National Guard attacks in the northern city of Esteli wiped out the last Sandanista Liberation Front guerrilla strongholds in Nicaragua.

Politics and government
Portuguese President Antonion Ramalho Eanes offered the nation's parties a last chance to come up with a government before he dissolved parliament and called new elections.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board raised the discount rate to 8%, continuing its attempts to hold down inflation and protect the dollar.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted to eliminate 100,000 jobs from President Jimmy Carter's request for public service employment for 1979, but would allow an increase if unemployment rose unexpectedly.

The U.S. Senate voted to cut off most aid to the Nicaraguan regime of President Anastasio Somoza Debayle.

Football
CIAU
McGill (3-0) 43 Carleton (1-1) 6

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Perfect--Fairground Attraction

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Harvester of Sorrow--Metallica

Edmonton's top 10 (CKRA)
1 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin
2 Perfect World--Huey Lewis and the News
3 I'll Always Love You--Taylor Dayne
4 Make Me Lose Control--Eric Carmen
5 Better Be Home Soon--Crowded House
6 Monkey--George Michael
7 One Good Woman--Peter Cetera
8 Nobody's Fool--Kenny Loggins
9 Fast Car--Tracy Chapman
10 It Would Take a Miracle--Rick Astley

Politics and government
Prime Minister Brian Mulroney apologized in the name of the Government of Canada for the World War II internment of Japanese-Canadians, and announced a $300-million compensation package.

Economics and finance
The Royal Canadian Mint started production of a $5 silver Maple Leaf bullion coin.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Life--Haddaway

Terrorism
A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 flying from Tbilisi and reportedly carrying Georgian soldiers was shot down by a missile fired by rebels in Sukhumi, Georgia while attempting to land at the airport there, killing 108 of 132 people aboard. The incident occurred the day after a TGA Tu-134 flying from Sochi had been hit by a missile while approaching Sukhumi-Babusheri Airport and had crashed into the Black Sea, killing all 5 crew members and 22 passengers.

Politics and government
U.S. President Bill Clinton addressed a joint session of Congress and called for giving "every American health security--health care that's always there--health care that can never be taken away." He outlined six principles as "guiding stars": security; simplicity; savings; choice; quality; and responsibility.

Disasters
A barge struck a railroad bridge near Mobile, Alabama and plunged off a 12-foot-high trestle into Big Bayou, causing the deadliest wreck in Amtrak history as 47 of 206 passengers were killed.

20 years ago
1998


War
Serbian forces renewed their assault against rebel fighters in Kosovo, leading thousands of civilians to flee their homes.

Protest
15,000 people demonstrated on Parliament Hill in Ottawa against the new gun registry imposed by the federal Liberal government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien.

10 years ago
2008


Economics and finance
The U.S. Mint unveiled the first changes to the penny in 50 years, with Abraham Lincoln's portrait still on the front, but new designs replacing the Lincoln Memorial on the back.

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