Born on this date
Happy Birthday, John Dea!
220 years ago
Died on this date
Tipu, 48. Sultan of Mysore, 1782-1799. Tipu succeeded his father Hyder Ali and ruled the Kingdom of Mysore until his death at the hands of British East India Company forces while defending Seringapatam. He was succeeded on the throne by Krishnaraja Wodeyar III.
The month-long siege of Seringapatam ended when the city was invaded by besieging British East India Company forces under the command of General George Harris, with help from Hyderabad forces.
160 years ago
The Cornwall Railway opened across the Royal Albert Bridge, linking Devon and Cornwall in England.
Economics and finance
The Royal Bank of Canada, Bank of Western Canada, and La Banque nationale were incorporated.
150 years ago
Imperial Japanese Navy forces defeated those of the rebel Republic of Ezo in the Naval Battle of Hakodate.
130 years ago
Born on this date
Francis Spellman. U.S. clergyman. Cardinal Spellman was Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York from 1939-1967 and was named a Cardinal in 1946. He was a strong opponent of Communism and supported the U.S. war in Vietnam. Cardinal Spellman died on December 2, 1967 at the age of 78.
125 years ago
The first Bird Day was observed. It was initiated by Charles Almanzo Babcock, superintendent of schools in Oil City, Pennsylvania.
120 years ago
Manuel, with Fred Taral up, won the 25th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:12; Carsini placed second and Mazo finished third in the five-horse field.
100 years ago
Born on this date
Dory Funk, Sr. U.S. wrestler and promoter. Mr. Funk wrestled professionally, mainly in the southwestern United States in the 1940s and '50s, winning numerous titles in the junior heavyweight and heavyweight divisions. He promoted wrestlers through the Western States Sports promotion in later years. Mr. Funk died of a heart attack at his home in Amarillo, Texas on June 3 1973 at the age of 54 while demonstrating a wrestling hole to a visitor. His sons Dory, Jr. and Terry also became world champions.
The May Fourth Movement of student demonstrations began in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, protesting the Treaty of Versailles, which transferred Chinese territory to Japan.
80 years ago
Ted Williams hit 2 home runs in a game for the first time in his major league career, as the Boston Red Sox edged the Detroit Tigers 7-6 at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. The second of Mr. Williams' homers, off Bob Harris in the 5th inning, went over the right field roof, the first ball hit out over the double deck at the stadium, which had opened as Navin Field in 1912. The homers were the Splendid Splinter's 2nd and 3rd in the major leagues. Rudy York hit his first home run of the season for the Tigers.
75 years ago
11 Nazi ships were sunk by a Soviet air assault on Sevastopol. Japanese forces cleared all but a 65-mile gap along the Peking-Hankow railroad. In compliance with the Hatch Act, the United States Army announced that all commanders must practice strict impartiality in the dissemination of political information. Legislation to draft one million 4-F registrants not in essential jobs and assign them to special work units was endorsed by the U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee.
U.S. Secretary of State Edward Stettinius returned to Washington from the United Kingdom, where he had conferred with the British on war and postwar problems.
Canadian Senator Athanase David tabled a motion suggesting the development of a unique Canadian history textbook.
Economics and finance
U.S. War Production Board Director Donald Nelson said that proposals to allocate "a small percentage" of beverage alcohol to distillers "appear to have merit," but that there would be no releases for three or four months.
U.S. delegates to the International Labour Organization conference submitted a plan calling for expeditious handling of demobilization, termination of war contracts, and adjustment of tax rates to encourage postwar production.
The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested Paul Sowell, assistant manager of Montgomery Ward & Company, when he removed a placard posted by the U.S. government in the company's Chicago plant. The plant had been seized by U.S. Army troops nine days earlier for refusing to obey President Franklin D. Roosevelt's order to recognize a Congress of Industrial Organizations union.
70 years ago
At the movies
The Barkleys of Broadway, a musical comedy directed by Charles Walters, and starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, opened in theatres. It was the tenth and final film to star Mr. Astaire and Miss Rogers, and their only film together in colour.
The U.S.S.R., U.S.A., U.K., and France formally agreed to convene a foreign ministers conference on Germany in return for the lifting of the Berlin blockade on May 12.
The Belgian Chamber of Deputies ratified the North Atlantic Treaty.
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a Senate-approved measure authorizing $75 million for construction of a 3,000-mile guided missile test range based in Florida.
Politics and government
Leslie Frost was sworn in as Premier of Ontario, succeeding Thomas Kennedy as head of the province's Progressive Conservative government. Mr. Kennedy had served as interim Premier since October 19, 1948, after George Drew had resigned upon winning the leadership of the federal Progressive Conservative Party.
An Avio Linee Italiane Fiat G.212 crashed into the retaining wall at the back of the Basilica of Superga, on a hill on the outskirts of Turin, killing all 31 people aboard, including the entire Torino football team (except for two players who did not take the trip: Sauro Tomà, due to an injury, and Renato Gandolfi, because of the coach's request). Torino was declared the winner of the 1948-49 Serie A season.
In New Haven, Connecticut, Allen Stack set two American records: 2:18.5 in the men's 200-metre backstroke, and 2:19.4 in the 220-yard backstroke.
60 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mariquilla--José Luís y su Guitarra (12th week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods (4th week at #1)
2 The Happy Organ--Dave "Baby" Cortez
3 Sorry (I Ran All the Way Home)--The Impalas
4 Pink Shoe Laces--Dodie Stevens
5 Guitar Boogie Shuffle--The Virtues
6 (Now and Then There's) A Fool Such as I--Elvis Presley
7 I Need Your Love Tonight--Elvis Presley
8 Tell Him No--Travis and Bob
9 Venus--Frankie Avalon
10 Turn Me Loose--Fabian
Singles entering the chart were Kansas City by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#73); Lonesome Old House by Don Gibson (#77); Just Keep it Up by Dee Clark (#81); Peace by the McGuire Sisters (#85); You Made Me Love You by Nat "King" Cole (#87); Young Ideas by Chico Holiday (#89); White Lightning by George Jones (#90); The Fountain of Youth by the Four Lads (#92); Old Spanish Town by the Bell Notes (#95); Separate Ways by Sarah Vaughan (#96); Kansas City by Rocky Olson (#98); Three Stars by Ruby Wright (#99); and Talk of the School by Sonny James (#100).
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Three Stars--Tommy Dee with Carol Kay and the Teen-Aires
2 (Now and Then There's) A Fool Such as I/I Need Your Love Tonight--Elvis Presley
3 Guitar Boogie Shuffle--The Virtues
4 The Tijuana Jail--The Kingston Trio
5 Tell Him No--Travis and Bob
6 The Happy Organ--Dave "Baby" Cortez
7 It's Late/Never Be Anyone Else But You--Ricky Nelson
8 Kansas City--Wilbert Harrison
9 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods
10 Goodbye, Jimmy, Goodbye--Kathy Linden
Singles entering the chart were So Close by Brook Benton (#27, charting with its other side, Endlessly); The Battle of New Orleans by Johnny Horton (#40); String of Trumpets by the Trumpeteers (#53); You Made Me Love You/I Must Be Dreaming by Nat "King" Cole (#54); Crossfire by Johnny and the Hurricanes (#56); You're So Fine by the Falcons (#58); and Castin' My Spell by the Johnny Otis Show (#60).
The first Grammy Awards ceremony, honouring outstanding achievements in the recording industry for 1958, took place at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Los Angeles. Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare) by Domenico Modugno was named Record of the Year, as well as Song of the Year. The Music from Peter Gunn by Henry Mancini was named Album of the Year.
Columbia University awarded Pulitzer Prizes for Drama (Archibald MacLeish--J.B.); Fiction (Robert Lewis Taylor--The Travels of Jamie McPheeters); History (Leonard White and Jean Schneider--The Republican Era: 1869-1901); Biography (Arthur Walworth--Woodrow Wilson, American Prophet); and Poetry (Stanley Kunitz--Selected Poems 1928-1958).
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru rejected proposals that India and Pakistan resolve their differences and set up a defensive alliance against Communist China.
Politics and government
Former U.S. President Harry Truman said that he considered the two-term presidential limit a "bad amendment" which had been adopted on the urging of "the Roosevelt haters" and had made "a lame duck out of every second-term President."
50 years ago
Died on this date
Osbert Sitwell, 76. U.K. writer. Sir Osbert, the sibling of writers Edith and Sacheverell Sitwell, wrote fiction, non-fiction, and poetry, with his works including art criticism, several novels, and a four-volume autobiography (1943-1949). He died in the family castle in Italy after a long battle with Parkinson's disease.
More than 10,000 men and women of all ages jammed the main square of Estella, Spain in a demonstration of hostility toward the regime of dictator Francisco Franco. The demonstration violated all the usual rules of Spanish politics, but police didn't interfere for hours.
James Foreman, director of the National Black Economic Development Council, disrupted a communion service at Riverside Church in New York as part of his campaign to extort $500 million in reparations from American churches and synagogues for alleged past injustices to Negroes. Mr. Foreman read his demands from the Riverside pulpit, explaining that the church had been singled out because it was in the heart of Harlem and because of its connection with the late John D. Rockefeller, Jr. (Translation: That's where the money was, accompanied by likely feelings of white liberal guilt). Mr. Foreman demanded, among other things, 60% of the church's income.
The government of Canada banned fishing in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland because of pollution.
Montreal 2 @ St. Louis 1 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Ted Harris scored 42 seconds into the 3rd period to tie the score and John Ferguson scored at 3:02 to break the tie as the Canadiens edged the Blues at St. Louis Arena to win their second straight Stanley Cup championship. Terry Gray scored at 10:50 of the 2nd period to give St. Louis a 1-0 lead, but that was the only one of 33 shots to beat Montreal goalie Rogie Vachon. Montreal defenceman Serge Savard was named the winner of the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoffs' most valuable player. Claude Ruel, who had replaced Toe Blake after the Canadiens' 1968 Stanley Cup win, was the winning coach. It was the second straight defeat in the finals for the Blues under coach Scotty Bowman. The playoffs haven't ended as early in the calendar year since.
40 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hallelujah--Milk & Honey
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Dschinghis Khan--Dschinghis Khan (4th week at #1)
#1 single in France (IFOP): Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez (10th week at #1)
Leftists (i.e., Communists) seized the French and Costa Rican embassies in San Salvador and held the ambassadors hostage, demanding the release of five comrades who had been jailed on May 1.
30 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): Like a Prayer--Madonna (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Far from Home--Daniel O'Donnell
The U.S. space shuttle Atlantis, with a five-member crew commanded by David Walker, lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin mission STS-30. 6 hours and 14 minutes later, the crew deployed the probe Magellan on a 15-month, 800-million-mile trip to Venus. Magellan's mission was to use radar to map 90% of the surface of Venus.
100,000 students and workers staged a march in Beijing to demand democratic reforms in China.
Former U.S. National Security Council member Oliver North became the first person convicted in a jury trial in connection with the mid-1980s Iran-Contra arms-for-hostages scandal. He was convicted of aiding and abetting the obstruction of Congress by preparing a false chronology of arms sales to Iran by the U.S. administration of President Ronald Reagan; altering, destroying, removing, or concealing NSC documents related to Mr. North's efforts to assist the Nicaraguan Contra opposition forces when it was forbidden by law; and receiving as an illegal gratuity a $13,800 security system for his home to protect him and his family from Arab terrorist Abu Nidal. Meanwhile, U.S. President George Bush denied that he had offered increased aid to Honduras in 1985 (while he was Vice President) in return for that country's support for the Contras.
The Supreme Court of Canada overturned a Manitoba Court of Appeal ruling and restored the judgment of the Court of Queen's Bench that an employer was responsible for sexual harassment committed by an employee. The appellants, Dianna Janzen and Tracy Govereau, originally filed a complaint with the Manitoba Human Rights Commission against their employer, Platy Enterprises Ltd., as a result of the same harassment by the same employee, a cook, whose behaviour toward them caused one of the women to quit and the other to be fired.
One day after defecting from the Soviet Union, the 20-year-old Alexander Mogilny signed with the Buffalo Sabres. Mr. Mogilny had slipped away from a banquet in Stockholm during a celebration for the U.S.S.R.'s 21st world championship.
Clarence S. Campbell Conference Finals
Chicago 4 @ Calgary 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Toronto Blue Jays' designated hitter Junior Felix became the 53rd player to hit a home run in his first major league at bat, hitting the first pitch he faced from Kirk McCaskill of the California Angels in the bottom of the 3rd inning before 21,188 fans at Exhibition Stadium. He was the 27th player in American League history to accomplish the feat, and the 10th AL player to hit the first pitch he faced for a home run. The Angels edged the Blue Jays 3-2 in 10 innings.
25 years ago
This blogger paid $30 to see Crowded House perform at the Edmonton Convention Centre. They performed without drummer Paul Hester, who had left the group earlier on their Canadian tour. This blogger found the concert to be a disappointment, mainly because of the venue's poor acoustics.
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat, meeting in Cairo, signed the Oslo I Accord on Palestinian autonomy that granted limited Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho. The agreement provided for a 24-member Palestinian National Authority led by Mr. Arafat to oversee the self-governed area. Israel would withdraw her troops from the designated area within three weeks, but would remain responsible for foreign relations and security of Jewish settlements. Israel also agreed to release about 5,000 Palestinian prisoners over a period of about five weeks.
Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board reported that much of the country was experiencing "solid economic growth."
San Jose 1 @ Toronto 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
20 years ago
Pittsburgh 4 New Jersey 2
St. Louis 1 Phoenix 0 (OT)
10 years ago
Died on this date
Dom DeLuise, 75. U.S. actor. Mr. DeLuise was known for his comic performances in movies directed by Mel Brooks, such as The Twelve Chairs (1970) and Blazing Saddles (1974), and in movies starring Burt Reynolds, including The End (1978). He made frequent appearances on The Dean Martin Show in the 1960s, hosted The Dom DeLuise Show in 1968, and starred in the television comedy series Lotsa Luck (1973-1974). Mr. DeLuise died of kidney failure after a year-long battle with cancer.
31 March 1988 - Pos LW Weeks Song Artist 1 1 9 Heaven is a Place on Earth – Belinda Carlisle 2 2 10 I Think We’re Alone Now – Tiffany 3 4 13 Always on My Mind – Pet Sho...
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