Friday, 9 November 2018

November 8, 2018

1,400 years ago
618


Died on this date
Adeodatus I, 48
. Roman Catholic Pope, 615-618. Adeodatus I succeeded Boniface IV, becoming the first pope to be elected since John II in 533. Adeodatus I was the first pope to use lead seals (bullae) on papal documents, which in time came to be called "papal bulls." He died after caring for the poor and sick following an earthquake and an outbreak of leprosy in Rome. More than a year sent by until Boniface V was chosen as his successor.

180 years ago
1838


Politics and government
George-Etienne Cartier and seven other exiled Patriotes who had participated in the Lower Canada rebellion of 1837 returned to Montreal from Vermont on the promise of good behaviour.

War
Cyrille Côté marched from Lacolle, Lower Canada toward Odelltown with 600 Frères Chasseurs (Hunters Lodges), as martial law was declared in the province. Traitors in the ranks tried to capture Robert Nelson at Lacolle, but failed.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Rama VII (Prajadhipok)
. King of Siam, 1925-1935. Rama VII succeeded his brother Rama VI (Vajiravudh) on the throne, becoming the last absolute monarch of Siam. He inherited severe financial problems, and acknowledged the need for change. King Prajadhipok accepted the demands of revolutionaries in 1932, and began ruling as a constitutional monarch. His relations with the government soured, and he abdicated in 1935, succeeded on the throne by his nephew Ananda Mahidol. King Prajadhipok and Queen Rambhai Barni went into exile in England, where he died of heart failure on May 30, 1941 at the age of 47.

90 years ago
1928


Disasters
Explosions and fire at the Preble Box Toy Company in Lynn, Massachusetts killed 19 people--included a mother and her five children--and destroyed the factory and five nearby houses. 12 of the dead were killed at the scene. Many were injured, with eight in critical condition in hospital.

80 years ago
1938


Politics and government
Democrats lost 7 seats to Republicans in U.S. Senate elections, but still won 22 of 32 seats up for electio. The Republican gain reduced the Democrats' lead to 68-23, with 2 Farmer-Labor, 1 Progressive, and 1 independent. In the House of Representatives, Republicans gained 81 seats, while Democrats lost 72, but still led the Republicans 262-169. The Progressive Party was reduced from 8 seats to 2; Farmer-Labor dropped from 4 to 1; and newcomer Vito Marcontonio was elected in New York as the candidate of the American Labor Party.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Shocking Affair of the S.S. Friesland

War
U.K. forces in Italy crossed the Sinello River above Vasto on he Adriatic coast and captured Casalbordino and Scerni near the coast. The Soviet Red Army advanced northwest and southwest of Kiev, capturing 70 villages, including Fastov and Nemeshayevo. Yugoslavian General Draja Mihailovich's forces reported the destruction of a large section of the Belgrade-Skopje-Salonika railroad between Presevo and Bujanovac. A large U.S. Army force landed at Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville, New Guinea, to reinforce Marines there.

Academia
Dr. Francis E. McMahon, associate professor pf philosophy at the University of Notre Dame, said that he had been fired for refusing to submit manuscripts of speeches to university authorities.

Labour
A strike by metal workers ended at the Aluminum Company in Shawinigan Falls, Québec.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

Space
The comet 1948 K was first sighted from observatories in South Africa and Argentina.

Politics and government
Mohammed Maraghei Said took office as Prime Minister of Iran, following the resignation of Abdul Hussein Hajir.

U.S. Democratic National Committee Chairman J. Howard McGrath announced that he would bar all States' Rights Party supporters from party leadership positions.

Scandal
A U.S. federal grand jury in Washington indicted House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee Chairman J. Parnell Thomas on charges of conspiring to defraud the government by padding his congressional payroll.

A Republican-controlled Senate Campaign Investigating subcommittee voted to refer the cases of three Democratic Senators, including Senator-elect Lyndon Johnson of Texas, to the new Congress for investigation of possible vote fraud.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno; Dean Martin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ich bin bald wieder hier--Freddy Quinn

#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
2 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
3 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
4 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
5 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
6 To Know Him, is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
7 Tea for Two Cha Cha--The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington
8 Lonesome Town--Ricky Nelson
9 Rock-In Robin--Bobby Day
10 The End--Earl Grant

Singles entering the chart were I Got Stung (#24)/One Night (#41) by Elvis Presley; The World Outside, with versions by the Four Coins; and the Four Aces (#66); I Want to Be Happy Cha Cha by Enoch Light and the Light Brigade (#75); Jealous Heart by the Fontane Sisters (#78, charting with the version by Tab Hunter); All Alone by Terri Stevens (#80); Gotta Travel On by Billy Grammer (#85); Goodnight by the Elegants (#88); A House, a Car and a Wedding Ring, with versions by Dale Hawkins; and Mike Preston (#90); Sweetheart by Peggy Lee (#92); Once Upon a Time (It Happened) by Dean Martin (#94); Anna by the Originals (#96); and My Girl by Robin Luke and the Jolly Drifters (#97). Goodnight was the other side of Please Believe Me, which had charted the previous week at #94 and was now off the chart.

Space
The United States launched the lunar probe Pioneer 2 from Cape Canaveral, Florida on a mission to study fields and particles and micrometeoroids. The satellite reached an altitude of 983 miles (1,550 kilometres), but the third stage failed to ignite, and Pioneer 2 came back down the same day.

Defense
Newly-appointed U.K. anti-terrorist chief General Kenneth Darling ordered arms distributed to all British civilians in Cyprus.

Law
U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice William O. Douglas denied in New York that the Supreme Court had usurped congressional and state law-making powers.

Energy
The U.S.A. and Euratom signed an agreement in Brussels providing for joint action to establish a nuclear power network in Europe and share the knowledge resulting from the program.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Toronto (4-10) 12 @ Montreal (7-6-1) 14
Ottawa (6-8) 0 @ Hamilton (10-3-1) 23

WIFU
Semi-Finals
Edmonton 27 @ Saskatchewan 11 (First game of 2-game total points series)

ORFU
Finals
Sarnia 48 @ Kitchener-Waterloo 20 (Sarnia won best-of-three series 2-0)

The Alouettes scored 2 touchdowns in the last 3 minutes of the game to defeat the Argonauts at Molson Stadium. Sam Etcheverry completed a 10-yard touchdown pass to Red O'Quinn and then connected with Ivan Livingstone for a 67-yard gain to the Toronto 3-yard line, leading to Joel Wells' 1-yard touchdown run with 31 seconds remaining. Bill Bewley converted both Montreal TDs. The Argonauts scored their only touchdown earlier in the 4th quarter on an 8-yard pass from Ronnie Knox to Menan Schriewer, converted by Vic Kristopaitis, who also kicked a field goal. Dave Mann punted for 2 singles for Toronto.

Normie Kwong rushed 20 times for 152 yards and a touchdown; Johnny Bright rushed 23 times for 141 yards; and Jackie Parker rushed 3 times for 34 yards and a touchdown and kicked 3 converts as the Eskimos beat the Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina. Don Flynn and Joe Mobra scored the other Edmonton TDs. Cookie Gilchrist led the Saskatchewan ground game with 13 carries for 109 yards, while Bobby Marlow rushed 19 times for 70 yards and the only Roughrider touchdown.

J.B. Smith and Bill Almashy each scored 2 touchdowns for the Golden Bears as they completed the series sweep at Kitchener Stadium, ending the Dutchmen's four-year reign as Ontario Rugby Football Union champions. Chuch Stanley, Ernie White, and Freddie Hamilton also scored Sarna TDs, with Gino Cappelletti, in his final game of Canadian football, adding 6 converts. Dave West led K-W with a touchdown and 2 converts, with Mike Norcia and Chico Mendoza scoring the other TDs. It was Sarnia's first ORFU championship since 1952, when they were known as the Imperials.

SIFL
Western Ontario (3-4) 12 @ Queen's (2-5) 14
McGill (2-5) 7 @ Toronto (7-0) 50

Mike Wicklum and Cal Connor scored touchdowns for the Golden Gaels as they edged the Mustangs at Richardson Stadium in Kingston. Jocko Thompson added a convert and an 87-yard punt single. Doug Mackenzie and Roger Stewart scored touchdowns for Western Ontario, neither of which were converted.

Tim Reid scored 3 touchdowns and a single to win the intercollegiate scoring title, and Pete Joyce added 2 TDs for the Varsity Blues as they routed the Redmen at Varsity Stadium.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Hey Jude--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (2nd week at #1)
2 Beyond the Clouds--The Poppy Family
3 Elenore--The Turtles
4 White Room--Cream
5 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles
6 Piece of My Heart--Big Brother and the Holding Company
7 Slip Away--Clarence Carter
8 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
9 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
10 Suzie Q--Creedence Clearwater Revival

Singles entering the chart were Wichita Lineman by Glen Campbell (#26); Cycles by Frank Sinatra (#27); Bitter Green by Gordon Lightfoot (#28); Of a Dropping Pin by the Guess Who? (#29); and Kentucky Woman by Deep Purple (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (9th week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
3 White Room--Cream
4 Fire--Arthur Brown
5 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
6 Piece of My Heart--Big Brother and the Holding Company
7 Time Has Come Today--The Chambers Brothers
8 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
9 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
10 Happy Feeling--The Happy Feeling

Died on this date
Peter Mohr Dam, 70
. Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands, 1959-1963, 1967-1968. Mr. Dam helped found the Social Democratic Javnaðarflokkurin party in 1926, the years he was first elected to the Løgting. He led the Javnaðarflokkurin frm 1936 until his death, and was a member of the Danish Folketing as one of two Faroese members from 1948–1957 and 1964–1967. Mr. Dam died in office, and was succeeded as Prime Minister by Kristian Djurhuus.

Wendell Corey, 54. U.S. actor. Mr. Corey was known for his supporting roles in movies such as The File on Thelma Jordon (1950); Rear Window (1954); and The Rainmaker (1956). He starred in the television series Harbor Command (1957-1958); Westinghouse Playhouse (1961); and The Eleventh Hour (1962-1963). Mr. Corey was president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (1961-1963); was on the board of directors of the Screen Actors Guild; and was a member of the City Council of Santa Monica, California from 1965 until his death from heavy drinking.

Space
The United States launched the solar-orbiting probe Pioneer 9 (aka Pioneer D) from Cape Kennedy, Florida.

Defense
The Czechoslovakian government announced that 80% of U.S.S.R. occupation forces had left the country, although 65,000-100,000 would remain in Bohemia "temporarily."

Transportation
The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic was signed to facilitate international road traffic and to increase road safety by standardizing the uniform traffic rules among the signatories.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rat Trap--The Boomtown Rats

Died on this date
Norman Rockwell, 84
. U.S. artist. Mr. Rockwell was one of the U.S.A.'s most popular artists, known for his paintings depicting American culture and everyday life. He was best known for providing cover paintings for The Saturday Evening Post for almost 50 years.

World events
In a further attempt to defuse forces hostile to Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, the government of Iran announced the arrest of former Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hovieda and 60 other former officials.

Aviation
The Canadair Challenger 600 series executive jet (cost U.S.$25 million) made its first test flight.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 1 @ Chicago 2
Vancouver 6 Detroit 4

30 years ago
1988


Politics and government
Vice-President George Bush, running for the Republican Party, was elected President of the United States of America, capturing 40 states and 426 electoral votes to 10 states and 111 electoral votes for Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis, the Democratic Party candidate. One elector in West Virginia eventually voted for U.S. Senator Lloyd Bentsen (Texas), Mr. Dukakis's vice-presidential candidate. Mr. Bush and his vice presidential running mate, U.S. Senator Dan Quayle (Indiana) won 48,881,221 popular votes (54%) to 41,805,422 (46%) for Mr. Dukakis. In Congressional elections, the Democrats gained one seat in the Senate, giving them a 55-45 majority. The Democrats gained two seats in the House of Representatives, giving them a majority of 260-175. Democrats also posted a gain of one in state gubernatorial elections, giving them an edge of 28-22.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Go West--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)

Abominations
"Dr." Jack Kevorkian, who had begun a hunger strike after being imprisoned in Wayne County Jail in Detroit three days earlier on charges of assisting in the suicides of two men in August and September, was freed when a lawyer who didn't know him paid $2,000 bail.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Rumer Godden, 90
. U.K. writer. Margaret Rumer Godden wrote more than 60 books of fiction and non-fiction, but was best known for her novel Black Narcissus (1939), which was made into a successful movie in 1947.

Jean Marais, 84. French actor. Mr. Marais appeared in more than 100 films, most notably those directed by his friend and lover Jean Cocteau, including Beauty and the Beast (1946) and Orphée (1949).

Auto racing
Jeff Gordon came from back in the pack with 25 laps remaining to win the NAPA 500 at Atlanta Motor Speedway, tying Richard Petty's 1975 modern-era NASCAR record of 13 victories in a season. The victory gave Mr. Gordon his third driving championship in four years.

Tennis
Greg Rusedski of Canada downed No. 1-ranked Pete Sampras 6-4, 7-6, 4-7, 6-3 in the men's singles final of the Paris Open.

Football
CFL
Eastern Semi-Final
Toronto 28 @ Montreal 41

Western Semi-Final
British Columbia 38 @ Edmonton 45

Tracy Ham passed for 271 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Alouettes over the Argonauts before 17,495 fans at Molson Stadium. Toronto receiver Derrell "Mookie" Mitchell set a league record for a playoff game with 16 pass receptions, for 180 yards. It was the final CFL game and the only game in a Toronto uniform for kicker Carlos Huerta.

Jimmy Kemp relieved injured starting quarterback David Archer to begin the 2nd half and passed to Brian Wiggins for 2 touchdowns in the last 3:50 of regulation time to give the Eskimos their win over the Lions in an entertaining game before 26,102 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. The winning score covered 45 yards, coming with 50 seconds remaining; the touchdowns were the only ones Mr. Wiggins scored in an Edmonton uniform. Mr. Archer had a good 1st half as the Eskimos took a 24-10 lead into the dressing room, but former Eskimo Damon Allen quarterbacked a strong B.C. comeback in the 2nd half.



10 years ago
2008


Journalism
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation reporter Melissa Fung, kidnapped by Afghan insurgents at a refugee camp, was released in Kabul after spending 28 days in captivity.

Football
CFL
Eastern Semi-Final
Edmonton 29 @ Winnipeg 21

Western Semi-Final
British Columbia 33 @ Saskatchewan 12

Fred Perry returned an interception 31 yards for a touchdown with 2:19 left in the 2nd quarter, and A.J. Harris scored 2 touchdowns on short rushes in the 2nd and 3rd quarters to help the Eskimos overcome an early 8-0 deficit to defeat the Blue Bombers before 27,493 fans at Canad Inns Stadium, becoming the first West Division team to win an Eastern playoff game since the adoption of the crossover format in 1996. Romby Bryant scored the first Winnipeg touchdown on a 78-yard pass from Kevin Glenn in the 1st quarter, and Jason Armstead returned a punt 93 yards for the other Winnipeg TD in the 2nd quarter. Edmonton quarterback Ricky Ray completed 27 of 37 passes for 303 yards, with Kelly Campbell catching 5 of his passes for 111 yards. It was the last game for Doug Berry as Winnipeg's head coach, after three years in the position.

Buck Pierce passed for 221 yards and a touchdown, Stefan Logan rushed for 153 yards, and the B.C. defense forced 6 turnovers as the Lions ended the Roughriders' reign as Grey Cup champions before 30,945 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina.



Baseball
Nippon Series
Saitama Seibu Lions 4 @ Yomiuri Giants 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

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