Thursday, 8 November 2018

November 7, 2018

180 years ago
1838


War
At Lacolle, Lower Canada, Dr. Cyrille Côté and his 600 Frères Chasseurs (Hunters Lodges) were attacked by Lower Canada militia and dispersed, leaving eight rebels dead.

170 years ago
1848


Politics and government
Whig Party candidate Zachary Taylor, with Millard Fillmore as his vice presidential running mate, was elected President of the United States. Mr. Taylor received 163 electoral votes (47.3% of the popular vote) to 127 (42.5% of the popular vote) for Democratic Party candidate Lewis Cass; former President Martin Van Buren, running as candidate of the Free Soil Party, received 10.1% of the popular vote, but no electoral votes.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Margaret Leech
. U.S. historian. Miss Leech, who married Ralph Pulitzer, founder of Pulitzer Prize founder Joseph Pulitzer, won the Pulitzer Prize for History for her books Reveille in Washington, 1860-1865 (1942) and In the Days of McKinley (1960). She died on February 24, 1974 at the age of 80.

Leatrice Joy. U.S. actress. Miss Joy, born Leatrice Johanna Zeidler, starred in numerous silent films from 1916 through the late 1920s, but had trouble making the transition to sound films, and soon retired. She died on May 13, 1985 at the age of 91.

Abominations
Colorado became the first U.S. state to grant women the right to vote, as voters approved womens' suffrage in a referendum.

120 years ago
1898


Diplomacy
The second Alaska Boundary Conference between Canada and the United States opened in Washington, D.C., after a meeting at Québec failed to come to a decision; the conference lasted until February 21, 1899.

110 years ago
1908


Died (?) on this date
Butch Cassidy, 42
; Sundance Kid, 41. U.S. criminals. Mr. Cassidy, whose real name was Robert Leroy Parker, and the Sundance Kid, whose real name was Harry Alonzo Longabaugh, were members of "The Wild Bunch," who committed bank and train robberies in the 1890s. Mr. Cassidy and the Sundance Kid fled to South America in 1901, and were reportedly killed in a shootout with police in San Vicente Canton, Bolivia, although allegations persisted that the two survived.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Paul Aussaresses
. French military officer. General Aussaresses fought in World War II and the First Indochina War, but was best known for his actions during the Algerian War, where he used torture against Algerian insurgents. After admitting and defending the use of torture in an interview in 2000, Gen. Aussaresses was stripped of his rank, the right to wear his army uniform, and his Légion d'Honneur. Gen. Aussaresses moved to Brazil in 1973, and advised South American military regimes on the use of torture against leftist opponents. He died on December 3, 2013 at the age of 95.

Billy Graham. U.S. evangelist. Rev. Graham was an ordained Southern Baptist minister who became the most famous evangelist of the 20th century, conducting more than 400 evangelistic crusades in 185 countries from 1947-2005, speaking to live audiences reported at 210 million. He claimed friendship with every U.S. President from Harry Truman through Barack Obama. Rev. Graham was free of scandal in his private life, but was criticized for unwise associations. He died on February 21, 2018 at the age of 99.

World events
A Socialist revolution led by Kurt Eisner overthrew the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria.

Health
The influenza epidemic spread to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.

Economics and finance
The government of Canada established a Canadian Trade Mission in London.

90 years ago
1928


Defense
Acting U.K. Foreign Secretary Lord Cushendon, addressing the House of Lords, pronounced a funeral oration over the Anglo-French naval "compromise."

World events
U.S. Negro leader Marcus Garvey was deported from Canada, and left Montreal for Kingston, Jamaica.

Crime
Police in New Brunswick arrested five men digging a tunnel under the Chatham-Newcastle highway; the leader of the digging caper, George Bulger, was outraged at the forced work stoppage, claiming to be within striking distance of Captain Kidd's treasure.

Economics and finance
There was a big boom in the U.S. stock market.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Logic of Murder

Politics and government
The multi-party coalition government of Manitoba elected Liberal-Progressive cabinet Minister Douglas Campbell to succeed Stuart Garson as Premier. Mr. Garson had announced his resignation, effective November 13, to enter federal politics as Minister of Justice and Attorney General in the government of Louis St. Laurent, who was scheduled to succeed Mackenzie King as Prime Minister on November 15.

Gaullist candidates won 107 of 264 seats in elections for the Council of the Republic, France's upper legislative house.

Americana
The American Women's Association named management engineer Lillian Gilbreth as "Woman of the Year" for her studies on human motion and industrial efficiency.

Football
ORFU
Finals
Hamilton 8 @ Toronto 0 (Hamilton led best-of-three series 1-0)

Pat Santucci kicked a 28-yard field goal in the 1st quarter and Ralph Bartolini rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter as the Tigers shut out the Beaches Indians before 10,000 fans at Varsity Stadium.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards

Married on this date
U.S. comedienne Martha Raye and her former bodyguard, private detective Robert O'Shea, were married in Teaneck, New Jersey.

Disasters
A U.S. Air Force plane based in Greenland rescued 20 men from a U.S. scientific team who had been marooned on a floating Arctic ice island for six days.

50 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Robbery: DR-15



Protest
2,000 students and young workers in Prague who burned Soviet flags and chanted "Russians go home" were dispersed by police with clubs and tear gas.

Hockey
NHL
St. Louis 8 @ Philadelphia 0

Red Berenson tied a modern NHL record with 6 goals as the Blues whipped the Flyers at the Spectrum. Mr. Berenson joined Syd Howe, who accomplished the feat with the Detroit Red Wings in 1944, as the only players to have scored 6 goals in a game since the introduction of the red line in 1943-44. Four of Mr. Berenson's goals came in the 2nd period, tying a record shared by Harvey "Busher" Jackson (1934), Max Bentley (1943), and Clint Smith (1945).

40 years ago
1978


Died on this date
Jivraj Mehta, 91
. Indian physician and politician. Dr. Mehta was the personal physician to Indian Hindu nationalist leader Mohandas Gandhi, and joined the movement for Indian independence. He was a member of the Indian National Congress Party, and held various positions, including that of Chief Minister of Gujarat (1960-1963) and High Commissioner to the United Kingdom (1963-1966).

Gene Tunney, 81. U.S. boxer. Mr. Tunney was a light heavyweight and heavyweight, known for his technical skills. He was American light heavyweight champion from 1922-1923, and won the world heavyweight title from Jack Dempsey in 1926 in a 10-round decision, defeating Mr. Dempsey in another 10-round decision in 1927 in what became famous as the "Battle of the Long Count." After knocking out Tom Heeney in 1928, Mr. Tunney retired from boxing with a professional record of 82-1-1-1, with his only loss coming against Harry Greb in 1922.

Politics and government
Republicans made slight gains on Democrats in U.S. congressional elections. In the Senate, Republicans won 19 of 34 seats, gaining 2, while the Democrats won 14, a loss of 2, with Harry Byrd (Virginia) being re-elected as an independent who usually sided with the Democrats. The result left the Democratic Party with a 59-40-1 lead. In the House of Representatives, the Democrats won 277 of 435 seats, losing 15 seats to the Republicans, who increased their total to 158. Republicans gained 6 state governorships, with the Democrats losing 5, but maintaining a 32-18 lead.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 5 @ St. Louis 0

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Bill Hoest, 62
. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Hoest created various comic strips and panels, most notably The Lockhorns, which he created in 1968, writing and drawing it until his death from lymphoma.

Journalism
The Ottawa Sun published its first edition as a daily newspaper. Known as the Ottawa Sunday Herald when it was founded in the early 1980s, it had been acquired by Toronto Sun Publishing Corporation and published its first Sunday edition as The Ottawa Sun on September 4, 1988.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (13th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (13th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Adelaide Hall, 92
. U.S.-born U.K. singer. Miss Hall was a jazz singer whose recording career spanned eight decades. She was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance in the 1920s, but moved to London in 1938, and spent the rest of her life there. Miss Hall died 18 days after her 91st birthday.

Charles Aidman, 68. U.S. actor. Mr. Aidman was best known for his many character roles on television. He appeared in two episodes of the original series of The Twilight Zone, and narrated the later series (1985-1987). Mr. Aidman died of cancer.

Diplomacy
Fugitive Somali warlord General Mohammed Farah Aidid said that he would not participate in peace negotiations with the United Nations, which he called an obstacle to peace and responsible for Somalia's problems. He called on the UN Security Council to withdraw its warrant for his arrest, and urged the release of his aides who had been seized.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (4-14) 27 @ Hamilton (6-12) 26
Toronto (3-15) 10 @ Winnipeg (14-4) 12
Calgary (15-3) 21 @ Edmonton (12-6) 39

The Rough Riders scored 3 touchdowns in the 2nd half--2 by Jock Climie on passes from Tom Burgess--to overcome a 20-6 halftime deficit and defeat the Tiger-Cats before 17,032 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. With Ottawa leading 27-25 late in the game, Hamilton kicker Paul Osbaldiston missed a 51-yard field goal that would have given the Tiger-Cats the lead, and the Rough Riders conceded the single point.

Troy Westwood kicked 3 field goals and 2 singles, and Bob Cameron punted for a single for the Blue Bombers as they edged the Argonauts before 22,287 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Lance Chomyc kicked 2 field goals and 2 singles for Toronto, and the Argonauts added 2 points when Mr. Cameron conceded a safety touch. The loss, combined with Ottawa's win in Hamilton, gave the Rough Riders the final playoff spot in the East Division over the Argonauts. It was the final game in a Toronto uniform for punter Hank Ilesic, who was in his 11th season with the team after 6 seasons with the Edmonton Eskimos. It was also the final game as an Argonaut for quarterback Tracy Ham, who had come to the team in a 16-player trade with the Edmonton Eskimos after the 1992 season.

Henry "Gizmo" Williams scored touchdowns on punt returns of 104 and 83 yards in the 1st half as the Eskimos took a 29-0 halftime lead and held on to beat the Stampeders before 23,536 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Damon Allen started at quarterback for the Eskimos and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown and handed off to Lucius Floyd for a 13-yard touchdown run. Rickey Foggie, the third Edmonton quarterback to play in the game after Mr. Allen and Tom Muecke, handed off to Michael Soles for a 1-yard touchdown in the 4th quarter. Doug Flutie started at quarterback for the Stampeders but completed just 6 of 20 passes with 2 interceptions. Backup Steve Taylor rushed 1 yard for the first Calgary TD in the 3rd quarter and passed 13 yards to Brian Wiggins for the other in the 4th quarter, followed by a pass to Mr. Wiggins for a 2-point convert.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Margaret Gowing, 77
. U.K. historian. Mrs. Gowing worked at the Cabinet Office from 1945-1959 and co-founded the Contemporary Scientific Archives Centre in Oxford. She worked on several volumes of the officially sponsored History of the Second World War, but was better known for Britain and Atomic Energy 1939–1945 (1964) and Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy 1945–52 (2 volumes, 1974), which were commissioned by the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority.

Politics and government
Newt Gingrich resigned as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives following the November 3 elections, in which the Republican House majority shrank from 22 to 12.

10 years ago
2008


Politics and government
The Conservative government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper cancelled the Portrait Gallery of Canada project announced by the Liberal government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien in 2001; originally projected to cost $22 million, the figure had ballooned to $45 million.

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