Friday, 30 November 2018

November 30, 2018

400 years ago
1618


Space
The first recorded sighting of a comet by Europeans in Canada took place, in the Jesuit Relations of New France. Known as the "Angry Star” because of its reddish colour and very long, menacing tail, the Great Comet of 1618 was visible for seven weeks.

125 years ago
1893


Communications
The Canadian Pacific Railway telegraph line was completed into Nelson, British Columbia.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Efrem Zimbalist, Jr.
U.S. actor. Mr. Zimbalist, the son of concert violinist Efrem Zimbalist, Sr. and operatic soprano Alma Gluck, was best known for his co-starring roles in the television series 77 Sunset Strip (1958-1964) and The F.B.I. (1965-1974). He appeared in movies such as By Love Possessed (1961); The Chapman Report (1962); and Wait Until Dark(1967). In his later years, Mr. Zimbalist was a voice actor in animated television series and video games. He died of natural causes at the age of 95 on May 2, 2014.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Algiviad Bebi
. Albanian criminal. Mr. Bebi was a student who, in October 1927, murdered Zena Bey, the Albanian Minister to Czechoslovakia and brother-in-law of King Zog. Mr. Bebi was shot dead in the courtroom where he was standing trial; his killer was a servant to Gana Bey, brother of Zena Bey, and also a relative of King Zog.

Politics and government
Emilio Portes Gil, former Interior Minister and former Governor of Tamaulipas, was sworn in as provisional President of Mexico, chosen by the Chamber of Deputies to serve until February 1930, following the presidential election of 1929.

Crime
While U.S. customs officials in Detroit were arresting 11 border patrol inspectors on charges of accepting bribes and conspiracy to aid in the smuggling of liquor into the United States from Canada, provincial authorities in Ontario on the opposite side of the Detroit River were issuing orders to close 30 liquor export docks in border cities.

In Savannah, Georgia, Rev. W.F. Larowe was sentenced to three months in jail after being convicted of criminal libel in connection with the circulation of a false oath of the Knights of Columbus. His sentence was probated after a recommendation of the jury for extreme mercy.

Boxing
Jim Braddock (33-4-6) knocked down Tuffy Griffiths (45-5-4) 4 times in the 2nd round and scored a technical knockout of Mr. Griffiths in the 2nd round of a light heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York. Pete Latzo was to have fought Mr. Griffiths, but he suffered a broken jaw and lost by technical knockout to Mr. Braddock on October 17, so Mr. Braddock took his place.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Why Don't You Fall in Love with Me--Dinah Shore (1st month at #1)

War
U.K. units in Italy gave ground on the west bank of the Sangro River in the face of German counterattacks. U.S.S.R. forces abandoned the Korosten rail junction, 90 miles northwest of Kiev. U.S. naval forces shelled Gasmata, New Britain, and Madang in the first attacks of this type against these Japanese bases.

Defense
U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that Lieutenant General Alexander Vandergrift would become Marine Corps Commandant on January 1, 1944, succeeding Lt. Gen. Thomas Holcomb, who had passed the mandatory retirement age of 64.

Politics and government
Chester Carrier, a Republican, was elected in Kentucky's 4th District of the U.S. House of Representatives to fill the vacancy caused by the death on October 13, 1943 of Rep. E.W. Creel (Democrat).

Labour
U.S. Fair Employment Practices Commission Chairman Malcolm Ross notified 20 railroads and 7 unions that they must cease discrimination "on grounds of race, creed or color," and directed 10 railroads operating in southeastern states to cancel an agreement with unions which limited employment of Negroes.

Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers of America President R.J. Thomas was acquitted by a jury in Houston of violating the Texas state law forbidding a solicitation of union membership without a license. He was acquitted on the technical grounds that the complaint was improperly drawn.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I'm Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover--George Trevare and his Southern Cross Seven; Art Mooney and his Orchestra (1st month at #1)

Radio
Hooperatings listed the most popular programs in the United States as Walter Winchell; The Jack Benny Program; and Radio Theater.

War
Israeli Colonel Moshe Dayan and Transjordanian Arab Legion Colonel Abdullah el Tell signed a cease-fire agreement in Jerusalem.

Defense
The U.S. Army halved its draft quotas for early 1949 in order to keep under the $15-billion defense budget ceiling set by President Harry Truman.

Aviation
Curtiss-Wright Corporation demonstrated a new reversible propeller that enabled a four-engine plane to make a rapid, direct ascent and descent.

Business
The U.S. Justice Department filed an anti-trust complaint in Cleveland, charging Republic Steel Corporation and 19 other culvert pipe manufacturers with monopolizing the corrugated sheet metal industry.

Labour
The Japanese Diet passed a measure barring strikes and collective bargaining by government employees.

The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ordered Goodyear Rubber Footwear Corporation to pay back wages to 50 employees for a nine-month layoff intended to "discourage union activity."

Football
NCAA
Southern Methodist University halfback Doak Walker was named the winner of the Heisman Trophy as the most outstanding college football player in the United States for 1948. He rushed 108 times for 532 yards and 8 touchdowns; caught 15 passes for 279 yards and 3 touchdowns; completed 26 of 46 passes for 304 yards and 6 touchdowns; made 3 interceptions; punted for a 42.1-yard average; and scored 88 points, including converts and field goals.

Baseball
The Negro National League was dissolved in Chicago, leaving the 10-team Negro American League as the only remaining Negro league.

60 years ago
1958


Politics and government
The second round of French legislative elections resulted in resulted in an overwhelming win for Gaullist candidates. Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle's Union for the New Republic (UNR) led with 189 seats in the National Assembly, a gain of 173 from before the election.

The right-wing National Party gained enough seats in the Uruguayan general election to oust the Colorado Party from power for the first time in 93 years. The National Party gained 3 seats in the National Council of Government to give them 6 of 9 seats; gained 16 seats in the Chamber of Deputies to give them 51 of 99 seats; and gained 6 seats in the Senate to give them 17 of 31 seats. The Colorado Party lost 3 seats in the NCG; 13 seats in the Chamber of Deputies; and 5 seats in the Senate. A constitutional referendum was included in the election, with two proposals for a presidential system of government; both were rejected.

Football
NFL
San Francisco (4-6) 27 @ Baltimore (9-1) 35

Led by quarterback Johnny Unitas, the Colts scored 4 converted touchdowns in the 2nd half to come back from a 27-7 halftime deficit to defeat the 49ers at Memorial Stadium, clinching the Western Conference title for the first time in their history.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Little Arrows--Leapy Lee (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Hey Jude--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Applausi--I Camaleonti (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Eloise--Barry Ryan

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Lea--The Cats (2nd week at #1)
2 Just a Little Bit of Peace in My Heart--Golden Earrings
3 Eloise--Barry Ryan
4 White Room--Cream
5 My Little Lady--The Tremeloes
6 Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje
7 With a Little Help from My Friends--Joe Cocker
8 Red Red Wine--Peter Tetteroo
9 Listen to Me/Do the Best You Can--The Hollies
10 Ik Ben Met Jou niet Getrouwd--Tony Bass

Singles entering the chart were Eloise; Goodbye My Love/I Can't Go on Loving You by the Buffoons (#26); Een Pikketanussie by Johnny Jordaan (#34); Love Child by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#36); Chewy Chewy by Ohio Express (#38); and Jerushala'im Shel Zahav by Rika Zarai (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes (2nd week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
3 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
4 Hey Jude--The Beatles
5 White Room--Cream
6 Who's Making Love--Johnnie Taylor
7 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
8 For Once in My Life--Stevie Wonder
9 Chewy Chewy--Ohio Express
10 Bang-Shang-A-Lang--The Archies

Singles entering the chart were A Ray of Hope by the Rascals (#51); Going Up the Country by Canned Heat (#52); Papa's Got a Brand New Bag by Otis Redding (#60); Bella Linda by the Grass Roots (#66); Crosstown Traffic by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#74); The Girl Most Likely by Jeannie C. Riley (#77); Nightmare by the Crazy World of Arthur Brown (#78); This is My Country by the Impressions (#80); If I Can Dream by Elvis Presley (#81); They Don't Make Love Like They Used To by Eddy Arnold (#84); Bluebirds Over the Mountain by the Beach Boys (#85); Vance by Roger Miller (#86); Keep on Dancing by Alvin Cash (#89); I Walk Alone by Marty Robbins (#97); Rainbow Ride by Andy Kim (#98); Sea Shell by the Strawberry Alarm Clock (#99); and Good Time Girl by Nancy Sinatra (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
2 Revolution/Hey Jude--The Beatles
3 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
4 Cinnamon--Derek
5 Quick Joey Small (Run Joey Run)--Kasenetz-Katz Singing Orchestral Circus
6 Shake--The Shadows of Knight
7 Elephant Candy--The Fun and Games
8 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
9 Beyond the Clouds--The Poppy Family
10 Bitter Green--Gordon Lightfoot
Pick hit of the week: I'm Into Lookin' for Someone to Love Me--Bobby Vee

Politics and government
Yugoslavia rejected the Soviet doctrine of limited sovereignty for "Communist Commonwealth" nations.

Business
The Trade Descriptions Act came into force in the United Kingdom, making it a crime for a trader to knowingly sell an item with a misleading label or description.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
Ottawa 24 Calgary 21

The Rough Riders edged the Stampeders before 32,655 fans to win the Grey Cup for the first time since 1960. For the Stampeders, it had been their first participation in Canada's national championship game since 1949. Two big plays turned the game in favour of the Rough Riders. With the Stampeders leading 14-11, Vic Washington dropped the ball on a sweep to the left side, but it bounced right back into his hands, and he continued for an 80-yard touchdown 56 seconds into the fourth quarter. The play still stands as the longest rushing play in Grey Cup history. Don Sutherin's convert attempt was blocked, leaving the Rough Riders with a 17-14 lead. At 10:01, Russ Jackson hit Margene Adkins with a 70-yard scoring strike. Mr. Sutherin's convert increased the lead to 24-14. The Stampeders mounted a late comeback drive, ending in a 2-yard pass from Peter Liske to Terry Evanshen with 1:34 remaining. Larry Robinson converted to cut the lead to 24-21, but Mr. Robinson's short kickoff was recovered by Ottawa guard Tom Schuette. Mr. Washington amassed 128 yards on 13 carries, 25 on 3 receptions, and 22 on 1 kickoff return, and won a car as the game's most valuable player. Calgary had the better of the passing game, as Mr. Liske completed 21 of 36 passes for 258 yards. Mr. Evanshen caught 5 for 56 and 2 touchdowns; Bob McCarthy caught 5 for 86, and Gerry Shaw 7 for 75. Herman Harrison, the Stampeders star tight end, was suffering from the flu, and caught just 2 passes for 16 yards, both in the last few minutes. Mr. Adkins caught 2 passes for 93 yards for the Rough Riders, while Ottawa flanker Whit Tucker, who had scored 13 touchdowns in the regular season on just 36 receptions, was held without a catch. Bo Scott, playing his final game in an Ottawa uniform before joining the NFL's Cleveland Browns for a successful career, was held to 26 yards on 14 carries. Lovell Coleman, who had joined the Rough Riders in 1968 after a stellar 8-year career with the Stampeders, carried once for 2 yards against his old team. One oddity came in the first quarter, when Wayne Giardino of the Rough Riders blocked a Ron Stewart punt, which was recovered by the Stampeders in their own end zone. Mr. Giardino was credited with a single point to give Ottawa a 1-0 lead. A rule change in 1976 prevented such a play from resulting in a single point again. Another oddity was the presence of a Ron Stewart for each team. Calgary's Ron Stewart was a defensive back who punted 9 times for a 39.4 yard average. Ottawa's Ron Stewart carried once for 3 yards and caught 1 pass for 24.







NCAA
Army 21 Navy 14 @ John F. Kennedy Stadium, Philadelphia

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Sarah--Mauro Scocco (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Heart of Darkness

This was the first episode of the season, which had been delayed because of a writers' strike.

Politics and government
Republicans who would be serving in the United States Senate in the 101st Congress chose Bob Dole of Kansas as their leader.

Health
The Ontario government of Premier David Peterson became the first provincial government in Canada to bring in legislation to restrict smoking in the workplace and private offices.

Business
Tobacco and food corporation RJR Nabisco was acquired for $25.07 billion, about twice the size of any previous merger. The management group of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. made the offer that was accepted by the outside directors of RJR Nabisco. A slightly higher offer by a management group led by RJR President F. Ross Johnson was rejected.

25 years ago
1993


Died on this date
David Houston, 57
. U.S. musician. Mr. Houston was a country singer-songwriter who was popular in the 1960s and early '70s, with 22 singles that made the top 10 on the Billboard country chart from 1963-1974, and six that reached #1. His biggest hit was Almost Persuaded, which spent nine weeks at #1 on the country chart in 1966, and reached #24 on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart. Mr. Houston died of a brain aneurysm, nine days before his 58th birthday.

At the movies
Schindler's List, co-produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Liam Neeson, Ralph Fiennes, and Ben Kingsley, received its premiere screening in Washington, D.C.

Diplomacy
Israeli army chief of staff Ehud Barak apologized for what he called the inadvertent killing of a young Palestinian who had spoken out against violence by Palestinians. Israeli officials and Palestine Liberation Organization leaders met in Gaza to seek ways to restore calm in the area.

British Prime Minister John Major said that he wished to continue contacts with the outlawed Irish Republican Army in order to end violence in Northern Ireland.

Society
Maureen McTeer's Canadian Royal Commission on Reproductive Technologies issued its final report, calling for a ban on cloning and on sale of fetal tissue.

Law
U.S. President Bill Clinton signed into law the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, which would require a 5-day waiting period for approval of the purchase of a handgun. The "Brady Bill" was named after former White House press secretary James Brady, who had been critically wounded in the March 30, 1981 assassination attempt against President Ronald Reagan by John Hinckley. The new law also established a national computer network as a means to check the background of prospective gun purchasers.

Crime
Authorities in California arrested Richard Allen Davis, who confessed to abducting and killing 12 year-old Polly Klaas of Petaluma on October 1, 1993.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Janet Lewis, 99
. U.S. writer. Miss Lewis wrote novels, short fiction, and poetry. her best-known work is probably the novel The Wife of Martin Guerre (1941).

Ruth Clifford, 98. U.S. actress. Miss Clifford appeared in movies, television programs, and commercials in a career spanning more than 50 years from the 1910s through the 1960s. Her biggest roles came in silent movies, including The Kaiser, the Beast of Berlin (1918); The Face on the Bar-Room Floor (1923); and The Dramatic Life of Abraham Lincoln (1924).

Margaret Walker, 83. U.S. writer. Dr. Walker was part of the Chicago Black Renaissance in the 1930s and '40s. Her best-known works are the poem For My People (1942) and the novel Jubilee (1966). Dr. Walker taught literature at what is now Jackson State University from 1949-1979, and died of breast cancer.

Politics and government
Québec Premier Lucien Bouchard led his Parti Québecois to another majority government in the Québec provincial election, despite narrowly losing the popular vote. The PQ took 77 of 125 seats in the National Assembly despite winning only 42.87% of the vote vs. 43.55% for Jean Charest's Liberals, who won 47 seats. Action démocratique du Québec leader Mario Dumont retained his seat; he was the only elected member of his party, which took 11.81% of the vote. There was almost no change in the total number of seats for each party,with the PQ losing one, the Liberals gaining one. The PQ set a provincial record with 29 female candidates elected.

Business
The Exxon and Mobil oil companies signed a $73.7-billion agreement to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world's largest company.

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