Monday, 5 November 2018

November 5, 2018

880 years ago
1138


Asiatica
Lý Anh Tông, 2, was enthroned as Emperor of Vietnam, beginning a 37-year reign. He succeeded his father Lý Thần Tông, who had died five days earlier at the age of 22.

330 years ago
1688


Britannica
William of Orange landed with a Dutch fleet at Brixham, England.

250 years ago
1768


Diplomacy
Representatives of the United Kingdom and Six Nations (Iroquois) signed the Treaty of Fort Stanwix in Rome New Yorkl. The purpose of the treaty was to adjust the boundary line between Indian lands and white settlements set forth in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 in the Thirteen Colonies.

200 years ago
1818


Died on this date
Benjamin Butler, 74
. U.S. politician. Mr. Butler, a Democrat, then a Republican, then a member of the Greenback Party, represented the 5th, 6th, and 7th Massachusetts Districts in the U.S. House of Representatives in sequence from 1867-1879, and was Governor of Massachusetts from 1883-1884. He was a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and was one of the managers of the impeachment of U.S. President Andrew Johnson in 1868. Mr. Butler died of complications from a bronchial infection on Janauary 11, 1893 at the age of 74, the day after arguing a case before the U.S. Supreme Court.

Politics and government
Chippewas (Ojibwa) signed a treaty ceding rights to 1,900,000 acres (768,000 hectares) in Northumberland, Durham, Haliburton, Hastings, and Muskoka in Upper Canada.

190 years ago
1828


War
In the Greek War of Independence, the French Morea expedition to recapture Morea (now the Peloponnese) ended when the last Ottoman forces departed the peninsula.

180 years ago
1838


War
In Lacolle, Lower Canada, Governor Sir John Colborne's troops skirmished with Cyrille Côté's 300 Chasseurs for a half hour, leaving 8 rebels dead. The Patriotes of Beauharnois took over the St. Lawrence River steamboat Brougham.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Raymond Loewy
. French-born U.S. industrial designer. Mr. Loewy, who moved to New York at the age of 25, was known as the "Father of Industrial Design." He designed cars, locomotives, vending machines, logos, and other things too numerous to mention. Mr. Loewy died on July 14, 1986 at the age of 92.

120 years ago
1898


World events
Filipinos on Negros Island revolted against Spanish rule and established the short-lived Republic of Negros.

Football
ORFU
Toronto (0-5) 6 @ Ottawa (5-0) 48
Hamilton (3-2) 17 @ Osgoode Hall (2-3) 12

100 years ago
1918


Politics and government
In elections for the United States Senate, Republicans won 18 of 32 seats up for election, a net gain of 6 from 1916 and enough to give them a 49-47 majority. In the House of Representatives, Republicans recorded a net gain of 25 seats, while the Democrats lost 22, giving the Republicans a 240-192 lead. The Farmer-Labor Party and Prohibition Party each elected one candidate.

90 years ago
1928


Politics and government
Spanish Prime Minister General Primo de Rivera also took office as Foreign Minister in his reorganized cabinet, whose new members included Gen. Ardanaz as Minister of War; Rear Admiral Garcia Reyes as Minister of Marine; and Count de los Andes as Minister of National Economy.

Health
It was reported that 2,000 people in the southern Indian state of Travancora had died of cholera.

Disasters
A fire causing $1 million in damage swept San Salvador.

The Sicilian volcano Mount Etna erupted, pouring lava toward the town of Mascali. The inhabitants, led by their priests, formed processions and marched up the sides of the mountain, praying for their homes to be spared. Hundreds of motor trucks, accompanied by volunteers, arrived to help in the evacuation of the village, which was destroyed, as were Nunziata and Carrabba. The damage was estimated at $18.5 million.

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Thomas Dewing, 87
. U.S. artist. Mr. Dewing was known for his paintings of aristocratic American women at the turn of the 20th century.

Football
IRFU
Hamilton (2-3) 9 @ Ottawa (4-1) 23
Montreal (0-5) 13 @ Toronto (4-1) 58

WIFU
Finals
Winnipeg 12 @ Calgary 7 (First game of 2-game total points series)

ORFU
Montreal (3-0-2) 23 @ Peterborough (1-4) 1
Toronto (2-3) 2 @ Sarnia (2-1-2) 10

Five members of the Rough Riders combined for a 65-yard punt return touchdown in their win over the Tigers at Lansdowne Park. Wilf Tremblay fielded a punt by Hamilton's Bill Strachan at the Ottawa 45-yard line and lateralled to Andy Tommy, who returned the ball to the Hamilton 30 before lateralling to Tiny Herman, who went a few yards before lateralling to Bunny Wadsworth, who didn't take more than a step before lateralling to Dave Sprague, who went the remaining distance for the touchdown--without benefit of blocking.

Bill Stukus scored 2 touchdowns and passed to his brother Annis for a touchdown, and Annis passed to Frank Stukus for a touchdown as the Argonauts routed the Cubs at Varsity Stadium. It remains the only time in senior-level Canadian football history in which three brothers have scored touchdowns in the same game. The Argonauts set IRFU single-game records for points; scoring plays (18); touchdowns (10); converts (8); and touchdowns rushing (7). The teams combined for single game records in touchdowns (12) and touchdowns rushing (9).

Paul Rowe scored a touchdown in the 2nd quarter, which he converted, and Johnny Rosano added a single, to give the Bronks a 7-0 halftime led over the Blue Bombers before 3,000 fans at Mewata Stadium, but blocked kicks in the 2nd half were Calgary's undoing, and Winnipeg capitalized to score. Greg Kabat got the Blue Bombers on the scoreboard with field goals of 20 and 40+ yards. In the 4th quarter, Lou Mogul recovered a blocked punt at the Calgary 37-yard line, and Andy Bieber promptly rushed 37 yards for a touchdown, with Mr. Kabat converting.

Canadian university
Toronto (2-3) 2 @ McGill (5-0) 23
Western Ontario (3-2) 10 @ Queen's (0-5) 1

75 years ago
1943


War
The U.S.S.R. Red Army closed in on Kiev from the north, northwest, and west, cutting rail and highway escape routes. U.K. troops in Italy cracked the Adriatic end of the Germans' trans-peninsular line by capturing the port of Vasto, while the 5th Army took Venafro, former interior anchor of the German right wing. A bomb was dropped on Vatican City, causing considerable damage but no casualties; responsibility has never clearly established, but Italian Fascists have been blamed. U.S. planes dumped more than 250 tons of bombs on targets at Akyab, Burma in the heaviest Allied attack yet on the Asiatic mainland. 30,000 Japanese troops participated in an offensive in central China aimed at removing the Chinese threat to the Yangtze River.

Politics and government
The French Committee of National Liberation announced that it was not bound by "decisions concerning Germany in which it has not participated."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate's Truman Committee asked the government to demand postwar prepayment of Lend-Lease advances to reduce peacetime reconversion costs to a minimum.

Brazil announced food rationing for hotels, restaurants, and boarding houses in Rio de Janeiro.

Labour
Philip Murray was re-elected President of the Congress of Industrial Organizations at the CIO's national convention in Philadelphia.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed a five-man National War Labor Board committee to investigate living costs, to report within 60 days.

70 years ago
1948


War
Americans were advised to leave the Chinese Nationalist capital of Nanking, following the advance of Communist forces in the area.

Diplomacy
Italy and Greece signed a trade and friendship treaty, providing for the creation of a permanent commission to conciliate disputes between the countries.

World events
The South Korean government began a roundup of all Communist suspects to forestall a new rising.

Politics and government
Three days after his surprising electoral victory, U.S. President Harry Truman returned to Washington from his home in Independence, Missouri. He was welcomed by 750,000 well-wishers, the largest crowd ever to greet a President in the nation's capital.

Transportation
U.S. authorities in West Berlin opened Tegel airfield, the third in use for airlift operations.

Business
The U.S. War Assets Administration announced the sale of a $5-million government aluminum plant in Massena, New York to the Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa), giving the company control of over 50% of the nation's aluminum production.

60 years ago
1958


War
The Tunisian government charged that two regiments of French troops, supported by 42 tanks, had invaded Tunisia in pursuit of Algerian guerrillas.

Terrorism
Cuban guerrillas seized a Cubana Airlines plane with 25 passengers aboard in Santiago de Cuba; it was the second such hijacking within five days.

Protest
Four million Japanese workers, students, and intellectuals staged brief strikes and demonstrations to protest a government bill increasing police powers.

Environment
The Norwegian Defense Research Institute reported that Norway's radioactivity level had increased from 1,200 micro micro-curies per litre of water in 1957 to 5,000 in 1958.

Football
ORFU
Finals
Kitchener-Waterloo 19 @ Sarnia 29 (Sarnia led best-of-three series 1-0)

Gene Cook scored 2 touchdowns and Chuck Stanley and J.B. Smith added TDs for the Golden Bears as they defeated the Dutchmen at Norm Perry Park. Gino Cappelletti converted all 4 touchdowns and added a single. Mike Norcia, Chico Mendoza, and Nat Pagnon scored K-W touchdowns, with Bob Celeri punting for a single.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Republican Party candidate Richard Nixon, with Spiro Agnew as his vice presidential running mate, won a narrow victory over Vice President and Democratic Party candidate Hubert Humphrey in the U.S. presidential election. Mr. Nixon received 301 electoral votes (43.4% of the popular vote), while Mr. Humphrey received 191 electoral votes (42.7% of the popular vote), and American Independent Party candidate George Wallace received 46 electoral votes (13.5% of the popular vote). Democrats won 18 of 34 Senate seats up for election, which was a loss of five for the Democrats, although they retained a 58-42 majority. The Republicans also gained five seats in the House of Representatives, but the Democrats retained a 243-192 majority. Republican candidates won 12 of 21 state gubernatorial elections, marking another gain of five for the Republicans, giving them a 31-19 majority. In Puerto Rico, New Progressive Party candidate Luis A. Ferré, 64, was elected Governor, ending 28 years of Popular Democratic Party rule. Incumbent Governor Roberto Sánchez Vilella, formerly a Popular Democrat, ran as the candidate of the People's Party and finished a weak third, taking 11.7% of the vote, while Mr. Ferré received 43.6% and Popular Democratic candidate Luis Negrón López took 40.7%. The Popular Democrats took 15 P.R. Senate seats to 12 for New Progressive, while New Progressive won 25 House of Representative seats to 25 for the Popular Democrats.





40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Kiss You All Over--Exile (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
A four-day meeting in Baghdad of the Arab League concluded with a communique calling on Egypt to cease her peace negotiations with Israel, and denouncing the Camp David accords as infringing on the rights of the Palestinians and other Arab peoples. The summit, called at the request of Iraq, had representatives from 20 of the 21 members of the League, with Egypt not being invited. The issue of whether to remove the League's headquarters from Egypt was set aside for later determination.

Chinese Deputy Premier Deng Xiaoping began a nine-day tour of the anti-Communist nations of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore,
and Burma.

Politics and government
After just two months in office, Jaffer Sharif-Emami resigned as Prime Minister of Iran amid protests against Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi.

Disasters
A fire of suspicious origin destroyed the Allen Motor Inn in Honesdale, Pennsylvania, killing 11 people.

Football
CFL
Toronto (4-12) 16 @ Hamilton (5-10-1) 23
Winnipeg (9-7) 14 @ Calgary (9-4-3) 22

Ben Zambiasi and Zac Henderson returned interceptions for touchdowns to help the Tiger-Cats defeat the Argonauts at Ivor Wynne Stadium to take the third and last playoff spot in the Eastern Football Conference. Toronto quarterback Alvin (Seth) White completed a pass to Ken Clark for 80 yards to the Hamilton 5-yard line in the last minute to give the Argonauts a chance, but they failed to score a touchdown in three downs. A touchdown and 2-point convert would have put the Argonauts, who needed a win to finish third, ahead by one point. It was the last game for Bud Riley as head coach of the Argonauts, who posted a 1-6 record after Mr. Riley replaced replaced Leo Cahill.

Ken Johnson completed a 101-yard touchdown pass to Willie Armstead in the 2nd quarter to help the Stampeders win their fifth straight game, defeating the Blue Bombers before 26,888 fans at McMahon Stadium to finish second in the Western Football Conference. Willie Burden scored the other Calgary touchdown on a 1-yard rush in the 3rd quarter, one play after John Hufnagel had completed a pass to Kelvin Kirk for a 71-yard gain. Brian Gervais scored the only Winnipeg touchdown on a 14-yard pass from Dieter Brock in the 3rd quarter. Messrs. Johnson and Brock both suffered season-ending knee injuries, and Mr. Brock's replacement, Terry Luck, suffered a badly-bruised shoulder when he was hit on the second-last play of the game. Calgary's Cyril McFall made a 95-yard punt for a single, tied for the third-longest punt to date in CFL history. Ron Rowland played his first CFL game and his only game in a Calgary uniform, replacing injured James Sykes at running back; Mr. Rowland rushed 6 times for 28 yards and caught 3 passes for 16 yards. It was the only CFL game for Winnipeg defensive back Mark Brown.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Don't Want Your Love--Duran Duran

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Teardrops--Womack & Womack (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Amor de mis amores--Paco (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Orinoco Flow--Enya (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Orinoco Flow--Enya (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Kokomo--The Beach Boys

Kokomo was the Beach Boys' first single to reach #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 since Good Vibrations on December 10, 1966, a record gap of almost 22 years between #1 hits.

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Kokomo--The Beach Boys
2 A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins
3 Wild, Wild West--Escape Club
4 Bad Medicine--Bon Jovi
5 The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue
6 One Moment in Time--Whitney Houston
7 Desire--U2
8 Never Tear Us Apart--INXS
9 Don't You Know What the Night Can Do?--Steve Winwood
10 Kissing a Fool--George Michael

Kokomo was the Beach Boys' first single to reach #1 on the Cash Box chart since Good Vibrations on November 19, 1966, a record gap of almost 22 years between #1 hits.

Singles entering the chart were My Prerogative by Bobby Brown (#54); Ghost Town by Cheap Trick (#60); Put a Little Love in Your Heart by Annie Lennox and Al Green (#63); All This Time by Tiffany (#70); Best of Times by Peter Cetera (#71); It's Money that Matters by Randy Newman (#81); Don't Rush Me by Taylor Dayne (#82); I Wanna Have Some Fun by Samantha Fox (#84); Forever Young by Alphaville (#87); and Baby Can I Hold You by Tracy Chapman (#92). Put a Little Love in Your Heart was from the movie Scrooged (1988).

Protest
Fire-bombs and rocks were thrown at police during a demonstration by 10,000 students in Seoul against former South Korean President Chun Doo Hwan, whose arrest the protesters were demanding on charges of corruption.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (9-9) 24 @ British Columbia (10-8) 45

David Williams and Tony Cherry each scored 2 touchdowns and Marcus Thomas returned an interception 87 yards for a touchdown to help the Lions beat the Blue Bombers before 35,063 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.

25 years ago
1993


Crime
"Dr." Jack Kevorkian was imprisoned in Wayne County Jail in Detroit for his alleged role in the suicides of two men in August and September, and immediately began a hunger strike.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Norm Marshall, 89
. Canadian sportscaster. Mr. Marshall had a career in radio and television spanning about 50 years from the late 1930s through 1988, with most of his time being spent in Hamilton. He shared announcing duties with Larry O'Brien on the first telecast of the Grey Cup, from Varsity Stadium in Toronto, on Toronto station CBLT in 1952. Mr. Marshall also called the play-by-play for the radio broadcasts of the 1953 Grey Cup and the 1987 Vanier Cup games. He was inducted into the media wing of the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1989.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 0 @ Saitama Seibu Lions 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

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