Friday, 2 November 2018

November 1, 2018

330 years ago
1688


Britannica
William of Orange set out a second time from Hellevoetsluis in the Netherlands to seize the crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland from King James II of England during the Glorious Revolution.

250 years ago
1768


Politics and government
Guy Carleton, later Lord Dorchester, took the oath as Governor of Canada, officially succeeding James Murray.

170 years ago
1848


Academia
The first medical school for women, Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opened.

125 years ago
1893


Literature
The second part of The Adventure of the Naval Treaty by A. Conan Doyle, eleventh in a series of short stories published in book form in 1894 as The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes, was published in the November 1893 issue of The Strand Magazine.

Canadiana
Prime Minister John Thompson unveiled a memorial statue of Sir John A. Macdonald in Gore Park in Hamilton, before over 20,000 onlookers. Mr. Thompson pushed an electric button which released a veil covering the first statue in Canada honouring Mr. Macdonald; the crowds cheered as the 13th Battalion band played “Hail to the Chief”.

Politics and government
Charles Mackintosh was installed in Regina as Lieutenant-Governor of the Northwest Territories.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Ken Miles
. U.K.-born U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Miles raced motorcycles before serving in the British Army during World War II. He moved to the United States in 1953 and began racing sports cars. Mr. Miles won the United States Auto Club Rad Racing Championship in 1961, and in 1966 won the 24 Hours of Daytona and the 12 Hours of Sebring before being edged at the finish line by teammate Bruce McLaren at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Mr. Miles was killed on August 17, 1966 at the age of 47 when his car flipped and crashed near the end of a test at Riverside International Speedway in California.

Europeana
Western Ukraine separated from Austria-Hungary.

Disasters
The worst rapid transit accident in U.S. history occurred under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue in Brooklyn, New York, with at least 102 deaths.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
James H. Lewis, 78
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lewis played more than 1,600 parts in a career on stage spanning more than 50 years.

Noel Morris, 24. U.S. suicide. Mr. Morris attended a performance of Tannhauser by Richard Wagner at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City and then went home and killed himself, leaving a note reading, "Tannhauser was not brave enough to stick it out, but I am."

Politics and government
Gerardo Machado was re-elected to a second term as President of Cuba.

Europeana
The Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet replaced the Arabic alphabet with the Latin alphabet.

Labour
Iron and steel workers throughout the Rhineland and Westphalia, estimated to number 225,000, found themselves out of jobs because industrialists declared a lockout as an answer to a wage increase awarded by the Ministry of Labour. The lockout ended on December 2.

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Charles Weeghman, 64
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Weeghman made a fortune operating lunch counters in Chicago, and helped to found the Federal League, which competed against the major leagues of baseball in 1914-1915. Mr. Weeghman owned the Chicago franchise--which became known as the Whales in 1915--and built Weeghman Park to house the team. When the FL ceased operations after the 1915 season, Mr. Weeghman became the majority owner of the Chicago Cubs, and moved the team into Weeghman Park. He was eventually forced to sell his interest in the Cubs to William Wrigley, and Weeghman Park changed its name to Cubs Park, and eventually Wrigley Field. Mr. Weeghman's lunch counter business went bankrupt in 1920, and he was unsuccessful in attempting to revive it. He died of a stroke.

Horse racing
Seabiscuit defeated 1937 Triple Crown winner War Admiral in a match race at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, setting a track record time.



75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Brother's Footsteps

War
Soviet forces cut the last line of German retreat from Crimea by taking Perekop and Armyansk. In the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, United States Marines 3rd Marine Division landed on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands. In support of the landings on Bougainville, U.S. aircraft carrier forces bombed the huge Japanese base at Rabaul.

Diplomacy
The Moscow Conference ended with the U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., and China agreeing to collaborate more closely; achieve unconditional surrender; and establish a postwar organization to keep world peace. The U.S.A. and U.K. agreed to open a large second front in the summer of 1944. The Soviets stated that Poland's borders "are no more to be discussed than California's."

Scandal
A U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C. voided the indictments of U.S. Representative James Curley (Democrat--Massachusetts) and five others on mail fraud charges because the grand jury was illegally summoned.

Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered Solid Fuels Administrator Harold Ickes to take over operation of the nation's 3,000 coal mines in 26 states in the name of the government as an estimated 530,000 miners refused to work without a contract.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Maurice Pratt and Will Morrow!

Space
The United States launched the sounding rocket Bumper 4 from White Sands Proving Grounds in White Sands, New Mexico; there was an explosion in the tail of the V-2.

War
Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong claimed that his forces controlled 24.5% of Chinese territory and 35% of its population. The U.S.A. approved a $5-million Nationalist arms purchase and promised a speedup of shipments to the Nationalist government.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll predicted that Republican Party candidate Thomas Dewey would win the U.S. presidential election the following day, with 49.5% of the popular vote to 44.5% for President and Democratic Party nominee Harry Truman.

Religion
New York Archbishop Spyrou Athenagoras was enthroned as Athenagoras I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, becoming the first American citizen named to the post.

Disasters
6,000 people died when a Chinese merchant ship exploded and sank off southern Manchuria.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno; Dean Martin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Patricia--Pérez Prado and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Carolina Moon/Stupid Cupid--Connie Francis (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (5th week at #1)
2 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
3 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
4 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
5 Tea for Two Cha Cha--The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington
6 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
7 To Know Him, is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
8 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
9 Susie Darlin'--Robin Luke
10 The End--Earl Grant

Singles entering the chart were Beep Beep by the Playmates (#56); Cannonball by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#62); That Old Black Magic by Louis Prima and Keely Smith (#65); White Bucks and Saddle Shoes by Bobby Pedrick, Jr. (#87); Flamingo L'Amore by the Gaylords (#88); Please Believe Me by the Elegants (#94); The Mocking Bird by the Four Lads (#95); Jealous Heart by Tab Hunter (#98); and Play Some Music for Broken Hearts (Basta un Poco di Musica) by Don Cornell (#99).

War
Communist China rejected both a renunciation of force and United Nations intervention in the Taiwan dispute.

Diplomacy
The United States recognized Guinea.

Terrorism
A Cubana Airlines plane seized at gunpoint by four Cuban guerrillas crashed at Punt Tabaco, killing 17 of 20 people aboard.

Protest
Five demonstrators were killed and 560 arrested in Aden when mobs protesting the imprisonment of two Arab journalists rioted and attacked U.K. government and business offices.

Disasters
Coal mine rescue workers bought 7 more men out; in all, 74 miners died underground in the Number Two Cumberland mine, in the third Springhill, Nova Scotia mine disaster. The last body was recovered on November 6, 1958 from the 3,960-metre depth, in the deepest coal workings in North America.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Hamilton (9-3-1) 8 @ Ottawa (6-7) 14
Montreal (6-6-1) 44 @ Toronto (4-9) 7

WIFU
Edmonton (9-6-1) 14 @ Saskatchewan (7-7-2) 28
Winnipeg (13-3) 24 @ British Columbia (3-13) 14

Russ Jackson passed 11 yards to Mack Yoho for a touchdown and lateralled to Bobby Judd for a 15-yard TD on an end run to lead the Rough Riders over the Tiger-Cats before 14,000 fans at Lansdowne Park. Bernie Faloney passed to Paul Dekker for a Hamilton touchdown early in the 4th quarter and drove the Tiger-Cats to the Ottawa 9-yard line in the last minute, but his pass to the end zone on the last play was knocked down by Ottawa's Bob Simpson.

Sam Etcheverry passed for 3 touchdowns and rushed for another himself to lead the Alouettes to their rout of the Argonauts before 26,813 fans--the largest non-Grey Cup crowd to attend a game in Eastern Caanda-at the last CFL game ever played at Varsity Stadium. Red O'Quinn caught 2 touchdown passes, while Bill Bewley caught one for an 87-yard TD, while kicking 5 converts, 2 field goals, and a single. Pat Abbruzzi rushed for the other Montreal touchdown. Dave Mann rushed 5 yards for the Toronto touchdown with 5 minutes remaining in the game, converted by Dave Mann.

Jack Hill scored 2 touchdowns and 4 converts to finish the season with a league record of 145 points as the Roughriders beat the Eskimos at Taylor Field in Regina. Ken Carpenter and Vic Marks scored the other Saskatchewan TDs. Johnny Bright and Don Getty rushed for Edmonton touchdowns, with Mr. Getty scoring on the last play of the game. Mr. Bright rushed for 119 yards to finish the season with 1,722 yards, breaking his own 1957 record by 43 yards. Jackie Parker converted both Edmonton touchdowns.

Leo Lewis, Ron Latourelle, and Ernie Pitts scored touchdowns for the Blue Bombers as they took a 21-0 lead in the 3rd quarter and beat the Lions at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Jim Van Pelt converted all 3 Winnipeg TDs and kicked a field goal. Al Dorow, in his final game in a B.C. uniform, threw touchdown passes to Rick Kaser and Ed Vereb, both converted by Ted Hunt. It was the final game for Dan Edwards as head coach of the Lions.

SIFL
Queen's (1-5) 13 @ McGill (2-4) 16
Toronto (6-0) 46 @ Western Ontario (3-3) 0

Wally Bulchak rushed 2 yards for a touchdown and Dick Carr passed 5 yards to Gordie Merritt for a TD--both in the 2nd quarter, and both resulting from Queen's fumbles--as the Redmen defeated the Golden Gaels at Molson Stadium. Cal Connor and Terry Porter scored Queen's touchdowns, but Mr. Connor was sacked for a safety touch with 1 second left in the game.

Pete Joyce scored 2 of Toronto's 6 touchdowns as the Varsity Blues routed the Mustangs at J.W. Little Memorial Stadium in London.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Hey Jude--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
2 Suzie Q--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Beyond the Clouds--The Poppy Family
4 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles
5 Elenore--The Turtles
6 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
7 White Room--Cream
8 Fire--Arthur Brown
9 Piece of My Heart--Big Brother and the Holding Company
10 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company

Singles entering the chart were Ride My See-Saw by the Moody Blues (#26); 1432 Franklin Pike Circle Hero by Bobby Russell (#27); On the Way Home by Buffalo Springfield (#28); Peace Brother Peace by Bill Medley (#29); and The Straight Life by Bobby Goldsboro (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (8th week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
3 Fire--Arthur Brown
4 White Room--Cream
5 Time Has Come Today--The Chambers Brothers
6 Slip Away--Clarence Carter
7 Piece of My Heart--Big Brother and the Holding Company
8 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon
9 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
10 Happy Feeling--The Happy Feeling

Died on this date
Georgios Papandreou, 80
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1944-1945, 1963, 1964-1965. Mr. Papandreou, a member of the Socialist Party and then a founder of the Centre Union Party, held numerous cabinet posts in addition to his three terms as Prime Minister in a career spanning almost 50 years. He opposed the Greek monarchy, and was arrested after the military took power in a coup in April 1967. Mr. Papandreou died under house arrest.

Movies
The voluntary Motion Picture Association of America film rating system went into effect, affecting films released in the United States. It originated with the ratings G, M, R, and X.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly elected Colombia, Finland, Nepal, Spain, and Zambia as non-permanent members of the Security Council from 1969-1971, replacing Canada, Brazil, India, Denmark, and Ethiopia.

Communications
New postal rates went into effect in Canada; the cost of a letter, formerly 4c local and 5c out of town, increased to 6c.

Disasters
35 people were killed when a cyclone struck the Indian state of Orissa.

22 people died in a forest fire west of Algiers.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (5th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average climbed a record 35 points with the announcement by U.S. President Jimmy Carter of steps to strengthen the plummeting dollar. Mr. Carter's plans included an immediate raise by the Federal Reserve of the discount rate to 9.5% from 8.5%; in increase in the interest rate on federal funds; and a buy-up of excess dollars on foreign markets.

Disasters
The arena in Olds, Alberta burned down shortly after midnight; it was widely thought to be the work of a Halloween prankster(s), but an investigation revealed the cause to be accidental (oily rags, if I recall correctly), and the fact that it burned down in the wee hours after Halloween was a coincidence.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 Los Angeles 2
Montreal 4 Detroit 1
Vancouver 1 Chicago 0

WHA
Edmonton Oilers' owner Peter Pocklington purchased centre Wayne Gretzky, left wing Peter Driscoll, and goaltender Eddie Mio, from Indianapolis Racers' owner Nelson Skalbania. Mr. Gretzky had 3 goals and 3 assists in 8 games with the Racers in 1978-79; Mr. Driscoll had 3 goals and 1 assist; and Mr. Mio had a goals against average of 3.22 and 1 shutout in 5 games.

30 years ago
1988


Health
The Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse was founded in Ottawa.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had declined 0.1% in September.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Go West--Pet Shop Boys

Died on this date
Severo Ochoa, 88
. Spanish-born U.S. biochemist. Dr. Ochoa left Spain at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 and lived in several European countries before finally settling in the United States. He shared the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Arthur Kornberg "for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid."

Diplomacy
The European Community's Treaty on European Union, which had been approved by 12 nations in Maastricht, Netherlands in December 1991, went into effect, two months after Germany had become the last nation to ratify the treaty.

Hans Blix, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, told the United Nations that North Korea was still not co-operating with his agency's efforts to inspect its nuclear installations. He said that the IAEA was losing its capacity to monitor declared sites because cameras were running out of film and inspectors were not allowed access. Mr. Blix also said that North Korea had also denied inspectors access to undeclared nuclear sites.

Israeli delegates at peace talks with Palestinians proposed an Israeli troop withdrawal from Palestinian urban areas and refugee camps in the Gaza Strip, but with the redeployment of troops near three Israeli settlements.

Scandal
The United States Senate began debating whether to support its Ethics Committee, which had asked Senator Bob Packwood (Republican--Oregon) to surrender all his personal diaries. The diaries were of interest because of sexual harassment complaints against Sen. Packwood, and also as possible evidence of criminal acts by the senator.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yakult Swallows 4 @ Seibu Lions 2 (Yakult won best-of-seven series 4-3)

20 years ago
1998


Football
CFL
Montreal (12-5-1) 22 @ Hamilton (12-5-1) 11
Saskatchewan (5-13) 24 @ Edmonton (9-9) 46

Terry Baker kicked 7 field goals and a single for the Alouettes as they beat the Tiger-Cats before 20,025 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. The Tiger-Cats had already clinched first place in the East Division, having won the season's series over the Alouettes. Recently-acquired quarterback T.J. Rubley saw his only playing time in a Hamilton uniform; he entered the game as a substitute and completed 7 of 17 passes for 71 yards, rushing twice for 12 yards.

David Archer, playing his best game in an Edmonton uniform, completed 21 of 32 passes for 329 yards and 4 touchdowns as the Eskimos took a 28-0 lead and defeated the Roughriders before 28,470 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Tony Burse rushed for his only 2 touchdowns of the season to help the Edmonton cause. It was the final game for Jim Daley as Saskatchewan's head coach; he was in his third season in the position.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Yma Sumac, 85
. Peruvian-born U.S. singer. Miss Sumac, born Zoila Augusta Emperatriz, was alleged to be an Incan princess. She was a major figure in the popularity of exotica music in the 1950s, and was known for her remarkable vocal range. Miss Sumac recorded albums such as Voice of the Xtabay (1950) and Legend of the Sun Virgin (1952), with her then-husband Moisés Vivanco writing and co-producing much of the music. Miss Sumac died of colon cancer.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-15) 30 @ Winnipeg (8-10) 44
British Columbia (11-7) 30 @ Calgary (13-5) 41

Romby Bryant caught 4 passes for 101 yards and 2 touchdowns as the Blue Bombers took an early 19-0 lead and led 29-9 at halftime, holding on to defeat the Tiger-Cats before 24,595 fans at Canad Inns Stadium.

Henry Burris passed for 165 yards and a touchdown in one half to lead the Stampeders over the Lions before 30,275 fans at McMahon Stadium.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Saitama Seibu Lions 2 @ Yomiuri Giants 1 (Saitama Seibu led best-of-seven series 1-0)

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