Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Gifty Boateng!
225 years ago
French revolutionary leader Maximilien de Robespierre introduced the Cult of the Supreme Being in the National Convention as the new state religion of the French First Republic.
170 years ago
Fire destroyed a large section of Toronto.
150 years ago
New Brunswick's Provincial Seal was authorized by Royal Warrant.
125 years ago
Born on this date
George Drew. Canadian politician. Mr. Drew was Mayor of Guelph, Ontario from 1925-1929, and then entered provincial politics in Ontario as a member of the Conservative Party. He was elected party leader in 1938, and was elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1939. Mr. Drew led the renamed Progressive Conservative Party to victory in the 1943 Ontario provincial election, beginning 42 years of consecutive PC rule. He lost his seat in the 1948 provincial election, but didn't care, as he had decided to run for the leadership of the federal Progressive Conservative Party. Mr. Drew was successful, but he wasn't successful in federal election campaigns in 1949 and 1953, as the PCs were soundly defeated by Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent's Liberals. The fortunes of Mr. Drew and the PCs seemed to be improving in 1956, but he suffered an attack of meningitis, and he resigned from active politics upon warnings from his doctors that he could die if he didn't. The PCs under new leader John Diefenbaker won a narrow victory in the 1957 federal election, and Prime Minister Diefenbaker appointed Mr. Drew as Canada's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, where he served from 1957-1964. He served as the first Chancellor of the University of Guelph from 1965-1971, and died on January 4, 1973 at the age of 78, two months after suffering a heart attack.
110 years ago
Born on this date
Edwin Land. U.S. inventor. In 1932, Mr. Land co-founded the company that became Polaroid Corporation. He was best known for inventing a camera that processed photographs within the camera and delivered the prints within 60 seconds. Mr. Land died on March 1, 1991 at the age of 81.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Eva Peron. Spiritual Leader of the Nation of Argentina. Mrs. Peron, born Eva Duarte, was the first wife of Colonel Juan Peron, President of Argentina from 1946-1955 and 1973-1974. Hugely popular, especially with people from the labouring classes, "Evita" was named the nation's "Spiritual Leader" on May 7, 1952. She died of cervical cancer on July 26, 1952 at the age of 33.
75 years ago
German U-boats sank the Royal Canadian Navy frigate HMCS Valleyfield. Yugoslavian partisans reported the capture of Kladanj, Bosnia, 30 miles east of Sarajevo. Japanese forces gained control of all but 14 miles of the Paking-Hankow railroad in China. British troops withdrew from their base of Buthedaung in western Burma. The United States Army disclosed that there were 183,618 prisoners of war in the United States: 133,155 German; 50,136 Italians; and 347 Japanese.
General Charles de Gaulle said that France wanted to be a centre of cooperation in western Europe and a permanent ally of Russia.
Arnold Denker defeated Reuben Fine to win the national championship of the U.S.A.
70 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Rambling Rose--Perry Como; Tony Pastor (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Cruising Down the River--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Forever and Ever--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
2 Cruising Down the River--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Blue Barron and his Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
3 Far Away Places--Bing Crosby
4 Sunflower--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
5 Again--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
6 "A" You're Adorable (The Alphabet Song)--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
--Perry Como with the Fontane Sisters
7 So in Love--Gordon MacRae
8 Red Roses for a Blue Lady--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
9 Careless Hands--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
10 Galway Bay--Bing Crosby
Singles entering the chart were Always True to You in My Fashion by Dinah Shore (#34); A Wonderful Guy by Margaret Whiting (#35); Hurry! Hurry! Hurry!, with versions by Don Reid and the Peak-a-Boos; and the Andrews Sisters (#39); and She's a Home Girl by Mel Torme (#40). She's a Home Girl was the B-side of Careless Hands.
On the radio
Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Murder at the Ball Game
Voice of America and the British Broadcasting Corporation combined efforts to break through Soviet jamming of Western broadcasts to the U.S.S.R.
Chinese Communists took the rail junction of Kashing, depriving the Nationalist defenders of Shanghai of land contact with the rest of China.
Dutch and Indonesian negotiators in Batavia agreed on a cease-fire providing for the Dutch evacuation of Jakarta and release of political prisoners. Withdrawal of Dutch troops from the Indonesian Republic was to be settled in future negotiations.
The United Nations General Assembly's Political and Security Committee approved a resolution allowing member states to resume full diplomatic relations with Spain.
Politics and government
The Jordanian cabinet was revised to admit three Palestinian Arabs, including Abdil Hadi as Foreign Minister.
U.S. President Harry Truman presented the 1948 Collier's Congressional Awards for distinguished service to Senator Arthur Vandenberg (Republican--Michigan) and House of Representatives Speaker Sam Rayburn (Democrat--Texas).
Ponder, with Steve Brooks up, won the 75th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:04 1/5, 3 lengths ahead of Capot, with Palestinian third in the 14-horse field.
60 years ago
On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Cutie Jaffe Story
Died on this date
Samuel Hoare, 79. U.K. politician. Sir Samuel, a Conservative, was first elected to the House of Commons in 1910. He held various cabinet posts over the years, including Secretary of State for Air (1922-1929, 1940) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1935). Sir Samuel became Foreign Secretary in June 1935, but he resigned six months later amid criticism of British acquiescence in the Italian domination of Abyssinia. When Winston Churchill became Prime Minister in 1940, Sir Samuel was dropped from the cabinet, but was appointed Ambassador to Spain, where he was successful in dissuading Spanish dictator Francisco Franco from joining the Axis. Sir Samuel was created Viscount Templewood in 1944, shortly thereafter resigning his diplomatic post. He remained active in the House of Lords until his death from a heart attack.
In his first nationwide broadcast since becoming U.S. Secretary of State, Christian Herter said that the position he would take at the forthcoming foreign ministers conference in Geneva was "fully consonant with the policies developed over the past years" by John Foster Dulles, whom he had succeeded in the office.
The U.S. Atomic Energy General Advisory Committee cleared the agency of charges that it had suppressed significant information on fallout, but conceded that "the present state of knowledge does not permit a full evaluation of the biological effects of fallout."
Economics and finance
Indian Finance Minister Morarji Desai called on Pakistan to begin talks on a settlement of its share of the pre-partition Indian public debt.
A record crowd of 93,103 were at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum to celebrate Roy Campanella Night. After the tribute to the former Brooklyn Dodger catcher, who had been paralyzed below the neck in a 1958 car accident, the Los Angeles Dodgers lost 6-2 to the New York Yankees in an exhibition game.
Russ Heman threw a no-hitter for the San Diego Padres as they shut out the Vancouver Mounties 2-0 in a Pacific Coast League game at Capilano Stadium in Vancouver. Mr. Heman Heman allowed just two base runners, with Ray Barker reaching base on a 4th-inning throwing error by Billy Moran, and Brooks Robinson drawing a base on balls in the 6th.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (3rd week at #1)
Pyotr Grigorenko, a cashiered Soviet general who was an outspoken dissident, was arrested for anti-Soviet slander in Tashkent.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/Radio Canada banned all tobacco advertising on CBC/SRC radio and TV networks; the network had been generating millions of dollars a year from cigarette and tobacco ads, which made up 40% of their commercials.
The London-to-Aberdeen express jumped the tracks near Morpeth, England, killing at least 6 and injuring 103.
15 were killed and 23 injured in a head-on crash of two buses near Sahival, Pakistan.
Indiana 131 @ Oakland 135 (OT) (Oakland won best-of-seven series 4-1)
The Oaks outscored the Pacers 13-9 in overtime to win their only American Basketball Association championship, before 6,340 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena. Oakland led 95-88 after 3 quarters, but Indiana rallied to send the game into overtime. Oakland guard Warren Jabali led all scorers with 39 points, and was named the playoffs' Most Valuable Player. Freddie Lewis led the Pacers with 33 points, and Roger Brown added 31. It was the last game for the Oaks in Oakland; as a result of poor attendance, the team relocated to Washington after the season, playing as the Washington Caps in 1969-70.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Lay Your Love on Me--Racey
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Miserarete--Judy Ongg (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sólo Pienso en Tí--Víctor Manuel (3rd week at #1)
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin proposed to the Knesset that a peace treaty be signed with Lebanon, but ruled out halting retaliatory raids against Palestine Liberation Organization bases there.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): The Look--Roxette
#1 single in Switzerland: Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (2nd week at #1)
Auxiliary minesweepers HMCS Anticosti and HMCS Moresby were commissioned into the Canadian Navy at Halifax.
Politics and government
International observers, including former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, were in Panama were that country's presidential and legislative elections. Independent tallies showed that opposition candidate Guillermo Endara had won the presidential election in a landslide over Carlos Duque, the hand-picked candidate of dictator General Manuel Noriega. Gen. Noriega's government annulled the election before all the votes had been counted.
Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Montreal Mayor Jean Doré were among those in attendance at the inauguration of the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Montreal.
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
Montreal 3 @ Philadelphia 0 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Patrick Roy posted his second shutout of the series as the Canadiens blanked the Flyers at the Spectrum.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Sign--Ace of Base (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Italy: I'll Remember--Madonna
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sister Golden Hair--Spanic (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (4th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Without You--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): It's Alright--East 17
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Like to Move It--Reel 2 Real featuring the Mad Stuntman
#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): The Real Thing--Tony Di Bart
U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 The Sign--Ace of Base (5th week at #1)
2 Bump n' Grind--R. Kelly
3 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
4 Return to Innocence--Enigma
5 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
6 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
7 I'll Remember--Madonna
8 Baby I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
9 The Power of Love--Celine Dion
10 Now and Forever--Richard Marx
Singles entering the chart were If You Go by Jon Secada (#54); Don't Turn Around by Ace of Base (#61); Stay (I Missed You) by Lisa Loeb & Nine Stories (#74); Moving On Up by M People (#93); Shine by Collective Soul (#94); and Possession by Sarah McLachlan (#97).
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (3rd week at #1)
2 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
3 The Sign--Ace of Base
4 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
5 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
6 I'll Remember--Madonna
7 Return to Innocence--Enigma
8 I'm Ready--Tevin Campbell
9 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
10 So Much in Love--All-4-One
Singles entering the chart were If You Go by Jon Secada (#64); Leaving Las Vegas by Sheryl Crow (#68); Don't Turn Around by Ace of Base (#84); Always by Erasure (#88); Moving On Up by M People (#89); and Regular Thang by Ovis (#90).
Randy Bachman led 1,322 other guitarists in an outdoor marathon in Vancouver, British Columbia, playing Bachman-Turner Overdrive's 1974 hit song Takin' Care of Business. The jam lasted for 68 minutes and 40 seconds, setting two world records: the greatest number of guitarists, and the longest mass guitar jam session in history.
Edvard Munch's iconic painting The Scream was recovered undamaged after being stolen from the National Gallery of Norway in February.
Go for Gin, with Chris McCarron up, won the 120th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:03.72. Strodes Creek placed second and Blumin Affair third.
20 years ago
A United States stealth bomber bombed the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, killing 3 Chinese citizens and wounding 27 people. The incident was attributed to error resulting from use of an outdated map. U.S. and NATO apologies failed to prevent anti-American protests in China.
Guinea-Bissau President João Bernardo Vieira was ousted by a military coup.
Pope John Paul II arrived in Bucharest to begin a three-day visit to Romania, becoming the first pope to visit a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054.
A United States federal judge declared a mistrial after the jury could not agree on a verdict in the case of Julia Hiatt Steele, who had been charged with obstruction of justice and making false statements when her testimony contradicted that of Kathleen Willey in the criminal contempt of court trial of Susan McDougal, a former partner with Bill and Hillary Clinton in the Whitewater Development Company.
Pittsburgh 2 Toronto 0 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Carlos Lee became the first Chicago White Sox player to hit a home run in his first major league plate appearance, helping the White Sox defeat the Oakland Athletics 7-1 before 11,181 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
Hideki Irabu of the New York Yankees opposed Mac Suzuki of the Seattle Mariners in the first match up of Japanese starting pitchers in major league history. Mr. Irabu allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings to get the win as the Yankees won 10-1 before 38,476 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Suzuki allowed 5 hits and 7 runs--4 earned--in 5 1/3 innings to take the loss.
The Cleveland Indians scored 18 runs in their final 3 innings to overcome a 9-1 deficit and defeat the Tampa Devil Rays 20-11 before 40,601 fans in the biggest comeback in the history of Cleveland's Jacobs Field. Tampa Bay first baseman Fred McGriff set a record by hitting a home run in his 34th major league park. Paul Wagner, the second of four Cleveland pitchers, allowed 5 hits and 4 runs--2 earned--with 2 bases on balls and no strikeouts in 3 1/3 innings, but was credited with the win, in the 162nd and last game of his 8-year major league career.
The Florida Marlins beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 6-3 before 54,009 fans at Dodger Stadium as rookie Bruce Aven hit the first pinch-hit grand slam in Marlins' history.
Larry Walker hit a 2-out home run in the 1st inning as the Colorado Rockies tied a National League record by scoring in 14 consecutive innings. The mark was established by the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1894 and was tied by the New York Giants in 1949. The major league mark of 17 was set by the Boston Americans in 1903. Mr. Walker's solo blast was all the scoring the Rockies did, as the Philadelphia Phillies beat them 8-1 before 41,465 fans at Coors Field in Denver.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Danny Ozark, 85. U.S. baseball player, coach, and manager. Mr. Ozark, born Daniel Orzechowski, was a first baseman who spent 18 seasons in the minor league organization of the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers from 1942-1963, hitting at least 238 home runs and driving in at least 508 runs in 1,590 games, adding managerial duties to his playing responsibilities from 1956 on. He was a coach with the Dodgers (1965-1972, 1980-1982) and San Francisco Giants (1983-1984), but was best known for managing the Philadelphia Phillies (1973-1979), leading them to three straight National League East Division pennants from 1976-1978. Mr. Ozark managed the Giants for the last 56 games of the 1984 season, and compiled a major league career record of 618-542.
Police in Napier, New Zealand, began a 40-hour siege of the home of a former New Zealand Army member who shot at officers during the routine execution of a search warrant.
31 March 1988 - Pos LW Weeks Song Artist 1 1 9 Heaven is a Place on Earth – Belinda Carlisle 2 2 10 I Think We’re Alone Now – Tiffany 3 4 13 Always on My Mind – Pet Sho...
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