Wednesday, 14 November 2018

November 14, 2018

110 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Guangxu, 37
. Emperor of China, 1875-1908. Guangxu, born Zaitian, was the 11th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. He succeeded his cousin Tongzhi on the throne, but his aunt Empress Dowager Cixi governed as regent. Empreror Guangxu ruled under her guidance from 1889-1898 and initiated the Hundred Days' Reform in 1898. He was toppled by a military coup which restored Cixi to power, and Emperor Guangxu spent the rest of his reign under house arrest, occasionally performing ceremonial duties. Guangxu died of arsenic poisoning; conspiracy theories abound. Empress Dowager Cixi died the following day. Guangxu was succeeded on the throne by his nephew Puyi, who took the regnal name Xuantong.

90 years ago
1928


Society
A referendum in New Zealand resulted in the rejection of Prohibition by a majority of about 144,325 votes. The referendum was on whether Prohibition should be continued or whether a licensing system should be adopted. The result was a defeat for the policy of the government of Prime Minister J.G. Coates.

Transportation
U.S. President Calvin Coolidge pressed a button at the White House that formally opened North Railroad Station in Boston.

Disasters
Six U.S. Army enlisted men were killed at San Antonio, Texas when an Army transport plane went into a tail spin and fell 3,000 feet, throwing the men to the forward part of the plane, from which hey were unable to climb and use their parachutes.

Football
ORFU
Semi-Finals
Sarnia 16 Twin Cities 6 @ London

80 years ago
1938


Transportation
Two days after opening for traffic travelling from Vancouver to North Vancouver, British Columbia, the Lions Gate Bridge opened for two-way traffic to and from Stanley Park and North Vancouver.

75 years ago
1943


War
U.S.S.R. units pushed north from Zhitomir along the Odessa-Leningrad railway to take Chepovichi. U.S. troops on the west coast of Bougainville, New Guinea extended their defense perimeter in all directions from Cape Torokina. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's special envoy Patrick Hurley left Chungking after three days of conferences with Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek and Allied military leaders.

Football
NFL
Detroit (3-5-1) 20 @ Washington (5-0-1) 42
Chicago Bears (7-0-1) 56 @ New York (2-3-1) 7

Sammy Baugh became the only player in NFL history to throw 4 touchdown passes and make 4 interceptions in the same game as he led the Redskins over the Lions at Griffith Stadium.

Chicago quarterback Sid Luckman set league single-game records with 453 yards passing and 7 touchdowns, and the Bears set a league record with 702 yards net offense in a single game as they routed the Giants at the Polo Grounds.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Ancient Queen

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Prince Charles!

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Admiral Wolfgang Larrazabal resigned as head of Venezuela's ruling junta to run for President; he was succeeded by Edgar Sanabria.

Dispatches from Hong Kong reported that officials of Shantung Province in northern China and Liaoning Province in Manchuria were undergoing a sweeping purge because of regional production failure.

Defense
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorized Agriculture Secretary Ezra Taft Benson to barter surplus farm commodities for an expanded list of strategic minerals for the U.S. stockpile.

Oil
The French cabinet approved a law designed to open the Sahara desert to international oil exploration and development under 50-year concessions.

Energy
A Soviet delegation arrived in Cairo for talks on implementation of U.S.S.R. aid pledges for the Aswan High Dam project.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and France signed a trade agreement in Paris, providing for a 25% annual increase in trade by 1962.

50 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Public Affairs: DR-12



Space
The U.S.S.R. probe Zond 6 circled the Moon and began heading back toward Earth.

Japanica
The Showa Palace, a new seven-wing imperial palace, opened in Tokyo.

War
U.S. and South Vietnamese forces repulsed an attack by 1,000 Communist troops on a camp 60 miles north of Saigon, near the Cambodian border, killing 287 attackers.

Defense
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization Defense Planning Committee, meeting in Brussels, announced plans for substantial increases in NATO's conventional military strength. U.S. Defense Secretary Clark Clifford announced a six-point plan for increased U.S. participation to improve NATO's military position.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Seating Chart



Diplomacy
Chinese Deputy Premier Deng Xiaoping concluded a nine-day tour of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and Burma, during which he attacked the U.S.S.R.-Vietnam friendship treaty.

Defense
France conducted the Aphrodite nuclear test as 25th in the group of 29 French nuclear tests from 1975–78.

Labour
A strike by petroleum workers in Iran that had begun in late October and had resulted in drastically-reduced oil production ended after the government threatened to jail union leaders and fire striking workers.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli (3rd week at #1)

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf

#1 single in Switzerland: What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (14th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
Puerto Rican voters voted 48%-46% in a plebiscite to continue their status as a commonwealth of the United States, narrowly rejecting the option of statehood. 4% voted in favour of independence for the island.

Business
PepsiCo Inc. announced that it was ending its promotional agreement with singer Michael Jackson, who had announced two days earlier that he was cancelling the remainder of a worldwide concert tour to seek treatment for drug addiction.

Football
CFL
Eastern Semi-Final
Ottawa 10 @ Hamilton 21

Western Semi-Finals
British Columbia 9 @ Calgary 17
Saskatchewan 13 @ Edmonton 51

Todd Dillon threw touchdown passes of 11 yards to Lee Knight in the 1st quarter and 10 yards to Joey Jauch in the 3rd quarter, and handed off to Dave Dinnall for a 34-yard TD run in the 4th quarter as the Tiger-Cats defeated the Rough Riders before 18,781 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Stephen Jones scored the only Ottawa touchdown on a 75-yard pass from Tom Burgess in the 3rd quarter. Mike Lazecki converted Mr. Jones' touchdown and added a 33-yard field goal. The game was the last for Ron Smeltzer as head coach of the Rough Riders, and the last for veteran defensive lineman Dexter Manley in an Ottawa uniform.



Defensive tackle Srecko Zizakovic intercepted a Danny Barrett pass and returned it 6 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter and Doug Flutie completed a 10-yard touchdown pass to Will Moore in the 2nd quarter as the first-place Stampeders defeated the fourth-place Lions before just 15,407 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mark McLoughlin converted both TDs and added a 22-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter to give Calgary a 17-9 halftime lead. Lui Passaglia kicked field goals of 25 yards in the 2nd quarter and 15 and 34 yards in the 3rd quarter for the B.C. scoring.



Lucius Floyd rushed 22 times for 121 yards and touchdowns of 3 and 15 yards as the second-place Eskimos routed the third-place Roughriders before 26,397 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Edmonton quarterback Damon Allen threw 2 touchdown passes to Eddie Brown and another to Henry "Gizmo" Williams, and Brian Walling rushed 18 yards for the final Eskimo touchdown. Sean Fleming converted all 6 Edmonton touchdowns and added 3 field goals. Kent Austin, playing his last game in a Saskatchewan uniform, completed a 13-yard pass to Bruce Boyko in the 2nd quarter for the Roughriders' only touchdown. Dave Ridgway converted and added 2 field goals. Mr. Austin marched the Roughriders deep into Edmonton territory in the final seconds of the 1st half, but the clock ran out on a pass to Jeff Fairholm at the 6-yard line, leaving the Roughriders behind 27-13, while Mr. Fairholm was injured on the play and didn't return. The Eskimos dominated the 2nd half, outscoring the Roughriders 24-0. The game also marked the end for Don Matthews after 2 1/2 seasons as Saskatchewan's head coach. With the game out of reach in the last few minutes, Mr. Matthews sent quarterback Michael Proctor in for his only CFL game action.



NFL
Miami 19 @ Philadelphia 14

The Dolphins defeated the Eagles at Veterans Stadium to give Don Shula his 325th win as a head coach, passing George Halas to become the NFL's career leader. Mr. Shula was head coach of the Baltimore Colts from 1964-1969 and assumed the head coaching position with the Dolphins in 1970.

20 years ago
1998


Politics and government
Former Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark was selected as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada; he had retired from politics five years earlier.

10 years ago
2008


Politics and government
Former Nunavut languages commissioner Eva Aariak became Nunavut's second Premier and first woman to hold the post; the first-time member of Nunavut’s legislative assembly for Iqaluit East defeated incumbent Paul Okalik in the leadership forum.

Economics and finance
The first G-20 economic summit opened in Washington, D.C.

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