Wednesday, 22 May 2019

May 19, 2019

520 years ago
1499


Married on this date
Catherine of Aragon, 13, was married by proxy to Arthur, Prince of Wales, 12.

370 years ago
1649


Politics and government
An Act of Parliament declaring England a Commonwealth was passed by the Long Parliament; England would be a republic for the next 11 years.

275 years ago
1744


Born on this date
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
. Queen consort of Great Britain and Ireland, 1761-1818. Charlotte was the wife of King George III from 1761 until her death. The couple had 15 children, including Kings George IV and William IV. Queen Charlotte died on November 17, 1818 at the age of 74. Canada's Queen Charlotte Islands were named in her honour.

180 years ago
1839


Born on this date
Alice Mary Smith
. U.K. composer. Miss Smith wrote two symphonies, two large works for stage, a clarinet sonata, and numerous chamber works. She died of typhoid fever on December 4, 1884 at the age of 45.

140 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor
. U.S.-born U.K. politician. Lord Astor, the son of William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount Astor, was born in New York City, and moved permanently to the United Kingdom with his family in 1889. A Conservative, he represented Plymouth (1910-1918) and Plymouth Sutton (1918-1919) in the House of Commons, and succeeded to the House of Lords as the 2nd Viscount Astor upon the death of his father. Viscount Astor's wife Nancy won his seat in the House of Commons, and became more prominent. Lord Astor devoted his later years to charitable causes, and died on September 30, 1952 at the age of 73.

Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor. U.S.-born U.K. politician. Lady Astor, born Nancy Langhorne, was a native of Virginia who was married, divorced, moved to England at the age of 26, and married Waldorf Astor in 1906. When he succeeded to the House of Lords as Viscount Astor upon the death of his father, Viscountess Astor ran for his seat in Parliament, and in 1919 became the first woman to take a seat in the British House of Commons. A Conservative, she represented Plymouth Sutton in the House of Commons from 1919-1945, and was known for her dislike of Catholics, Jews, and Communists. Lady Astor used Cliveden, her country estate, as a hospital for Canadian soldiers during both world wars; her social circle became known as the "Cliveden Set," and was accused of influencing British policy in favour of appeasing Germany's Nazi regime. Lady Astor died on May 2, 1964, 17 days before her 85th birthday.

130 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Henry B. Richardson
. U.S. archer. Dr. Richardson was a teenager when he won a bronze medal in the team round at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis, and another bronze medal in the Double York round at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London. He later graduated from Harvard Medical School, and died on November 19, 1963 at the age of 74.

110 years ago
1909


Environment
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier established the Commission of Conservation, under the chairmanship of Clifford Sifton, to promote the efficient use of natural resources and make recommendations. It included three federal cabinet ministers, the nine provincial ministers of natural resources, and 20 members at large, including a professor from every province with a university. The commission published over 200 books and studies, recommending smokestack filters, large-scale composting, and banning overcutting of forests. It was abolished in 1921 when governments were slow to accept advice, and other agencies became active in resource management.

Boxing
World heavyweight champion Jack Johnson (49-5-10-2-1) and world light heavyweight champion Philadelphia Jack O'Brien (144-10-26-3-1) fought to a 6-round draw at the National Athletic Club in Philadelphia.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Georgie Auld
. Canadian-born U.S. musician. Mr. Auld, born John Altwerger in Toronto, moved to Brooklyn, New York in 1919. He was a jazz saxophonist and clarinetist, who played in various big bands, and led his own band. Mr. Auld died on January 8, 1990 at the age of 70.

Mitja Ribičič. Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, 1969-1971. Mr. Ribičič, born in Italy, to Slovenian parents, moved with his family to Slovenia in 1929. He joined the Yugoslav Communist Party in 1941, and rose through the ranks before becoming Prime Minister. Mr. Ribičič was accused of various human rights violations, but an investigation in 2005 was dismissed for lack of evidence. Mr. Ribičič died on November 28, 2013 at the age of 94.

War
Mustafa Kemal landed at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what is later termed the Turkish War of Independence.

Aviation
Roland Groome piloted the first cross-country flight from Saskatoon to Regina, Saskatchewan.

Environment
Parks Canada was founded.

90 years ago
1929


Disasters
2 were killed and 62 injured when fans in a standing-room section of the right field bleachers at Yankee Stadium in New York fled for shelter from a cloudburst. Yankees' owner Jake Ruppert then vowed never again to sell more tickets than seats.

Baseball
The New York Yankees were leading the Boston Red Sox 3-0 with 2 outs in the bottom of the 5th inning of the first game of a scheduled doubleheader at Yankee Stadium when the game was called because of rain, giving the Yankees the win. Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig hit consecutive home runs off Jack Russell in the 3rd. Fred Heimach allowed 2 hits in 5 innings to get the win. The second game was postponed.

Winning pitcher Ted Lyons helped his cause with a single, double, 2 runs, and a run batted in as the Chicago White Sox beat the Detroit Tigers 10-3 at Navin Field in Detroit. Chicago center fielder Johnny Mostil broke his leg when he tripped over home plate on the front end of a double steal in the 4th inning, ending his major league career after 10 seasons and 972 games.

Charlie Gelbert singled home Chick Hafey with 2 out in the top of the 11th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Cincinnati Reds 2-1 at Redland Field in Cincinnati. Syl Johnson pitched a 7-hit complete game to improve his 1929 record to 3-0, winning the pitchers' duel over Dolf Luque, who pitched a 9-hit complete game and fell to 2-3.

80 years ago
1939


Politics and government
King George VI became the first reigning monarch to address the Canadian Parliament in person, and gave royal assent to several acts of Parliament.

75 years ago
1944


War
American troops completed the capture of the Wakde Islands, as the Japanese forces fought until wiped out.

Politics and government
Members of the right-wing faction of the American Labor Party, who had lost control of the organization in the recent New York state primary, met in New York and formed the Liberal Party.

Academia
The American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National Institute of Arts and Letters presented their 1944 awards to Willa Cather, S.S. McClure, Theodore Dreiser, and Paul Robeson.

Business
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull asked American business to avoid postwar production that called for heavy tariff protection or government subsidies.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board approved a wage agreement between the United Mine Workers of America and operator representing 70% of the country's soft coal production.

70 years ago
1949


Died on this date
Thomas Heggen, 30
. U.S. author and playwright. Mr. Heggen wrote the novel (1946) and co-wrote the play (1948) Mister Roberts, based on his experiences in the U.S. Navy during Wold War II. He then developed a severe case of writer's block, and was found drowned in his bathtub after an overdose of sleeping pills. Mr. Heggen's death was ruled a suicide, although those close to him said his death was accidental.

Crime
U.S. federal prosecutors ended their presentation of evidence in the New York trial of 11 Communist Party U.S.A. leaders, after calling 13 witnesses during the past two months.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Executive Board completed a three-day meeting in Washington after adopting a resolution demanding that leftist union leaders follow the CIO's anti-Communist policies or resign. The American Federation of Labor Executive Council ended a four-day meeting in Cleveland after rejecting a United Mine Workers of America bid to re-enter the federation.

60 years ago
1959


On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Image of Death, starring Doris Dowling and Max Adrian



Died on this date
Bob Cortner, 32
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Cortner had a 10-year career in midget cars, and had failed to complete his rookie test in an attempt to qualify for the Indianapolis 500 in 1958. He passed the test on May 18, 1959, and was making his first attempt to qualify for the race when his car was caught in a strong cross wind, and he crashed head-first into the outer wall, and suffered internal bleeding and "massive head injuries," which proved fatal.

Defense
The North Vietnamese Army established Group 559, whose responsibility was to determine how to maintain supply lines to South Vietnam; the resulting route was the Ho Chi Minh trail.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower submitted to Congress agreements under which the U.S.A. promised to help the United Kingdom develop and produce atomic warheads, and to sell France up to 986 pounds of enriched uranium for use in the development of an atomic submarine power plant.

Politics and government
A new Dutch coalition government headed by Catholic People's Party leader Jan Eduard de Quay took office.

The U.S. Senate Commerce Committee voted 9-8 in favour of the nomination of Lewis Strauss as U.S. Secretary of Commerce.

Business
The Mt. Robson Motel opened in Jasper, Alberta.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Yoake no Scat--Saori Yuki (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Cuéntame--Fórmula V

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel
4 Love (Can Make You Happy)--Mercy
5 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
6 Pinball Wizard--The Who
7 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
8 Time is Tight--Booker T. & the M.G.'s
9 More Today than Yesterday--The Spiral Starecase
10 The River is Wide--The Grassroots

Singles entering the chart were See by the Rascals (#71); Good Morning Starshine by Oliver (#72); Someday Man by the Monkees (#74); Imagine the Swan by the Zombies (#75); Israelites by Desmond Dekker and the Aces (#77); I'll Catch the Sun by Pierre Lalonde (#83); What Does it Take (To Win Your Love) by Jr. Walker & the All Stars (#88); Love Man by Otis Redding (#90); Friend, Lover, Woman, Wife by O.C. Smith (#91); Rose Garden by Dobie Gray (#92); Welcome Me Love by the Brooklyn Bridge featuring Johnny Maestro (#93); We Got More Soul by Dyke and the Blazers (#95); Walkin' on My Mind by Dianne Brooks (#96); Plastic Fantastic Lover by Jefferson Airplane (#97); Never Gonna Let Him Know by Debbie Taylor (#98); Take Me Away by Natalie Baron (#99); and Running Bear by Sonny James (#100).

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: X-9 Commander

This was the first episode of a series that examined man's early ventures into space. The series ran until December 12, 1970.

Died on this date
Coleman Hawkins, 64
. U.S. musician. Mr. Hawkins was a jazz saxophonist who played swing music in the 1930s and '40s, and influenced the development of bebop in the late 1940s. He led his own band, and played with and influenced numerous other musicians. Mr. Hawkins performed and recorded from 1927-1967, but heavy drinking led to liver disease, which led to his death.

Space
Apollo 10 accomplished a translunar injection burn, giving the spacecraft the velocity needed to send it to the moon. The crew made a television broadcast in the afternoon, the first manned mission to transmit pictures from the spacecraft in colour.



Disasters
Police said that 18 were killed, 4 missing, and 20 hospitalized when a crowded bus ran off the road and plunged into a stream in northern Turkey.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Sonny Liston (48-3) scored a technical knockout of George "Scrap Iron" Johnson (17-17-4) at 2:55 of the 7th round at Las Vegas Convention Center.



40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Chiquitita--ABBA (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Il Carrozzone--Renato Zero (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel (6th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick
2 Hooray! Hooray! It's a Holi-Holiday--Boney M.
3 Some Girls--Racey
4 Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel
5 One Way Ticket--Eruption
6 Casanova--Luv'
7 Stir it Up--Bob Marley & the Wailers
8 Hallelujah--Milk & Honey
9 Save Me--Clout
10 When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook

Singles entering the chart were Juliana by Kinderen Van Nederland (#22); Sing for the Day by George Baker (#26); Never Be Clever by Herman Brood & his Wild Romance (#29); Boogie Wonderland by Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions (#33); 'k Heb de Mot in Me Lijf by Paul Boey (#35); This is Hot by Pamala Stanley (#36); and I Got My Mind Made Up (You Can Get it Girl) by Instant Funk (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb (3rd week at #1)
2 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
3 In the Navy--Village People
4 Stumblin' In--Suzi Quatro & Chris Norman
5 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
6 Love You Inside Out--Bee Gees
7 Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)--The Jacksons
8 Take Me Home--Cher
9 He's the Greatest Dancer--Sister Sledge
10 Heart of Glass--Blondie

Singles entering the chart were Shine a Little Love by Electric Light Orchestra (#57); Gold by John Stewart (#78); Does Your Mother Know by ABBA (#83); Say Maybe by Neil Diamond (#84); Sad Eyes by Robert John (#85); Do You Wanna Go Party by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#87); No Time to Lose by the Tarney/Spencer Band (#88); Make Love to Me by Helen Reddy (#90); and Pinball, That's All by Bill Wray (#97).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb (3rd week at #1)
2 Heart of Glass--Blondie
3 In the Navy--Village People
4 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
5 Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)--The Jacksons
6 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
7 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
8 Love You Inside Out--Bee Gees
9 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
10 Take Me Home--Cher

Singles entering the chart were Shine a Little Love by Electric Light Orchestra (#49); Gold by John Stewart (#67); Does Your Mother Know by ABBA (#80); Say Maybe by Neil Diamond (#82); No Time to Lose by the Tarney/Spencer Band (#83); Shadows in the Moonlight by Anne Murray (#85); Sad Eyes by Robert John (#86); Ring My Bell by Anita Ward (#88); Make Love to Me by Helen Reddy (#89); Bust Out by Rick James (#90); and Love is for the Best in Us by the James Walsh Gypsy Band (#93).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 In the Navy--Village People
2 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
3 Heart of Glass--Blondie
4 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
5 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
6 He's the Greatest Dancer--Sister Sledge
7 Blow Away--George Harrison
8 I Just Fall in Love Again--Anne Murray
9 Love You Inside Out--Bee Gees
10 I Want Your Love--Chic

Singles entering the chart were Makin' It by David Naughton (#79); Just the Same Way by Journey (#80); I Want You to Want Me by Cheap Trick (#80); Gimme Your Love by Alma Faye Brooks (#85); Georgy Porgy by Toto (#92); Hold On by Triumph (#96); You Can't Change That by Raydio (#98); Good, Good Feelin' by War (#99); and Through the Eyes of Love by Melissa Manchester (#100).

Labour
United Airlines and striking machinists reached a tentative accord on a new contract, ending a 50-day strike against the U.S.A.'s largest air carrier.

Major league baseball umpires returned to work, two days after an agreement was reached that ended their strike.

Horse racing
Spectacular Bid, with Ronnie Franklin aboard, followed his Kentucky Derby win with a victory in the 104th running of the Preakness Stakes before 72,607 fans at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:54 1/5. Golden Act placed second, and Screen King finished third in the 5-horse field.



Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 4 @ New York Rangers 3 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Serge Savard scored at 7:25 of the 1st overtime period to give the Canadiens their win over the Rangers at Madison Square Garden. The Canadiens outshot the Rangers 42-21.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Yiannis Papaioannou, 79
. Greek composer and teacher. Mr. Papaioannou had a long career as a music teacher, who wrote five symphonies and other orchestral, chamber, instrumental, and vocal works.

Weather
A freak snowstorm hit Edmonton in the morning, but it had melted by the afternoon, and it ended up as a nice, sunny day.

Scandal
The National Collegiate Athletic Association placed the University of Kentucky's men's basketball program on probation for three years for widespread recruiting and academic violations. The NCAA's investigation had led to the resignations months earlier of coach Eddie Sutton and athletic director Cliff Hagan.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 2500, a rise of nearly 425 points (20%) in six months.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Calgary 3 @ Montreal 4 (2 OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): The Real Thing--2 Unlimited

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
L.A. Law, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Finish Line

This was the last episode of the series, ending an eight-season run.



Twilight Zone: Rod Serling's Lost Classics, on CBS

This made-for-television movie, hosted by James Earl Jones, was based on two unpublished and previously unfilmed teleplays by Rod Serling: The Theater, starring Amy Irving and Gary Cole; and Where the Dead Are, starring Patrick Bergin, Julia Campbell, and Jack Palance.





Died on this date
Jacques Ellul, 82
. French sociologist, philosopher, and theologian. Professor Ellul was influenced by the teachings of Karl Marx in his early years, but had a religious experience in late adolescence that led him to profess himself a Christian. He claimed to be a Christian anarchist, criticizing the state as an expression of violence. Prof. Ellul's books included La technique ou l'enjeu du siècle (The Technological Society) (1954); Propagandes (Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes) (1962); and L'illusion politique (The Political Illusion) (1967). He died after a long illness.

Henry Morgan, 79. U.S. humourist. Mr. Morgan, born Henry Van Ost, Jr., was known for his acerbic wit, often targeting sponsors, especially on his own radio program in the 1940s and as a regular panelist on the television quiz show I've Got a Secret (1952-1967). He made frequent appearances on television game and talk shows until his death from lung cancer.

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, 64. U.S. First Lady, 1961-1963. Mrs. Onassis, born Jacqueline Bouvier, married U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy in 1953, accompanied him to the White House in 1961, and was at his side when he was assassinated on November 22, 1963. She married Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis in 1968; the marriage ended with his death in 1975. Mrs. Onassis, who was widely admired for her style and grace, died of cancer.

Luis Ocaña, 48. Spanish cyclist. Mr. Ocaña won 110 races in a professional career from 1968-1977, including the 1973 Tour de France and the 1970 Vuelta a España. He committed suicide by shooting himself, reportedly depressed over financial matters, and also suffering from cirrhosis of the liver, hepatitis C, and cancer.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Candy Candido, 85
. U.S. actor and musician. Jonathan Joseph Candido sang and played bass in Ted Fio Rita's band, but was best known as a voice actor in cartoons and radio programs. He became popular for using the catchphrase "I'm feeling mighty low" on Jimmy Durante's weekly radio show.

Politics and government
The Russian Duma confirmed Sergei Stepashin as Premier.

Baseball
James Mouton drew a bases-loaded walk to force in the first run of the inning and scored the winning run on a sacrifice fly by Rondell White as the Montreal Expos scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the Philadelphia Phillis 10-9 before 5,182 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

Henry Rodriguez hit a 2-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to enable the Chicago Cubs to defeat the Florida Marlins 8-7 before 15,059 fans at Pro Player Stadium in Miami.

The Cincinnati Reds amassed 28 hits in defeating the Colorado Rockies 24-12 before 41,044 fans at Coors Field in Denver. The 36 runs tied a 20th century high, the 28 hits tied a major league record, and the 81 total bases set a major league record. Jeffrey Hammonds hit 3 home runs for the Reds, and teammate Sean Casey hit 2 three-run homers, accounting for his 6 runs batted in. He also scored 5 times and tied a 20th Century mark by reaching base in all 7 plate appearances. Reds' outfielder Mike Cameron tied a major league record with 8 plate appearances in a 9-inning game. The Rockies became the first team in 98 years to lose by at least 12 runs while scoring at least 12 runs.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Clint Smith, 95
. Canadian hockey player and coach. Mr. Smith, a native of Assiniboia, Saskatchewan, was a centre with the New York Rangers (1936-43) and Chicago Black Hawks (1943-47), scoring 397 points on 161 goals and 236 assists in 483 regular season games, and 10 goals and 14 assists in 42 playoff games. He was with the Rangers when they won the Stanley Cup in 1940. Mr. Smith was a player-coach with the Tulsa Oilers (1947-48) and St. Paul Saints (1948-51) of the United States Hockey League and the Cincinnati Mohawks (1951-52) of the American Hockey League, winning the Herman W. Paterson Cup as the USHL's Most Valuable Player in 1947-48. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1991, and died in Vancouver, British Columbia, where he had spent his later years.

Robert F. Furchgott, 92. U.S. biochemist. Dr. Furchgott shared the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Louis Ignarro and Ferid Murad "for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system." Dr. Furchgott died 16 days before his 93rd birthday.

Nicholas Maw, 73. U.K.-born U.S. composer. Mr. Maw was known for his works for strings, and vocal works such as Scenes and Arias (1962) and the opera Sophie's Choice (2002). He moved to the Washington, D.C. in 1984, where he died of heart failure with complications from diabetes.

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