Tuesday, 7 May 2019

May 5, 2019

710 years ago

Died on this date
Charles II, 54 or 55
. King of Naples, 1285-1309. Charles II, nicknamed Charles the Lame, succeeded his father Charles I and claimed several other titles, including that of King of Jerusalem. Charles II was imprisoned by Sicilian admiral Roger of Lauria in 1284, and wasn't released and able to reign until late in 1288. Charles II was succeeded by his son Robert "the Wise."

525 years ago

Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Jamaica and claimed it for Spain.

270 years ago

Born on this date
Jean-Frédéric Edelmann
. French composer. Mr. Edelmann was a pianist who composed numerous works for keyboard. He was arrested for being a local leader of a Jacobin faction, and was executed by guillotine on July 17, 1794 at the age of 45.

230 years ago

Politics and government
In France, the Estates-General, a general assembly representing the clergy (First Estate), nobility (Second Estate), and common people (Third Estate), convened for the first time since 1614, in an effort to propose solutions to the government's financial problems.

210 years ago

World events
The Swiss canton of Aargau allowed citizenship to Jews.

Mary Kies of South Killingly, Connecticut became the first woman to be granted a patent, for the rights to a technique for weaving straw with silk and thread.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Hans Pfitzner
. Russian-born German composer. Mr. Pfitzner was born in Moscow to a German father, who moved back to Frankfurt with his family when Hans was 2. Mr. Pfitzner wrote operas, orchestral, chamber, and choral works. He was a nationalist who initially got along with the Nazis, but eventually had a falling-out with the regime. Mr. Pfitzner died on May 22, 1949, 17 days after his 80th birthday.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Freeman Gosden
. U.S. actor. Mr. Gosden, with Charles Correll, starred in the Sam 'n' Henry radio comedy series from 1926-1928 on WGN in Chicago. When they moved to WMAQ in 1928, the characters and series became known as Amos 'n' Andy, and they played he roles on radio until November 1960. Mr. Gosden played Amos, Kingfish, and various other characters. He died on December 10, 1982 at the age of 83.

110 years ago

Convicts William Parks and Carl Schultz escaped from a chain gang working near Saint John, New Brunswick; Mr. Schultz was quickly rearrested, but Mr. Parks remained on the loose for some time. Mr. Parks was serving a one-year sentence for stealing a pair of boots.

100 years go

Born on this date
Georgios Papadopoulos
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1967-1973; President of Greece, 1973. Colonel Papadopoulos fought against invading Italian and German forces during World War II, but eventually became a Nazi collaborator. He led a military coup that seized power in 1967, and led the junta until he was deposed by a coup led by his co-conspirator, Brigadier Dimitrios Ioannidis. Democracy was restored to Greece in 1974, and Col. Papadopoulos was among those convicted in 1975 of various high crimes and misdemeanors. They were originally sentenced to death, but the sentences were commuted to life imprisonment, and Col. Papadopoulos died in prison on June 27, 1999 at the age of 80.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Frank Arnold, 77
. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Arnold umpired 1 major league game: an American Association contest between the Columbus Solons and Cincinnati Reds at Recreation Park in Columbus on May 20, 1889.

Burleigh Grimes helped his cause as the winning pitcher by starting a triple play as the visiting Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the Boston Braves 7-2 before a crowd of 28,000 in the first Sunday game ever held at Braves Field. In the 3rd inning, Mr. Grimes fielded a grounder by Al Spohrer, and caught Heinie Mueller in a rundown; Mr. Spohrer was caught trying to reach second base, and Rabbit Maranville was caught trying to score. The Pirates hit 4 triples in the game, including one each by Paul and Lloyd Waner.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored a run in the 8th inning and 3 in the 9th after the first two batters were retired as they rallied to defeat the New York Giants 9-7 before 35,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York.

Dazzy Vance pitched a 4-hitter for the Brooklyn Robins as they defeated the Cincinnati Reds 4-1 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

Jake Miller pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Ad Liska as the Cleveland Indians edged the Washington Nationals 1-0 at League Park in Cleveland. Mr. Liska allowed just 2 hits in pitching a complete game, with the run scoring in the bottom of the 2nd inning when Bibb Falk led off with an infield single and scored on errors by Buddy Myer and Joe Cronin on consecutive ground balls.

The Detroit Tigers scored 2 runs in the 3rd inning and 5 in the 4th en route to a 10-2 win over the Boston Red Sox at Navin Field in Detroit. Charlie Gehringer led the Detroit attack, batting 3 for 5 with a double, home run, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in. Augie Prudhomme pitched an 8-hit complete game for his first major league win, and doubled and scored a run in 3 at bats.

Tony Lazzeri hit a triple and a home run, scoring a run and driving in 3, while Babe Ruth homered and hit 2 singles, scoring 2 runs and driving in 3 for the New York Yankees as they beat the Chicago White Sox 8-3 at Comiskey Park in Chicago. George Pipgras pitched a 10-hit complete game victory. Chicago pinch hitter Frank Swanson was retired in the 9th inning in the 24th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

Rube Walberg pitched a 1-hitter and drove in the winning run with a sacrifice fly to lead the Philadelphia Athletics over the St. Louis Browns 1-0 before 11,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Ski Melillo broke up Mr. Walberg's bid for a no-hitter when he singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning.

75 years ago

Allied fliers breached the Pescara Dam on Italy's Adriatic coast in three attacks. U.S. forces in Dutch New Guinea landed at Torare Bay and Demta, expanding their holdings westward along the coast in the Humboldt Bay area.

German troops executed 216 civilians in the Greek village of Kleisoura.

World events
Indian activist Mohandas K. Gandhi was released from detention in the Aga Khan's palace "unconditionally" for "medical reasons."

Eric A. Johnston was elected to a third term as president of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

70 years ago

Chinese Communists announced the conclusion of a mutual defense treaty with North Korea.

U.K. Defense Minister A.V. Alexander announced plans to reinforce Hong Kong with infantry, anti-aircraft, and anti-tank units.

Former U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace testified against the North Atlantic Treaty before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, claiming that U.S. and U.K. business interests sought to block U.S.-U.S.S.R. cooperation.

Politics and government
Representatives of 10 Western European states signed an agreement in London establishing a two-part Council of Europe, with a Committee of Ministers and a parliamentary Consultative Assembly.

Dr. Oswald Avery of Nashville, Tennessee received the $5,000 Passano Prize for isolating pneumonia germs and classifying the illness into four types.

Dr. Selman Waksman, discoverer of streptomycin, contributed the patent royalties from his drug to Rutgers University for the establishment of a $1-million microbiology institute.

German novelist Thomas Mann received the Award of Merit Medal of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce ended a four-day conference in Washington after adopting resolutions against U.S. President Harry Truman's tax, labour, housing, health, and farm programs.

4,000 workers who had been on strike against the Johns-Manville plant in Asbestos, Quebec over union recognition and a wage increase seized the town on learning of plans to hire scab workers; 400 heavily armed police eventually ended the insurrection.

Ford Motor Company's River Rouge and Lincoln-Mercury plants were closed by a strike of 62,250 United Auto Workers of America members protesting alleged management efforts to increase the pace of work.

Former Detroit Tigers' second baseman Charlie Gehringer was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America, with 159 votes on 187 ballots (85%). Mr. Gehringer, nicknamed "The Mechanical Man" for his consistency, played with the Tigers from 1924-1942, batting .320 with 184 home runs and 1,427 runs batted in in 2,323 games. He helped the Tigers win American League pennants in 1934 and 1940, and the World Series championship in 1935, batting .321 with 1 homer and 7 RBIs in 20 World Series games. Mr. Gehringer was named the AL's Most Valuable Player in 1937, when he led the league with a .371 batting average, with 14 home runs and 96 RBIs.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Burning Girl, starring Olive Deering, Luana Anders, and Edward Platt

Died on this date
Myron C. Taylor, 85
. U.S. industrialist and diplomat. Mr. Taylor achieved success in the textile industry, and then improved the fortunes of U.S. Steel. He served as the personal envoy to Pope Pius XII on behalf of U.S. Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman from 1939-1950; his accomplishments included persuading Spain not to intervene on the side of the Axis during World War II.

Carlos Saavedra Lamas, 80. Argentine academic and politician. Dr. Saavedra taught political economy, constitutional law, and sociology at the University of Buenos Aires for many years. He held various national cabinet posts, making his greatest impact as Argentina's Foreign Minister from 1932-1938. Dr. Saavedra became the first Latin American to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, winning in 1936 "for his mediation of an end to the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia." He died from the effects of a brain hemorrhage.

Hal McIntyre, 44. U.S. musician. Mr. McIntyre was a jazz saxophonist and clarinetist who was a founding member of the Glenn Miller Orchestra from 1937-1941, and then, with Mr. Miller's encouragement, led his own band. He died of severe burns, several days after he fell asleep smoking, causing a fire in his apartment.

Politics and government
Samir el-Rifai resigned as Prime Minister of Jordan and was replaced by Hazza Majali.

William Tubman of the True Whig Party was re-elected to a fourth term as President of Liberia, receiving all but 55 of the more than 530,000 votes cast, with those 55 going to independent candidate William O. Davies-Bright.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in Richmond ordered Prince Edward County, Virginia to admit Negroes to its all-white high schools and to take "immediate steps" to integrate public elementary schools.

50 years ago

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Yoake no Scat--Saori Yuki (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Casatschock--Georgie Dann (2nd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears (2nd week at #1)
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
4 Only the Strong Survive--Jerry Butler
5 It's Your Thing--The Isley Brothers
6 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
7 Don't Give in to Him--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
8 The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel
9 Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells
10 Do Your Thing--Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band

Singles entering the chart were Where's the Playground Susie by Glen Campbell (#75); One by Three Dog Night (#78); The Walls Fell Down by the Marbles (#79); Everyday with You Girl by Classics IV (#85); In the Ghetto by Elvis Presley (#87); I Could Never Lie to You by the New Colony Six (#88); What is a Man by the Four Tops (#89); Proud Mary by Solomon Burke (#91); Lodi by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#93); Love is Strange by Buddy Holly (#94); Truck Stop by Jerry Smith (#95); I've Been Loving You Too Long by Ike & Tina Turner (#96); Tell Me Why by Frijid Pink (#97); Mr. Walker, It's All Over by Billie Jo Spears (#98); Casatchok by Alexandrow Karasov (#99); and Red Clay County Line by Peggy Lipton (#100).

The U.S. Department of Defense acknowledged that its often repeated $6.6 billion price tag for the Safeguard anti-ballistic missile system did not include the cost of nuclear warheads; their development and production would add $1.2 billion to the estimated cost.

Some Republicans in the United States Congress called for the resignation of Abe Fortas from the Supreme Court of the United States following the disclosure by Life magazine that for 11 months he had held a fee from the family foundation of Louis E. Wolfson, returning the money after Mr. Wolfson, since jailed for selling unregistered securities, was indicted.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom announced its intention to renew its drive for full membership in the European Economic Community, now that Charles de Gaulle, the chief opponent of British entry, had retired.

Boston 108 @ Los Angeles 106 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)

The Celtics led 91-76 after 3 quarters and held off a late rally to defeat the Lakers before 17,568 fans at the Forum in Inglewood, California to win their second straight championship and 11th in 13 years. With Boston leading 103-96 with just over 5 minutes remaining, Los Angeles center Wilt Chamberlain left with a knee injury; with his substitute Mel Counts playing, the deficit was reduced to 103-102. With 2 minutes left, Mr. Chamberlain told coach Butch van Breda Kolff that he was ready to go back into the game, but Mr. van Breda Kolff told him that he wasn't needed, and he sat out the rest of the game. It was the last game as a player for Boston center and coach Bill Russell, who finished his 13-year NBA career by playing with his 11th championship team, serving as the Celtics' coach for the last 3 seasons. Jerry West of the Lakers, playing with a hamstring injury, scored 42 points, grabbed 13 rebounds, and added 12 assists, and became the only player (so far) from the losing team to be named the finals' Most Valuable Player. Mr. van Breda Kolff resigned as coach of the Lakers before he could be fired.

Oakland 144 @ Indiana 117 (Oakland led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The Oaks took a 33-22 lead after the 1st quarter and outscored the Pacers 41-21 in the 3rd quarter as they won handily before 7,133 fans at Fairgrounds Coliseum in Indianapolis. Warren Jabali led Oakland scorers with 30 points, while Doug Moe added 27 and Gary Bradds 26. John Fairchild led Indiana with 18 points, while Mel Daniels and Bob Netolicky each scored 17.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Le Freak--Chic (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tragedy--Bee Gees (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Hallelujah--Milk & Honey

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hooray! Hooray! It's a Holi-Holiday--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)
2 Stir it Up--Bob Marley & the Wailers
3 In the Navy--Village People
4 One Way Ticket--Eruption
5 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor
6 Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez
7 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick
8 Some Girls--Racey
9 Hallelujah--Milk & Honey
10 Save Me--Clout

Singles entering the chart were Tot Ziens Teddybeer by Sandy (#28); When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman by Dr. Hook (#30); Bright Eyes by Art Garfunkel (#31); Please Me, Please Do by Babe (#34); Kilometervreters by Henk Wijngaard (#35); Love You Inside Out by the Bee Gees (#37); and Frozen Years by the Rumour (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
2 Heart of Glass--Blondie
3 Music Box Dancer--Frank Mills
4 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
5 Stumblin' In--Suzi Quatro & Chris Norman
6 In the Navy--Village People
7 I Want Your Love--Chic
8 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
9 Take Me Home--Cher
10 He's the Greatest Dancer--Sister Sledge

Singles entering the chart were Minute by Minute by the Doobie Brothers (#67); Shakedown Cruise by Jay Ferguson (#77); Don't Ever Wanna Lose Ya by New England (#83); Theme from Ice Castles (Through the Eyes of Love) by Melissa Manchester (#85); Night Dancin' by Taka Boom (#87); and Feel the Need by Leif Garrett (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
2 Heart of Glass--Blondie
3 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
4 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
5 In the Navy--Village People
6 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
7 Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)--The Jacksons
8 He's the Greatest Dancer--Sister Sledge
9 Music Box Dancer--Frank Mills
10 Stumblin' In--Suzi Quatro & Chris Norman

Singles entering the chart were Minute by Minute by the Doobie Brothers (#58); Shakedown Cruise by Jay Ferguson (#69); (Wish I Could Fly Like) Superman by the Kinks (#84); Don't Ever Wanna Lose Ya by New England (#86); I Wanna Be with You (Part 1) by the Isley Brothers (#87); and Lead Me On by Maxine Nightingale (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
2 Heart of Glass--Blondie
3 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
4 In the Navy--Village People
5 I Just Fall in Love Again--Anne Murray
6 Sultans of Swing--Dire Straits
7 Tragedy--Bee Gees
8 Shake Your Groove Thing--Peaches & Herb
9 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
10 I Want Your Love--Chic

Singles entering the chart were Love You Inside Out by the Bee Gees (#58); Hot Stuff by Donna Summer (#78); Honesty by Billy Joel (#81); Star Love by Cheryl Lynn (#82); I Don't Want to Be Right by Barbara Mandrell (#83); Boogie Tonight by Claudja Barry (#84); Feelin' Satisfied by Boston (#88); We All Need Love by Troiano (#89); A Routine Day by Klaatu (#96); Hot Number by Foxy (#97); One Chain by Santana (#98); and Dance Away by Roxy Music (#100).

Horse racing
Spectacular Bid, with Ronnie Franklin up, won the 105th running of the Kentucky Derby before 128,488 fans at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:02 2/5, 2 3/4 lengths ahead of General Assembly, with Golden Act finishing third in the 10-horse field.

Stanley Cup
Boston 1 @ Montreal 5 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New York Rangers 4 @ New York Islanders 3 (Rangers led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Guy Lafleur scored the game's first 2 goals as the Canadiens beat the Bruins at the Montreal Forum.

Anders Hedberg scored with 2:13 remaining in regulation time to break a 3-3 tie as the Rangers edged the Islanders at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (6th week at #1)

At the movies
Listen to Me, starring Kirk Cameron, Jami Gertz, Roy Scheider, Tim Quill, Christopher Atkins, and Quinn Cummings, opened in theatres. The movie was one of the biggest turkeys of 1989, and just about finished the careers of everyone associated with it.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that unemployment had edged upward 0.3% to 5.2% in April.

Stanley Cup
Prince of Wales Conference Finals
Montreal 5 @ Philadelphia 1 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): One--Metallica (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan

Civil war began in Yemen between a northern faction loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh and a southern faction loyal to the vice president. The fighting featured bombing raids and exchanges of tanks and artillery.

The signing of the Bishkek Protocol in the capital of Kyrgystan by representatives of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, and the unrecognized Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh effectively ended the Nagorno-Karabakh War.

U.S. teenager Michael Fay, 18, was given 4 strokes of the cane in Singapore after being arrested in 1993 for spray-painting cars and other acts of vandalism. He had originally been sentenced to 6 strokes, 4 months in prison, and a fine of $2,250.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Vasilis Diamantopoulos, 78
. Greek actor. Mr. Diamantopoulos was one of the founders of the Modern Theater, and appeared in plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 50 years. He died of a heart attack after breaking his femur, falling, and fracturing his skull.

The United Nations high commissioner for refugees said that the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo was being "brutally and methodically" emptied. Macedonia closed its borders to refugees. Two American soldiers were killed when their Apache helicopter crashed during a training flight in Albania.

Members of a United States Senate committee deplored the failure of investigators to examine, for three years after he came under suspicion for allowing China to have access to data on nuclear weapons, the computer of scientist Wen Ho Lee at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Politics and government
Nigerian President Abdulsalami Abubakar signed a new constitution providing a framework for a new civilian government and granting more power and money to states and localities.

The Colorado Rockies became the first major league team in 35 years and only the third in the 20th century to score at least one run in every inning, in a 13-6 win over the Chicago Cubs before 30,079 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The last team before the Rockies to accomplish the feat had been the St. Louis Cardinals, also vs. the Cubs at Wrigley Field on September 13, 1964. Richie Barker, the second of five Chicago pitchers, allowed no runs with 2 bases on balls, a strikeout, and a wild pitch in 1 inning of relief in his 5th and last major league game, while Brad Woodall, the fifth Chicago pitcher, allowed a hit and 2 runs--both unearned--with a base on balls and a wild pitch in 1 inning in the 61st and last game of his major league career.

Scott Karl and Bob Wickman combined to pitch an 8-hitter for the Milwaukee Brewers as they shut out the Florida Marlins 2-0 before 13,511 fans at Pro Player Stadium in Miami. Dave Nilsson led of the 7th inning with a home run off Brian Meadows to break a 0-0 tie.

Bret Boone hit a double and home run, with 2 runs and 3 runs batted as he helped the Atlanta Braves defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 12-3 before 44,350 fans at Turner Field in Atlanta.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning and 2 in the 3rd en route to an 11-1 rout of the San Diego Padres before 18,229 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Winning pitcher Paul Byrd allowed 2 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings.

Ed Sprague singled home Jason Kendall with none out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 4-3 win over the San Francisco Giants before 14,358 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

Jeff Bagwell, who had already batted in 2 runs, hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 8th inning to enable the Houston Astros to edge the New York Mets 5-4 before 25,026 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Randy Johnson pitched a 4-hitter and struck out 8 batters for the Arizona Diamondbacks as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 5-1 before 16,247 fans at Cinergy Field in Cincinnati.

The Tampa Bay Devil Rays and Kansas City Royals each hit 4 home runs as the Devil Rays won 10-7 before 16,111 fans at Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg, Florida. Tampa Bay first baseman Fred McGriff and Kansas City catcher Mike Sweeney each hit 2 homers.

Juan Guzman and Gabe Molina combined for a 6-hitter for the Baltimore Orioles as they shut out the Chicago White Sox 8-0 before 40,081 fans at Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore.

The Texas Rangers scored 5 runs in the 1st inning and 2 in the 2nd en route to an 8-3 win over the Boston Red Sox before 20,960 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Kenny Rogers pitched a 5-hit complete game and A.J. Hinch drove in 3 runs with a home run and a single as the Oakland Athletics beat the Toronto Blue Jays 8-2 before 20,314 fans at SkyDome in Toronto. Billy Koch made his major league debut as the second of four Toronto pitchers, allowing no hits with 1 base on balls and 2 strikeouts in 2 2/3 innings.

Steve Sparks and Troy Percival combined for a 3-hitter for the Anaheim Angels as they defeated the Detroit Tigers 4-1 before 12,676 fans at Tiger Stadium.

The Seattle Mariners outscored the Cleveland Indians 4-3 in the 1st inning and held on for a 6-5 win before 42,991 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland.

10 years ago

Economics and finance
The European Union voted to ban imported seal products from Canada.

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